Vegetation quadrat survey dataset in Maduo County (2016)

The data set includes the sample survey data of alpine grassland and alpine meadow in Maduo County in September 2016. The sample size is 50cm × 50cm. The investigation contents include coverage, species name, vegetation height, biomass (dry weight and fresh weight), longitude and latitude coordinates, slope, aspect, slope position, soil type, vegetation type, surface characteristics (litter, gravel, wind erosion, water erosion, saline alkali spot, etc.), utilization mode, utilization intensity, etc.

0 2021-04-18

Multi-scale surface flux and meteorological elements observation dataset in the Hai River Basin (Huailai station-eddy covariance system-40m tower, 2016)

The data set contains the observation data of 40m tower vortex correlator on January 1, 2016, solstice, 2016, December 31, 2016.The station is located in east garden town, huailai county, hebei province.The latitude and longitude of the observation point is 115.7923E, 40.3574N, and the altitude is 480m.The acquisition frequency of vortex correlativity instrument is 10Hz, the frame height is 3.5m, the ultrasonic direction is due to the north, and the distance between the ultrasonic anemometer (CSAT3) and the CO2/H2O analyzer (EC150) is 0cm. The released data is the 30-minute data obtained from the post-processing of the original collected 10Hz data with Eddypro software. The main steps of the processing include: outfield value elimination, delay time correction, coordinate rotation (secondary coordinate rotation), frequency response correction, ultrasonic virtual temperature correction and density (WPL) correction.Quality assessment for each intercompared to at the same time, mainly is the atmospheric stability (Δ st) and turbulent characteristics of similarity (ITC) test.The 30min pass value output after processing was also screened :(1) the data when the instrument was wrong was removed;(2) data of 1h before and after precipitation were excluded;(3) the missing rate of 10Hz original data is more than 10% every 30min;(4) the observed data of weak turbulence at night were excluded (u* less than 0.1m/s).The average period of observation data was 30 minutes, 48 data a day, and the missing data was marked as -6999.There are many negative values of water vapor density measured by EC150 in winter, filled with -6999. The observation data released by vortex correlator include:Date/Time for the Date/Time, wind Wdir (°), Wnd horizontal wind speed (m/s), standard deviation Std_Uy lateral wind speed (m/s), ultrasonic virtual temperature Tv (K), the water vapor density H2O (g/m3), carbon dioxide concentration CO2 (mg/m3), friction velocity Ustar) (m/s), the length of cloth hoff, sensible heat flux Hs (W/m2), latent heat flux LE (W/m2), carbon dioxide flux Fc (mg/(m2s)), the quality of the sensible heat flux identifier QA_Hs, the quality of the latent heat flux identifier QA_LE.The quality of the sensible heat and latent heat, carbon dioxide flux identification is divided into three (quality id 0: (Δ st < 30, the ITC < 30);1: (Δ st < 100, ITC < 100);The rest are 2).The meaning of data time, such as 0:30 represents the average between 0:00 and 0:30;The data is stored in *.xls format.The data was missing during the period from May 26 to May 29 due to instrument calibration. Guo et al, 2020 is used for site introduction and Liu et al, 2013 for data processing

0 2020-10-27

Multi-scale surface flux and meteorological elements observation dataset in the Hai River Basin (Huailai station-automatic weather station-10m tower, 2016)

The data set contains the observation data of 10m tower self-moving meteorological station on January 1, 2016, solstice, December 31, 2016.The station is located in east garden town, huailai county, hebei province.The latitude and longitude of the observation point is 115.7880E, 40.3491N, and the altitude is 480m. The automatic weather station is installed on a 10m tower, the acquisition frequency is 30s, and the output time is 10min.The observation factors include air temperature and relative humidity (5m), and the direction is due north.The wind speed (10m), the wind direction (10m), the direction is due to the north;Air pressure (installed in waterproof box);Rainfall (10m);The four-component radiation (5m), the direction is due to the south;The infrared surface temperature (5m), the arm is facing south, and the probe is facing vertically downward.The soil temperature and humidity probe was buried at 1.5m to the south of the meteorological tower. The buried depth of the soil temperature probe was 0cm, 2cm, 4cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm. The buried depth of the soil moisture sensor was 2cm, 4cm, 10cm, 10cm, 10cm, 10cm, 20cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm.The average soil temperature was buried 2,4 cm underground.Soil hot flow plates (3) are buried in the ground 6cm. Processing and quality control of observation data :(1) ensure 144 data per day (every 10min). If data is missing, it will be marked by -6999;(2) eliminate the moments with duplicate records;(3) data that is obviously beyond the physical meaning or the range of the instrument is deleted;(4) the format of date and time is unified, and the date and time are in the same column.For example, the time is: 2016-6-10-10:30.During January 1, solstice, April 15, there was a problem with the soil temperature sensor with a depth of 40cm, and the data was missing. Guo et al, 2020 is used for site introduction and Liu et al, 2013 for data processing

