The Qinghai Tibet Plateau belongs to the plateau mountain climate. The temperature and its seasonal variation have been one of the hot spots in the global climate change research. The data includes the temperature data of Qinghai Tibet Plateau, with spatial resolution of 1km * 1km, temporal resolution of month and year, and time coverage of 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015. The data are obtained by Kring interpolation on the data of national weather station in Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The data can be used to analyze the temporal and spatial distribution of air temperature in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. In addition, the data can also be used to analyze the law of temperature change with time in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, which is of great significance to the study of the ecological environment of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
Photosynthetic effective radiation absorption coefficient photosynthetically active radiation component is an important biophysical parameter. It is an important land characteristic parameter of ecosystem function model, crop growth model, net primary productivity model, atmosphere model, biogeochemical model and ecological model, and is an ideal parameter for estimating vegetation biomass. The data set contains the data of photosynthetically active radiation absorption coefficient in Qinghai Tibet Plateau, with spatial resolution of 500m, temporal resolution of 8D, and time coverage of 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015. The data source is MODIS Lai / FPAR product data mod15a2h (C6) on NASA website. The data are of great significance to the analysis of vegetation ecological environment in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
The data include the night light data of Tibetan Plateau with a spatial resolution of 1km*1km, a temporal resolution of 5 years and a time coverage of 2000, 2005 and 2010.The data came from Version 4 dmsp-ols products. DMSP/OLS sensors took a unique approach to collect radiation signals generated by night lights and firelight.DMSP/OLS sensors, working at night, can detect low-intensity lights emitted by urban lights, even small-scale residential areas and traffic flows, and distinguish them from dark rural backgrounds.Therefore, DMSP/OLS nighttime light images can be used as a representation of human activities and become a good data source for human activity monitoring and research.
The remote sensing monitoring database of land use status in China is a multi-temporal land use status database covering the land area of China, which has been established after many years of accumulation under the support of the National Science and Technology Support Plan and the Key Direction Project of the Knowledge Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. It is the most accurate remote sensing monitoring data product of land use in China at present, which has played an important role in the national land resources survey, hydrology and ecological research. This data set covers the six western provinces in China: Xinjiang, Tibet, Qinghai, Yunnan, Sichuan and Gansu. Based on Landsat TM/ETM remote sensing images in the late 1970s、1980s、1995、2000、2005、2010、2015， 1KM raster data are generated by using the professional software and manual visual interpretation on the basis of vector data. The land use types include six primary land types which are cultivated land, forest land, grassland, water area, residential land and unused land, and 25 secondary types.
Taking 2005 as the base year, the future population scenario prediction adopted the Logistic model of population, and it not only can better describe the change pattern of population and biomass but is also widely applied in the economic field. The urbanization rate was predicted using the urbanization Logistic model. Based on the existing urbanization horizontal sequence value, the prediction model was established by acquiring the parameters in the parametric equation applying nonlinear regression. The urban population was calculated by multiplying the predicted population by the urbanization rate. The Logistic model was used to predict the future gross national product of each county (or city), and then, according to the economic development level of each county (or city) in each period (in terms of real GDP per capita),the corresponding industrial structure scenarios in each period were set, and each industry’s output value was predicted. The trend of changes in industrial structure in China and the research area lagged behind the growth of GDP, and, therefore, it was adjusted according to the need of the future industrial structure scenarios of the research area.
By applying Supply-demand Balance Analysis, the water resource supply and demand of the whole river basin and each county or district were calculated, based on which the vulnerability of the water resources system of the basin was evaluated. The IPAT equation was used to set a future water resource demand scenario, setting variables such as future population growth rate, economic growth rate, and unit GDP water consumption to establish the scenario. By taking 2005 as the base year and using assorted forecasting data of population size and economic scale, the future water demand scenarios of various counties and cities from 2010 to 2050 were forecast. By applying the basic structure of the HBV conceptual hydrological model of the Swedish Hydrometeorological Institute, a model of the variation tendency of the basin under climate change was designed. The glacial melting scenario was used as the model input to construct the runoff scenario under climate change. According to the national regulations of the water resources allocation of the basin, a water distribution plan was set up to calculate the water supply comprehensively. Considering of the supply and demand situation, the water resource system vulnerability was evaluated by the water shortage rate. By calculating the (grain production) land pressure index of the major counties and cities in the basin, the balance of supply and demand of land resources under the climate change, glacial melt and population growth scenarios was analyzed, and the vulnerability of the agricultural system was evaluated. The Miami formula and HANPP model were used to calculate the human appropriation of net primary biomass and primary biomass in the major counties and cities for the future, and the vulnerability of ecosystems from the perspective of supply and demand balance was assessed.
