Environmental index data set of Ganzi loess profile in Western Sichuan Plateau

This data is the magnetism, grain size, chromaticity, diffuse reflectance spectral goethite / hematite peak height data, organic matter stable carbon isotope data of loess-paleosol sequence in Ganzi section (XS) in the east of Tibetan Plateau (TP). We measured the magnetic susceptibility and grain size of the section (10 m) at an interval of 2.5 cm, measured the non-hysteresis remanence and isothermal remanence data at an interval of 5 cm, and provided 5 sets of hysteresis loop measurement results. Total organic carbon (TOC) and organic carbon isotopes were measured at 10 cm and 20 cm intervals respectively. The experimental analysis of magnetic susceptibility was completed at the Key Laboratory of Western China's Environmental Systems (Ministry of Education), Lanzhou University, China. The soil δ13Corgmeasurements were conducted at the State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-ecosystems (SKLGAE), Lanzhou University. And the analysis of remanence and hysteresis loop was completed at the Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Chromaticity analysis was carried out in the State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology. The magnetic susceptibility is measured by Bartington MS2 magnetic susceptibility meter, the non-hysteresis remanence is measured by American ASCIM-10-30 pulse magnetometer and molspin minispin small rotation magnetometer, and the isothermal remanence is measured by ASCIM-10-30 pulse magnetometer, 2g-755 superconducting magnetometer and JR-6A rotation magnetometer; he grain size data were measured by a Malvern Mastersizer 2000 laser diffractometer; The chromaticity was determined by CM-700d spectrophotometer. The δ13Corgvalues were analyzed using a MAT-253 isotope ratio mass spectrometer. This data provides an understanding of the magnetic properties and chromaticity variation characteristics of the loess sequence in the eastern TP since the last interglacial period, and plays an important role in the research of the paleoenvironment and paleoclimate in the eastern TP and its relationship with the surrounding atmospheric circulation.

0 2021-12-27

Chronological and palynological data sets of Lacustrine Core in Luanhaizi Lake (0-859 cm)

The present data are chronological and palynological data from the Luanhaizi Lake core in the Menyuan Basin, northeastern Tibetan Plateau. We used the AMS14C method to test nine dated samples from the LHZ18 core. Bulk samples were collected from plant remains and organic-rich horizons from the core LHZ18 for accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS)14C dating. Samples were measured at Beta Labs in the USA and Lanzhou University.Pollen analysis was completed at the Key Laboratory of Western China’s Environment Systems,Ministry of Education, Lanzhou University, with 140 stratigraphic pollen samples and 10 topsoil pollen samples. Spore pollen identification statistics were carried out under a light microscope.The pollen results mainly include the number of grains of trees, shrubs, herbs and aquatic plants.

0 2021-12-14

Ancient DNA sequencing data of archaeological sediments from Klu lding site in Nyingchi region

1) Data content: the data are the ancient DNA data generated by studying the cultural layer of Klu lding site in Nyingchi region, Tibetan Plateau, including the hiseqx metagenomics data of 10 ancient DNA samples from 4 layers. It can be used to preliminarily analyze the changes of species composition recorded by ancient DNA in the sediments, and reveal the process of local agricultural development. 2) Data source and processing method: the research group has its ownership. the data were obtained by using pair-end library building and Illumina hiseqx sequencing platform. 3) Data quality: 20.3 MB, Q30 > 85%. 4) Application: The data will be used to explore the potential of the ancient DNA from archaeological sediments in revealing the development of ancient agriculture on the Tibetan Plateau.

0 2021-11-29

Chronological and environmental index data set of Wenchuan loess profile in Western Sichuan Plateau

This data is the chronological, grain size and bulk density data of loess-paleosol sequence in Wenchuan (WCH) in the eastern Tibetan Plateau. We measured the median grain size and bulk density data of the profile (10m) at intervals of 2.5cm and 5cm respectively. The OSL dating experiment was carried out in the Luminescence Dating Laboratory of the Key Laboratory of Western China’s Environmental Systems (Ministry of Education) in Lanzhou University. AMS 14C measurements were carried out at Peking University. The experimental analysis of environmental indicators was also completed at the Key Laboratory of Western China’s Environmental Systems (Ministry of Education) in Lanzhou University. The OSL ages were determined by an automated Risø TL/OSL DA-20 reader. The grain size data were measured by a Malvern Mastersizer 2000 laser diffractometer; the bulk density data were determined by the oil-soaked method. This data provides the detailed chronological data of loess-paleosol sequence and the variation characteristics of grain size and bulk density since the last glacial period in the eastern Tibetan Plateau, and provides an important data reference for understanding paleoclimate evolution and dust accumulation history in the eastern Tibetan Plateau.