0 2020-10-27

Multi-scale surface flux and meteorological elements observation dataset in the Hai River Basin (Huailai station-eddy covariance system-10m tower, 2016)

The data set contains the observation data of 10m tower vortex correlator on January 1, 2016, solstice, 2016, December 31, 2016.The station is located in east garden town, huailai county, hebei province.The latitude and longitude of the observation point is 115.7880E, 40.3491N, and the altitude is 480m.The acquisition frequency of vortex correlativity instrument is 10Hz, the frame height is 5m, the ultrasonic direction is due to the north, and the distance between the ultrasonic anometer (CSAT3) and the CO2/H2O analyzer (Li7500A) is 15cm. The released data is the 30-minute data obtained from the post-processing of the original collected 10Hz data with Eddypro software. The main steps of the processing include: outfield value elimination, delay time correction, coordinate rotation (secondary coordinate rotation), frequency response correction, ultrasonic virtual temperature correction and density (WPL) correction.Quality assessment for each intercompared to at the same time, mainly is the atmospheric stability (Δ st) and turbulent characteristics of similarity (ITC) test.The 30min pass value output after processing was also screened :(1) the data when the instrument was wrong was removed;(2) data of 1h before and after precipitation were excluded;(3) the missing rate of 10Hz original data is more than 10% every 30min;(4) the observed data of weak turbulence at night were excluded (u* less than 0.1m/s).The average period of observation data was 30 minutes, 48 data a day, and the missing data was marked as -6999.On May 27, BBB 0, July 22, there was a problem with the ultrasonic anemometer, and the data was missing. The observation data released by vortex correlator include:Date/Time for the Date/Time, wind Wdir (°), Wnd horizontal wind speed (m/s), standard deviation Std_Uy lateral wind speed (m/s), ultrasonic virtual temperature Tv (K), the water vapor density H2O (g/m3), carbon dioxide concentration CO2 (mg/m3), friction velocity Ustar) (m/s), the length of cloth hoff, sensible heat flux Hs (W/m2), latent heat flux LE (W/m2), carbon dioxide flux Fc (mg/(m2s)), the quality of the sensible heat flux identifier QA_Hs, the quality of the latent heat flux identifier QA_LE.The quality of the sensible heat and latent heat, carbon dioxide flux identification is divided into three (quality id 0: (Δ st < 30, the ITC < 30);1: (Δ st < 100, ITC < 100);The rest are 2).The meaning of data time, such as 0:30 represents the average between 0:00 and 0:30;The data is stored in *.xls format. Guo et al, 2020 is used for site introduction and Liu et al, 2013 for data processing。

0 2020-10-27

Multi-scale surface flux and meteorological elements observation dataset in the Hai River Basin (Huailai station-automatic weather station-40m tower, 2016)

The data set contains the observation data of 40 m tower automatic weather station from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016. The site is located in donghuayuan Town, Huailai County, Hebei Province. The longitude and latitude of the observation point are 115.7923e, 40.3574n and 480m above sea level. The automatic weather station is installed on a 40m tower with the acquisition frequency of 30s and output once every 10min. The observation elements include air temperature and relative humidity (3m, 5m, 10m, 15m, 20m, 30m, 40m) in the 7th floor, wind speed (3m, 5m, 10m, 15m, 20m, 30m, 40m) of the 7th floor, wind direction (10m), facing due north; air pressure (installed in waterproof box); rainfall (3m); four component radiation and photosynthetically active radiation (4m), facing due south; infrared surface temperature (8m) The soil temperature and humidity probe is buried 1.5m to the south of the meteorological tower, the soil temperature and humidity probe is buried at 2cm, 4cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm, and the soil moisture sensor is 2cm, 4cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm; the average soil temperature is buried in the underground 2, 4cm; soil heat flow The slabs (3 pieces) are buried 6 cm underground. Processing and quality control of observation data: (1) ensure 144 data per day (every 10 min), if there is data missing, it will be marked by - 6999; (2) eliminate the time with repeated records; (3) delete the data obviously beyond the physical meaning or instrument range; (4) the format of date and time is unified, and the date and time are in the same column. For example, the time is: 2016-6-10 10:30. The data released by automatic weather station include: date / time, date / time, air temperature (TA)_ 3m, Ta_ 5m, Ta_ 10m, Ta_ 15m, Ta_ 20m, Ta_ 30m, Ta_ 40m) (℃), relative humidity (RH)_ 3m, RH_ 5m, RH_ 10m, RH_ 15m, RH_ 20m, RH_ 30m, RH_ 40m) (%), wind speed (WS_ 3m, Ws_ 5m, Ws_ 10m, Ws_ 15m, Ws_ 20m, Ws_ 30m, Ws_ 40 m (M / s), wind direction (WD) (°), air pressure (HPA), precipitation (mm), four component radiation (DR, ur, DLR, ULR, RN) (w / m2), par (umol / S / m2), surface radiation temperature (IRT)_ 1、IRT_ 2) (℃), soil heat flux (GS)_ 1、Gs_ 2、Gs_ 3) (w / m2), multi-layer soil moisture (MS_ 2cm、Ms_ 4cm、Ms_ 10cm、Ms_ 20cm、Ms_ 40cm、Ms_ 80cm、Ms_ 120cm、Ms_ 160 cm) (%), multilayer soil temperature (TS_ 2cm、Ts_ 4cm、Ts_ 10cm、Ts_ 20cm、Ts_ 40cm、Ts_ 80cm、Ts_ 120cm、Ts_ 160 cm (℃), average soil temperature tcav (℃). Guo et al, 2020 is used for site introduction and Liu et al, 2013 for data processing

