Slope Length and Stepness Factor Dataset of Pan-Third Pole 20 countries (2020, with a resolution of 7.5 arcsecond)

The Slope Length and Stepness Factor (LS) dataset of Pan-third pole 20 country is calculated based on the free accessed 1 arc second resolution SRTM digital elevation data (Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, SRTM; the website is http://srtm.csi.cgiar.org). After the pre-processing such as pseudo edge removal, filtering and noise removal, the LS factor with 7.5 arc second resolution was calculated with the LS factor algorithm in CSLE model and the LS calculation tool (LS_tool) developed in this project. The LS factor data of Pan-third pole 20 countries is the fundamental data for soil erosion rate calculation based on CSLE, and it also the fuandatmental data for analyzing the erosion topographic characteristics of Pan third pole 20 countries (such as macro distribution and micro pattern of elevation, slope and slope) . The dataset if of great importance for the analysis of geomorphic characteristics and geological disaster characteristics in this area.

0 2021-10-11

1 km grid datasets of habitat quality in agricultural and pastoral areas of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (1990-2015)

As the roof of the world, the water tower of Asia and the third pole of the world, the Qinghai Tibet Plateau is an important ecological security barrier for China and even Asia. With the rapid development of social economy, human activities have increased significantly, and the impact on the ecological environment is growing. In this paper, eight factors including cultivated land, construction land, National Road, provincial road, railway, expressway, GDP and population density were selected as the threat factors, and the attributes of the threat factors were determined based on the expert scoring method to evaluate the habitat quality of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, so as to obtain six data sets of the habitat quality of the agricultural and pastoral areas of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau in 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015. The production of habitat quality data sets will help to explore the habitat quality of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and provide effective support for the government to formulate sustainable development policies of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.

0 2021-06-08

On line observation data set of Hengduanshan mountain gorge area

The data set is from Gaomeigu area in Lijiang, Yunnan Province. The longitude, latitude and altitude of Gaomeigu area are 100 E ° 01 ′ 51 ″, 26 n ° 42 ′ 32 ″, altitude 3200m. The data set includes: 1. Continuous observation of the mass concentration of fusible chemical components in the atmosphere, including organic matter, nitrate, sulfate, chloride and ammonia. The measurement instrument is the aerosol chemical composition on-line monitor (ACSM). The observation period is from 00:29 on March 13, 2018 to 01:27 on April 7, 2018, and the time resolution is 30 minutes. The intermediate instrument runs well, and the data is missing occasionally. The data file contains the mass concentration data of each component measured by the instrument. 2. Continuously observe the mass concentration of black carbon in the atmosphere. The measuring instrument is aethalometer ae33 black carbon instrument produced by Magee company. The observation period is from 00:00 on March 14, 2018 to 23:59 on May 13, 2018, and the time resolution is 1 minute. The whole observation instrument works well, and the data is missing occasionally. The data file contains the information of the instrument, the measured mass concentration data of black carbon and various parameters of the instrument, including temperature, pressure, flow rate, etc. 3. Continuously observe the mass concentration of nitric oxide and nitrogen oxides in the atmosphere. The measuring instrument is the NOx analyzer produced by Thermo Fisher company. The observation period is from 00:00 on April 10, 2018 to 23:59 on May 13, 2018, and the time resolution is 1 minute. The whole observation instrument works well, and the data is missing occasionally. The data file contains the mass concentration data of NOx and no gas measured by the instrument. 4. Continuously observe the mass concentration of ozone in the atmosphere. The measuring instrument is the 49i ozone analyzer produced by Thermo Fisher company. The observation period is from 00:00 on March 15, 2018 to 23:59 on May 13, 2018, and the time resolution is 1 minute. The whole observation instrument works well, and the data is missing occasionally. The data file contains the mass concentration data of ozone gas measured by the instrument. 5. Continuously observe the mass concentration of sulfur dioxide in the atmosphere. The measuring instrument is sulfur dioxide analyzer produced by Thermo Fisher company. The observation period is from 00:00 on March 15, 2018 to 23:59 on May 13, 2018, and the time resolution is 1 minute. The whole observation instrument works well, and the data is missing occasionally. The data file contains the mass concentration data of sulfur dioxide gas measured by the instrument. Supported project: the second comprehensive scientific expedition to the Qinghai Tibet Plateau 2019qzk0602.

