Karakul lake is the distal proglacial lake of the Muztagh Ata glaciers in Xinjiang, and its material input is mainly affected by glacier changes. The Karakul lake sediment core was drilled in the deepest part of the Karakul Lake (38 ° 26.56 ′ N, 75 ° 03.65 ′ E, water depth of 19m) in June and July, 2013, by the research group of prof. Xubaiqing, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research. The length of the sediment core was 14.16m. This data set is the geochemical data of the lake sediment core, providing high-resolution (0.2mm) information of geochemical elements' contents. The element data was obtained using the nondestructive X-ray fluorescence (XRF) measurements (Itrax Core Scanner, Sweden). The measurement was performed in the Key Laboratory of Tibetan Environment Changes and Land Surface Processes, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The element content in this data set changes obviously, among which the Zr element, Zr/Rb ratio and Rb/Sr ratio provides the long-term glacier change history in Muztagh Ata region, while Ti element provides the dust change history. These data are of great scientific significance for studying the long-term paleoclimate and environmental change histories in the the westerly-dominated region.
1) The data include annual scale oxygen isotope and accumulation records of ice cores from 1900 to 2011, which respectively reflect the temperature and precipitation changes in the study area; 2) For analysis, the ice core samples were first measured using Picaro δ 18O and as per δ The seasonal variation characteristics of 18O determine the age of ice core; The accumulation of ice cores is calculated according to the density of ice cores, the length of ice cores per year and the glacier flow model; 3) Professional laboratory personnel and front-line scientific research personnel operate and maintain the instrument to ensure the reliability of analysis data; 4) The data can be used to analyze the climate and environmental changes in the typical westerly region of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau over the past 100 years, and can be used to explore the evolution of glaciers in this period, providing scientific reference for predicting the future evolution of glaciers, changes in hydrology and water resources and their impact on human activities.
This data is the runoff data of nalun hydrological station in the upper reaches of the SYR River from 1753 to May to August 2017 reconstructed based on tree ring data. It is obtained from the tree ring hydrological research jointly carried out by Urumqi desert Meteorological Institute of China Meteorological Administration and the Institute of water and Hydropower of the Kyrgyz National Academy of Sciences. The data can be used for scientific research such as water resources assessment and water conservancy projects in mountainous areas of Central Asia, and the observation time is the calibration period, The linear transformation equation of runoff and tree ring data is established to reconstruct the path quantity. Data period: 1753 to 2017. Data element: average runoff from May to August (m3 / s) Station location: 41.43 ° ″ n, 76.02 ° ″ e, 2039m
This data includes 50 14C dating data of 5 Lake cores (ANGREN jincuo, Yilong lake, guozhaco, bangdaco and gongzhucuo). The age control of lake sediment cores depends on radiocarbon isotope (14C) dating. The chemical treatment and analysis test of this batch of samples were completed in Miami beta laboratory and Peking University in the United States. The test time was 2018-2022. The test process was carried out in strict accordance with relevant standards. The data sheet includes the lake core sample number, laboratory sample number, dating sample depth, 14C dating results, dating error and corrected results, etc. Good chronological control is the basis of paleoenvironmental reconstruction.
Magnetic susceptibility and chromaticity data of the Oligocene Baiyanghe Formation in the southern margin of the Jiuxi Basin on the northeastern margin of the Tibet Plateau. The data are experimental data. The average sampling interval in the field is 1m, and a total of 437 pieces of magnetic susceptibility and chromaticity data were obtained. Magnetic susceptibility data was measured with a Bartington MS-2 portable magnetic susceptibility meter; chromaticity data was measured with a Konica Minolta CM-700 spectrophotometer. Sample collection, pre-processing and experimental procedures were carried out in accordance with strict standards, and the quality of the data obtained was reliable. The results show that the magnetic susceptibility and chromaticity values in the lower part of Baiyanghe Formation have consistent and obvious changes. Combined with the variation characteristics of the strata sedimentary facies in the profile, it is believed that a climate change event occurred in the early Baiyanghe Formation in the southern margin of the Jiuxi Basin. A large number of previous studies on stratigraphy, sedimentology and thermochronology revealed that there were no obvious tectonic events in the northeastern margin of the Tibet Plateau during this period, indicating that the climate change events in this area may be caused by regional climate changes. The climate information reflected by the magnetic susceptibility and chromaticity data of the Baiyanghe Formation in the southern margin of the Jiuxi Basin can provide data support for the study of the paleoclimate in the northeastern margin of the Tibet Plateau.
Understanding the modern relationships between pollen and vegetation, climate, and human land-use completely, is essential for quantitative reconstructions of past vegetation, climate and human impacts. supported by the Second Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition Program, we have collected more than 700 surface-soil samples together with detail vegetation survey. Hitherto, pollen analysis of 318 samples have been completed, and the submitted modern pollen dataset includes the pollen percentages of 24 common taxa, the sampling sites of the dataset cover the all vegetation types on the east and central Tibetan Plateau. The dataset can be utilized in establishment for pollen-climate, pollen-vegetation calibration-sets.
Paleoecological and paleolimnological studies can provide a long-term perspective on changes in environmental and ecosystem processes. The sediments documented both direct and indirect impacts of climate change and human activities on aquatic ecosystems. The fossils of zooplankton remain and pigments in lake sediments can reflect community structure changes of primary producers and primary consumers. The authors reconstructed the zooplankton and algal community changes during the past 600 years using carapaces of A. tibetiana and resting eggs of D. tibetana and pigments from the sediments of Dagze Co, in the central Tibet Plateau. Using total nitrogen and total phosphorus reconstructed the nutrient changes. These results suggest that algal community structure and changes in production can be attributed to alterations in the zooplankton community, with important implications for Tibetan aquatic ecosystems.
This data set consists of tree ring carbon and oxygen data in East Asian monsoon region and Qilian Mountain region of China. Tree rings in Qilian mountain area include 4 tree cores, the tree species is Sabina przewalskii, and the measured isotopic data is 921. Cellulose was extracted from tree ring logs by chemical treatment, and the obtained cellulose samples were wrapped in a silver cup. The isotopic ratio was measured by Delta V advantage stable isotope mass spectrometer, and the analysis error was less than 0.21 ‰. The experimental analysis was completed in the laboratory of soil structure and minerals, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. This data has certain significance for the study of paleoclimate in East Asian monsoon region.
This data set is composed of tree ring width data of Qilian Mountain region of China in East Asian monsoon region . The tree rings in Qilian mountain contain 52 tree cores, which have 17081 values, the measurement accuracy is 0.01mm, and the tree species is Qilian juniper. The tree ring width was measured by lintab 6 tree ring analyzer, and the cross dating is checked by coffcha program to guarantee that the accuracy of the dating. The experiment analysis was performed in the laboratory of soil structure and minerals, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. This data has certain significance for the study of paleoclimate in the edge of East Asian monsoon region .
Data set contains tree age of trees growing at different glacier moraines in the central Himalayas. The data were obtained using tree ring samples. Cores samples were collected (almost near to the ground level to estimate the minimum age of the related moraine) using an increment borer. Samples were processed by using standard dendrochronological techniques.