Pan-third-polar environmental change and green silk road construction

Brief Introduction: Pan-third-polar environmental change and green silk road construction

Number of Datasets: 661

  • Dataset of the multi-year average of  relative humidity for the Green Silk Road (Version 1.0)

    Dataset of the multi-year average of relative humidity for the Green Silk Road (Version 1.0)

    Temperature-humidity index (THI) was adopted to evalulate the climate suitability for the Green Silk Road. The relative humidity isone of the basic parameters to calculate THI. Refering to theTHI model of Tanget al. (2008), the multi-year average of relative humidity is calculted based on the observation data (1981-2017) of weather stations provided by National Meteorological Information Center. The multi-year average values were interpolated into the raster dataset at the resolution of 11km×1km by Kriging method based on GIS software. The climate suitability evaluation results calculated based on this dataset could highlight regional differences.

    2021-01-15 918 18 View Details

  • Vulnerability forecast scenarios dataset of the water resources, agriculture, and ecosystem of the Manasi River Basin (Version 1.0) (2010-2050)

    Vulnerability forecast scenarios dataset of the water resources, agriculture, and ecosystem of the Manasi River Basin (Version 1.0) (2010-2050)

    By applying Supply-demand Balance Analysis, the water resource supply and demand of the whole river basin and each county or district were calculated, on which basis the vulnerability of the water resources system of the basin was evaluated. The IPAT equation was used to set a future water resource demand scenario, setting variables such as future population growth rate, economic growth rate, and unit GDP water consumption to establish the scenario. By taking 2005 as the base year and using assorted forecasting data of population size and economic scale, the future water demand scenarios of various counties and cities from 2010 to 2050 were predicted. By applying the basic structure of the HBV conceptual hydrological model of the Swedish Hydrometeorological Institute, a model of the variation tendency of the basin under climate change was designed. The glacial melting scenario was used as the model input to construct the runoff scenario under climate change. According to the national regulations for the water resources allocation of the basin, a water distribution plan was set up to calculate the water supply comprehensively. Considering the supply and demand situation, the water resource system vulnerability was evaluated by the water shortage rate. By calculating the (grain production) land pressure index of the major counties and cities in the basin, the balance of supply and demand of land resources under the climate change, glacial melt and population growth scenarios was analyzed, and the vulnerability of the agricultural system was evaluated. The Miami formula and HANPP model were used to calculate the human appropriation of net primary biomass and primary biomass in the major counties and cities for the future, and the vulnerability of ecosystems from the perspective of supply and demand balance was assessed.

    2021-01-08 1660 9 View Details

  • Vulnerability forecast scenarios dataset of water resources, agriculture, and ecosystem of the Urmuqi River Basin (Version 1.0) ( 2010-2050)

    Vulnerability forecast scenarios dataset of water resources, agriculture, and ecosystem of the Urmuqi River Basin (Version 1.0) ( 2010-2050)

    By applying Supply-demand Balance Analysis, the water resource supply and demand of the whole river basin and each county or district were calculated, based on which the vulnerability of the water resources system of the basin was evaluated. The IPAT equation was used to set a future water resource demand scenario, which was to establish the scenario by setting variables such as future population growth rate, economic growth rate, and unit GDP water consumption. By taking 2005 as the base year and using assorted forecasting data of population size and economic scale, the future water demand scenarios of various counties and cities from 2010 to 2050 were predicted. By applying the basic structure of the HBV conceptual hydrological model of the Swedish Hydrometeorological Institute, a model of the variation tendency of the basin under climate change was designed. The glacial melting scenario was used as the model input to construct the runoff scenario under climate change. According to the national regulations of the water resources allocation of the basin, a water distribution plan was set up to calculate the water supply comprehensively. Considering the supply and demand situation, the water resource system vulnerability was evaluated by the water shortage rate. By calculating the (grain production) land pressure index of the major counties and cities in the basin, the balance of supply and demand of land resources under the climate change, glacial melt and population growth scenarios was analyzed, and the vulnerability of the agricultural system was evaluated. The Miami formula and HANPP model were used to calculate the human appropriation of net primary biomass and primary biomass in the major counties and cities for the future, and the vulnerability of ecosystems from the perspective of supply and demand balance was assessed.

