Reasonable livestock carrying capacity estimation product of grassland in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (2000-2019)

Reasonable carrying capacity, also known as theoretical carrying capacity, refers to the maximum number of domestic animals that can be carried by a certain grassland area in a certain period of time under the premise of moderate grazing (or mowing) and maintaining sustainable production of grassland to meet the needs of normal growth, reproduction and production of livestock. Based on the MODIS inversion data of forage yield (fresh weight, kg / hm2), the reasonable carrying capacity of grassland (sheep unit, mu / km2) was evaluated according to the code for calculation of grassland carrying capacity and grass livestock balance (DB 51 / t1480-2012) and calculation of reasonable carrying capacity of natural grassland (NY / T 635-2015), The time series is 2000-2019, and the spatial resolution is 250m. This data set can analyze the temporal and spatial variation characteristics of the theoretical carrying capacity under the condition of rational utilization of grassland in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, evaluate the carrying capacity characteristics of grassland in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, and extract the overgrazing areas, which has important application value for ecological protection, monitoring and early warning of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.

0 2021-06-17

Grassland yield estimation product in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (2000-2019)

Grassland yield is an important ecological parameter of grassland, which is an important basis for monitoring grassland productivity, Estimating Grassland reasonable carrying capacity and evaluating grassland carrying status. Based on the grassland data collected in July and August, MODIS NDVI, precipitation and terrain parameters, multivariate statistical equations were established to invert the total grass yield (kg / hm2) and edible grass yield (kg / hm2). The time series is 2000-2019, and the spatial resolution is 250 meters. Based on the data of 50 quadrats distributed in Sichuan, Tibet, Qinghai, Gansu and other regions, the results show that the average absolute error of total grass yield is 734.75kg/hm2, and the average relative error is 24.85%. The average absolute error of edible grass yield is 715.81kg/hm2, and the average relative error is 30.52%. Due to the complexity of grassland types, high spatial heterogeneity and scale mismatch between the measured grassland quadrats and MODIS image pixels, this accuracy can meet the requirements of remote sensing monitoring of grassland in large areas. This data set can analyze the spatiotemporal variation characteristics of grassland productivity in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, evaluate the carrying capacity characteristics of grassland in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, and extract the overgrazing areas, which has important application value for ecological protection, monitoring and early warning of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.

0 2021-06-17