The data includes continuous and discontinuous permafrost and seasonally frozen ground distributed in the Qilian Mountains. Based on the field investigation, borehole drillings along the highway as well as previous data collected from the documentations, the lower limits of permafrost and the formula of the lower limits of permafrost in the Qilian Mountains is obtained by regression analysis. The digital elevation model (DEM) data is the SRTM (Shuttle Radar Topography Mission) jointly measured by NASA and NIMA. After the data being transformed into GCS WGS 1984 coordinate system, it is resampled into 100 m spatial resolution. The altitude of 3000 m was used to define the area of the Qilian Mountains. With the aid of ArcGIS platform and the support of DEM data, the permafrost distribution map of the Qilian Mountains with a resolution of 100 m is simulated. The lower limits of permafrost obtained by the regression analysis passed the significance test. According to the 548 existing borehole data points, the verification accuracy of permafrost area is 90.11%. The data can be used to estimate the ground ice content and the amount of water released from permafrost degradation.
The compilation basis of frozen soil map includes: (1) frozen soil field survey, exploration and measurement data; (2) aerial photo and satellite image interpretation; (3) topo300 1km resolution ground elevation data; (4) temperature and ground temperature data. Among them, the distribution of permafrost in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau adopts the research results of nanzhuo Tong et al. (2002). Using the measured annual average ground temperature data of 76 boreholes along the Qinghai Tibet highway, regression statistical analysis is carried out to obtain the relationship between the annual average ground temperature and latitude, elevation, and based on this relationship, combined with the gtopo30 elevation data (developed under the leadership of the center for earth resources observation and science and technology, USGS) Global 1 km DEM data) to simulate the annual mean ground temperature distribution over the whole Tibetan Plateau. Taking the annual average ground temperature of 0.5 ℃ as the boundary between permafrost and seasonal permafrost, the boundary between discontinuous Permafrost on the plateau and island Permafrost on the plateau is delimited by referring to the map of ice and snow permafrost in China (1:4 million) (Shi Yafeng et al., 1988); in addition, the division map of Permafrost on the big and small Xing'an Mountains in the Northeast (Guo Dongxin et al., 1981), the distribution map of permafrost and underground ice around the Arctic (b According to rown et al. 1997) and the latest field survey data, the Permafrost Boundary in Northeast China has been revised; the Permafrost Boundary in Northwest mountains mostly uses the boundary defined in the map of ice and snow permafrost in China (1:4 million) (Shi Yafeng et al., 1988). According to the data, the area of permafrost in China is about 1.75 × 106km2, accounting for about 18.25% of China's territory. Among them, alpine permafrost is 0.29 × 106km2, accounting for about 3.03% of China's territory. For more information, please refer to the specification of "1:4 million map of glacial and frozen deserts in China" (Institute of environment and Engineering in cold and dry areas, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2006)
The data include continuous permafrost area, discontinuous permafrost area and seasonal permafrost area. Based on the field scientific investigation, road survey drilling points and the previous data of the lower boundary elevation of permafrost, the formula of the lower boundary elevation of permafrost is obtained by regression. The DEM data is the SRTM (Shuttle Radar Topography Mission) data jointly measured by NASA and NIMA. After the data is transformed into GCS · WGS · 1984 coordinate system, it is resampled into 100m spatial resolution. The altitude of the data is 3000m to define the Qilian mountain area. With the aid of ArcGIS platform and the support of DEM data, the permafrost distribution map of Qilian Mountain with a resolution of 100m is simulated. The lower bound model obtained by regression has passed the significance test. According to the 548 existing borehole data points, the verification accuracy of permafrost area is 90.11%. The data can be used to estimate the underground ice content and the amount of water released from permafrost degradation.