0 2021-06-03

Intensity data of human activities on the plateau in 2012-2017

According to the characteristics of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and the principles of scientificity, systematization, integrity, operability, measurability, conciseness and independence, the human activity intensity evaluation index system suitable for the Qinghai Tibet Plateau has been constructed, which mainly includes the main human activities such as agricultural and animal husbandry activities, industrial and mining development, urbanization development, tourism activities, major ecological engineering construction, pollutant discharge, etc, On the basis of remote sensing data, ground observation data, meteorological data and social statistical yearbook data, the positive and negative effects of human activities are quantitatively evaluated by AHP, and the intensity and change characteristics of human activities are comprehensively evaluated. The data can not only help to enhance the understanding of the role of human activities in the vegetation change in the sensitive areas of global change, but also provide theoretical basis for the sustainable development of social economy in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, and provide scientific basis for protecting the ecological environment of the plateau and building a national ecological security barrier.

0 2021-03-29

Spatial distribution of POPs in the Qilian region (2018)

This data set includes the concentration and distribution data of main persistent organic pollutants in environmental media of Qilian Mountains. Samples were collected from the Qilian Mountains and its surrounding areas in May 2018. The samples were prepared by Soxhlet extraction purification concentration and determined by gas chromatography ion trap mass spectrometry. The target compounds include organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, etc. Mirex and pcb-30 were added as recovery markers during sample pretreatment. PCNB and PCB-209 are the internal standards for sample testing. The recoveries of the samples are generally between 60% and 101%.

0 2021-03-04

Dataset of sustainable livelihood-Public infrastructure (2018)

This data includes the accessibility of 15 kinds of public facilities and services, such as roads and schools, in the communities of 1280 households at domestic and abroad, as well as the farmers' satisfaction with these public facilities and public services by comparing that with 3 years ago and current status with neighboring village. This data is used to support the analysis of the material capital part of sustainable livelihood. The primary data collected by the research group in household survey. Before collecting the data, the research group and invited experts conducted a preliminary survey and improved the survey questionnaire; Before the formal investigation, the personnel participating in the data collection were strictly trained; In the formal survey, each questionnaire is checked three times before it is filed. 4. This data is of great value for understanding the physical capital accessibility and satisfaction of rural households in environment-economic fragile areas, and is an important supplement to national and macro data.

0 2021-02-22

Dataset of sustainable livelihood-Public infrastructure (2018)

This data includes the accessibility of 15 kinds of public facilities and services, such as roads and schools, in the communities of 1280 households at domestic and abroad, as well as the farmers' satisfaction with these public facilities and public services by comparing that with 3 years ago and current status with neighboring village. This data is used to support the analysis of the material capital part of sustainable livelihood. The data was collected by the research group through field survey in 2019. Before collecting the data, the research group and invited experts conducted a pretest and improved the survey questionnaire; Before the formal investigation, the members participating in the data collection were strictly trained; In the formal survey, each questionnaire is checked three times before it is filed. This data is of great value for understanding the physical capital accessibility and satisfaction of rural households in environment-economic fragile areas, and is an important supplement to national and macro data.

0 2021-02-22

1 km grid datasets of human activity intensity in agricultural and pastoral areas of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

As the “third pole” of the world, the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) is extremely ecologically sensitive and fragile while facing increasing human activities and overgrazing. In this study, eight types of spatial data were firstly selected, including grazing intensity, Night-Time Light, population density, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) density, the ratio of cultivated land, the slope of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), distance to road, and distance to town. Then, the entropy weight method was applied to determine the weight of each factor. Finally, the five-year interval human activity intensity data in 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015 were made in the agricultural and pastoral areas of QTP through the spatial overlap method. By preparing the historical spatial datasets of human activity intensity, our study will help to explore the influence of human disturbance on the alpine ecosystems on the QTP and provide effective support for decision-making of government aiming at regional ecosystem management and sustainable development.

0 2021-01-21

Dataset of sustainable livelihood-Public infrastructure

This data includes the accessibility of 15 kinds of public facilities and services, such as roads and schools, in the communities of 1280 households at domestic and abroad, as well as the farmers' satisfaction with these public facilities and public services by comparing that with 3 years ago and current status with neighboring village. This data is used to support the analysis of the material capital part of sustainable livelihood. The data was collected by the research group through field survey in 2019. Before collecting the data, the research group and invited experts conducted a pretest and improved the survey questionnaire; Before the formal investigation, the members participating in the data collection were strictly trained; In the formal survey, each questionnaire is checked three times before it is filed. This data is of great value for understanding the physical capital accessibility and satisfaction of rural households in environment-economic fragile areas, and is an important supplement to national and macro data.

0 2021-01-20