    2021-01-08 2108 9 View Details

  • Dataset of high-resolution (3 hour, 10 km) global surface solar radiation (1983-2018)

    Dataset of high-resolution (3 hour, 10 km) global surface solar radiation (1983-2018)

    The dataset is a nearly 36-year (1983.7-2018.12) high-resolution (3 h, 10 km) global SSR (surface solar radiation) dataset, which can be used for hydrological modeling, land surface modeling and engineering application. The dataset was produced based on ISCCP-HXG cloud products, ERA5 reanalysis data, and MODIS aerosol and albedo products with an improved physical parameterization scheme. Validation and comparisons with other global satellite radiation products indicate that our SSR estimates were generally better than those of the ISCCP flux dataset (ISCCP-FD), the global energy and water cycle experiment surface radiation budget (GEWEX-SRB), and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES). This SSR dataset will contribute to the land-surface process simulations and the photovoltaic applications in the future. The unit is W/㎡, instantaneous value.

    2020-12-30 17541 878 View Details

  • Distribution dataset of Chinese major deserts (version 1.0)

    Distribution dataset of Chinese major deserts (version 1.0)

    The major deserts in China include the Taklamakan Desert, Gurban Tunggut Desert, Qaidam Desert, Kumtag Desert, Badain Jaran Desert, Tengger Desert, Ulan Buh Desert, Hobq Desert, MU US Desert, Hunshandake Desert, Hulunbuir Sands, and Horqin Sands. All the desert boundaries were derived from Google Earth Pro® via manual interpretation. We delineated the desert boundaries using the Digital Global Feature Imagery and SpotImage (2011, 10 m resolution) collections of Google Earth Pro®, whose spatial resolution is finer than 30 m. The acquisition time of most images was in 2011.

    2020-12-30 1823 29 View Details

  • 10-meter resolution (Sentinel) land use dataset of  key nodes (2017)
  • Global Cryosat-2 GDR dataset (version 1.0) (2010-2016)

    Global Cryosat-2 GDR dataset (version 1.0) (2010-2016)

    The global Cryosat-2 GDR dataset is generated by the European Space Agency (ESA); it has a temporal coverage from 2010 to 2016 and covers the globe. On April 8, 2010, the ESA launched the Cryosat-2 high-tilt polar orbit satellite. The satellite is equipped with an SAR Interferometer Radar Altimeter (SIRAL), which is mainly used to monitor polar ice thickness and sea ice thickness changes, and, furthermore, to study the effects of melting polar ice on global sea level rise and that of global climate change on Antarctic ice thickness. The altimeter operates in the Ku-band and at a frequency of 13.575 GHz, it includes three measurement modes. One is a low-resolution altimeter measurement mode (LRM) that points to the subsatellite point to obtain all surface observations for land, sea, and ice sheets; its processing is similar to ENVISAT/RA-2, with an orbital resolution of 5 to 7 km. The second is the Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) measurement mode, which is mainly used to improve the accuracy and resolution of sea ice observations; it can make the resolution along the orbit reach approximately 250 m. The third is the Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR), which is mainly used to improve the accuracy of areas with complex terrain such as the edges of ice sheets or ice shelves. The CryoSat -2/SIRAL data products mainly include 0-level data, 1b-level data, 2-level data and high-level data. The Cryosat-2/SIRAL products consist of two files: an XML head file (.HDR) and a data product file (.DBL). The HDR file is an auxiliary ASCII file for fast identification and retrieval of the data files. 1b-level products are stored separately according to the measurement modes, and the data recording formats of different modes are also different. Each waveform in LRM mode and SAR mode has 128 sampling points, while that in SARIn mode has 512 sampling points. 2-level GDR products are available for most scientific applications, including measurement time, geographic location, altitude, and more. In addition, the altitude information in GDR products has been obtained through instrumental calibration, transmission delay corrections, geometric corrections, and geophysical corrections (such as atmospheric corrections and tidal corrections). The GDR products are single global full-track data, that is, the measurement results of the three modes. After different processing, they are combined in chronological order; thereby, the data recording formats are unified. The data in the three modes use different waveform retracking algorithms to obtain altitude values. In the latest updated Baseline C data, the LRM mode data use three algorithms: Refined CFI, UCL and Refined OCOG.

