Pan-third-polar environmental change and green silk road construction

Brief Introduction: Pan-third-polar environmental change and green silk road construction

Number of Datasets: 660

  • The statistics of social welfare and medical care at the county level in the Tibetan Autonomous Region (1992-2016)

    The statistics of social welfare and medical care at the county level in the Tibetan Autonomous Region (1992-2016)

    The data set describes the social welfare and medical care statistics in Tibet over time. The data include the number of beds in hospitals, the number of social welfare institutions, and the number of beds in social welfare institutions. The data were derived from the Tibet Society and Economics Statistical Yearbook and Tibet Statistical Yearbook. The accuracy of the data is consistent with that of the statistical yearbooks. The table contains 6 fields. Field 1: Districts and counties Field 2: Year Field 3: Number of beds in hospitals per 10,000 people Field 4: Number of beds in hospitals Field 5: Number of social welfare institutions Field 6: Number of beds in social welfare institutions

    2020-09-25 770 7 View Details

  • Meteorological Datasets of Xidatan station (XDT) on the Tibetan Plateau in 2014-2018

    Meteorological Datasets of Xidatan station (XDT) on the Tibetan Plateau in 2014-2018

    This dataset is Meteorologic Elements Dataset of XDT on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau 2014-2018. Meteorologic elements including: 2m air temperature(℃), 2m air humidity(%), precipitation(mm), 2m wind speed(m/s), global radiation(w/㎡). The data are from the XiDaTan monitoring site(site code: XDTMS) of Cryosphere Research Station on Qinghai-Tibat Plateau, Chinese Academy of Sciences(CRS-CAS). These daily data was calculated from the original monitoring data(monitoring frequency is 30min). The missing part of the daily data was marked by NAN, which were manually collated and verified. The missing period was from 2017-7-7 to 2017-10-3.

    2020-09-23 986 19 View Details

  • Data set of glacier advance and retreat range in Karakoram area

    Data set of glacier advance and retreat range in Karakoram area

    The ages of glacial traces of the last glacial maximum, Holocene and little ice age in the Westerlies and monsoon areas were determined by Cosmogenic Nuclide (10Be and 26Al) exposure dating method to determine the absolute age sequence of glacial advance and retreat. The distribution of glacial remains is investigated in the field, the location of moraine ridge is determined, and the geomorphic characteristics of moraine ridge are measured. According to the geomorphic location and weathering degree of glacial remains, the relationship between the new and the old is determined, and the moraine ridge of the last glacial maximum is preliminarily determined. The exposed age samples of glacial boulders on each row of moraine ridges were collected from the ridge upstream. This data includes the range of glacier advance and retreat in Karakoram area during climate transition period based on 10Be exposure age method.

    2020-09-16 287 1 View Details

  • The Russian frozen soil dataset (1:250,000) (1991-1998)

    The Russian frozen soil dataset (1:250,000) (1991-1998)

    The source of the data is a 1:2500000-scale map series, "Geocryological Map of Russia and Neighboring Republics", published by Russia from 1991 to 1996, which is labelled in Russian and includes a total of 16 images. In 1998, Zaitsev and others translated it into English. In this study, seven of the images were digitized: 1) Distribution of frozen and unfrozen ground, 2) Mean annual temperature of unfrozen ground at the depth of zero annual amplitude (note that there is some uncertainty because the depth of zero amplitude is not provided, and data on this parameter is generally lacking), 3) Thickness of permafrost, 4) Depth from the surface and thickness of relict permafrost, 5) Distribution of permafrost containing cryopegs, 6) Thickness of permafrost containing cryopegs, 7) Distribution of permafrost with depth. 1. The data include multiple vector layers: (1) permafrost distribution, (2) permafrost temperature, (3) permafrost thickness, (4) permafrost formation conditions, and (5) the correction image. 2. The permafrost distribution map includes the following fields: AREA, PERIMETER, FROZEN_, FROZEN_ID: POLY_, POLY_, RINGS_OK, RINGS_NOK, A, FROZEN_SOI (frozen soil layer), and temperature. FROZEN_SOI are the Chinese and English representations of the type of frozen soil, respectively. 4. Frozen soil properties: Frozen soil Continuous predominantly unfrozen 1-5 Continuous permafrost -3- -5 Continuous unfrozen ground 4-6 Discontinuous permafrost 0.5- -2 Predominantly continuous permafrost -1- -3 Predominantly unfrozen ground 1-3 5. Projection information: PROJCS["Asia_North_Equidistant_Conic", GEOGCS["GCS_North_American_1927", DATUM["North_American_Datum_1927", SPHEROID["Clarke_1866",6378206.4,294.9786982]], PRIMEM["Greenwich",0.0], UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]], PROJECTION["Equidistant_Conic"], PARAMETER["False_Easting",0.0], PARAMETER["False_Northing",0.0], PARAMETER["longitude_of_center",100.0], PARAMETER["Standard_Parallel_1",15.0], PARAMETER["Standard_Parallel_2",58.3], PARAMETER["latitude_of_center",60.0], UNIT["Meter",1.0]]

