The data includes the daily mean value of stable isotope δ18O in precipitation, the air temperature and precipitation amounts in Bomi in 2008; the precipitation samples are collected by Bomi meteorological station, and the stable isotope of precipitation is measured at the Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement, France., The δ18O amounts were measured by equilibration on a MAT-252 mass spectrometer, with an analytical precision of 0.05‰. The air temperatures and precipitation amounts were recorded for each precipitation events at Bomi meteorological stations, through the average of the observed temperature before and after the precipitation event, and through the total precipitation amount for each event. The data study has been published in the Journal of Climate, entitled Precipitation Water Stable Isotopes in the South Tibetan Plateau: Observations and Modeling.
The forest hydrology experimental area of Heihe River integrated remote sensing experiment includes the dense observation area of Dayekou basin and the dense observation area of Pailugou basin. Due to the concentrated distribution of the fixed sample plots in the drainage ditch basin, these sample plots lack of representativeness to the forest of the whole dayokou basin, so in June 2008, 43 temporary forest sample plots were set up in the whole dayokou basin. The data set is the ground observation data of the 43 temporary plots. In addition to the measurement and recording of stand status and site factors, Lai was also observed. The instruments used to measure each wood in the sample plot are mainly tape, DBH, flower pole, tree measuring instrument and compass. The DBH, tree height, height under branch, crown width in cross slope direction, crown width along slope direction and single tree growth were measured for each tree. WGS84 latitude and longitude coordinates of the center point of the sample plot were measured with different hand-held GPS, and the positioning error was about 5-30m. Other observation factors include: Forest Farm, slope direction, slope position, slope, soil thickness, canopy density, etc. The implementation time of these temporary sample plots is from 2 to 30 June 2008. The data set can provide ground data for the development of remote sensing inversion algorithm of forest structure parameters.
This map was compiled by Li Xin and others in 2008 in order to re-count the permafrost area in China and based on the analysis of the existing permafrost map in China. It consists of three parts, of which the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau part uses the simulated permafrost map of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (Nanzhuo Copper, 2002), the northeast part comes from the "14 million map of China's Glacier, Frozen Soil and Desert" (Institute of Environment and Engineering in Cold and Arid Regions, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2006), and the other part uses the map of China's permafrost zoning and types (1: 10 million) (Zhou Youwu and others, 2000). More Information References (Institute of Environment and Engineering in Cold and Arid Regions, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2006; Nanzhuo Copper, 2002; Zhou Youwu et al., 2000; Li et al, 2008）。
Observation time: 2008-06-05 ~ 2008-06-15.A sample strip with a length of 1Km and a width of 20m was set up to cross the super sample plot from the starting point of the super sample plot at the geantan forest station in ohnoguchi.The compass was used to determine the direction of the sample, and the azimuth was 115 degrees north by east, which was basically consistent with the flight route.20 meters ×20 meters of sample land shall be arranged every 50 meters in the sample belt, a total of 20 pieces of sample land.There is some overlap between the sample belt and the super sample land. The center of the no.1 sample land of the sample belt is located at the center of the super sample land. The observation data is shown in the measurement data set per wood of the super sample land.This data set records the observation data of sample 2 ~ 20.These data include the following three parts: 1) tree data of sample plots: each wood of 2 ~ 20 plots was measured: chest diameter, tree height, crown width and undershoot height.Laser altimeter and ultrasonic altimeter were used to measure the height of big trees and under branches, flower rod was used to measure the height of small trees and under branches, chest diameter was used to measure the chest diameter of trees, and crown width was measured with a leather tape measure. 2) sample location data: the sample location is roughly determined by using a tape measure and compass. The coordinates of the center point of the sample are accurately measured using the French THALES DGPS measurement system (model z-max).The observation method is to use two GPS receivers to conduct synchronous static measurement, one in the reference station and the other in the mobile station. The observation lasts 30 minutes. The data processing software provided by the system is used for post-processing difference. 3) LAI observation data: LAI area index (LAI) of each sample plot was measured by lai-2000 and HemiView.