    2020-12-17 2543 28 View Details

  • Surface energy balance based global land evapotranspiration (EB-ET 2000-2017)

    Surface energy balance based global land evapotranspiration (EB-ET 2000-2017)

    Daily and Monthly evapotranspiration (5km x 5km spatial resolution) for global land area was derived from satellite data and a surface energy balance method (EB). The global 5 km daily and monthly ET dataset is produced with the revised SEBS algorithm in Chen et al. 2019 JGR and Chen et al. 2013 (JAMC). MODIS LST, NDVI, Global forest height, GlobAlbedo, GLASS LAI have been used in this ET calculation. The ET dataset will be updated to near-present with the availability of input dataset. The global 5 km sensible heat flux, net radiation, latent heat flux will be open with the email contact with Dr. Xuelong Chen. Daily ET File name: 20001201-ET-V1.mat, 2000-year, 12-month,01-day, ET-Evapotranspiration, V1-version 1;unit: mm/day (unit8 need transfer to single or double and should be divided by 10);data type: unit8 was used to save the disk space, 255 is used for ocean and water body pixels. Monthly ET File name: ETm200012-ET-V1.mat, 2000-year, 12-month, ET-Evapotranspiration, V1-version 1;unit: mm/month (int16 need transfer to single or double and should be divided by 10);data type: int16 was used to save the disk space, 0 is used for ocean and water body pixels. The daily ET dataset is produced with a similar method and satellite data as in Chen, X., et al., 2014: Development of a 10 year (2001–2010) 0.1° dataset of land-surface energy balance for mainland China, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 13097–13117, doi:10.5194/acp-14-13097-2014. The calculation of roughness length and kB_1 for global land were updated by the method in Chen, X., et al, 2019, A Column Canopy‐Air Turbulent Diffusion Method for Different Canopy Structures, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 2019.01.15, 124. Most of the satellite input data were from MODIS. Meteorological data was from ERA-Interim. Global canopy height information was derived from GLAS and MODIS NDVI. The daily ET has a mean bias (MB) of 0.04 mm/day, RMSE is 1.56 (±0.25) mm/day.

    2020-12-16 2677 125 View Details

  • NDVI 16-Day 250m dataset in Xinjiang provice (2000-2017)

    NDVI 16-Day 250m dataset in Xinjiang provice (2000-2017)

    1. Data source: MODIS/Terra Vegetation Indices 16-day L3 Global 250m SIN Grid V006 products (2000-2017) Download address https://search.earthdata.nasa.gov/ 2. Data name: (1) resize is automatically generated in the batch cropping process, which means that it has been extracted by mask and the data range after processing is xinjiang provice; (2) seven digits represent the time of data acquisition, the first four digits are years, and the last three digits are days of the year.For example, "2000049" means that the year of data acquisition is 2000 and the specific time is the 49th day of that year. (3) 250m represents the ground resolution, i.e. 250 meters; (4) 16_days represents the time resolution, that is, 16 days; (5) NDVI represents data type, namely normalized vegetation index; 3. Data time range: 2000049-2017353, data interval of 16 days; 4..Tif file and.hdr file . Tif file is the original NDVI data with the same name. HDR file is the mask data that supports normal use of. 5. To analyze the ecological effects of cryosphere

    2020-12-16 2364 45 View Details

  • Monthly dataset of ERA-Interim based on pressure levels from 1979 to 2018 released from ECMWF

    Monthly dataset of ERA-Interim based on pressure levels from 1979 to 2018 released from ECMWF

