The data is the near seismic waveform of nangabawa short period dense seismic array, which contains the original seismic waveform and the preprocessed seismic waveform. The original data are the seismic waveforms cut according to four near earthquake events (Ms 5.2 in Tangshan, Hebei, Ms 5.4 in Huocheng, Xinjiang, Ms 4.2 and Ms 4.0 in Bomi, Tibet). The waveform length is 120s before P wave and 1800s after P wave. Preprocessing includes re-cut the waveform (- 20-100s), band-pass filtering (the frequency band range used in Tangshan, Hebei and Huocheng, Xinjiang is 0.1-1hz, and Bomi, in Tibet is 0.1-2hz), rtrend, rmean, and the ZNE component is rotated to the ZRT component. The quality of the data is good.The fine structure of underground lithosphere can be analyzed by near earthquake waveform.
The global seismic waveform data of magnitude 7 or above recorded by 10 seismic stations in the Himalaya region (from January 1, 2020 to December 31, 2020), including the name and location of stations, and the clear seismic waveform of each event filtered by the seismic event directory (the seismic directory is from USGS) to 10 stations. The waveform data is clipped to 100s before and 300s after the arrival of P wave, and the format is sac format. The header contains station information, event information, azimuth and other information. It is named in the form of "network. Station name. Channel. Component. D. year. Julian day - time. 000000. Event".
The data set consists of 93 continuous and mobile GPS stations recording the cumulative three-dimensional deformation variables 10 years after the 2008 mw7.9 Wenchuan earthquake. GPS daily sampling time series data are mainly from the website of China Seismological Bureau（ http://www.cgps.ac.cn/ ）Diao, F., Wang, R., Wang, Y., Xiong, X., Walter, T.R. (2018), fault behavior and lower critical physiology informed from the first seven years of postseismic GPS data after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, earth planet. SCI. Lett., 495, 202-212, DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.05.020. We process the post earthquake deformation data as follows: first, we correct other effects unrelated to the Wenchuan earthquake, such as seasonal variation, interannual variation, plate effect, etc; Thirdly, the post earthquake time series curve is fitted by exponential function and logarithmic function; Finally, the post earthquake deformation of any period is calculated by fitting the curve. Ten years after the earthquake, the accumulated deformation is nearly 21 cm. The horizontal accuracy is not less than 1.7 cm, and the vertical accuracy is not less than 4 cm.
（1）An Ms 6.0 earthquake struck Changning county, Sichuan basin, SW China on 17 June 2019, which caused huge casualties and economic losses. Four Ms greater than 5.0 events subsequently occurred around the Changning source area, three of which occurred within one week. In order to better understand the mechanism of these moderate-sized earthquakes, we determine 3-D high-resolution velocity models around the source area simultaneously relocating earthquakes using double-difference tomography. In the present study, we use a total of 53,487 P-wave and 52,527 S-wave arrival times from 8818 events recorded at 39 seismic stations. Our results show that focal depths of the Changning mainshock and most aftershocks are ~5–10 km, and they form a fault plane with a steep dip angle. Most earthquakes are underlain by the zone with low Vp, low Vs, and high Vp/Vs anomalies, reflecting the existence of fluids there. These results suggest that the Changning mainshock and other moderate-sized earthquakes might be associated with the influence of fluids that could decrease effective normal stress on the fault planes. These fluids might be related to the hot and wet mantle upwelling in the big mantle wedge due to the deep subduction of the Indian plate down to the mantle transition zone. A clear high-to-low velocity transition zone is observed at ~10 km depth beneath the Gongxian and Xingwen swarms, which matches well with the detachment layer revealed by deep seismic soundings in the area. All these results suggest that the structural contrast could control the mainshock generation and aftershock extension. （2）The Tanlu fault zone is the most significant active fault in eastern China, which generated the great 1668 Tancheng earthquake (M 8.5). It is still unclear whether or not there is a link between the great