    2020-09-15 9740 29 View Details

  • Glacier data product in Tibetan Plateau (1976)

    Glacier data product in Tibetan Plateau (1976)

    The Tibetan Plateau Glacial Data Product-TPG1976 is a glacial attribute product of the Tibetan Plateau around 1976. It was generated by remote sensing visual interpretation method adopting Landsat MSS multispectral data. The temporal coverage of the data were from 1972 to 1979. 61% of the remote sensing data were from 1976 to 1977. The data covered the Tibetan Plateau with a spatial resolution of approximately 60 m. Considering the large error of automatic remote sensing extraction method caused by the impact of cloud, shadow and seasonal snow on glacier area, the remote sensing inversion method adopted manual visual interpretation. By comparing the results of automatic methods and visual interpretation of glacier boundaries based on experts’ experiences, we know that the manual interpretation based on remote sensing images is still the most accurate method to obtain the glacier vector boundary at present. When selecting remote sensing images, the minimum effects of cloud and seasonal snow were mainly considered. Images of summer and cold season were both selected (different from the principle applied in selecting remote sensing image data source for China's second glacier inventory). At the same time, considering the differences in discriminant standards between different interpreters, the comparison of multiple typical regions showed that the relative deviation of manual visual interpretation was less than 4%. Based on the Arc map software platform, the abovementioned remote sensing images were geometrically corrected, and the final glacier vector boundary data were obtained by visual interpretation. According to the format and requirements of the second glacier inventory in China, the glacier code and area statistics were collected, and the elevation attribute data of each glacier was obtained based on the SRTM DEM data, and finally the 1976 glacial data product of the Tibetan Plateau was obtained.

    2020-09-15 2893 54 View Details

  • The Tibetan Plateau glacial data product (2000)

    The Tibetan Plateau glacial data product (2000)

    The Tibetan Plateau Glacial Data Product - TPG2000 is a glacial attribute product of the Tibetan Plateau around 2000. It was generated by remote sensing visual interpretation method adopting Landsat5 TM/Landsat7 ETM+ multispectral data. The temporal coverage of the data was from 1999 to 2002. 41% of the remote sensing data were obtained in 2001. They covered the Tibetan Plateau with a spatial resolution of 30 m. Considering the large error of the automatic remote sensing extraction method caused by the impact of clouds, shadows and seasonal snow on glacier areas, the remote sensing inversion method adopted manual visual interpretation. By comparing the results of automatic methods and visual interpretation of glacier boundaries based on experts’ experiences, we know that the manual interpretation based on remote sensing images remains the most accurate method to obtain the glacier vector boundary at present. When selecting remote sensing images, the minimum effects of cloud and seasonal snow were mainly considered. Images of summer and cold season were both selected (different from the principle applied in selecting remote sensing image data source for China's second glacier inventory). At the same time, considering the differences in discriminant standards between different interpreters, the comparison of multiple typical regions showed that the relative deviation of manual visual interpretation was less than 4%. Based on the Arc map software platform, the abovementioned remote sensing images were geometrically corrected, and the final glacier vector boundary data were obtained by visual interpretation. According to the format and requirements of the second glacier inventory in China, the glacier code and area statistics were collected, and the elevation attribute data of each glacier was obtained based on the SRTM DEM data, and finally the Tibetan Plateau glacial data product - TPG2000 was obtained.