    This dataset is derived from the global atmospheric reanalysis dataset, ERA-Interim, based on the 4-dimensional variational analysis (4D-Var) released by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). ERA-Interim represents a major undertaking by ECMWF (European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts) to produce a reanalysis with an improved atmospheric model and assimilation system which replaces those used in ERA-40, particularly for the data-rich 1990s and 2000s, and to be continued as an ECMWF Climate Data Assimilation System (ECDAS) until superseded by a new reanalysis. Through systematic increases in computing power, 4-dimensional variational assimilation (4D-Var) became feasible and part of ECMWF operations since 1997. Enhanced computing power also allowed horizontal resolution to be increased from T159 to T255, and the latest Integrated Forecasting System(IFS CY31r1 and CY31r2) to be used, taking advantage of improved model physics. ERA-interim retains the same 60 model levels used for ERA-40 with the highest level being 0.1 hPa. Besides, data assimilation of ERA-Interim also benefits from quality control that draws on experience from ERA-40 and JRA-25, variational bias correction of satellite radiance data, and more extensive use of radiances with an improved fast radiative transfer model. In addition, ERA-Interim uses the new ERS (European Remote Sensing Satellite) altimeter wave heights, EUMETSAT (European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites) reprocessed winds and clear-sky radiances, GOME (Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment) ozone data from the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, and CHAMP (CHAllenging Minisatellite Payload), GRACE (Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment), and COSMIC (Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate) GPS radio occultation measurements processed and archived by UCAR (University Corporation for Atmospheric Research).

    2020-12-16 1130 5 View Details

  • Revised dataset of temperature and precipitation in the Greater Naren River Basin (1951-2016)

    Revised dataset of temperature and precipitation in the Greater Naren River Basin (1951-2016)

    Precipitation and temperature are essential input variables for hydrological models. There are few meteorological stations in the big Naryn Basin of the Syr Darya, which cannot meet the needs of hydrological simulation. Precipitation data in the Syr Darya were collected through online resources and field research. The precipitation gradient in the study area is obtained. Based on the precipitation gradient, the precipitation and temperature grid products (PGMFD) (http://hydrology.princeton.edu/data.pgf.php)were then corrected to get this set of data sets. The year covered by this data is 1951-2016, the spatial precision is 10km, and the time resolution is daily. The more detail information about the correction method can be found in (Generation of High Mountain Precipitation and Temperature Data for a Quantitative Assessment of Flow Regime in the Upper Yarkant Basin in the Karakoram, Kan et al., 2018)

    2020-12-16 1037 11 View Details

  • Dataset of carbon flux, climate and surface albedo od alpine meadow and grassland ( 2003 - 2016)

    Dataset of carbon flux, climate and surface albedo od alpine meadow and grassland ( 2003 - 2016)

    1、Based on field eddy correlation (EC) measurement data, using the standard data processing method for EC data, including despiking, coordinate rotation, air density corrections, outlier rejection, and friction velocity threshold (u*) corrections, gap filled, and NEE partition. The dataset collects carbon flux data and microclimate measurement data from 2003 to 2016 in three typical alpine grassland ecosystems on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, including Damxung alpine meadow, Haibei alpine meadow ,Naqu alpine meadow,Zoige alpine grassland,Qilian mountion grassland . The time resolution of data is high (30 min), and the interpolation of data is complete throughout the year. This dataset can be applied to carbon flux assessment, comparison and prediction in these alpine meadows, attribution of climate factors affecting carbon flux, validation of model simulation results, etc. 2、Based on the MCDGF43 dataset, we produce the visible and near-infared albedo of Tibetan Plateau, using the standard data processing of hdf to tif , including the moasic, resample and masked by Tibetan Plateau's boundary. The time resolution of dataset is 8 days and the spatial resolution is 500 meters, which span the period of 2003-2016.