0 2021-11-13

Chronological and environmental index data set of Zhouqu loess profile

This data is the chronological, magnetic, grain size and bulk density data of Zhouqu (ZQ) loess paleosol sequence in the eastern Tibetan Plateau (TP). We measured the magnetic susceptibility, grain size and bulk density data of the profile at 5 cm intervals. All the experimental analysis was completed at the Key Laboratory of Western China's Environmental Systems (Ministry of Education), Lanzhou University, China. The OSL ages were determined by an automated Risø TL/OSL DA-20 reader. The magnetic susceptibility was measured by Bartington MS2 magnetic susceptibility meter; The grain size data were measured by a Malvern Mastersizer 2000 laser diffractometer; The bulk density data were determined by according to the oil-soaked method; The data set show the variation characteristics of magnetic susceptibility, grain size and bulk density of loess sequence in the eastern TP since the last glacial period, which plays an important role in studying the paleoenvironment, paleoclimate, dust accumulation history and its relationship with the surrounding atmospheric circulation in the eastern TP.

0 2021-11-13

Chronological data and environmental index data set of Gannan Maqu aeolian sedimentary profile

This data is the chronological, magnetic and grain size data of Maquqiao (MQQ) aeolian sequence in the eastern Tibetan Plateau (TP). We measured the magnetic susceptibility and grain size data of the profile at 2.5 cm intervals. AMS14C dating samples were tested in Peking University and Beta Analytic in Miami, United States. All the experimental analysis was completed at the Key Laboratory of Western China's Environmental Systems (Ministry of Education), Lanzhou University, China. The OSL ages were determined by an automated Risø TL/OSL DA-20 reader. The magnetic susceptibility was measured by Bartington MS2 magnetic susceptibility meter; The grain size data were measured by a Malvern Mastersizer 2000 laser diffractometer; The bulk density data were determined by according to the oil-soaked method; The data show the variations of magnetic susceptibility and grain size of aeolian sequences in the eastern TP since the Holocene, which has important reference significance for the study of aeolian sand activities associated with desertification and serious land degradation in the eastern TP.

0 2021-11-13

Data set of surface dust properties in high mountain and canyon area of Hengduan Mountain

This data is the set of surface dust properties in high mountain and canyon area of Hengduan Mountain, including magnetic data and geochemical data. The analysis of magnetic susceptibility and geochemical elements was completed at the Key Laboratory of Western China's Environmental Systems (Ministry of Education), Lanzhou University, China. The magnetic susceptibility was measured by Bartington MS2 magnetic susceptibility meter. The geochemical elements were measured by PW2403 X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (XRF) produced by Philips in the Netherlands. This data provides the characteristics of magnetic susceptibility and geochemical elements of topsoil in the eastern Tibetan Plateau, which plays an important role in understanding the relationship between modern climate factors and magnetic susceptibility of topsoil in the eastern TP, and the source of dust source area, dust transport and atmospheric circulation model in the TP.

0 2021-11-12

Grain Size Data Set of Luanhaizi Lake (0-859 cm)

Luanhaizi Borehole (LHZ18) was acquired by Huang Xiaozhong Research Group of Lanzhou University in August 2018. This data is 0-859 cm grain size data of the core of Luanhaizi Lake in Qilian Mountains. Grain size analysis was carried out at 0-4 m according to one sample, and grain size analysis was carried out at on ssample interval at the depth of 4-8.6 m, totaling 390 data were obtained. The experiment was completed in the Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Environmental Education of Lanzhou University, and grain size analysis was carried out with Mastersizer 2000 instrument. The data reflected the grain size change of the lake sediment, which is very important for the study of long-time series eolian activities in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.

0 2021-11-02

Geochemical Data Set of Lacustrine Core in Luanhaizi Lake (0-859 cm)

Luanhaizi borehole (LHZ18) was obtained by huangxiaozhong research group of Lanzhou University in August 2018. This data is geochemical element data of 0-859 cm core of Luanhaizi Lake in Qilian Mountains. The experiment was completed in the Key Laboratory of Western Ministry of environmental education of Lanzhou University. This data provides long series and high-resolution geochemical element content. The data comes from core scanning, continuous elemental content changes were obtained 0-829 cm through element change and the field records. The data provided long-time-scale elemental content changes of lakes in Qilian Mountains, and played an important role in the study of paleoclimate and Paleoenvironment in the long time series of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau.

0 2021-11-02

Transient climate simulation for Dansgaard-Oeschger cycles 5-7 (37.5-32kaBP) by COSMOS

The dataset is from the transient experiment TRN40ka in Zhang et al (2021, Nature Geoscience), spanning 40ka-32ka BP with changing orbital parameters. For detailed description of experimental design, please refer to the original paper. Model details: COSMOS (ECHAM5-JSBACH-MPI-OM), a comprehensive fully coupled atmosphere–ocean general circulation model (AOGCM), is used to generate the dataset. The atmospheric model ECHAM5, complemented by the land surface component JSBACH, is used at T31 resolution (∼3.75°), with 19 vertical layers. The ocean model MPI-OM, including sea-ice dynamics that is formulated using viscous-plastic rheology, has a resolution of GR30 (3°×1.8°) in the horizontal, with 40 uneven vertical layers.

0 2021-11-01