The Land Surface Temperature in China STC dataset contains land surface temperature data for China (about 9.6 million square kilometers of land) during the period of 2003-2017, in Celsius, in monthly temporal and 5600 m spatial resolution. It is produced by combing MODIS daily data(MOD11C1 and MYD11C1), monthly data(MOD11C3 and MYD11C3) and meteorological station data to reconstruct real LST under cloud coverage in monthly LST images, and then a regression analysis model is constructed to further improve accuracy in six natural subregions with different climatic conditions.
The data set contains the observation data of the evapotranspiration apparatus on January 1, 2013 (solstice) and December 31, 2013.The site is located in huailai county, hebei province, east garden town, the underlying surface for corn.The latitude and longitude of the observation point is 115.7880E, 40.3491N, and the altitude is 480m. The collection frequency of evapotranspiration permeameter is 1 time/minute, and the released data is the average of 10 minutes.The evapotranspiration meter is a cylindrical structure with a surface area of 1m2 and a buried depth of 1.5m. The observation accuracy of evapotranspiration is 0.01mm.Two evapotranspiration seeptometers were installed, one kept bare soil (lysimeter_1), the other for the corn underlay (lysimeter_2) during the growing season (May 10 - September 15).Soil temperature and humidity probe, soil water potential probe and soil heat flow plate are also installed in the evapotranspiration apparatus.The buried depth of the soil temperature sensor is 5cm, 30cm, 50cm, 100cm and 140cm.The buried depth of the soil water sensor is 2cm, 10cm, 20cm and 40cm.The soil heat flux plate is buried 10cm underground;The buried depth of the soil water potential sensor was 30cm and 140cm.Processing and quality control of observation data :(1) ensure 144 data per day (every 10min). If data is missing, it will be marked by -6999;(2) delete the data of observation anomalies caused during maintenance;(3) data that is obviously beyond the physical meaning or the range of the instrument is deleted;(4) the format of date and time is unified, and the date and time are in the same column.For example, the time is: 2013-6-10-10:30. The observation data released by the evapotranspiration permeameter include:Date/Time, weighing mass (i.l._1_wag_l_000 (Kg), i.l._2_wag_l_000 (Kg)), seepage mass (i.l._1_wag_d_000 (Kg), i.l._2_wag_d_000 (Kg)), soil heat flux (Gs_1_10cm, Gs_2_10cm) (W/m2),Multi-layer soil moisture (Ms_1_2cm, Ms_1_10cm, Ms_1_20cm, Ms_1_40cm, Ms_2_2cm, Ms_2_10cm, Ms_2_20cm, Ms_2_40cm) (%),Multi-layer soil temperature (Ts_1_5cm, Ts_1_30cm, Ts_1_50cm, Ts_1_100cm, Ts_1_140cm, Ts_2_140cm, ts_2_2_5cm, ts_2_2_50cm, Ts_2_100cm, Ts_2_140cm) (℃), soil water potential (TS_1_30 (hPa), TS_1_140 (hPa), TS_2_30 (hPa), TS_2_30 (hPa), TS_2_140 (hPa), TS_2_140 (hPa));The data is stored in *.xls format. Guo et al, 2020 is used for site introduction and Liu et al, 2013 for data processing
This dataset contains the observation data of large aperture scintillator on January 1, 2013 (solstice) and December 31, 2013. Two large aperture scintillator models BLS450 and zzlas were installed respectively.The site is located in huailai county, hebei province, east garden town, under the surface of corn.The latitude and longitude of the observation point is 115.7880E, 40.3491N, and the altitude is 480m.The effective height of the large aperture scintillation instrument is 14m, the optical diameter length is 1870m, the longitude and latitude of the transmitting end is 115.8023e, 40.3596n, and the longitude and latitude of the receiving end is 115.7825e, 40.3522n.The acquisition frequencies of BLS450 and zzlas were 5Hz and 1Hz respectively, with an average output of 1min. Large aperture flicker meter raw data for 1 min, data released for 30 min after processing and quality control of the average data, including sensible heat flux is mainly combined with the automatic meteorological station data, based on similarity theory alonzo mourning - Mr. Hoff is obtained by iterative calculation, in the process of iterative calculation, for BLS450, select Thiermann and Grassl, the stability of the 1992 universal functions;For zzlas, select Andreas 1988's stability universal function.The main quality control steps include :(1) eliminating the data of Cn2 reaching saturation;(2) eliminate data with weak demodulation signal strength;(3) data of the time of precipitation and the hour before and after the precipitation are excluded;(4) data of weak turbulence under stable conditions were excluded (u* < 0.1m/s). Several notes on the released data :(1) LAS data is mainly BLS450, the missing time is supplemented by zzlas observation, and the missing time of both is marked by -6999.(2) data table: Date/Time: Date/Time, Cn2: air refractive index structure parameter (m-2/3), H_LAS: sensible heat flux (W/m2).The meaning of data time, such as 0:30 represents the average between 0:00 and 0:30;The data is stored in *.xls format Guo et al, 2020 is used for site introduction and Liu et al, 2013 for data processing