0 2020-10-27

Multi-scale surface flux and meteorological elements observation dataset in the Hai River Basin (Huailai station-large aperture scintillometer, 2016)

The data set contains the observation data of large aperture scintillator from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016. Two large aperture scintillation meters, bls450 and zzlas, are installed respectively. The site is located in donghuayuan Town, Huailai County, Hebei Province. The longitude and latitude of the observation point are 115.7880e, 40.3491n and 480m above sea level. The effective height of the large aperture scintillator is 14m, the optical path length is 1870m, the longitude and latitude of the transmitter are 115.8023e, 40.3596n, and the longitude and latitude of the receiver are 115.7825e and 40.3522n. The acquisition frequency of bls450 and zzlas is 5Hz and 1Hz respectively, with an average output of 1min. The original data of large aperture scintillator is 1 min, and the released data is 30 min average data after processing and quality control. The sensible heat flux is mainly obtained by iterative calculation based on Monin obkhov similarity theory and combined with automatic weather station data. In the process of iterative calculation, for bls450, the stability function of thiermann and Grassl, 1992 is selected; for zzlas, the stability function of Andreas, 1988 is selected. The main quality control steps include: (1) eliminating the data of cn2 saturation; (2) eliminating the data with weak demodulation signal intensity; (3) eliminating the data of precipitation time and one hour before and after; (4) eliminating the data of weak turbulence under stable conditions (U * less than 0.1m/s). Several explanations about the published data are as follows: (1) the Las data is mainly bls450, and the missing time is supplemented by zzlas observation, and the missing time is marked with - 6999. (2) Data header: date / time: date / time, cn2: structure parameter of air refraction index (m-2 / 3), H_ Las: sensible heat flux (w / m2). The meaning of data time, for example, 0:30 represents the average of 0:00-0:30; the data is stored in *. XLS format. Guo et al., 2020; Liu et al., 2013

0 2020-10-27

HiWATER: Dataset of hydrometeorological observation network (large aperture scintillometer of Daman Superstation, 2016)

The data set contains the flux observation data of large aperture scintillator from daman station in the middle reaches of heihe hydrometeorological observation network.Large aperture scintillators of BLS450 and BLS900 models were installed at daman station in the middle reaches of China. The north tower was the receiving end of BLS900 and the transmitting end of BLS450, and the south tower was the transmitting end and the receiving end of BLS900.The observation time is from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016.The station is located in dazman irrigation district, zhangye city, gansu province.The latitude and longitude of the north tower is 100.3785 E, 38.8607 N, and the latitude and longitude of the south tower is 100.3685 E, 38.8468 N, with an altitude of about 1556m.The effective height of the large aperture scintillator is 22.45m, the optical diameter length is 1854m, and the sampling frequency is 1min. Large aperture flicker meter raw observation data for 1 min, data released for after processing and quality control of data, including sensible heat flux is mainly combined with the automatic meteorological station observation data, based on similarity theory alonzo mourning - Mr. Hoff is obtained by iterative calculation, the quality control of the main steps include: (1) excluding Cn2 reach saturation data (Cn2 e-13 > 1.43);(2) data with weak demodulation signal strength (Average X Intensity<1000) were eliminated;(3) data at the time of precipitation were excluded;(4) data of weak turbulence under stable conditions were excluded (u* < 0.1m/s).In the iterative calculation process, the stability universal function of Thiermann and Grassl(1992) was selected. Please refer to Liu et al(2011, 2013) for detailed introduction. Some notes on the released data :(1) the middle LAS data is mainly BLS900, the missing time is supplemented by BLS450 observation, and the missing time of both is marked with -6999.(2) data table head: Date/Time: Date/Time (format: yyyy/m/d h:mm), Cn2: structural parameters of air refraction index (unit: m-2/3), H_LAS: sensible heat flux (unit: W/m2).The meaning of data time, such as 0:30 represents the average between 0:00 and 0:30;The data is stored in *.xls format. Please refer to Li et al. (2013) for hydrometeorological network or site information, and Liu et al. (2011) for observation data processing.

