From 1947 to 1948, the Hexi Water Conservancy Project Corps of the Ministry of Water Resources of the Republic of China compiled the Heihe Mainstream Water Conservancy Project (15 items). This is the first comprehensive engineering plan compiled by the whole basin based on modern hydraulic engineering principles. This batch of planning mainly focus on irrigation projects, taking into account inter-basin water transfer and flood control projects. Most of these projects achieved varying degrees of realization after 1949, but the plan to introduce the Datong River into the Heihe River has never been implemented. The collection of hydrological and socioeconomic data in these documents was mostly completed during the Anti-Japanese War, and was completed by the Gansu Irrigation Works, Plantation and Pasturage Company. It is the earliest and systematic data of the basin. It has irreplaceable value for analyzing and understanding the water conservancy development and socio-economic situation of the Heihe River mainstream during the Republic of China. The main contents of this data include Zhangye, Shandan, Minle, Linze, Gaotai reservoir projects, groundwater interception and irrigation projects, surface runoff irrigation projects, irrigation canal system consolidation projects and other plans.
A typical Shaker type potassium ion absorption channel gene AmKAT1 was cloned from the leaves of Ammopiptanthus mongolicus. Electrophysiological studies of AmKAT1 show that AmKAT1 is a K+ absorption channel regulated by potassium ion concentration. the system can only input K+ into guard cells when the extracellular potassium ion concentration is high (above 10 mmol/L). This distinctive feature has important physiological significance for xerophytes such as Ammopiptanthus mongolicus: under the condition of low concentration of extracellular potassium ions (no matter how high the concentration of sodium ions), AmKAT1 is difficult to open, potassium ions cannot enter guard cells, the guard cells will not absorb water and expand, and stomata will be difficult to open, thus reducing the transpiration and loss of water in Ammopiptanthus mongolicus and enhancing the viability of Ammopiptanthus mongolicus in arid environment. We have further studied the mechanism of extracellular potassium ion regulating the activity of AmKAT1 and found that at least two sites in AmKAT1 are involved in potassium ion induction, and now one site has been determined to be located in the channel pore region. In addition, we cloned a guard cell export-oriented K+ channel AmGORK and a slow anion channel AmSLAC1. Fluorescence quantitative PCR results showed that AmGORK was mainly expressed in the upper part of the ground, and its transcription level was affected by PEG simulated water stress, ABA, NaCl and osmotic stress treatments to varying degrees. Electrophysiological studies in xenogeneic system of Xenopus laevis oocytes show that AmGORK channel of Mongolian Ammopiptanthus mongolicus guard cells can mediate efficient efflux of K+ when membrane potential is depolarized. The activation of this channel has typical voltage dependence and potassium ion concentration dependence, and is inhibited by potassium ion channel inhibitors TEA and Ba2+; In addition, the activity of AmGORK is regulated by extracellular pH, but not by extracellular calcium concentration. These results show that although Ammopiptanthus mongolicus is an ancient drought-resistant leguminous shrub originated millions of years ago, it is highly similar to the existing common model plant Arabidopsis thaliana in the stomatal closure mechanism dominated by K+. These results provide evidence to preliminarily reveal the functional conservatism of GORK-like stomatal regulatory channels in different species and long-term evolution.
