This data set mainly includes daily surface evapotranspiration products in Heihe River Basin (HRB) from 2010 to 2016, with a resolution of 100 meters. Based on multi-source remote sensing data (MODIS Landsat TM/ETM+ data) and regional meteorological data (China meteorological forcing dataset, CMFD), sensitivity parameters of the theoretically robust surface energy balance system (SEBS) model were determined through global sensitivity analysis, and then the parameterization scheme of the model was optimized to improve the estimation accuracy. At the same time, combined with spatial and temporal data fusion algorithm of remote sensing image. Finally, the High-Temporal and Landsat-Like surface evapotranspiration (ET) (HiTLL ET) was obtained over the Heihe Basin. It was validation by the EC measurements from the flux observation stations and ETMap, and the estimation results are consistent with the observation and the spatial and temporal distribution pattern of ETMap. This data set can provide data support for the study of water consumption law and scientific effective management of watershed water resources within HRB, especially for woodland and grassland in the upper stream regions, oasis farmland and desert vegetation in the midstream and downstream regions.
Land surface temperature is a critical parameter in land surface energy balance. This dataset provides the monthly land surface temperature of UAV remote sensing for typical ground stations in the middle reaches of Heihe River basin from July to September in 2019. The land surface temperature retrieval algorithm is an improved single-channel algorithm, which was applied to the land surface brightness temperature data obtained by the UAV thermal infrared remote sensing sensor, and finally the land surface temperature data with a spatial resolution of 0.4m was obtained.
NDVI is a very important vegetation index for the research of vegetation growth and land cover classification. This dataset provides a monthly land surface albedo of UAV remote sensing with a spatial resolution of 0.2 m. It measured in the midstream of Heihe River Basin during the vegetation growth season over typical stations in 2019. The pix4D mapper software was used for image mosaic and NDVI calculation.
Surface albedo is a critical parameter in land surface energy balance. This dataset provides the monthly land surface albedo of UAV remote sensing for typical ground stations in the middle reaches of Heihe river basin during the vegetation growth stage in 2019. The algorithm for calculating albedo is an empirical method, which was developed based on a comprehensive forward simulation dataset based on 6S model and typical spectrums. This method can effectively transform the surface reflectance to the broadband surface albedo. The method was then applied to the surface reflectance acquired by UAV multi-spectral sensor and the broadband surface albedo with a 0.2-m spatial resolution was eventually obtained.