The data set is based on the geodetic coordinate data and other auxiliary data of the corner points of 16 subsamples of super sample plots, the setting points of lidar base station of the foundation and the base points of each tree trunk measured by the total station. The data acquisition time of total station is from June 3, 2008 to June 12, 2008, which is divided into two groups. One total station is used respectively, with the models of topcon602 and topcon7002. A total of 1468 Picea crassifolia trees in the super sample plot were measured, and all the corner points of the sub sample plot and the top points of the stake set on the base station of lidar were located. These positioning results are the main data content of the dataset. In addition, on June 3, 2008, June 4, 2008, June 6, 2011, the differential GPS z-max was used to locate all the stake vertices. By manually measuring the height of each stake, the height of the surface under the stake was calculated, and finally the three-dimensional coordinate position of the surface of each tree and the topographic map of super sample plot were generated. These data constitute the secondary data of the dataset. This data set can provide detailed ground observation data for the establishment of real three-dimensional forest scene, the development and correction of various three-dimensional forest remote sensing models, and ground validation data for the extraction of airborne lidar forest parameters.
The super sample plot is composed of 16 sub samples. In order to locate each tree in the sample plot and facilitate the location of the base station point for ground-based radar observation, it is necessary to measure the geodetic coordinates of the sub sample plot corner point and the preset base station point for ground-based radar. The location of these points and each tree is measured by total station. Because the total station measures relative coordinates, in order to obtain geodetic coordinates, it is necessary to use differential GPS (DGPS) to measure at least one reference point around the super sample plot with high precision. In addition, we also use DGPS to observe the geodetic coordinates of all corner points of the subsample, and the measurement results can form the verification of the total station measurement results. The data set is based on all the positioning results measured by DGPS, excluding the positioning results of total station. The measurement time is from June 1 to 13, 2008, using the French Thales differential GPS measurement system, model z-max. The observation method is to use two GPS receivers for synchronous static measurement, one is the base station, which is set next to Gansu Water Conservation Forest Research Institute (the WGS geodetic coordinate of the base station is a first-class benchmark introduced from Zhangye City through multi station observation using z-max). The other is the mobile station, which is placed on the observation point of super sample plot. The observation time of each point varies from 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 minutes. The specific time depends on the satellite signal. The signal difference time is measured for several minutes more. Finally, the final positioning result is obtained by using the processing software of the instrument. WGS geodetic coordinate system is used for the positioning results. Firstly, six temporary control points were measured in the open area next to the super sample plot, providing reference points for the total station to measure the position of trees in the super sample plot. Then, flow stations were set up on each corner of 16 sub plots of super plot, and the coordinates of corner points were measured, and 41 observation points were obtained. The dataset stores the positioning results of these 47 points. This data is only for project use and not for external sharing.
The medium resolution imaging spectrometer (MERIS) is a sensor mounted on the ENVISAT satellite of the European Space Agency. It has 15 spectral segments and scans the earth's surface by push sweep method. The incident angle of the point below the star is 68.5 degrees and the width is 1150km. At present, there are 56 ENVISAT MERIS data in Heihe River Basin. Acquisition time: 2008-05-01, 2008-05-02, 2008-05-03, 2008-05-05, 2008-05-07, 2008-05-08, 2008-05-11, 2008-05-14, 2008-05-17 (2 scenes), 2008-05-20 (2 scenes), 2008-05-21 (2 scenes), 2008-05-23 (2 scenes), 2008-05-24, 2008-05-30, 2008-05-31, 2008-06-01, 2008-06-02, 2008-06-05, 2008-06-06, 2008-06-09, 2008-06-12, 2008-06-15, 2008-06-18, 2008-06-21, 2008-06-22, 2008-06-24 (2 scenes), 2008-06-25, 2008-06-27, 2008-06-30, 2008-07-01, 2008-07-02, 2008-07-04, 2008-07-07, 2008-07-10, 2008-07-11, 2008-07-13 (2 scenes), 2008-07-13, 2008-07-16, 2008-07-17, 2008-07-20, 2008-07-23 (2 scenes), 2008-07-26 (2 scenes), 2008-07-27, 2008-07-29, 2008-07-30, 2008-08-01, 2008-08-02. The product level is L1B without geometric correction. The ENVISAT MERIS remote sensing data set of Heihe integrated remote sensing joint experiment was obtained through the China EU "dragon plan" project (Project No.: 5322) (see the data use statement for details).