The data set contains the observation data of the 10m tower automatic weather station on December 31, 2013 at 1 solstice on January 1, 2013.Station is located in huailai county, hebei province, east garden town, under the surface of irrigated corn.The latitude and longitude of the observation point is 115.7880E, 40.3491N, and the altitude is 480m. The automatic weather station is installed on a 10m tower, the acquisition frequency is 30s, and the output time is 10min.The observation factors include air temperature and relative humidity (5m), and the direction is due north.The wind speed (10m), the wind direction (10m), the direction is due to the north;Air pressure (installed in waterproof box);Rainfall (10m);The four-component radiation (5m), the direction is due to the south;The infrared surface temperature (5m), the arm is facing south, and the probe is facing vertically downward.The soil temperature and humidity probe was buried 1.5m south of the meteorological tower. The soil temperature probe was buried at a depth of 2cm, 4cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm. The soil moisture sensor was buried at a depth of 2cm, 4cm, 10cm, 20cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm.The average soil temperature was buried 2,4 cm underground.Soil hot flow plates (3) are buried in the ground 6cm.Processing and quality control of observation data :(1) ensure 144 data per day (every 10min). If data is missing, it will be marked by -6999;(2) eliminate the moments with duplicate records;(3) data that is obviously beyond the physical meaning or the range of the instrument is deleted;(4) the format of date and time is unified, and the date and time are in the same column.For example, the time is: 2013-6-10-10:30.From February 4 to February 27, due to probe problems, soil moisture data at depth of 20, 40, 80 and 120cm were wrong;From January 1st to January 3rd and April 25th solstice May 20th due to probe problems, soil moisture data at depth of 2, 4 and 10cm were wrong;From January 1 to May 10, soil moisture data at 160cm depth was wrong due to probe problems.Dec 11 - dec 31 data missing due to power converter damage. Data released by the automatic weather station include:Date/Time, air temperature and humidity observation (Ta_5m, RH_5m) (℃, %), wind speed (Ws_10m) (m/s), wind direction (WD) (°), pressure (hpa), precipitation (Rain) (mm), four-component radiation (DR, UR, DLR, ULR, Rn) (W/m2), surface radiation temperature (IRT_1, IRT_2) (℃),Soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2, Gs_3) (W/m2), multi-layer soil moisture (Ms_2cm, Ms_4cm, Ms_10cm, Ms_20cm, Ms_40cm, Ms_80cm, Ms_120cm, Ms_160cm) (%), multi-layer soil temperature (Ts_2cm, Ts_4cm, Ts_10cm, Ts_20cm, Ts_40cm, Ts_80cm, Ts_120cm, Ts_160cm) (℃), average soil temperature TCAV (℃). Guo et al, 2020 is used for site introduction and Liu et al, 2013 for data processing.
The Tibetan Plateau Glacial Data Product-TPG2013 is a glacial attribute product of the Tibetan Plateau around 2013. It was generated by remote sensing visual interpretation method adopting Landsat8 OLI and HJ 1A/1B multispectral data. The temporal coverage of the data were from 2012 to 2014. 86% of the remote sensing data were obtained in 2013. They covered the Tibetan Plateau with a spatial resolution of 30 m. Considering the large error of the automatic remote sensing extraction method caused by the impact of clouds, shadows and seasonal snow on glacier areas, the remote sensing inversion method adopted manual visual interpretation. By comparing the results of automatic methods and visual interpretation of glacier boundaries based on experts’ experiences, we know that the manual interpretation based on remote sensing images remains the most accurate method to obtain the glacier vector boundary at present. When selecting remote sensing images, the minimum effects of cloud and seasonal snow were mainly considered. Images of summer and cold season were both selected (different from the principle applied in selecting remote sensing image data source for China's second glacier inventory). At the same time, considering the differences in discriminant standards between different interpreters, the comparison of multiple typical regions showed that the relative deviation of manual visual interpretation was less than 4%. Based on the Arc map software platform, the abovementioned remote sensing images were geometrically corrected, and the final glacier vector boundary data were obtained by visual interpretation. According to the format and requirements of the second glacier inventory in China, the glacier code and area statistics were collected, the elevation attribute data of each glacier were obtained based on the SRTM DEM data, and, finally, the Tibetan Plateau glacial data product-TPG2013 was obtained.
"Hydrologic - ecological - economic process coupling and evolution of heihe river basin governance under the framework of Water rights" (91125018) project data exchange to 5-water-plan-california 1. Data overview: California's water resources plan for 2005 for catchment comparison 2. Data content: the public plan
The modern sporopollen identification results of five different geomorphic types in the middle reaches of Heihe River show that there are 39 sporopollen types, 22 main types, belonging to 6 different vegetation types in 45 topsoil samples distributed in the desert vegetation belt. The SPOROPOLLEN ASSEMBLAGES with high percentage of sporopollen in the sporopollen map were selected to represent different geomorphic types. It was found that five geomorphic types (dune, alluvial proluvial fan, flood plain, riverbed and wetland) could be expressed by different combinations of nine sporopollen.
This data set contains the element content data of a deep drilled formation near the open sea in the middle reaches of Heihe River. The borehole is located at 99.432 E and 39.463 n with a depth of 550m. The element scanning analysis was carried out at 1-3cm intervals for the drilled strata. The scanning was completed in the Key Laboratory of Western Ministry of environmental education, Lanzhou University, and 38705 effective element data were obtained.
From 2012 to 2013, the geomorphic surface near the Zhengyi gorge in the middle reaches of the Heihe River was investigated, mainly including the 4-level river terrace. The data are mainly obtained through field investigation, and analyzed and mapped indoors to obtain the distribution map of geomorphic surface at all levels near the middle reaches of Zhengyi gorge.