Data content: the data set product contains the 30-meter resolution product of suspended solids concentration in the water body of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, which can be used as the key parameters for ecosystem-related research in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Data sources and processing methods: Product inversion is mainly based on the Landsat series data, by extracting the effective aquatic reflectance, to obtain the water composition information. This product is the preliminary result of extracting the concentration information of suspended solids in water using the empirical / semi-empirical method. Data quality: the overall accuracy is high, and the product will be further optimized in combination with the measured data of scientific research. Results and prospects of data application: the data set will be continuously updated and can be used for the study and analysis of ecosystem change in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.
The actual carrying capacity refers to the number of livestock in a certain area of grassland in a certain period of time. The actual carrying capacity is obtained from the statistical yearbooks of the provinces (autonomous regions) and cities (prefectures) of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and the statistical data provided by the animal husbandry management departments. In the statistical data, there are a variety of statistical dimensions, such as the number of stocks on hand, the number of stocks on hand, the ratio of stocks on hand, and the number of livestock at the end of the year, etc. Based on the multivariate linear regression between the actual livestock carrying capacity and population density, NPP and topographic relief in the statistical yearbook, the spatial model of actual livestock carrying capacity was established, and the grid data of actual livestock carrying capacity (sheep unit, mu / km2) was obtained. The time series was from 2000 to 2019, and the spatial resolution was 250 meters. Using the statistical data of Guoluo, Yushu, Changdu, Naqu, ABA, Ganzi and Gannan in the core pastoral areas of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, the results show that the average absolute error of spatialization is 27.48 mu / km2, and the average relative error is 13.79%. This data set can analyze the temporal and spatial variation characteristics of the actual livestock carrying capacity of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, evaluate the grassland carrying capacity characteristics of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, and extract the overgrazing areas, which has important application value for ecological protection, monitoring and early warning of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
Carrying capacity refers to the carrying capacity of grassland calculated by actual carrying capacity and reasonable carrying capacity, that is, all overloading, balanced and non overloading. This data set includes two products: Grassland carrying capacity pressure index and grassland livestock balance index. Grassland carrying capacity pressure index = actual carrying capacity / reasonable carrying capacity, and grassland livestock balance index = (actual carrying capacity - reasonable carrying capacity) × 100% / reasonable carrying capacity, the actual carrying capacity data comes from the Qinghai Tibet Plateau actual carrying capacity data set (2000-2019), and the reasonable carrying capacity data comes from the Qinghai Tibet Plateau reasonable carrying capacity data set (2000-2019). This data set can analyze the temporal and spatial variation characteristics of livestock carrying status in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, extract overgrazing areas, and evaluate the overload intensity of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, which has important application value for ecological protection, monitoring and early warning of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.