Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) is the sum of the reflectance values of the NIR band and the red band by the Difference ratio of the reflectance values of the NIR band and the red band. Vegetation index synthesis refers to the selection of the best representative of vegetation index within the appropriate synthesis cycle, and the synthesis of a vegetation index grid image with minimal influence on spatial resolution, atmospheric conditions, cloud conditions, observation geometry, and geometric accuracy and so on. This data set includes the monthly synthesis of 30m*30m surface vegetation index products in Qilian mountain area in 2021. Max value composition (MVC) method was used to synthesize monthly NDVI products on the surface using the reflectivity data of Landsat 8 and sentinel 2 channels from Red and NIR channels.
Net Primary Productivity (NPP) refers to the total amount of organic matter produced by photosynthesis in green plants per unit time and area. As the basis of water cycle, nutrient cycle and biodiversity change in terrestrial ecosystems, NPP is an important ecological indicator for estimating earth support capacity and evaluating sustainable development of terrestrial ecosystems. This data set includes the monthly synthesis of 30m*30m surface LAI products in Qilian mountain area in 2021. Max value composition (MVC) method was used to synthesize monthly NPP products on the surface using the reflectivity data of Landsat 8 and sentinel 2 channels from Red and NIR channels.
Fractional Vegetation Coverage (FVC) is defined as the proportion of the vertical projection area of Vegetation canopy or leaf surface to the total Vegetation area, which is an important indicator to measure the status of Vegetation on the surface. In this dataset, vegetation coverage is an evaluation index reflecting vegetation coverage. 0% means that there is no vegetation in the surface pixel, that is, bare land. The higher the value, the greater the vegetation coverage in the region. This data set includes the monthly synthesis of 30m*30m surface vegetation index products in Qilian mountain area in 2021. Max value composition (MVC) method was used to synthesize monthly FVC products on the surface using the reflectivity data of Landsat 8 and sentinel 2 channels from Red and NIR channels.
Leaf Area Index (LAI) is defined as half of the total Leaf Area within the unit projected surface Area, and is one of the core parameters used to describe vegetation. LAI controls many biological and physical processes of vegetation, such as photosynthesis, respiration, transpiration, carbon cycle and precipitation interception, and meanwhile provides quantitative information for the initial energy exchange on the surface of vegetation canopy. LAI is a very important parameter to study the structure and function of vegetation ecosystem. This data set includes the monthly synthesis of 30m LAI products in Qilian mountain area in 2021. Max value composition (MVC) method was used to synthesize monthly LAI products on the surface using the reflectivity data of Landsat 8 and sentinel 2 channels from Red and NIR channels.
The considerable amount of solid clastic material in the Yarlung Tsangpo River Basin (YTRB)) is one of the important components in recording the uplift and denudation history of the Tibet Plateau. Different types of unconsolidated sediments directly reflect the differential transport of solid clastic material. Revealing its spatial distribution and total accumulation plays an important value in the uplift and denudation process of the Tibet Plateau. The dataset includes three subsets: the type and spatial distribution of unconsolidated sediments in theYTRB, the thickness spatial distribution, and the quantification of total deposition. Taking remote sensing interpretation and geological mapping as the main technical method, the classification and spatial distribution characteristics of unconsolidated sediments in the whole YTRB (16 composite sub-basins) were comprehensively clarified for the first time. Based on the field measurement of sediment thickness, the total accumulation was preliminarily estimated. A massive amount of sediment is an important material source of landslide, debris flow and flood disasters in the basin. Finding out its spatial distribution and total amount accumulation not only has theoretical significance for revealing the key information recorded in the process of sediment source to sink, such as surface environmental change, regional tectonic movement, climate change and biogeochemical cycle, but also has important application value for plateau ecological environment monitoring and protection, flooding disaster warning and prevention, major basic engineering construction, and soil and water conservation.