earthquake generation and the upper-mantle structure. To address this issue, we study P-wave upper-mantle tomography beneath eastern China using 44,047 teleseismic P-wave arrival times. Our results show that at depths<150 km, high-velocity (high-V) anomalies appear west of the Tanlu fault zone, whereas low-velocity (low-V) anomalies are visible east of the fault zone. Strong lateral heterogeneities are revealed along the fault zone. At depths of 230–470 km, northwest of the Tanlu fault zone, there are obvious low-V anomalies that may reflect hot and wet mantle upwelling, whereas to the east high-V anomalies are visible, which may reflect the detached Eurasian lithosphere (downwelling). In the mantle transition zone (MTZ), both high-V and low-V anomalies are revealed, and the widespread high-V anomalies may reflect the stagnant Pacific slab. Beneath the hypocenter of the 1668 Tancheng earthquake, intermittent low-V anomalies are revealed in the upper mantle down to the MTZ depth, which may reflect hot and wet mantle upwelling flow. Integrating the present results with previous findings, we deem that the Tancheng earthquake was affected by fluids from the hot and wet mantle upwelling associated with the lithospheric delamination. Complicated mantle convection, including both upwelling and downwelling flows, may occur under the Tanlu fault zone in the big mantle wedge above the stagnant Pacific slab in the MTZ. （3）Since the occurrence of the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake (Ms8.0), many researchers have conducted extensive seismological and geophysical observations and investigations and obtained important results about the Longmenshan fault zone. Crustal structure inferred from local tomography shows that seismic velocity exhibits significant changes across the Wenchuan earthquake hypocenter from the south to the north. To the south, obvious low-velocity (low-V) anomalies exist, whereas strong lateral heterogeneities are revealed to the north, which may explain why the aftershocks extend northeastward. The Wenchuan earthquake occurred at the boundary between high-velocity (high-V) and low-V anomalies and a significant low-V zone is revealed below the mainshock hypocenter, suggesting that the nucleation of the Wenchuan earthquake was related to partial melts and/or fluid effects and associated with the reduction of effective normal stress on the fault plane, due to high temperature and high pressure in the Longmenshan fault zone caused by the India-Asia collision. The upper-mantle structure inferred from teleseismic tomography shows that the Longmenshan fault zone is located in the transition zone from low-V anomalies beneath the Songpan-Ganzi block to high-V anomalies beneath the Sichuan basin. This structural feature extends down to 200−300 km depths. High-V anomalies in the mantle transition zone are connected with those in the upper mantle beneath the Burma arc, indicating that the Wenchuan earthquake could be associated with upwelling of hot and wet materials in the big mantle wedge formed by the deep subduction of the Indian plate. These results suggest that the generation of the Wenchuan earthquake was related to structural heterogeneities in not only the crust but also the upper mantle. In addition, the Wenchuan earthquake may be related to the lower crustal flow, crustal shortening and Zipingpu Reservoir triggering.
LEI Jianshe, ZHANG Bing
The data include the cross-correlation function extracted from the continuous seismic background noise data of vertical component recorded by 54 fixed seismic stations and 17 mobile seismic stations in Jiuyishan and its adjacent area from May 2016 to June 2017, and the final inversion of crustal S-wave velocity. The dispersion curves of group velocity and phase velocity of 2-40s are obtained by time-frequency analysis. The inversion imaging results show that the structural characteristics of the crust and upper mantle of the Yangtze block and the Cathaysian Block are significantly different. The S-wave velocity distribution map of 10-20km shows linear and continuous low velocity anomalies, which may be the specific boundary between the Yangtze block and the Cathaysian Block. The imaging results provide seismological constraints for understanding the tectonic evolution history of South China. The uploaded data provide valuable data and information for others to further study the structural characteristics of Jiuyi mountain and its adjacent areas.
