Lidar, multispectral and thermal infrared data are important observation data in the research fields of hydrology, ecology and environmental monitoring. This data set is the observation data of UAV in the integrated observation experiment of heaven and earth in the middle reaches of Heihe River Basin in 2020. The data set includes UAV remote sensing data from August 16 to 21, 2020. The UAV platform is Dajiang Phantom 4-multispectral version. Including lidar data of Daman superstation (August 16-21), Huazhaizi station (August 19) and Wetland station (August 21). The laser scanning system is Tovos DroneScan, with scanning frequency of 300000 points/s, point density of 100 points/m2 and scanning accuracy of 5 cm; Multispectral data of Daman superstation (August 18), Huazhaizi station (August 19) and Wetland station (August 21). The data set includes five bands of images, namely blue (450nm ± 16nm), green (560nm ± 16nm), red (650nm ± 16nm), red edge (730nm ± 16nm) and near infrared (840nm ± 26nm); And NDVI and reflectance data products corresponding to Wetland station and Huazhaizi station. The spatial resolution of the above data is about 0.2 m; In addition, it also includes the thermal infrared data of Huazhaizi station (August 18 and 19) and Wetland station (August 21). The wavelength range of thermal infrared channel is 7.5-13.5 μm. Imaging system sensitivity (nedt) < 50 mk, maximum frame rate: 30Hz, scene range (high gain): 640 × 512: -25° to 135℃, 336 × 256: -25° to 100℃, scene range (low gain): -40° to 550℃.
On August 19, 2018, DJI UAV was used to aerial photograph the wetland sample in Qumalai County of the Yangtze River Source Park. The overlap degree of adjacent photographs was not less than 70% according to the set flight route. The Orthophoto Image and DSM were generated using the photographs taken. The Orthophoto Image included three bands of red, green and blue, with a ground resolution of 2 cm, an area of 850 m x 1000 m and a resolution of 4.5 cm for DSM.
The data source is Copernicus global land service (CGLS), and the download address is:（ https://lcviewer.vito.be/ ）。 This data provides the land cover / land use type of phase I Sichuan Tibet traffic corridor (including G317, G318 and Sichuan Tibet Railway). The land cover data is automatically extracted from remote sensing images. The acquisition time of remote sensing images is from 2015 to 2019. The classification algorithm adopts proba-v, and the classification accuracy is 80%. Land use types include evergreen broad-leaved forest, deciduous broad-leaved forest, evergreen coniferous forest, deciduous coniferous forest, shrub, grassland, landing, entity, construction land, etc. The original spatial resolution of the data is 100m, and the spatial resolution after resampling is 250m. The data geographic coordinate system is wgs1984, and the projection coordinate system is Mercator projection. The data storage format is TIFF file.
The data set contains the variations of water level, area, and volume for ten lakes in Jiangsu Province (Taihu Lake, Hongze Lake, Gaoyou Lake, Luoma Lake, Shijiu Lake, Gehu Lake, Yangcheng Lake, Baima Lake, Shaobo Lake and Dianshan Lake) from 2003 to 2019, which provides important parameters for the study of lake hydrological ecosystem balance in Jiangsu Province in recent years. The water level data of the ten lakes were obtained from altimetry satellites Envisat/RA-2, Cryosat-2, ICESat, and ICESat-2. The water area data were obtained from Landsat TM/OLI images bsed on Modified Normalized Difference Water Index. For the four lakes with complete water level data (Hongze Lake, Gaoyou Lake, Gehu Lake and Taihu Lake), the water volume changes from 2003 to 2019 were estimated according to the water level and area results. Compared with the in-situ water level data, the water level extracted from altimetry data showed significantly consistent (α = 0.05) for all the ten lakes, with the average absolute error of 0.168 m. The data set provides the variations of water level, area, and volume for the ten lakes in Jiangsu Province from 2003 to 2019, which can provide data support for the management and dispatching of water resources in Jiangsu Province.
This dataset includes one scene acquired on (yy-mm-dd) 2012-07-25, covering the natural oasis eco-hydrology experimental area in the lower reaches of the Heihe River Basin. This datum contains panchromatic and multi-spectral bands, with spatial resolution of 0.6 m and 2.4 m, respectively. The data product level of this image is Level 2A. QuickBird dataset was acquired through purchase.
Data content: the data set product contains the 30-meter resolution product of suspended solids concentration in the water body of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, which can be used as the key parameters for ecosystem-related research in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Data sources and processing methods: Product inversion is mainly based on the Landsat series data, by extracting the effective aquatic reflectance, to obtain the water composition information. This product is the preliminary result of extracting the concentration information of suspended solids in water using the empirical / semi-empirical method. Data quality: the overall accuracy is high, and the product will be further optimized in combination with the measured data of scientific research. Results and prospects of data application: the data set will be continuously updated and can be used for the study and analysis of ecosystem change in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.
The data set is based on NDVI 3G calculated by GIMMS AVHRR sensor data, which represents the greenness of vegetation. The source data range is global, and the Qinghai Tibet plateau region is selected in this data set. This data integrates the original semi monthly scale data into the monthly data. The processing method is to take the maximum value of two NDVI of a month to achieve the effect of noise removal as far as possible. This data set is one of the most widely used NDVI data, and is often used to evaluate the temporal and spatial patterns of vegetation greenness, which has practical significance and theoretical value.
This dataset contains land cover products in Qilian Mountain Area in 2020. The dataset was produced based on the product in 2019 using change monitoring method on the Google Earth Engine platform using Landsat series data. The overall accuracy of this product is above 85%. This is a continuation of the products from 1985-2019.
This data set includes 30 m cultivated land and construction land distribution products in Qilian Mountain Area in 2020. The product comes from the land cover classification product of 30 m in Qilian Mountain Area in 2020. The land cover classification products of 30m in 2020 areproduced using change detection method based on the land cover classification product of 2019 in Google Earth engine platform with the Landsat series data . The overall accuracy of the product is better than 85%. This product is a continuation of the human activity parameter product from 1985 to 2019，which also can be downloaded from this website.
Reasonable carrying capacity, also known as theoretical carrying capacity, refers to the maximum number of domestic animals that can be carried by a certain grassland area in a certain period of time under the premise of moderate grazing (or mowing) and maintaining sustainable production of grassland to meet the needs of normal growth, reproduction and production of livestock. Based on the MODIS inversion data of forage yield (fresh weight, kg / hm2), the reasonable carrying capacity of grassland (sheep unit, mu / km2) was evaluated according to the code for calculation of grassland carrying capacity and grass livestock balance (DB 51 / t1480-2012) and calculation of reasonable carrying capacity of natural grassland (NY / T 635-2015), The time series is 2000-2019, and the spatial resolution is 250m. This data set can analyze the temporal and spatial variation characteristics of the theoretical carrying capacity under the condition of rational utilization of grassland in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, evaluate the carrying capacity characteristics of grassland in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, and extract the overgrazing areas, which has important application value for ecological protection, monitoring and early warning of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.