This dataset provides the in-situ lake water parameters of 124 closed lakes with a total lake area of 24,570 km2, occupying 53% of the total lake area of the TP.These in-situ water quality parameters include water temperature, salinity, pH,chlorophyll-a concentration, blue-green algae (BGA) concentration, turbidity, dissolved oxygen (DO), fluorescent dissolved organic matter (fDOM), and water clarity of Secchi Depth (SD).
Lake salinity is an important parameter of lake water environment, an important embodiment of water resources, and an important part of climate change research. This data is based on the measured salinity data of lakes in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The salinity is characterized by the practical salinity unit (PSU), which is converted from the specific conductivity (SPC) measured by the conductivity sensor. ArcGIS software was used to convert the measured data into space vector format. SHP format, and the measured salinity spatial distribution data file was obtained. The data can be used as the basic data of lake environment, hydrology, water ecology, water resources and other related research reference.
In the summer of 2019, 22 lake water samples were collected in selinco area of Nam Co, Tibet. They were put into plastic bottles. Some samples were titrated on site by alkalinity kit to obtain the concentrations of CO32 - and HCO3 - ions. The rest samples were stored in the refrigerator. After they were brought back to the laboratory, the concentrations of main cations K +, Na +, Ca2 +, Mg2 + were measured by ICP-OES, The concentrations of HNO3 -, SO42 -, F - and Cl - were measured by anion chromatography. The results showed that the highest concentration of Ca2 + in 22 lakes was 34.8ppm in yueqiaco, and the lowest was 1.8ppm in zhangnaicuo, with an average of 11.9ppm. The highest K + ion concentration was 745.6ppm, the lowest was 1.0ppm, the average was 270.9ppm. The highest concentration of Mg2 + was 1632.8ppm in Jiangcuo, and the lowest was 2.5ppm in mudadaryuco, with an average of 180.1ppm. The highest concentration of Na1 + is 5446.0ppm of daze Cuo, and the lowest is 13.8ppm of Mu Cuo, with an average of 1675.3ppm. The highest F-ion concentration was 0.3 mmol / L, the lowest was 0.1 mmol / L, and the average was 0.1 mmol / L. The highest concentration of Cl - was 73.0 mmol / L, the lowest was 0.4 mmol / L, and the average was 19.0 mmol / L. The highest concentration of NO3 - was 0.2 mmol / L, the lowest was 0.1 mmol / L, and the average was 0.2 mmol / L. The highest concentration of S042 - was 219.3 mmol / L, the lowest was 0.1 mmol / L, and the average was 33.3 mmol / L. The highest concentration of CO32 - was 54.0 mmol / L, the lowest was 0.0 mmol / L, and the average was 15.5 mmol / L. The highest concentration of HCO3 - was 50.7 mmol / L, the lowest was 2.0 mmol / L, and the average was 21.1 mmol / L.
The study of chemical weathering is of great significance to understand how the plateau uplift regulates the mechanism of climate change and the circulation of elements and materials in the sphere. The data set is the seasonal major element concentration and stable isotope data of the river water at the hydrological station of the Yellow River Basin originating from the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. There are two hydrological stations in total: 1. Longmen hydrological station in the middle reaches of the Yellow River is the high-resolution (weekly) sample data collected in 2013, and the element concentrations include K, CA, Na, Mg, SO4, HCO3, Cl, etc. The cation data of collected water samples are tested on ICP-AES of Institute of earth environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the anion data are tested on ion chromatograph (ics1200) of Nanjing Institute of geography and lakes, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The uncertainty is within 5%, and HCO3 is tested by titration. The high-resolution (weekly) Li isotope data of river water was tested in MC-ICP-MS of Institute of earth environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2017, and the test accuracy 2sd is better than 5 ‰; 2. Tangnaihai hydrological station on the Yellow River is the river water (month by month) data set collected from July 2012 to June 2014. The major element concentrations include K, CA, Na, Mg, SO4, HCO3, Cl, etc., and the stable isotope data include s, O and H. The data set can be used to study the modern weathering process under the background of the uplift of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, and provides the first-hand reliable data for the study of physical erosion and chemical weathering in the basin.
The dataset of water quality investigation in the urbanized area of Tibetan Plateau mainly includes the investigation data of water quality in the Huangshui River Basin and other key urban areas of Tibetan Plateau. The data were collected during July-August, 2020, by Hash DR900 water quality monitor. The datasets include the measured water quality of each reach of the Huangshui River, and the upstream and downstream of rivers that flow through major towns on the Tibetan Plateau. The main parameters include: total nitrogen, total phosphorus, ammonia nitrogen, chemical oxygen demand, dissolved oxygen content, pH, hardness, turbidity and chroma. To note, the chemical indexes (total nitrogen, total phosphorus, ammonia nitrogen, chemical oxygen demand) were determined in the laboratory after the scientific expedition, and the time interval between sample collection and water quality determination is too long to sustain the original content of ammonia nitrogen, thus the ammonia nitrogen of some water samples were not measured. In addition, due to the budget restriction, only water samples from the river outlet of towns on the plateau were allowed to measure the chemical indexes. Our dataset will support the study of optimizing the ecological security barrier system and validating ecohydrological models in the key urbanized areas of the Tibetan Plateau.
