The alpine and anoxic environment of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau is a major challenge for human survival and life. When human beings boarded the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and adapted to the extreme environment of the plateau has always been a hot issue in the academic circles. At present, in the study of prehistoric culture of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, except the northeast, most areas of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau have not established archaeological cultural sequences. Yajiang river basin is one of the areas with dense distribution of human activity relics, but there are few archaeological excavations and studies, and the activity history of the ancients in this area is not clear. Based on the systematic dating of cultural archaeological sites in Linzhi Area, Southeast Tibet, 33 carbon fourteenth age data were obtained.
The Tibetan Plateau has a harsh conditions for human to inhabit. When human beings went into the Tibetan Plateau and how they adapt to the extreme environment have attract broad attention. At present, extensive studies on this issue have been conducted in the northeastern Tibetan Plateau with few work in other regions. There are a lot of archaeological sites in the Yarlung Zangbo River Basin while most of them are lack of cultural layers. Systematic archaeological investigations had been done to 25 cultural layers and 3 tombs in Lhasa and Nyignchi
This data set consists of tree ring carbon and oxygen data in central Serbia in westerly region. The tree rings in central Serbia include two tree cores (C50 and C58), the tree species is Bosnia pine, and the measured isotopic data are 542. Cellulose was extracted from tree ring logs by chemical treatment, and the obtained cellulose samples were wrapped in a silver cup. The isotopic ratio was measured by Delta V advantage stable isotope mass spectrometer, and the analysis error was less than 0.21 ‰. The experimental analysis was completed in the laboratory of soil structure and minerals, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The climate type of Serbia is single. As shown in the thumbnail, the oxygen isotope sequences of tree rings (C50 and C58) in central Serbia and southern Serbia (H01, H02, H05 and H08) are highly correlated. Therefore, the carbon and oxygen isotope data sets of tree rings in central and southern Serbia (a total of 6 tree cores) are of certain significance for the study of Serbian paleoclimate in westerly region.
XRF data can quickly, nondestructive and high-resolution obtain the relative abundance of constant and trace geochemistry, which can be used to reconstruct the environmental change. This data includes the XRF multi-element data of Daze Co and Jiang Co and the age depth data of Lake cores, which can be used to reconstruct the climate and environmental changes in the East and west of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau in the past 20000 years. In Daze Co and Jiang Co lakes, Ti, K, Fe, Si and other elements show the same change trend. Through multi index comparative analysis, it is considered that Ti and other rock forming elements are mainly affected by the inner diameter flow conditions of the basin and can be used to reconstruct the changes of hydrological conditions in the basin in recent 20000 years.
1) The data include the temperature records reconstructed by using the core depth, age and biomarker gdgts of Bangong Lake to reconstruct the annual average temperature change of Bangong Lake Basin in the west of Qinghai Tibet Plateau since the last deglaciation. At present, most paleoclimate records on the plateau are qualitative and semi quantitative, and the quantitative records are very limited, which restricts the in-depth understanding of the mechanism of climate change on the plateau. Bangongcuo, the largest lake in the west of Qinghai Tibet Plateau, was selected as the study area, and the average annual temperature change in this area since 16 ka BP was reconstructed by using biomarker indexes. 2) The record was reconstructed using gdgts of lake sediments. 3) The data are detailed and reliable. 4) This study not only provides data for understanding the past climate change in the western Qinghai Tibet Plateau, but also provides a basis for discussing the plateau climate change mechanism and verifying the reliability of regional climate model.
1) The data includes 40 14C dating data of multiple Lake cores. The age control of most lake sediment cores is completed by radiocarbon isotope (14C) dating. The data sheet includes Lake core sample number, laboratory sample number, sample depth, 14C results, dating error and corrected results. The chronological framework of Lake cores is the basis for paleoclimate reconstruction. 2) All 14C data are completed in beta analytical Inc, and the laboratory operation is in strict accordance with the standard process. 3) The quality of the 40 dating data is good. 4) The data have been published, which provides basic data for the study of paleoclimate in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
The water vapor isotopes transported by different atmospheric circulation systems are different, and the precipitation on the Qinghai Tibet Plateau is affected by monsoon and westerly circulation, which is very sensitive to climate and environmental change. Hydrogen isotopes of wax in lake sediments provide a means to restore past precipitation information. The stable hydrogen isotope records of sediments from different lakes (Qinghai Lake, linggecuo lake and Bangong Lake) in the East and west of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau provided by the author reconstruct the isotopic changes of precipitation in the East and west of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau in the past 20000 years, and study the effects of summer monsoon and westerly jet on water vapor in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau since the late Pleistocene, It also provides important basic data for reconstructing the paleoclimate and environmental changes of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau in the past.
Qujing basin, located in the east of Yunnan Province, is a long and narrow faulted basin with a north-south trend. Thick and continuous Cenozoic sediments are preserved in the basin, which can be divided into Xiaotun Formation, Caijiachong Formation, and Ciying Formation from bottom to top. These sediments are ideal materials to explore the southeast escape and deformation affected by the India-Eurasian plate collision in the early Cenozoic and the formation and evolution history of the Indian monsoon. A total of a 320.1-meter core covering the entire Ciying Formation and the Caijiachong Formation was obtained through the continuous drilling mission carried out in the center of the basin in the previous study. The mass-specific magnetic susceptibility, anhysteretic remanent magnetization (ARM), and saturation isothermal remanent magnetization (SIRM) from parts of samples of Caijiachong core (320.1m) have been measured, and several important magnetic parameters were determined, including the high and low-frequency magnetic susceptibility (χlf), SIRM and ARM, thus providing important basic information for further mult-index climate reconstruction.
Simao basin is located in the south of Yunnan Province and the southeast of Qinghai Tibet Plateau. It belongs to the Sanjiang tectonic domain in the east of Tethys tectonic domain. Thick and continuous early Cenozoic strata are preserved in the basin, so it is an ideal material to restore the tectonic evolution history of the region and the southeast side of the plateau. a continuous and complete high-resolution sequence (361.86 m in thickness) of the Mengyejing Formation was obtained through the continuous drilling in the previous study. The mass-specific magnetic susceptibility, anhysteretic remanent magnetization, and saturation isothermal remanent magnetization from parts of samples of Xiaojinggu core (250 m) have been measured, and several important magnetic parameters were determined, including the high and low-frequency magnetic susceptibility (χlf), SIRM, and ARM. These records will provide an important insight into the paleoclimate change covering the Mengyejing Formation.
Based on the changes of tree ring stable oxygen isotope ratio Since 1750 established in Qilian mountain area, based on the negative correlation between tree ring oxygen isotope ratio and summer drought index, the linear correlation equation between tree ring oxygen isotope and drought index is established, and the quantitative reconstruction of drought index from 1750 to 2016 is preliminarily completed. This result is helpful to understand the characteristics of regional dry and wet change from interannual to interdecadal scale. At the same time, it can also compare and study the impact of global change caused by human activities on regional hydrology and climate since the industrial revolution. It is of certain significance in revealing the mechanism of regional dry and wet change and distinguishing the impact of human activities and natural variability on regional climate.