The data set contains the on-line monitoring data of air pollutants in Lhasa and Nyingchi, Tibet Autonomous Region. The sample collection time is from May to June and from September to October 2021. The data sampling points were located in Nagin campus of Tibet University in Lhasa, Tibet and Tibet agriculture and Animal Husbandry College in Nyingchi, Tibet. We set up a temporary environmental pollution monitoring station. Thermo Gas Analyzer, GRIMM Portable Aerosol Spectrometer, FMPS, AE-33 were used to monitor the concentration of air pollutants such as ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), particulate matter (PM), ultra-fine particulate matter (UFP) and black carbon (BC) online, Vantage Vue weather station was used to monitor temperature, humidity, air pressure and other meteorological data online. The abnormal values during the operation of the instrument have been deleted, and the time resolution of the data after calibration and cleaning is 1 hour. This data provides basic data for the comprehensive evaluation of the effects of air pollution on population health in Tibet.
In order to collect the special germplasm resources of Qinghai Tibet Plateau and excavate the molecular markers affecting the special germplasm resources, individual sheep with excellent ectopic spots were selected for marker assisted selection, propagation and generation breeding according to the genetic marker information, so as to cultivate the families of special germplasm resources. In 2021, this sub project (2019QZKK05010704) widely collected samples of Qinghai Tibetan sheep and Qinghai fine wool sheep in Haibei, Qinghai, and continued to establish and expand the first and second core groups in Ledu agricultural experimental station and Qinghai Sanjiaocheng sheep breeding farm. This data set contains the basic information of 1050 tissue samples, including variety, collection place, collection time, gender, tissue type, preservation method, etc.
In order to analyze the genomic characteristics, domestication, population history, genetic diversity and population differentiation characteristics of large forehead cattle, as well as the genetic basis of excellent meat economic traits of large forehead cattle, this sub project (2019QZKK05010703) investigated the genetic resources of Dulong cattle and Gaofeng cattle in Kunming and Wenshan Miao Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan Province in 2021, and collected tissue samples of heart, liver, spleen, lung and kidney. Provide scientific theoretical reference for the protection, development and utilization of large cattle germplasm resources, and promote the development of high-end beef cattle industry in China. This data set contains individual photos and tissue sample information table, which records basic information such as variety, collection place, collection time, sample type, sampling position and so on.
In order to describe the distribution pattern of genetic diversity of important rodents in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, clarify their related genetic background, and establish the corresponding genetic resource bank. In 2021, this sub project (2019QZKK05010410) focused on the investigation of plateau pika in Haixi Mongolian and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Golog Prefecture and Hainan prefecture, Qinghai. A total of 200 plateau pika samples were collected, and the solid samples were spleen and lung tissues. This data set contains a sample information table and habitat photos, work photos and work videos. The sample information table contains basic sample information such as species, gender, detailed sampling place, altitude, sample type, collection time, collector and storage method, which are stored in the form of Excel.
Using satellite tracking technology, this sub project (2019QZKK05010409) tracked the overwintering population in the middle of black necked Crane. After catching the black necked Crane by the foot button method, we adopt the foot ring method to fix the tracker, which greatly improves the tracking achievement rate and the amount of data obtained. When the power is ideal, the sampling frequency can be accelerated to one point in half an hour. Get more detailed tracking data. The relevant results show that the selection of wintering sites for black necked cranes is highly stable. Preliminary analysis shows that there is a strong connecting line between wintering sites and breeding sites, but there are also the characteristics of larvae in different summers. The strong migration connectivity indicates that black necked cranes are more vulnerable to environmental changes. This data set contains 200 habitat photos of black necked cranes and 1276 activity data of young black necked cranes. The satellite tracking data sheet of young black necked Crane recorded longitude and latitude, date, altitude, speed, temperature and other information.