0 2020-08-17

The monitoring data of soil and groundwater temperature in Hulugou Watershed from 2016 May to 2016 September

The data includes the county-level data of characteristic agriculture distribution in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, which lays the foundation for the spatial distribution and development of characteristic agriculture in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.

0 2020-06-07

Precipitation observation data of Jaggang Snow Mountain (2016-2017)

This is the precipitation observation data of the observation point in Jaggang Snow Mountain. It can be used in Glaciology, Climatology, Environmental Change, Hydrologic Process in Cold Regions and other disciplinary areas. The data is observed from September 14, 2016 to June 19, 2017. It is measured by automatic rain gauge and a piece of data is recorded every 60 minutes. The original data forms a continuous time series after quality control, and the daily mean index data is obtained through calculation. The original data meets the accuracy requirements of China Meteorological Administration (CMA) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) for meteorological observation. Quality control includes eliminating the systematic error caused by the missing point data and sensor failure. The data is stored as an excel file.

0 2020-06-03

HiWATER: Dataset of hydrometeorological observation network (eddy covariance system of A’rou Superstation, 2016)

This data set contains the observation data of vorticity correlativity from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016 of the super station at the upper reaches of heihe hydrometeorological observation network.The station is located in caoban village, aru township, qilian county, qinghai province.The longitude and latitude of the observation point are 100.4643e, 38.0473n and 3033m above sea level.The rack height of the vortex correlativity meter is 3.5m, the sampling frequency is 10Hz, the ultrasonic orientation is due north, and the distance between the ultrasonic wind speed and temperature meter (CSAT3) and CO2/H2O analyzer (Li7500A) is 15cm. The original observation data of the vortex correlativity instrument is 10Hz, and the published data is the 30-minute data processed by Eddypro software. The main processing steps include: outliers, delay time correction, coordinate rotation (quadratic coordinate rotation), frequency response correction, ultrasonic virtual temperature correction and density (WPL) correction.Quality assessment for each intercompared to at the same time, mainly is the atmospheric stability (Δ st) and turbulent characteristics of similarity (ITC) test.The 30min pass value output by Eddypro software was also screened :(1) data when instrument error was eliminated;(2) data of 1h before and after precipitation are excluded;(3) remove the data with a missing rate of more than 10% in the original 10Hz data within every 30 minutes;(4) the observation data of weak turbulence at night (u* less than 0.1m/s) were excluded.The average observation period was 30 minutes, 48 data per day, and the missing data was marked as -6999.Suspicious data caused by instrument drift and other reasons are marked with red font, in which Li7500A calibration data of vorticity system from April 30 to May 1 is missing;When 10Hz data is missing due to a problem with the memory card storage data (11.9-11.24), the data will be replaced by 30min flux data output by the collector. The published observational data include:Date/Time for the Date/Time, wind Wdir (°), Wnd horizontal wind speed (m/s), standard deviation Std_Uy lateral wind speed (m/s), ultrasonic virtual temperature Tv (℃), the water vapor density H2O (g/m3), carbon dioxide concentration CO2 (mg/m3), friction velocity Ustar) (m/s), Mr. Hoff length L (m), sensible heat flux Hs (W/m2), latent heat flux LE (W/m2), carbon dioxide flux Fc (mg/(m2s)), the quality of the sensible heat flux identifier QA_Hs, the quality of the latent heat flux identifier QA_LE,Quality indicator for co2 flux QA_Fc.The quality of the sensible heat and latent heat, carbon dioxide flux identification is divided into three (quality id 0: (Δ st < 30, the ITC < 30);1: (Δ st < 100, ITC < 100);The rest is 2).The meaning of data time, such as 0:30 represents the average of 0:00-0:30;The data is stored in *.xls format. For information of hydrometeorological network or station, please refer to Liu et al. (2018), and for observation data processing, please refer to Liu et al. (2011).

0 2020-04-10