The dataset includes the measured soil thickness data at 148 points in the Yarlung Zangbo River Basin, as well as the physical properties and hydraulic characteristics (such as particle size, saturated water content, organic matter content, saturated hydraulic conductivity, etc.) of soil samples at 40 points. The sampling points are distributed from Zhongba County in the upper reaches of the Yarlung Zangbo River basin to Nyingchi city in the lower reaches. The soil thickness data is obtained through the excavation profile measurement, and other soil data are obtained from the collected ring knife samples according to the standardized experimental process, so the data accuracy is high. The soil data of the Yarlung Zangbo River basin provided by this dataset can provide a reference for large-scale soil mapping on the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and improve the prediction accuracy of relevant studies.
The dataset is the field soil measurement and analysis data of the upstream of Heihe River Basin from 2013 to 2014, including soil particle analysis, water characteristic curve, saturated water conductivity, soil porosity, infiltration analysis, and soil bulk density I. Soil particle analysis 1. The soil particle size data were measured in the particle size laboratory of the Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education, West Ministry of Lanzhou University.The measuring instrument is Marvin laser particle size meter MS2000. 2. Particle size data were measured by laser particle size analyzer.As a result, sample points with large particles cannot be measured, such as D23 and D25 cannot be measured without data.Plus partial sample missing. Ii. Soil moisture characteristic curve 1. Centrifuge method: The unaltered soil of the ring-cutter collected in the field was put into the centrifuge, and the rotor weight of each time was measured with the rotation speed of 0, 310, 980, 1700, 2190, 2770, 3100, 5370, 6930, 8200 and 11600 respectively. 2. The ring cutter is numbered from 1 to the back according to the number. Since three groups are sampled at different places at the same time, in order to avoid repeated numbering, the first group is numbered from 1, the second group is numbered from 500, and the third group is numbered from 1000.It's consistent with the number of the sampling point.You can find the corresponding number in the two Excel. 3. The soil bulk density data in 2013 is supplementary to the sampling in 2012, so the data are not available at every point.At the same time, the soil layer of some sample points is not up to 70 cm thick, so the data of 5 layers cannot be taken. At the same time, a large part of data is missing due to transportation and recording problems.At the same time, only one layer of data is selected by random points. 4. Weight after drying: The drying weight of some samples was not measured due to problems with the oven during the experiment. 3. Saturated water conductivity of soil 1. Description of measurement method: The measurement method is based on the self-made instrument of Yiyanli (2009) for fixing water hair.The mariot bottle was used to keep the constant water head during the experiment.At the same time, the measured Ks was finally converted to the Ks value at 10℃ for analysis and calculation.Detailed measurement record table refer to saturation conductivity measurement description.K10℃ is the data of saturated water conductivity after conversion to 10℃.Unit: cm/min. 2. Data loss explanation: The data of saturated water conductivity is partly due to the lack of soil samples and the insufficient depth of the soil layer to obtain the data of the 4th or 5th layer 3. Sampling time: July 2014 4. Soil porosity 1. Use bulk density method to deduce: according to the relationship between soil bulk density and soil porosity. 2. The data in 2014 is supplementary to the sampling in 2012, so the data are not available at every point.At the same time, the soil layer of some sample points is not up to 70 cm thick, so the data of 5 layers cannot be taken. At the same time, a large part of data is missing due to transportation and recording problems.At the same time, only one layer of data is selected by random points. 5. Soil infiltration analysis 1. The infiltration data were measured by the "MINI DISK PORTABLE specific vector INFILTROMETER".The approximate saturation water conductivity under a certain negative pressure is obtained.The instrument is detailed in website: http://www.decagon.com/products/hydrology/hydraulic-conductivity/mini-disk-portable-tension-infiltrometer/ 2.D7 infiltration tests were not measured at that time because of rain. Vi. Soil bulk density 1. The bulk density of soil in 2014 refers to the undisturbed soil taken by ring cutter based on the basis of 2012. 2. The soil bulk density is dry soil bulk density, which is measured by drying method.The undisturbed ring-knife soil samples collected in the field were kept in an oven at 105℃ for 24 hours, and the dry weight of the soil was divided by the soil volume (100 cubic centimeters). 3. Unit: G /cm3
The dataset includes the saturated hydraulic conductivity data of typical soil samples in Heihe River Basin from July 2012 to August 2013. The collection method of typical soil sample points in Heihe River Basin is representative sampling, which means that the typical soil types in the landscape area can be collected, and the sample points with higher representativeness can be collected as much as possible, and the saturated hydraulic conductivity of each type of soil can be measured three times for the average value.