    2020-09-15 2403 60 View Details

  • The Tibetan Plateau glacial data product (2013)

    The Tibetan Plateau glacial data product (2013)

    The Tibetan Plateau Glacial Data Product-TPG2013 is a glacial attribute product of the Tibetan Plateau around 2013. It was generated by remote sensing visual interpretation method adopting Landsat8 OLI and HJ 1A/1B multispectral data. The temporal coverage of the data were from 2012 to 2014. 86% of the remote sensing data were obtained in 2013. They covered the Tibetan Plateau with a spatial resolution of 30 m. Considering the large error of the automatic remote sensing extraction method caused by the impact of clouds, shadows and seasonal snow on glacier areas, the remote sensing inversion method adopted manual visual interpretation. By comparing the results of automatic methods and visual interpretation of glacier boundaries based on experts’ experiences, we know that the manual interpretation based on remote sensing images remains the most accurate method to obtain the glacier vector boundary at present. When selecting remote sensing images, the minimum effects of cloud and seasonal snow were mainly considered. Images of summer and cold season were both selected (different from the principle applied in selecting remote sensing image data source for China's second glacier inventory). At the same time, considering the differences in discriminant standards between different interpreters, the comparison of multiple typical regions showed that the relative deviation of manual visual interpretation was less than 4%. Based on the Arc map software platform, the abovementioned remote sensing images were geometrically corrected, and the final glacier vector boundary data were obtained by visual interpretation. According to the format and requirements of the second glacier inventory in China, the glacier code and area statistics were collected, the elevation attribute data of each glacier were obtained based on the SRTM DEM data, and, finally, the Tibetan Plateau glacial data product-TPG2013 was obtained.

    2020-09-15 2228 70 View Details

  • NCEP reanalysis datasets (1948-2018)

    NCEP reanalysis datasets (1948-2018)

    1) The data set is composed of global atmospheric reanalysis data jointly produced by the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) and the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). These grid data are generated by reanalysing the global meteorological data from 1948 to present by applying observation data, forecasting models and assimilation systems. The data variables include surface, near-surface (.995 sigma layer) and multiple meteorological variables in different barospheres, such as precipitation, temperature, relative humidity, sea level pressure, geopotential height, wind field, heat flux, etc. 2) The coverage time is from 1948 to 2018, and the data from 1948 to 1957 are non-Gaussian grid data. The data cover the whole world. The spatial resolution is a 2.5° latitude by 2.5° longitude grid. The vertical resolution is a 17-layer standard pressure barosphere, with layer boundaries at 1000, 925, 850, 700, 600, 500, 400, 300, 250, 200, 150, 100, 70, 50, 30, 20, and 10 hPa, and 28 sigma levels. Some variables are calculated for 8 layers (omega) or 12 layers (humidity), with temporal resolutions of 6 hours, daily, monthly or a long-term monthly average (from 1981 to 2010). The daily data are obtained by averaging the daily values of 0Z, 6Z, 12Z and 18Z. 3) Missing values are assigned a value of -9.99691e+36f. The data are stored in the .nc format with the file name var.time.stat.nc, and each file includes data on latitude, longitude, time, and atmospheric variables. For detailed data specifications, please visit http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/pad/data.