This project use distributed HEIFLOW Ecological hydrology model (Hydrological - Ecological Integrated watershed - scale FLOW model) of heihe river middle and lower reaches of the eco Hydrological process simulation.The model USES the dynamic land use function, and adopts the land use data of the three phases of 2000, 2007 and 2011 provided by hu xiaoli et al. The space-time range and accuracy of simulation are as follows: Simulation period: 2000-2012, of which 2000 is the model warm-up period Analog step size: day by day Simulation space range: the middle and lower reaches of heihe river, model area 90589 square kilometers Spatial accuracy of the simulation: 1km×1km grid was used on both the surface and underground, and there were 90589 hydrological response units on the surface.Underground is divided into 5 layers, each layer 90589 mobile grid The data set of HEIFLOW model simulation results includes the following variables: (1) precipitation (unit: mm/month) (2) observed values of main outbound runoff in the upper reaches of heihe river (unit: m3 / s) (3) evapotranspiration (unit: mm/month) (4) soil infiltration amount (unit: mm/month) (5) surface yield flow (unit: mm/month) (6) shallow groundwater head (unit: m) (7) groundwater evaporation (unit: m3 / month) (8) supply of shallow groundwater (unit: m3 / month) (9) groundwater exposure (unit: m3 / month) (10) river-groundwater exchange (unit: m3 / month) (11) simulated river flow value of four hydrological stations of heihe main stream (gaoya, zhengyi gorge, senmaying, langxin mountain) (unit: cubic meter/second) The first two variables above are model-driven data, and the rest are model simulation quantities.The time range of all variables is 2001-2012, and the time scale is month.The spatial distributed data precision is 1km×1km, and the data format is tif. In the above variables, if the negative value is encountered, it represents the groundwater excretion (such as groundwater evaporation, groundwater exposure, groundwater recharge channel, etc.).If groundwater depth is required, the groundwater head data can be subtracted from the surface elevation data of the model. In some areas, the groundwater head may be higher than the surface, indicating the presence of groundwater exposure. In addition, the dataset provides: Middle and downstream model modeling scope (format:.shp) Surface elevation of the middle and downstream model (in the format of. Tif) All the above data are in the frame of WGS_1984_UTM_Zone_47N. Take heiflow_v1_et_2001m01.tif as an example to illustrate the naming rules of data files: HEIFLOW: model name V1: data set version 1.0 ET: variable name 2001M01: January 2000, where M represents month
This data is the longitude and latitude information of soil water sampling points in the "observation experiment of Soil Hydrological heterogeneity in the upper reaches of Heihe River and its impact on the hydrological process in mountainous areas" (91125010) of Heihe project, which is mainly used to express the spatial distribution of soil water sampling points in this project.
Data source: simulation results of the Heihe groundwater model from Tsinghua University; Summary of content: 2003-2012 simulation water level of the observation well : the letters indicate the area where the observation well is located (L-Linze, Z-Zhangye, G-Gaotai, J-Jinta, E-Ejina), and the number indicates the number of the observation well. Time range: 2003-2012 month data
Through e-Sense / diver hydrological monitoring equipment and dynamic remote monitoring system, the hydrological monitoring data of key stations in Heihe River Basin in the three years from 2013 to 2015 in non freezing period are obtained, mainly including the temperature and water level of three groundwater (Qilian station, Linze station, Ejina station) and six river surface water (Yingluoxia station, Gaoya station, Zhengyixia station, shaomaying station, langxinshan station, Juyanhai station) According to the data, the time resolution is 1H.
Data investigation method: obtained from investigation of Heihe River Basin Authority. Summary of data content: data of water consumption of Heihe, Shiyang and Shule River Basins in 1980, 1985, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2009 and 2009, including industrial water and agricultural water. Data temporal and spatial range: Heihe, Shiyang and Shule river basins 1980, 1985, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2009 and 2009.
Data analysis method: macroeconomic development forecast Space scope: Sunan County, Ganzhou District, Minle County, Linze County, Gaotai County, Shandan County, Jinta County, Ejina, Suzhou District, Jiayuguan Time frame: 2020, 2030 Data: GDP (1 million yuan), GDP growth rate, primary production (1 million yuan), primary production growth rate, secondary production (million yuan), secondary production growth rate, tertiary production (million yuan), tertiary production growth rate, primary production rate Second rate, third rate
"Hydrological ecological economic process coupling and evolution of Heihe River basin governance under the framework of water rights" (91125018) project data collection 3 - recent governance planning of Heihe River Basin (Ministry of water resources, 2001) 1. Data overview: management plan implemented in 2001 in Heihe River Basin 2. Data content: planning publication
Data investigation method: investigation and collection of Heihe River Basin Authority. The data include: the water distribution plan of the main stream of Heihe River (including Liyuan River) prepared by the Yellow River Water Conservancy Commission of the Ministry of water resources in 1996; the brief report on the water conservancy planning of the main stream of Heihe River prepared by Lanzhou survey and Design Institute of the Ministry of water resources in 1992; the short term management plan of Heihe River Basin approved by the State Council in 2001; the compilation of historical documents of water regulation of Heihe River by the administration of Heihe River Basin in 2008 》In 2014, the research on the reasonable allocation scheme of water resources in Jiuquan Basin of the Taolai River Basin was compiled by the Taolai River Basin Authority.
ZHENG Hang WANG Zhongjing
Input output table of 11 districts and counties in Heihe River Basin in 2012
Data source: survey data of Heihe River Basin Authority; Data introduction: in 2010, Sunan County, Ganzhou District, Minle County, Linze County, Gaotai County, Shandan County, Jinta County, Ejina, Suzhou District and Jiayuguan used water for living, industry, agriculture, urban and rural ecology.