The data include the location information of 255 seismic stations in Qinghai Tibet Plateau, North China Craton and South China block junction area, teleseismic receiver function waveform, HK result and crustal S-wave velocity inversion using receiver function (Gauss coefficient is 2.0) and surface wave. Based on the data of 30-90 degree epicentral distance and more than 5.5 earthquake events recorded by 146 fixed stations set up by China Seismological Bureau for 2 years and 109 mobile stations set up by Institute of Geology and Geophysics of Chinese Academy of Sciences for 12-18 months, the time domain iterative deconvolution method of CPS program is used to extract the radial convergence function. The results show that: the crust structure of the typical craton is still preserved in the core area of Ordos and Sichuan Basin, and the low velocity layer of the central crust of the East-West collision subduction of the North China Craton in the south of Ordos is not preserved. The lower crust of Sichuan basin may have been embedded into the crust of Qinghai Tibet Plateau along the Longmen Mountain; The West Qinling and the boundary area of Qinling Dabie orogenic belt have thick crust, low wave velocity ratio and high S-wave velocity structure. The uploaded data provide valuable data and information for others to further study the structural characteristics of the northeastern margin of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and its adjacent areas.
The data include the location information of 154 seismic stations in the middle and southern segment of Tan Lu fault zone and its adjacent area, the teleseismic receiver function waveform and the crustal S-wave velocity inversed by receiver function (Gauss coefficient is 5.0) and surface wave. By selecting 63 fixed stations set up by China Seismological Bureau and 91 mobile stations set up by Institute of Geology and Geophysics of Chinese Academy of Sciences with observation time of one year to record 30-90 degree epicentral distance and events with magnitude greater than 5.5, the time domain iterative deconvolution method of CPS program is used to extract the radial convergence function. The results show that the Moho depth and the average VP / vs ratio of the crust in the study area mainly vary in the range of 25-38km and 1.65-1.95, respectively, and the crustal structure is roughly divided into three parts from south to north along the Cretaceous tiefuling fault and Triassic Lu'an fault and their eastward extension. The uploaded data provide valuable data and information for others to further study the structural characteristics of the Tan Lu fault zone and its adjacent areas.
The data include the location information of 14 seismic stations in Sichuan Basin, the teleseismic receiver function waveform (Gauss coefficient is 5.0) and the thickness and VP / vs ratio of sedimentary and bedrock layers obtained by multi-layer H-K superposition method. By selecting the epicentral distance of 30-90 degrees and the teleseismic events greater than 5.5 degrees recorded by 4 fixed stations set up by China Seismological Bureau and 10 mobile stations set up by Institute of Geology and Geophysics of Chinese Academy of Sciences from 2010 to 2012 in the study area, the time domain iterative deconvolution method is used to obtain the radial convergence function. The results show that: the thickness of sedimentary layer is mainly distributed in 4.2-7.6 km, and the wave velocity ratio is generally more than 1.87; the thickness of bedrock is mainly distributed in 33.4-41.8 km, and the wave velocity ratio is generally less than 1.74. The uploaded data provide valuable data and information for others to further study the structural characteristics of Sichuan Basin.
The data include the location information of 23 seismic stations in Linfen Rift Valley and its surrounding areas and the teleseismic receiver function waveforms. By selecting the 30-90 degree epicentral distance and more than 5.5 earthquake events recorded by 23 high-frequency mobile seismic stations deployed by Institute of Surveying and Geophysics of Chinese Academy of Sciences in November 2017 with observation duration of one month, the radial convergence function is extracted by using the time domain iterative deconvolution method of CPS program. The results show that there are low velocity bodies of different scales in the middle and lower crust of Linfen rift area, and the depth of seismogenic layer increases from ~ 25km to ~ 34km from south to north, which roughly corresponds to the bottom interface of low velocity bodies in the crust; Most of the relocation earthquakes are located in the transition zone between high and low velocity bodies, one of which has a focal depth of 32km. The m7.75 Linfen earthquake is located in the high velocity body, and the M8.0 Hongdong earthquake is located at the bottom of the high velocity body. The uploaded data provide valuable data and information for others to further study the structural characteristics of Linfen Rift Valley and its adjacent areas.