    2020-09-14 4304 47 View Details

  • Data on the total investment in fixed assets in the Tibetan Autonomous Region (1978-2016)

    Data on the total investment in fixed assets in the Tibetan Autonomous Region (1978-2016)

    The data set contains the data on the total investment in fixed assets in Tibet from 1978 to 2016. The data were derived from the Tibet Society and Economics Statistical Yearbook and Tibet Statistical Yearbook. The accuracy of the data is consistent with that of the statistical yearbooks. The table contains 6 fields. Field 1: Year of the data Field 2: Total investment in fixed assets, unit 10,000 yuan Field 3: State-owned economic investment in fixed assets, unit 10,000 yuan Field 4: Collective economic investment in fixed assets, unit 10,000 yuan Field 5: Individual economic investment in fixed assets, unit 10,000 yuan Field 6: Other economic investment in fixed assets, unit 10,000 yuan

    2020-09-14 716 4 View Details

  • Data on natural disasters in 65 countries along the along the Belt and Road (1900-2018)

    Data on natural disasters in 65 countries along the along the Belt and Road (1900-2018)

    "Disaster data for countries along the belt and road, mainly from the global disaster database.The records information of disaster database are from the United Nations, government and non-governmental organizations, research institutions and the media. It's documented in detail such as the country where the disaster occurred, the type of disaster, the date of the disaster, the number of deaths and the estimated economic losses. This study extracts the natural disaster records of the countries along the One Belt And One Road line one by one from the database, and finally forms the disaster database of 9 major disasters of the 65 countries. The natural disaster records collected can be roughly divided into nine categories, including: floods, landslides, extreme temperatures, storms, droughts, forest fires, earthquakes, mass movements and volcanic activities. From 1900 to 2018, a total of 5,479 disaster records were recorded in countries along the One Belt And One Road. From 2000 to 2015, there were 2,673 disaster records. On this basis, the natural disasters of the countries along the belt and road are investigated from four aspects, including disaster frequency, death toll, disaster-affected population and economic loss assessment. Overall, since 1900, a total of 5479 natural disasters have occurred in countries along the One Belt And One Road, resulting in about 19 million deaths and economic losses of about 950 billion us dollars. Among them, the most frequent occurrence is flood and storm; the biggest economic losses are floods and earthquakes; the most affected people are flood and drought; drought and flooding are the leading causes of death

    2020-08-31 289 5 View Details

  • Precipitation data on Tibetan Plateau (2000-2015)

    Precipitation data on Tibetan Plateau (2000-2015)

    The Qinghai Tibet Plateau belongs to the plateau mountain climate. The precipitation, its seasonal distribution and the change of precipitation forms have been one of the hot spots in the global climate change research. The data includes precipitation data of Qinghai Tibet Plateau, with spatial resolution of 1km * 1km, temporal resolution of month and year, and time coverage of 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015. The data are obtained by Kring interpolation of meteorological data of National Meteorological Science Information Center. The data can be used to analyze the temporal and spatial distribution of precipitation over the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. In addition, the data can also be used to analyze the temporal and spatial variation of precipitation over the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, which is of great significance to the study of the ecological environment of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.

    2020-08-25 403 20 View Details

  • Daily meteorological dataset of basic meteorological elements of China National Surface Weather Station (V3.0)(1951-2010)

    Daily meteorological dataset of basic meteorological elements of China National Surface Weather Station (V3.0)(1951-2010)

    "China's surface climate data daily value data set (V3.0)" contains 699 benchmarks and basic weather stations in China. Since January 1951, the station's air pressure, temperature, precipitation, evaporation, relative humidity, wind direction and wind speed, and sunshine hours. The number and the daily value data of the 0cm geothermal element. After the quality control of the data, the quality and integrity of each factor data from 1951 to 2010 is significantly improved compared with the similar data products released in the past. The actual rate of each factor data is generally above 99%, and the accuracy of the data is close. 100%. China Earth International Exchange Station Climate Data Daily Value Dataset (V3.0), mainly based on the ground-based meteorological data construction project archived "1951-2010 China National Ground Station data corrected monthly report data file (A0/A1/ A) The basic data set was developed. This data can provide a variety of basic drive data for other scientific research.

