Fossil of zooplankton remains, pigment and nutrients in Dagze Co, central Tibet Plateau (1440-2002 A.D.)

Paleoecological and paleolimnological studies can provide a long-term perspective on changes in environmental and ecosystem processes. The sediments documented both direct and indirect impacts of climate change and human activities on aquatic ecosystems. The fossils of zooplankton remain and pigments in lake sediments can reflect community structure changes of primary producers and primary consumers. The authors reconstructed the zooplankton and algal community changes during the past 600 years using carapaces of A. tibetiana and resting eggs of D. tibetana and pigments from the sediments of Dagze Co, in the central Tibet Plateau. Using total nitrogen and total phosphorus reconstructed the nutrient changes. These results suggest that algal community structure and changes in production can be attributed to alterations in the zooplankton community, with important implications for Tibetan aquatic ecosystems.

0 2020-10-26

Tibetan soil carbon pool to 3 m depth (2019)

This dataset is derived from the paper: Ding, J., Wang, T., Piao, S., Smith, P., Zhang, G., Yan, Z., Ren, S., Liu, D., Wang, S., Chen, S., Dai, F., He, J., Li, Y., Liu, Y., Mao, J., Arain, A., Tian, H., Shi, X., Yang, Y., Zeng, N., & Zhao, L. (2019). The paleoclimatic footprint in the soil carbon stock of the Tibetan permafrost region. Nature Communications, 10(1), 4195. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12214-5. This data contains R code and a new estimate of Tibetan soil carbon pool to 3 m depth, at a 0.1° spatial resolution. Previous assessments of the Tibetan soil carbon pools have relied on a collection of predictors based only on modern climate and remote sensing-based vegetation features. Here, researchers have merged modern climate and remote sensing-based methods common in previous estimates, with paleoclimate, landform and soil geochemical properties in multiple machine learning algorithms, to make a new estimate of the permafrost soil carbon pool to 3 m depth over the Tibetan Plateau, and find that the stock (38.9-34.2 Pg C) is triple that predicted by ecosystem models (11.5 ± 4.2 Pg C), which use pre-industrial climate to initialize the soil carbon pool. This study provides evidence that illustrates, for the first time, the bias caused by the lack of paleoclimate information in ecosystem models. The data contains the following fields: Longitude (°E) Latitude (°N) SOCD (0-30cm) (kg C m-2) SOCD (0-300cm) (kg C m-2) GridArea (k㎡) 3mCstcok (10^6 kg C)

0 2020-10-23

Paleoclimatic results of Lunpola-Wuyu-Bangor Basin

The Lunpola Basin distributed in the central part of the Banggong-Nujiang suture belt contains thick and continuous Cenozoic sediments, which have great potential for increasing our understanding of the tectonic uplift, paleoaltimetry, erosion, and depositional history of the Tibetan Plateau and climate environmental evolution. In this study, detailed investigations were carried on a Cenozoic continuous lacustrine sedimentary section, Lunpori (LPR), from the upper sequence of the central basin. Constrained by tie points of U-Pb zircon ages in the layers of tuffs and mammalian fossils of a rhinocerotid humerus, paleomagnetic methods yield ages of ~21.2 to 15 Ma for the section. In addition, we further select some parameters (e.g., magnetic susceptibility and saturation isothermal remanent magnetization (SIRM)) to establish a high-resolution magnetic record to explore the paleoclimate change. The magnetic susceptibility is measured by Kappabridge while the SIRM is measured by Mini spin and Impulse Magnetizer. The results suggest that magnetic susceptibility (χ) gradually increases during the period of semi-deep to the deep lake but shows a decrease in the stage of the shallow lake. Combining with the maximum values of χ often appearing in the layer of sandstones and no obvious correlation between the χ and SIRM, we preliminarily considered that the supply of detritus may dominate the variation of the χ. Lithofacies, pollen, and fossil records suggest that a relatively temperate, humid climate prevailed in the Lunpola Basin during the sedimentary period of the Dingqinghu Fm.

0 2020-10-22

Chemical weathering and erosion data of Lunpola-Wuyu-Bangor Basin

Clay minerals are the weathering products of the parent rocks, which was formed by a series of chemical processes under a specific climate, and they are also widely-used indicators to reconstruct the history of the regional paleochemical weathering process. In this study, we present a detailed mineralogical investigation of 76 clay samples collected from the Lunpori section (21-15 Ma) in the Lunpola Basin by using X-ray diffraction. The results show that illite-smectite mixed layers, illite, chlorite, and kaolinite are the common clay mineral types in this section. The illite-smectite mixed layers and illite are the most abundant ones, which account for 80-90% of the total clay content; while the content of kaolinite and chlorite is relatively low, only occupying ~10-20% of the total clay minerals. The variations of clay mineral content are relatively stable in the Lunpori section, thus indicating that the intensity of regional chemical weathering was less variable during this period.

0 2020-10-22

Law Dome area Methane concentration (1010-1980)

From 1000 AD to the present, the concentration of methane in the atmosphere has increased significantly in the ice cores of the Antarctic and Arctic. These data came from the Tasmanian laboratory of Australia, where the high resolution data were obtained by using wet extraction of ice core samples, and the same measurement and calibration procedures were applied to all samples. The results are consistent with the results of internationally renowned ice core greenhouse gas laboratories such as the University of Bern, the University of Copenhagen and the University of Ohio. The physical meaning of each variable: First column: time; second column: methane concentration value

0 2020-10-14

Time series dataset of the long-term dry-wet index in Western China (AD1500-BP2000)