Tibet Lalu Wetland National Nature Reserve, with a total area of 6.2 square kilometers and an average altitude of 3645 meters, is a typical wetland on the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, belonging to reed peat swamp. The data set includes the following water quality indicators: temperature, air pressure, dissolved oxygen, electrical conductivity, total soluble solids, pH, ORP, biochemical oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand, total carbon content, total organic carbon content, total phosphorus content, available phosphorus content, total nitrogen content, The contents of ammonium nitrogen and nitrate nitrogen, etc; The data can be used in related scientific research such as soil quality evaluation of Lalu wetland.
From August to September in 2019, water samples of 24 lakes in selinco, Namco and their surrounding areas were collected for the second Qinghai Tibet scientific research. The chlorophyll (CHL, unit: ug / L), total nitrogen (TN, unit: mg / L), total phosphorus (TP, unit: mg / L), dissolved total nitrogen (DTN, unit: mg / L), dissolved total phosphorus (DTP, unit: mg / L), total phosphorus (TP, unit: mg / L), dissolved nitrogen (DTN, unit: mg / L) and dissolved phosphorus (DTP, unit: mg / L) were analyzed Nitrate nitrogen (NO3-N, mg / L), nitrite nitrogen (NO2-N, mg / L), ammonium nitrogen (NH4-N, mg / L) and phosphate (PO4-P, ug / L), total suspended particulates (TSS, mg / L), organic suspended particulates (OSS, mg / L), inorganic suspended particulates (ISS, mg / L), and so on, The unit is mg / L). At the same time, the name of the lake, the abbreviation of the lake and the longitude and latitude data of the point are provided, and the data format is xlsx. The data were analyzed by hand in the laboratory and verified repeatedly by scientific researchers.
The data set is measured by YSI exo2 water quality multi parameter measuring instrument on the Bank of middle lake of Ranwu lake from April to November every year from 2014 to 2020. The sampling interval is 0.25s-1s. The data is the average value after the instrument is stabilized. The sampling geographic coordinates are: longitude 96.795296, latitude 29.459066, altitude 3925m. The measurement parameters are water temperature, conductivity, dissolved oxygen and turbidity, and the specific parameter unit is indicated in the meter. Data culling part of the obvious outliers, the document is empty, please pay attention to the use. The data will be updated from time to time, and can be used by researchers of water chemistry, Lake microorganism or lake physical and chemical properties in Ranwu Lake Basin.
The data include the collection of elements and isotopes of river water and groundwater (including spring water) in hulugou small watershed of Heihe River. Sampling location: (1) There are two river water sampling points, one of which is located at the outlet weir of hulugou small watershed in the upper reaches of Heihe River, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 47.7 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11 ″ n. The second sampling point is located at the outlet of hulugou area II in the upper reaches of Heihe River, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 58.40 ″ E and 38 ° 14 ′ 36.85 ″ n. (2) The sampling points of groundwater spring and well water are located at 20m to the east of the drainage basin outlet, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 50.9 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11.44 ″ n. The well water sampling point is located near the intersection of East and West Branch ditches, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 45.38 ″ E and 38 ° 15 ′ 21.27 ″ n. Data Description: 1. Doc and DIC values of river water and groundwater at the outlet of hulugou small watershed from July to September 2014 were analyzed. The DOC and DIC values of the samples were tested by oiaurora 1030w TOC instrument, and the detection range was 2ppb c-30000ppm C. 2. From July to September 2014, the δ D and δ 18O values of precipitation, river water and groundwater in hulugou small watershed were measured by Picaro l2130-i ultra-high precision liquid water and water vapor isotope analyzer. The results were expressed by δ values relative to the international standard material v-smow, with the measurement accuracy of 0.038 ‰ and 0.011 ‰ respectively. 3. Doc values of river water and soil water at the outlet of hulugou small watershed from May to September 2013 were determined by analytikjena multi n / C 3100 total nitrogen and total carbon tester. 4. Doc and DIC values of river water and groundwater at the outlet of hulugou small watershed from July to September 2014 were measured by oiaurora 1030w TOC instrument, and the detection range was 2ppb c-30000ppm C.
一. data description The data included the precipitation, river water and groundwater in the small calabash valley from July to September 2015 2H, 18O, with a sampling frequency of 2 weeks/time. 二. Sampling location (1) the precipitation sampling point is located in the ecological hydrology station of the institute of cold and dry regions, Chinese academy of sciences, with the latitude and longitude of 99 ° 53 '06.66 "E, 38 ° 16' 18.35" N. (2) the sampling point of the river is located at the outlet flow weir of haugugou small watershed in the upper reaches of the heihe river, with the latitude and longitude of 99 ° 52 '47.7 "E and 38 ° 16' 11" N.The water sampling point number 2 position for heihe river upstream hoist ditch Ⅱ area exports, latitude and longitude 99 ° 52 '58.40 "E, 38 ° 14' 36.85" N. (3) underground water spring and well water sampling points.The sampling point of spring water is located at 20m to the east of the outlet of the basin, with the latitude and longitude of 99°52 '50.9 "E, 38°16' 11.44" N. The well water sampling point is located near the intersection of east and west branches, with the latitude and longitude of 99 ° 52 '45.38 "E, 38 ° 15' 21.27" N. 三. Test method The δ2H and δ18O values of the samples were measured by PICARRO L2130-i ultra-high precision liquid water and water vapor isotope analyzer. The results were expressed by the test accuracy value of v-smow relative to the international standard substance, and the measurement accuracy was 0.038‰ and 0.011‰, respectively.