    2020-08-25 589 48 View Details

  • Landuse dataset in China (1980-2015)

    Landuse dataset in China (1980-2015)

    The remote sensing monitoring database of China's land use status is a multi temporal land use status database covering the land area of China after years of accumulation under the support of national science and technology support plan, important direction project of knowledge innovation project of Chinese Academy of Sciences. The data set includes seven periods: the end of 1980s, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015. The data production is based on the Landsat TM / ETM Remote Sensing Images of each period as the main data source, which is generated by manual visual interpretation. Data are missing from some islands in the South China Sea. Spatial resolution: 30m, projection parameters: Albers_ Conic_ Equal_ Area central meridian 105, standard weft 1: 25, standard weft 2: 47. The remote sensing monitoring database of China's land use status is a relatively high precision land use monitoring data product in China, which has played an important role in the national land resources survey, hydrology and ecological research. The land use types include six first-class types of cultivated land, woodland, grassland, water area, residential land and unused land, and 25 second-class types.

    2020-08-24 772 86 View Details

  • Meteorological observation dataset of the standard meteorological station in the Irtysh River basin(1961-2015)

    Meteorological observation dataset of the standard meteorological station in the Irtysh River basin(1961-2015)

    The "Meteorological observation dataset of the standard meteorological station in the Irtysh River basin" contains the temperature and precipitation observation data at the monthly scale of the Habahe meteorological station, Jimunai meteorological station, Buerjin meteorological station, Fuhai meteorological station, Altay meteorological station and Fuyun meteorological station of the Irtysh river basin. The time scale of the data is month. The data set started in January 1961 (data of Fuyun station was missing from January to May 1961) and ended in December 2015. The special work of ground basic data re-examined the quality of historical informatization documents and revised the site documents with problems and differences. The data set does not revise the homogeneity of data, but segments the stations with obvious heterogeneity.

    2020-08-24 846 3 View Details

  • Proportion of male and female  for countries along the belt and road(1960-2017)

    Proportion of male and female for countries along the belt and road(1960-2017)

    The data set records the proportion of male and female data of 1960-2017 countries along 65 countries along the belt and road. Data sources: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2017 Revision. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme. The data set contains 4 tables:(1)Population, male;(2)Population, male (% of total);(3)Population, female;(4)Population, female (% of total).

    2020-08-24 262 0 View Details

  • Pan-TPE elevation data based on USGS 30 arc-second global elevation data

    Pan-TPE elevation data based on USGS 30 arc-second global elevation data

    The data was obtained from the 30-second global elevation dataset developed by the US Geological Survey (USGS) and completed in 1996. Downloaded the data from the NCAR and UCAR Joint Data Download Center (https://rda.ucar.edu/datasets/ds758.0/) and redistributed it through this data center. GTOPO30 divides the world into 33 blocks. The sampling interval is 30 arc seconds, which is 0.00833333333333333 degrees. The coordinate reference is WGS84. The DEM is the distance from the sea level in the vertical direction, ie the altitude, in m, the altitude range from -407 to 8752, the ocean depth information is not included here, the negative value is the altitude of the continental shelf; the ocean is marked as -9999, the elevation above the coastline is at least 1; the island less than 1 square kilometer is not considered. In order to facilitate the user's convenience, on the basis of the block data, splice 10 blocks in -10S-90N and 20W-180E without any resampling processing. This data file is DEM_ptpe_Gtopo30.nc

    2020-08-24 845 6 View Details

  • Based on MODIS land vegetation cover classification product Sixth Edition (mcd12q1)_ The pan third pole vegetation cover product data set of v06 (2001-2017)

    Based on MODIS land vegetation cover classification product Sixth Edition (mcd12q1)_ The pan third pole vegetation cover product data set of v06 (2001-2017)