This sub project (2019qzkk05010411) focuses on the population investigation and monitoring of wild yak, Tibetan antelope and brown bear, carries out systematic and continuous field investigation, finds out their geographical distribution, population number and population structure, and carries out appropriate habitat assessment. The distribution area and potential distribution area are selected and divided into multiple sub areas. Stratified random sampling is adopted according to habitat type, climate, altitude and other factors, and the population counting method, variable distance spline method or fixed width spline method are used for investigation respectively. At the same time, in view of the extremely low encounter rate of brown bears, combined with the interview method. The investigation area mainly includes the distribution areas and potential distribution areas of the three animals in Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Haixi Mongolian Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Haibei Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture and other prefectures and counties in Qinghai Province, in order to master the distribution and five-year population dynamics of wild yak, Tibetan antelope and brown bear in Qinghai Province. This data set contains photos of yaks, Tibetan antelopes and brown bears investigated in Qinghai in 2021.
In order to describe the distribution pattern of genetic diversity of pika germplasm resources in Qinghai Tibet Plateau, clarify its related genetic background, and establish the corresponding genetic resource bank. In 2021, this sub project (2019QZKK05010209) focused on Qinghai Province (Haixi Mongolian and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Golmud City, Kunlun mountain pass; Haixi Mongolian and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Dulan County, Xiangride Town, Gouli township; Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Maduo County; Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Maqin County, Dawu town; Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Zeku County; Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Guinan County, Taxiu township) 93 plateau pika germplasm resources were collected at different altitudes, and the solid samples included blood or tissue, feces and so on. This data set contains 1 sample information table. The sample information table contains basic sample information such as species, variety, detailed sampling place, sample type, collection time, collector and storage method, which is stored in the form of Excel.
In order to describe the distribution pattern of genetic diversity of important rodents on the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, clarify their relevant genetic background, analyze their population fluctuation law and influencing factors under the background of global climate change, analyze the impact of plateau pika on birds and its significance in maintaining ecosystem stability, and to explore the adaptation and evolution mechanism of plateau species and build a population outbreak prediction and early warning system, It is of great theoretical and practical significance to correctly understand the status and role of plateau pika in ecosystem and put forward timely and effective population management countermeasures. This sub project (2019qzkk05010410) focuses on the investigation of plateau pika in Haixi Mongolian and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Golog Prefecture and Hainan prefecture of Qinghai in 2021. A total of 200 tissue samples such as spleen and lung of plateau pika were collected. This data set contains 1 sample information table. The sample information table contains basic sample information such as species, variety, detailed sampling place, sample type, collection time, collector and storage method, which is stored in the form of Excel.
Plateau Zokor and plateau pika are endemic and key species widely distributed in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and surrounding plain areas. Different geographical locations and ecological environment have led to diversified species formation. The research on the origin and evolution of these species needs to be improved. At the same time, their geographical distribution and morphological characteristics are good materials for studying plateau adaptation and adaptive evolution. Comparing the analysis of genome, transcriptome and epigenetics between Plateau and other low altitude plain related species can help to analyze the mechanism of plateau adaptation and preliminarily explore the mechanism of apparent modification in plateau adaptation. In 2021, a total of 112 tissue samples of 16 animals were collected in Qinghai Province. This data set contains a sample information table, which contains basic sample information such as species, variety, detailed sampling place, sample type, collection time, collector and storage method, and is stored in the form of Excel. In order to explore the plateau adaptive evolution of flagship species on the plateau, chip SEQ sequencing and transcriptome sequencing were carried out on 16 individuals of Plateau Zokor and Pika in Maduo County and Laji mountain, Qinghai Province. Each individual produced 15GB data, a total of 600gb. The data is stored in fastq format.
In order to describe the effects of environmental changes and human disturbance on the temporal and spatial distribution of small mammals in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, statistical models and molecular techniques were used to identify the species of small mammals with different altitude gradients. In 2021, 105 small mammal resources such as plateau pika, Meriones meridionalis, three toed jerboa, five toed jerboa and Qinghai squirrel were collected in 8 areas of Xihai Town, Gangcha county and Delingha city of Qinghai Province. The solid samples include animal solid samples and muscles, heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, pancreas, bladder, testis and ovary. This data set contains one specimen information table, one tissue sample information table and one photo corresponding to each specimen. The sample information table contains basic sample information such as species, variety, detailed sampling place, sample type, collection time, collector and storage method, which is stored in the form of Excel. Photos, stored in JPG format.