XRF data can quickly, nondestructive and high-resolution obtain the relative abundance of constant and trace geochemistry, which can be used to reconstruct the environmental change. This data includes the XRF multi-element data of Daze Co and Jiang Co and the age depth data of Lake cores, which can be used to reconstruct the climate and environmental changes in the East and west of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau in the past 20000 years. In Daze Co and Jiang Co lakes, Ti, K, Fe, Si and other elements show the same change trend. Through multi index comparative analysis, it is considered that Ti and other rock forming elements are mainly affected by the inner diameter flow conditions of the basin and can be used to reconstruct the changes of hydrological conditions in the basin in recent 20000 years.
1) The data include the temperature records reconstructed by using the core depth, age and biomarker gdgts of Bangong Lake to reconstruct the annual average temperature change of Bangong Lake Basin in the west of Qinghai Tibet Plateau since the last deglaciation. At present, most paleoclimate records on the plateau are qualitative and semi quantitative, and the quantitative records are very limited, which restricts the in-depth understanding of the mechanism of climate change on the plateau. Bangongcuo, the largest lake in the west of Qinghai Tibet Plateau, was selected as the study area, and the average annual temperature change in this area since 16 ka BP was reconstructed by using biomarker indexes. 2) The record was reconstructed using gdgts of lake sediments. 3) The data are detailed and reliable. 4) This study not only provides data for understanding the past climate change in the western Qinghai Tibet Plateau, but also provides a basis for discussing the plateau climate change mechanism and verifying the reliability of regional climate model.
1) The data includes 40 14C dating data of multiple Lake cores. The age control of most lake sediment cores is completed by radiocarbon isotope (14C) dating. The data sheet includes Lake core sample number, laboratory sample number, sample depth, 14C results, dating error and corrected results. The chronological framework of Lake cores is the basis for paleoclimate reconstruction. 2) All 14C data are completed in beta analytical Inc, and the laboratory operation is in strict accordance with the standard process. 3) The quality of the 40 dating data is good. 4) The data have been published, which provides basic data for the study of paleoclimate in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
The water vapor isotopes transported by different atmospheric circulation systems are different, and the precipitation on the Qinghai Tibet Plateau is affected by monsoon and westerly circulation, which is very sensitive to climate and environmental change. Hydrogen isotopes of wax in lake sediments provide a means to restore past precipitation information. The stable hydrogen isotope records of sediments from different lakes (Qinghai Lake, linggecuo lake and Bangong Lake) in the East and west of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau provided by the author reconstruct the isotopic changes of precipitation in the East and west of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau in the past 20000 years, and study the effects of summer monsoon and westerly jet on water vapor in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau since the late Pleistocene, It also provides important basic data for reconstructing the paleoclimate and environmental changes of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau in the past.
Qujing basin, located in the east of Yunnan Province, is a long and narrow faulted basin with a north-south trend. Thick and continuous Cenozoic sediments are preserved in the basin, which can be divided into Xiaotun Formation, Caijiachong Formation, and Ciying Formation from bottom to top. These sediments are ideal materials to explore the southeast escape and deformation affected by the India-Eurasian plate collision in the early Cenozoic and the formation and evolution history of the Indian monsoon. A total of a 320.1-meter core covering the entire Ciying Formation and the Caijiachong Formation was obtained through the continuous drilling mission carried out in the center of the basin in the previous study. The mass-specific magnetic susceptibility, anhysteretic remanent magnetization (ARM), and saturation isothermal remanent magnetization (SIRM) from parts of samples of Caijiachong core (320.1m) have been measured, and several important magnetic parameters were determined, including the high and low-frequency magnetic susceptibility (χlf), SIRM and ARM, thus providing important basic information for further mult-index climate reconstruction.
Simao basin is located in the south of Yunnan Province and the southeast of Qinghai Tibet Plateau. It belongs to the Sanjiang tectonic domain in the east of Tethys tectonic domain. Thick and continuous early Cenozoic strata are preserved in the basin, so it is an ideal material to restore the tectonic evolution history of the region and the southeast side of the plateau. a continuous and complete high-resolution sequence (361.86 m in thickness) of the Mengyejing Formation was obtained through the continuous drilling in the previous study. The mass-specific magnetic susceptibility, anhysteretic remanent magnetization, and saturation isothermal remanent magnetization from parts of samples of Xiaojinggu core (250 m) have been measured, and several important magnetic parameters were determined, including the high and low-frequency magnetic susceptibility (χlf), SIRM, and ARM. These records will provide an important insight into the paleoclimate change covering the Mengyejing Formation.