Glaciers are sensitive to climate change and are important indicators and amplifiers of global change. In inland river regions, river runoff mainly comes from mountain ice and snow melt. Glaciers are very important "solid reservoirs" in these regions, and glacial melt water is an important source of supply for the tributaries of the Heihe River. The inventory of glaciers in the Heihe River Basin was completed from 1979 to 1980. For related information, please refer to "Chinese Glacier Inventory-Qilian Mountains" edited by Wang Zongtai and others. In 2004, the relevant results of the "China Glacier Inventory" were systematically digitized and a database was established. The final results were released through the "China Glacier Information System". However, in the process of coordinate restoration, the accuracy of the reference data was poor, and the glaciers in the Heihe River Basin had obvious position shifts. Therefore, we used the Landsat remote sensing image corrected by ortho-geometric correction. The processed Heihe Glacier distribution data is highly consistent with the existing basic geographic information in China in terms of geometric accuracy, and consistent with the first glacier inventory in terms of attributes.
Since the formation of Heihe River, sporopollen data samples have been collected from the drilling strata of Da'ao well in the middle reaches of Heihe River. Drilling location: 39.491 n, 99.605 E. The drilling depth is 140 meters. 128 samples of sporopollen are collected from top to bottom. At present, there are 19 data of sporopollen results, which are distributed in each sedimentary facies from top to bottom. The sporopollen samples were removed from carbonate, organic matter, silicate and other impurities in the laboratory, and the species and data of sporopollen were identified under the microscope. Sporopollen results mainly include the percentage content and number of trees, shrubs, herbs, aquatic, ferns and other families and genera.
HU Xiaofei PAN Baotian
Based on the study of the terrace formation age in the upper reaches of heihe river, photoluminescence samples were collected from the sediments of grade 6 river terrace near the upper reaches of qilian river.The quartz particles (38-63 microns) in the sample were isolated in the laboratory, the equivalent dose and dose rate in the quartz particles were measured, and the photoluminescence age of the sample was finally obtained.The obtained ages range from 5ka to 82ka, corresponding to the years of cutting down the terraces of all levels.
PAN Baotian HU Xiaofei
Two shallow drills near Heiquan in the middle reaches of Heihe River are 140 meters and 68.2 meters deep respectively. The physical and chemical indexes of the two boreholes are analyzed, including grain size and heavy mineral analysis.
PAN Baotian HU Xiaofei
This data set contains two shallow drilling data near Heiquan in the middle reaches of Heihe River: 140 meters and 68.2 meters deep respectively. Paleomagnetic age samples were taken at 10-50 cm intervals from the two boreholes, and the magnetostratigraphic sequences of the two boreholes were obtained by testing these samples.
HU Xiaofei PAN Baotian
The landform near Qilian in the upper reaches of Heihe River includes the first level denudation surface (wide valley surface) and the Ninth level river terrace. The stage surface distribution data is mainly obtained through field investigation. GPS survey is carried out for the distribution range of all levels of geomorphic surface. The field data is analyzed in the room, and then combined with remote sensing image, topographic map, geological map and other data, the distribution map of all levels of geomorphic surface in the upper reaches of Heihe river is drawn. The age of the denudation surface is about 1.4ma, and the formation of Heihe terrace is later than this age, all of which are terraces since late Pleistocene.
HU Xiaofei PAN Baotian
Since the formation of heihe, palynology data samples were collected from the borehole formation of dasunken well in the middle reaches of heihe.Borehole location: 39.491 n, 99.605 e.The borehole has a depth of 140 meters and 18 palynological samples are collected from top to bottom. Currently, there are 3 palynological results, which are distributed in each sedimentary phase from top to bottom.Impurities such as carbonate, organic matter and silicate were removed from palynology samples in the laboratory, and the palynology types and data were identified under the microscope.Palynology results mainly included the percentage and number of trees, shrubs, herbs, aquatic and ferns.
PAN Baotian HU Xiaofei
The population data of Zhangye City from 2001 to 2012 include: annual population density and natural population growth rate, Data source: Statistical Bureau of Zhangye City. Statistical yearbook of Zhangye City. 2001-2012, Department of water resources of Gansu Province. Bulletin of water resources of Gansu Province. 2001-2012. Water Affairs Bureau of Zhangye City. Comprehensive annual report of water resources of Zhangye City, 1999-2011