Original information on the long-term dry-wet index (1500-2000) in western China is obtained by integrating data on dry-wet/drought-flood conditions and precipitation amounts in the western region published over more than a decade. The integrated data sets include tree rings, ice cores, lake sediments, historical materials, etc., and there are more than 50 such data sets. In addition to widely collecting representative data sets on dry-wet changes in the western region, this study also clarifies the main characteristics of the dry-wet changes and climate zones in the western region, and the long-term dry-wet index sequence was generated by extracting representative data from different zones. The data-based dry-wet index sequence has a 10-year temporal resolution for five major characteristic climate zones in the western region over nearly four hundred years and a high resolution (annual resolution) for three regions over the past five hundred years. The five major characteristic climate zones in the western region with a 10-year dry-wet index resolution over the last four hundred years are the arid regions, plateau bodies, northern Xinjiang, Hetao region, and northeastern plateau, and the three regions with a annual resolution over the last five hundred years are the northeastern plateau, Hetao region, and northern Xinjiang. For a detailed description of the data, please refer to the data file named Introduction of Dry-Wet Index Sequence Data for West China.doc.

0 2020-10-09

Oxygen isotope, dust, anion and accumulation data from the Guliya ice core (1992)

This data set contains the oxygen isotope, dust, anion and accumulation data obtained from the deep ice core drilled in 1992 in the Guliya ice cap, which is located in the west Kunlun Mountains on the Tibetan Plateau. The length of the ice core was 308.6 m. The ice core was cut into samples, 12628 of which were used to measure the oxygen isotope values, 12480 of which were used to measure the dust concentrations, and 9681 of which were used to measure the anion concentrations. Data Resource: National Centers for Environmental Information(http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/data-access/paleoclimatology-data/datasets/ice-core). Processing Method: Average. The data set contains 4 tables, namely: oxygen isotope, dust and anion data from different depths in the Guliya ice core, 10-year mean data of oxygen isotopes, dust, anions and net accumulation in the Guliya ice core, 400-year mean data of oxygen isotopes, dust and anions in the Guliya ice core, and chlorine-36 data from different depths. Table 1: Data on oxygen isotopes, dust and anion concentrations at different depths in the Guliya ice core. a. Name explanation Field 1: Depth Field 2: Oxygen isotope value Field 3: Dust concentration (diameter 0.63 to 20 µm) Field 4: Cl- Field 5: SO42- Field 6: NO3- b. Dimensions (unit of measure) Field 1: m Field 2: ‰ Field 3: particles/mL Field 4: ppb Field 5: ppb Field 6: ppb Table 2: 10-year mean oxygen isotope, dust, anion and net accumulation data for the Guliya ice core (0-1989) a. Name explanation Field 1: Start time Field 2: End time Field 3: Oxygen isotope value Field 4: Dust concentration (diameter 0.63 -20 µm) Field 5: Cl- Field 6: SO42- Field 7: NO3- Field 8: Net accumulation b. Dimensions (unit of measure) Field 1: Dimensionless Field 2: Dimensionless Field 3: ‰ Field 4: particles/mL Field 5: ppb Field 6: ppb Field 7: ppb Field 8: cm/year Table 3: 400-year mean oxygen isotope, dust and anion data for the Guliya ice core. a. Name explanation Field 1: Time Field 2: Oxygen isotope Field 3: Dust concentration (diameter 0.63-20 µm) Field 4: Cl- Field 5: SO42- Field 6: NO3- b. Dimensions (unit of measure) Field 1: Millennium Field 2: ‰ Field 3: particles/mL Field 4: ppb Field 5: ppb Field 6: ppb Table 4: Chlorine-36 data at different depths a. Name explanation Field 1: Depth Field 2: 36Cl Field 3: 36Cl error Field 4: Year b. Dimensions (unit of measure) Field 1: m Field 2: 104 atoms g-1 Field 3: % Field 4: Millennium

0 2020-10-09

A tree ring-based winter temperature reconstruction for the southeastern Tibetan Plateau (1340-2007)

This dataset is provided by the author of the paper: Huang, R., Zhu, H.F., Liang, E.Y., Liu, B., Shi, J.F., Zhang, R.B., Yuan, Y.J., & Grießinger, J. (2019). A tree ring-based winter temperature reconstruction for the southeastern Tibetan Plateau since 1340 CE. Climate Dynamics, 53(5-6), 3221-3233. In this paper, in order to understand the past few hundred years of winter temperature change history and its driving factors, the researcher of Key Laboratory of Alpine Ecology, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences and CAS Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences. Prof. Eryuan Liang and his research team, reconstructed the minimum winter (November – February) temperature since 1340 A.D. on southeastern Tibetan Plateau based on the tree-ring samples taken from 2007-2016. The dataset contains minimum winter temperature reconstruction data of Changdu on the southeastern TP during 1340-2007. The data contains fileds as follows: year Tmin.recon (℃) See attachments for data details: A tree ring-based winter temperature reconstruction for the southeasternTibetan Plateau since 1340 CE.pdf

0 2020-10-09

Paleoclimatic results of Cretaceous strata in Nepal

The marine- and terrestrial-facies sediments from the southern piedmont of the Himalayan margin recorded the tectonic deformation and environmental evolution of the front edge of continental collision. To better understand the deformation mechanism of the southern Himalayan margin and constrain the continental collision age, we selected the three well exposed outcrop profiles from late Cretaceous to middle Eocene strata in the western Nepal and carried on rock magnetism. All the samples for the Palpa section with depth of 120 m had been performed on mass-specific magnetic susceptibility (χlf), anhysteretic remanent magnetization (ARM), and saturation isothermal remanent magnetization (SIRM). Meanwhile, the isothermal remanent magnetization (IRM) and the hysteresis loops was acquired from the fine sediments, and several important magnetic parameters were determined, including the saturation magnetization (Ms) and saturation remanent magnetization (Mrs).

0 2020-09-07

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0 2020-09-02