The data include the location information of 17 seismic stations in Hanzhong Basin and its surrounding area, the teleseismic receiver function waveform and the crustal S-wave velocity inversed by receiver function and surface wave. Among them, each station includes two receiving functions, the Gaussian coefficient is 2.0, which are in the range of 30-60 ° And 60-90 ° The waveform superimposed within the epicentral distance. Based on the epicentral distance of 30-90 degrees and teleseismic events with magnitude greater than 5.5 recorded by 6 fixed stations set up by China Seismological Bureau for 2 years (2012-2014) and 11 mobile stations set up by Institute of Surveying and Geophysics of Chinese Academy of Sciences in December 2017, the time domain iterative deconvolution method of CPS program is used to extract the receiver function. The results show that the thickness and velocity of shallow sediments are different in different areas of Hanzhong Basin, the velocity changes gently in some areas of Moho, and the distribution of the upper and lower interfaces of focal depth (4-16 km) corresponds to the bottom layer of low velocity body and the top layer of high velocity body. The uploaded data provide valuable data and information for others to further study the structural characteristics of Hanzhong Basin and its adjacent areas.
The data set is mainly shown in the article https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pepi.2019.04.003 In the study of the. In this study, 19 inversion points were selected based on the seismic stations in the Cathaysia Block. Under the constraint of shallow P-wave velocity, the joint inversion of the P-wave receiver function and surface wave dispersion was carried out, and the S-wave velocity structure under the station was obtained. The dataset contains 19 files in the format of DAT, such as cathaysia01.velocity.dat. The data set can be used to show the velocity structure of the lithosphere in the Cathaysia Block and to see the deep mechanism corresponding to a large amount of granite outcropping in the area.
The data set is mainly shown in the article https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pepi.2019.04.003 The study includes the distribution of the average thickness of the crust and the average velocity ratio of the crust obtained by stacking the P-wave receiver function h-kappa-c of stations in Cathaysia Block. The dataset contains one file in DAT format: Cathaysia_ moho_ vpvs.dat。 The data set can be used to show the undulation characteristics of Moho in the Cathaysia Block, to see the transverse distribution characteristics of crustal thickness and crustal wave velocity ratio in the Cathaysia Block, and to explore the difference of average crustal composition in the Cathaysia Block.
The data set is mainly shown in the article https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pepi.2020.106617. The S-wave velocity structure under the station is obtained by using the joint inversion of the P-wave receiver function and the group velocity dispersion of 42 stations located near the Dahutang mining area in Jiangxi Province. The dataset contains 42 files in the format of DAT: for example, dahutang.jx46.velocity.dat. The data set represents the lithospheric velocity structure of the Dahutang mining area and understands the deep mechanism of Dahutang polymetallic mineralization.
The data set is mainly shown in the article https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pepi.2020.106617, which includes the distribution of the average thickness of the crust and the average Vp/Vs ratio of the crust based on the h-kappa stacking of the P-wave receiver functions on 42 stations near the Dahutang mining area in Jiangxi Province. The dataset contains 1 file in DAT format: Dahutang_ moho_ vpvs.dat。 The data set can be used to show the Moho undulation feature of the Dahutang mining area, perspective the transverse distribution characteristics of crust and crustal wave velocity ratio in Dahutang polymetallic metallogenic area, and then discuss the difference of average composition of crust inside and outside the mining area.
We compiled the Seismotectonic Map and Seismic Hazard Zonation Map of Central Asia using the ArcGIS platform through data collecting and digitization. The seismotectonic map of Western Asia covers Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. The seismotectonic map is replenished with tremendous amount published data and depicts the location, character and name of the seismogenic faults or active faults and the epicenter of earthquakes with M ≥ 5 from 1960 to 2010. The zonation map shows the mean values of peak ground acceleration (PGA) with 10% probability of being exceeded in 50 years. The two maps can not only be used in the research of active faults and seismic risks in Central Asia, but also will be applied to the seismic safety evaluation for infrastructure construction.