Based on the changes of tree ring stable oxygen isotope ratio Since 1750 established in Qilian mountain area, based on the negative correlation between tree ring oxygen isotope ratio and summer drought index, the linear correlation equation between tree ring oxygen isotope and drought index is established, and the quantitative reconstruction of drought index from 1750 to 2016 is preliminarily completed. This result is helpful to understand the characteristics of regional dry and wet change from interannual to interdecadal scale. At the same time, it can also compare and study the impact of global change caused by human activities on regional hydrology and climate since the industrial revolution. It is of certain significance in revealing the mechanism of regional dry and wet change and distinguishing the impact of human activities and natural variability on regional climate.
Based on the changes of tree ring stable oxygen isotope ratio since 1752 established in Northeast China, and based on the negative correlation between tree ring oxygen isotope ratio and summer drought index, the linear correlation equation between tree ring oxygen isotope and drought index is established, and the quantitative reconstruction of drought index from 1752 to 2015 is preliminarily completed. This result is helpful to understand the characteristics of regional dry and wet change from interannual to interdecadal scale. At the same time, it can also compare and study the impact of global change caused by human activities on regional hydrology and climate since the industrial revolution. It is of certain significance in revealing the mechanism of regional dry and wet change and distinguishing the impact of human activities and natural variability on regional climate.
This data set is composed of photoluminescence dating data of loess profiles in Luochuan (35 ° 43 ′ n, 109 ° 25 ′ E) and Xuyi (118 ° 39 ′ e, 32 ° 51 ′ n) in China, including the results of photoluminescence chronology of 45 samples. Among them, the luminescence chronology of 21 samples from Luochuan section of the Loess Plateau of China uses the potassium feldspar monolithic regeneration method (SAR) multi-step temperature rise post IR IRSL (met pirir) dating technique; The study on the luminescence chronology of 24 samples in Xuyi section is that 8 samples are based on the photoluminescence dating of 4-11 micron quartz particles according to the standard monolithic regeneration method (SAR) measurement process, and 8 samples are based on the infrared luminescence dating of 4-11 micron multi mineral fine particles heated to 225 ℃ (pir225) according to the monolithic regeneration method measurement process, And 8 samples based on the infrared luminescence dating of 4-11 micron multi mineral fine particles heated to 290 ℃ (pir290) according to the single chip regeneration method measurement process. The instrument used for the photoluminescence dating of Luochuan and Xuyi loess profiles is RIS ø thermoluminescence / photoluminescence dating instrument made in Denmark. The experimental analysis was completed in the Department of Geosciences of the University of Hong Kong and babes Bolyai University in Romania. The data provide further age constraints for the Loess in Luochuan and Xuyi, China, and are of great significance for the study of paleoclimate / Paleoenvironment in the two regions.
This data set is composed of principal and trace element analysis data of different particle size components of stari slankamen loess comprehensive profile in Serbia. There are two sets of particle size samples in total. One set is divided according to the Uddin Wentworth particle size standard. A single sample is divided into six particle size samples, which are < 2 μ m、2-4 μ m、4-8 μ m、8-16 μ m、16-32 μ M and 32-63 μ M component, 102 samples in total; The other set divides a single sample into < 10 μ M and 10-63 μ M two components, a total of 52 samples. The contents of major and trace elements in each sample were determined by Axios wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (XRF) manufactured by panalytical company and nexion300d inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) manufactured by Perkin Elmer company, The experimental analysis was completed in the Key Laboratory of Cenozoic geology and environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Institute of analysis and testing, Beijing Institute of geology, China nuclear industry. The data can be applied to determine the particle size effect of element geochemical indexes of loess in the westerly affected area, and has important guiding significance for loess provenance discrimination and paleoclimate research by using element geochemical indexes.