Under the funding of the first project (Development of Multi-scale Observation and Data Products of Key Cryosphere Parameters) of the National Key Research and Development Program of China-"The Observation and Inversion of Key Parameters of Cryosphere and Polar Environmental Changes", the research group of Zhang, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, developed the snow depth downscaling product in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The snow depth downscaling data set for the Tibetan Plateau is derived from the fusion of snow cover probability dataset and Long-term snow depth dataset in China. The sub-pixel spatio-temporal downscaling algorithm is developed to downscale the original 0.25° snow depth dataset, and the 0.05° daily snow depth product is obtained. By comparing the accuracy evaluation of the snow depth product before and after downscaling, it is found that the root mean square error of the snow depth downscaling product is 0.61 cm less than the original product. The details of the product information of the Downscaling of Snow Depth Dataset for the Tibetan Plateau (2000-2018) are as follows. The projection is longitude and latitude, the spatial resolution is 0.05° (about 5km), and the time is from September 1, 2000 to September 1, 2018. It is a TIF format file. The naming rule is SD_yyyyddd.tif, where yyyy represents year and DDD represents Julian day (001-365). Snow depth (SD), unit: centimeter (cm). The spatial resolution is 0.05°. The time resolution is day by day.
Aiming at the 179000 km2 area of the pan three rivers parallel flow area of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, InSAR deformation observation is carried out through three kinds of SAR data: sentinel-1 lifting orbit and palsar-1 lifting orbit. According to the obtained InSAR deformation image, it is comprehensively interpreted in combination with geomorphic and optical image features. A total of 949 active landslides below 4000m above sea level were identified. It should be noted that due to the difference of observation angle, sensitivity and observation phase of different SAR data, there are some differences in the interpretation of the same landslide with different data. The scope and boundary of the landslide need to be corrected with the help of ground and optical images. The concept of landslide InSAR recognition scale is different from the traditional spatial resolution and mainly depends on the deformation intensity. Therefore, some landslides with small scale but prominent deformation characteristics and strong integrity compared with the background can also be interpreted (with SAR intensity map, topographic shadow map and optical remote sensing image as ground object reference). The minimum interpretation area can reach several pixels. For example, a highway slope landslide with only 4 pixels is interpreted with reference to the highway along the Nujiang River.
This data set is hyperspectral observation data of typical vegetation along Sichuan Tibet Railway in September 2019, using the airborne spectrometer of Dajiang M600 resonon imaging system. Including the hyperspectral data observed in the grassland area of Lhasa in 2019, with its own latitude and longitude. The hyperspectral survey was mainly sunny. Before flight, whiteboard calibration was carried out; when data were collected, there was a target (that is, the standard reflective cloth suitable for the grass), which was used for spectral calibration; there were ground mark points (that is, letters with foam plates), and the longitude and latitude coordinates of each mark were recorded for geometric precise calibration. The DN value recorded by Hyperspectral camera of UAV can be converted into reflectivity by using Spectron Pro software. Hyperspectral data is used to extract spectral characteristics of different vegetation types, vegetation classification, inversion of vegetation coverage and so on.
The spectral characteristics of different land use types are mainly determined by spectrograph in the surface spectral data set of Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The measured ground features are mainly divided into woodland, (Alpine) shrub, (Alpine) grassland, wetland, cultivated land and bare land. It includes the field observation points in Lhasa, Linzhi, Shigatse, Ali and Naqu. The spectral characteristics of forests were measured based on the different growth stages of vegetation; The spectral characteristics of grassland were measured based on different coverage; The spectral characteristics of cultivated land were measured based on the main crop types, rape flowers and highland barley; The measurements of wetlands were conducted on the rivers, low-lying valleys and lakes; The measurements of bare lands were conducted on the desert, Gobi and roads, which have no vegetation cover. The measurement conducted from July to August in 2019, and the data is daily observation data. The data set can provide a reference for the field verification of remote sensing interpretation.
This data is DOM data of Jiuzhaigou Xifan gully debris flow; The Pegasus V10 UAV is equipped with RIEGL vux-1lr airborne lidar system. The coaxial optical image is processed by pix4d mapper, and the Orthophoto Image is made; The resolution of orthophoto map is 0.2m, and the coordinate system is CGCS2000 national coordinate system and 1985 National elevation datum; Carry out debris flow provenance identification and calculation based on airborne lidar data and optical image data. According to the location of the provenance and the color and texture differences on the mountain shadow image, the provenance is divided into landslide provenance, slope provenance and gully provenance, and establish airborne lidar identification marks and remote sensing interpretation methods for various types of provenance, It provides theoretical reference and data support for the accurate calculation of debris flow provenance, and further serves the prevention and risk assessment of debris flow.