    2020-12-16 1145 39 View Details

  • Dataset of Soil  Erosion (water) Intensity with 300m resoluton in Tibetan Plateau (1992, 2005, 2015)

    Dataset of Soil Erosion (water) Intensity with 300m resoluton in Tibetan Plateau (1992, 2005, 2015)

    1)The data content includes three stages of soil erosion intensity in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in 1992, 2005 and 2015, and the grid resolution is 300m. 2) China soil erosion prediction model (CSLE) was used to calculate the soil erosion amount of more than 4,000 investigation units on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Soil erosion was interpolated according to land use on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. According to the soil erosion classification standard, the soil erosion intensity map of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau was obtained. 3) By comparing the differences of three-stage soil erosion intensity data, it conforms to the actual change law and the data quality is good. 4) The data of soil erosion intensity are of great significance to the study of soil erosion in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the sustainable development of local ecosystems. In the attribute table, "Value" represents the erosion intensity level, from 1 to 6, the value represents slight, mild, moderate, intense, extremely intense and severe. "BL" represents the percentage of echa erosion intensity in the total area.

    2020-12-16 2378 71 View Details

  • The data of the index of land for construction in the countries along the Belt and Road in 2010 and 2015

    The data of the index of land for construction in the countries along the Belt and Road in 2010 and 2015

    The data are construction land index of countries along the "the Belt and Road" in 2010 and 2015, also known as the construction land rate. It refers to the proportion of land used for construction in the total land area, including land for urban and rural housing and public facilities, land for industrial and mining purposes, land for energy, transportation, water conservancy, communications and other infrastructure, land for tourism and land for military purposes. The data come from the international statistics website. The area of construction land and relevant land that it had provided, divide the result of total land area of the country to get. It reflects the degree of development of a country's land area and the intensity of infrastructure development. At the same time, its value is also closely related to the national and regional economic development level, population density, urban residential density, traffic network density and so on. In the coordinated development of "the Belt and Road", they can provide important reference for the planning and implementation of national policies and programs, so as to accelerate the economic development of all countries.

    2020-12-16 2454 7 View Details

  • Population data of countries along "the Blet and Road" (1960-2017)

    Population data of countries along "the Blet and Road" (1960-2017)

    The data set is the population data of countries along the "One Belt And One Road" from 1960 to 2017. Population is a social entity with complex contents and a variety of social relations. It has gender, age and natural composition, as well as a variety of social composition and social relations, as well as economic composition and economic relations. The birth, death and marriage of population are in family relations, ethnic relations, economic relations, political relations and social relations. All social activities, social relations, social phenomena and social problems are related to the process of population development. In the coordinated development of "One Belt And One Road" China and other countries, it can provide important references for the planning and implementation of national policies and programs, thus accelerating the economic development of all countries.

    2020-12-16 1702 28 View Details

  • Surface DEM for typical glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau (Version 1.0) (2003)

    Surface DEM for typical glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau (Version 1.0) (2003)

    The DEMs of the typical glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau were provided by the bistatic InSAR method. The data were collected on November 21, 2013. It covered Puruogangri and west Qilian Mountains with a spatial resolution of 10 meters, and an elevation accuracy of 0.8 m which met the requirements of national 1:10 000 topographic mapping. Considering the characteristics of the bistatic InSAR in terms of imaging geometry and phase unwrapping, based on the TanDEM-X bistatic InSAR data, and adopting the improved SAR interference processing method, the surface DEMs of the two typical glaciers above were generated with high resolution and precision. The data set was in GeoTIFF format, and each typical glacial DEM was stored in a folder. For details of the data, please refer to the Surface DEMs for typical glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau - Data Description.

    2020-12-09 2736 43 View Details

  • China meteorological forcing dataset (1979-2018)

    China meteorological forcing dataset (1979-2018)

    The China Meteorological Forcing Dataset (CMFD) is a high spatial-temporal resolution gridded near-surface meteorological dataset that was developed specifically for studies of land surface processes in China. The dataset was made through fusion of remote sensing products, reanalysis dataset and in-situ observation data at weather stations. Its record starts from January 1979 and keeps extending (currently up to December 2018) with a temporal resolution of three hours and a spatial resolution of 0.1°. Seven near-surface meteorological elements are provided in CMFD, including 2-meter air temperature, surface pressure, specific humidity, 10-meter wind speed, downward shortwave radiation, downward longwave radiation and precipitation rate.