    The MODIS Land Cover data (MCD12Q1_v06) is processed according to the data from the Terra and Aqua observations in one year to describe the type of land cover. The land cover dataset contains 17 major land cover types, according to the International Geosphere Biosphere Programme (IGBP), which includes 11 natural vegetation types, 3 land development and mosaic land types, and 3 non-grass land type definition classes. . 1- Evergreen coniferous forest; 2- Evergreen broad-leaved forest; 3-deciduous coniferous forest; 4-deciduous broad-leaved forest; 5-mixed forest; 6-closed shrublands; 7-open shrublands; 8-woody savannas; 9-savannas; 10 - grasslands; 11- permanent wetlands; 12- croplands; 13 - urban and built-up lands; 14 - croplands/natural vegetation mosaics; 15- Permanent snow and ice; 16-barren; 17-water In order to facilitate the user's convenience, on the basis of the block data, we will splicing all the blocks in 0-90N and 0-180E without any resampling processing. The dataset has 500 m resolution with Sinusoidal projection. The data download address: https://ladsweb.modaps.eosdis.nasa.gov/search/order/1/MCD12Q1-6

    2020-08-24 876 16 View Details

  • Data set of hydrogeological elements in typical frozen soil areas of the Qilian Mountains (2018-2019)

    Data set of hydrogeological elements in typical frozen soil areas of the Qilian Mountains (2018-2019)

    The content of this data is the hydrogeological map of the Western Branch of the upper reaches of Heihe River, including stratum, river, fault, modern glacier and other information; the data is scanned and corrected by yeniu platform sheet comprehensive hydrogeological map, Qilian Mountain sheet comprehensive hydrogeological map, Qilian sheet comprehensive hydrogeological map and Sunan sheet geological map (1:200000), and the stratum is adjusted according to the field survey Together. This data can provide us with a better understanding of the lithology, structure, geomorphology, hydrogeological conditions of the Western Branch of the upper reaches of the Heihe River. It is convenient for researchers to have a clearer understanding and understanding of our work scope and research field, and facilitate retrieval and download.

    2020-08-23 235 1 View Details

  • Agricultural Water Resources Supply, Demand and Development Data Set in the Five Central Asia Countries from 1980 to 2015 (Gridded precipitation, evapotranspiration, runoff)

    Agricultural Water Resources Supply, Demand and Development Data Set in the Five Central Asia Countries from 1980 to 2015 (Gridded precipitation, evapotranspiration, runoff)

    Agricultural Water Resources Supply, Demand and Development Data Set in the Five Central Asia Countries from 1980 to 2015 are derived from the Global Land Surface Data Assimilation System, including precipitation, evapotranspiration and runoff data output based on Noah, Mosaic and VIC models, respectively. The data set has high temporal and spatial resolution and good longitude. It is widely used in global and regional scale research. The results of precipitation, evapotranspiration and runoff simulation of Noah, Mosaic and VIC models are consistent in spatial distribution. It can be used to analyze the spatial and temporal variation of water resources in Central Asia, to analyze the supply and demand relationship of agricultural water resources and to evaluate the potential of water resources development.

    2020-08-18 348 11 View Details

  • Aerosol optical property dataset of the Tibetan Plateau by ground-based observation (2009-2016)

    Aerosol optical property dataset of the Tibetan Plateau by ground-based observation (2009-2016)

    The measurement data of the sun spectrophotometer can be directly used to perform inversion on the optical thickness of the non-water vapor channel, Rayleigh scattering, aerosol optical thickness, and moisture content of the atmospheric air column (using the measurement data at 936 nm of the water vapor channel). The aerosol optical property data set of the Tibetan Plateau by ground-based observations was obtained by adopting the Cimel 318 sun photometer, and both the Mt. Qomolangma and Namco stations were involved. The temporal coverage of the data is from 2009 to 2016, and the temporal resolution is one day. The sun photometer has eight observation channels from visible light to near infrared. The center wavelengths are 340, 380, 440, 500, 670, 870, 940 and 1120 nm. The field angle of the instrument is 1.2°, and the sun tracking accuracy is 0.1°. According to the direct solar radiation, the aerosol optical thickness of 6 bands can be obtained, and the estimated accuracy is 0.01 to 0.02. Finally, the AERONET unified inversion algorithm was used to obtain aerosol optical thickness, Angstrom index, particle size spectrum, single scattering albedo, phase function, birefringence index, asymmetry factor, etc.

    2020-08-17 1608 14 View Details