The Tibetan Plateau has strong seismic activity, which is driven by the subduction and collision of the Indian plate between the Eurasian plate and the deformation of the plateau. There are 2854 earthquakes with Magnitude 4.7 or larger have occurred in Plateau region (north latitude 20-40 degrees and east longitude 70-105 degrees) since 1970. Among them, 3 earthquakes with Magnitude 8 or larger, 33 earthquakes with Magnitude 7.0-7.9， 192 earthquakes with Magnitude 6.0-6.9 and 1152 earthquakes with Magnitude 5.0-5.9 have occurred. Earthquakes occurred mainly along the faults in and around the Plateau.
The reconstruction of the craton by the mantle plume and its subsequent dynamic effects are important scientific issues related to the formation and evolution of the craton. Emeishan Large Igneous Province is located in the western margin of Yangtze craton, which is an ideal window to study the effect of mantle plume on craton reformation. With the support of the national key research and development program "Deep Process and Resource Effect of Important Yanshanian Events" (Grant 2016YFC0600400), the mantle deformation characteristics of Emeishan Large Igneous Province were obtained by using teleseismic shear wave (sks, SKKS and PKS) splitting; Combined with the wave velocity structure, geothermal flow and volcanic rock distribution, it reveals the strengthening effect of mantle plume on the craton and the profound influence of the strengthened lithosphere on the present deep process of the southeastern margin of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau; At the same time, it also provides a new perspective for further understanding the origin of seismic anisotropy at the top of the upper mantle and asthenosphere demonstrator interaction.
LI Wei CHEN Yun
The data set is the original repeated GPS observation data along Gyirong - Nyima profile trans active deformation Himalayan orogenic belt in Tibet Plateau. The data are measured twice in 2018 and 2019, including the data of 13 stations, and the data quality is good. Through the observation data of these observation points, combined with the continuous GPS observation profile data that the project research team has deployed along Yadong Gulou in the Himalayan orogenic belt, we can reveal the horizontal and vertical distribution characteristics of the northward converging strain of the Indian continent in the key parts of the Himalayan orogenic belt, understand the current uplift state of the Himalayan orogenic belt and its correlation with horizontal movement, and combine with the active faults Based on the theory of motion dislocation, the quantitative distribution of strain between earthquakes in the main boundary fault (MBT) and the main central fault (MCT) is studied, as well as the strain accumulation characteristics, fault locking range and fault locking degree between earthquakes, which provide important constraints for evaluating the seismic risk of active faults in the study area. Combined with the 2015 Nepal earthquake rupture model, the southern margin of Tibetan Plateau is studied from the perspective of motion to dynamics Lithospheric rheological characteristics.
The dataset is the teleseismic waveform data from the Gyirong – Peiku Tso short-period dense seismic array profile. The data can be used to receiver function methods to probe the structure of the crust and upper mantle. The Gyirong – Peiku Tso profile crosses the north-south Gyirong Rift, and the data are derived from 134 short-period seismic stations set up by the subject group along the east-west Gyirong – Peiku Tso profile, with strict site selection and good data quality. This profile provides an important scientific basis for revealing the velocity discontinuity morphology below the Chilung Rift Valley, i.e., the interfacial extension of the Indian continent swooping northward in the crust below the Himalayan zonation, and for further understanding the lateral changes of the MHT interface and the dynamics of the east-west extension of the Tibetan Plateau.
We compiled the Seismotectonic Map of Western Asia using the ArcGIS platform through data collecting and digitization. The seismotectonic map of Western Asia covers Iran and its surrounding countries and regions. Based on the “Major active faults of Iran” map, the seismotectonic map is replenished with massive published data and depicts the location and nature of the seisogenic faults or active faults and the epicenter of earthquakes with M ≥ 5 from 1960 to 2019. The map can not only be used in the research of active faults and seismic risks in Western Asia, but also will be applied to the seismic safety evaluation for infrastructure construction.