    2020-11-13 37322 2266 View Details

  • Data sets of Terra and aqua MODIS surface temperature and weather stations in China (2003-2017)

    Data sets of Terra and aqua MODIS surface temperature and weather stations in China (2003-2017)

    The data set records the Chinese name, English name and the affiliation between the districts and counties in Tibet. The data were derived from the Tibet Society and Economics Statistical Yearbook and the Tibet Statistical Yearbook. The accuracy of the data is consistent with that of the statistical yearbook. This data set contains two tables: Table 1: The table of administrative divisions in Tibet contains 5 fields. Field 1: Regions Interpretation: Chinese names of the regions Field 2: English names of the regions Interpretation: English names of the regions Field 3: Districts and counties Interpretation: Chinese names of the districts and counties Field 4: English names of the districts and counties Interpretation: English names of the districts and counties Field 5: Land area Unit: square kilometers Table 2: The table of division changes of each county contains 5 fields. Field 1: Districts and counties Field 2: Year Field 3: Area Unit: square kilometers Field 4: Number of townships Field 5: Number of Village Committees

    2020-10-31 1849 16 View Details

  • Paleomagnetic data from the lunpola basin

    Paleomagnetic data from the lunpola basin

    The Lunpola Basin in the central Tibetan Plateau is situated along the southern margin of the east-west stretched Banggong-Nujiang suture belt between the Qiangtang Terrane and the Lhasa Terrane. The thick and continuous Cenozoic sediments in the basin can provide great potential for understanding the tectonic uplift, paleoaltimetry, erosion and depositional history of the Tibetan Plateau and climate environmental evolution. However, the study of geologic and climatic changes has been hindered by poor age constraints on the Cenozoic sedimentary sequence in the Lunpola Basin, especially its upper part with typical lacustrine oil shale sediments due to the discontinuous or unexposed outcrop caused by erosion or weathering. In this study, we investigated a 658 m-thick Cenozoic continuous lacustrine sedimentary section, Lunpori, from the upper sequence of the central basin. We found two layers of tuffs in this section and then carried out detailed paleomagnetic measurements. Constrained by tie points of U-Pb zircon ages, the observed magnetic zones are well correlated with chrons C5Bn.2n to C6AAn of the Geomagnetic Polarity Time Scale, yielding ages of ~21.2 to 15 Ma for the section. Lithofacies, pollen and fossil records suggest a relative temperate, humid climate prevailing in the Lunpola Basin during the period of Dingqinghu Formation, indicating that the Indian monsoon occurred before ~26 Ma.Through paleomagnetic analysis and testing of fluvial and lacustrine facies strata in Lumpola Basin since Miocene, 22Ma-15Ma magnetic stratigraphic chronology has been obtained.

    2020-10-26 2273 2 View Details

  • Dataset of GF-2 satellite images (2017)

    Dataset of GF-2 satellite images (2017)

    Gf-2 satellite is the first civil optical remote sensing satellite independently developed by China with a spatial resolution better than 1 meter. It is equipped with two high-resolution 1-meter panchromatic and 4-meter multi-spectral cameras, and the spatial resolution of the sub-satellite can reach 0.8 meters. This data set is the remote sensing image data of 6 jing gaofen-2 satellite in 2017.The folder list is: GF2_PMS1_E100.5_N37.2_20171013_L1A0002678101 GF2_PMS1_E100.5_N37.4_20171013_L1A0002678097 GF2_PMS1_E100.6_N37.6_20171013_L1A0002678096 GF2_PMS2_E100.3_N37.4_20170810_L1A0002534662 File naming rules: satellite name _ sensor name _ center longitude _ center latitude _ imaging time _L****

    2020-10-13 4933 104 View Details