Taking 2000 as the base year, the future population scenario prediction adopted the Logistic model of population, and it not only can better describe the change pattern of population and biomass but also is widely applied in the economic field. The urbanization rate was predicted using the urbanization Logistic model. Based on the existing urbanization horizontal sequence value, the prediction model was established by acquiring the parameters in the parametric equation applying nonlinear regression. The urban population was calculated by multiplying the predicted population by the urbanization rate. The Logistic model was used to predict the future gross national product of each county (or city), and then, according to the economic development level of each county (or city) in each period (in terms of real GDP per capita), the corresponding industrial structure scenarios in each period were set, and the output value of each industry was predicted. The trend of industrial structure changing in China and the research area lagged behind the growth of GDP, so it was adjusted according to the need of the future industrial structure scenarios of the research area.
I. Overview This data set contains socio-economic statistics of counties (cities) in the upper reaches of the Yellow River from 2000 to 2005. The data set is divided into basic conditions, comprehensive economics, agriculture, industry and infrastructure, education, health and social security, 4 There are 30 basic categories, including all the socio-economic statistical indicators. Ⅱ. Data processing description The data is stored in excel format, classified by province, with basic socio-economic statistics for each county. Ⅲ. Data content description This data set contains four basic classifications, namely basic situation, comprehensive economy, agriculture, industry and infrastructure, education, health and social security. The basic information includes the administrative area, the number of townships (towns), the number of villagers' committees, the total number of households at the end of the year, the number of rural households, the rural population, the number of employees at the end of the year, the number of rural employees, and the number of agricultural, forestry, animal husbandry and sideline fishermen The total power of agricultural machinery and local telephone users; the total economic categories include: the value added of the primary industry, value added of the secondary industry, revenue within the local fiscal budget, fiscal expenditure, the balance of savings deposits of urban and rural residents, and loans of financial institutions at the end of the year Balance; major categories of agriculture, industry and capital construction include: grain output, cotton output, oil output, total meat output, number of industrial enterprises above designated size, total industrial output value above designated size, and capital investment completed; education, health and social security The major categories include the number of students in ordinary middle schools, the number of students in primary schools, the number of beds in hospitals and health centers, the number of beds in social welfare homes, and the number of beds in social welfare homes. In some remote areas, some data are missing. Ⅳ. Data usage description Through this data set, the socio-economic problems of counties (cities) in the upper reaches of the Yellow River can be analyzed, and the socio-economic driving forces of certain natural processes can be analyzed and researched through this data set.
The research project on the function and mechanism of sand-fixing afforestation of waste lignin from straw pulp and paper making belongs to the national natural science foundation of China "environment and ecological science in western China" major research program, led by wang hanjie, a researcher of the institute of aviation meteorology and chemical protection, air force equipment research institute. The project ran from January 2004 to December 2006 Remittance data of the project: 1. 2005-08-10 - sand lake - jinsha wan test site image (JPG) 2.2006 field picture of fixed sand test (JPG) 3. Meteorological data of ningxia jinshawan meteorological station (TXT text) Observation data including dry bulb temperature, wet bulb temperature, 0, 5, 10, 15, 20cm ground temperature, evaporation and air temperature were observed at 8:00,14:00 and 20:00 on August 13, 2005 4. Growth data of jinshawan community in ningxia (TXT text) The data of crown diameter and height of four samples are included. 5. Soil water data of jinshawan, ningxia (excel) Soil moisture data of 16 samples at depths of 20CM and 12CM in clear water control area and lignin spraying area by 2 hours in the daytime on August 19, 2005. 6. Soil water data of shahu lake in ningxia (excel) On August 10,11, 2005, soil moisture data of various depths of 10CM,12CM and 20CM were obtained 7. Plant growth data of sand fixation community in shahu, ningxia (excel) Plant growth statistics of 5 sample plots: species name,x,y, base, crown, height, number of plants.
Ⅰ. Overview This data set is based on Landsat MSS, TM and ETM Remote sensing data by means of satellite remote sensing. Using a hierarchical land cover classification system, the data divides the whole region into six first-class classifications (cultivated land, forest land, grassland, water area, urban and rural areas, industrial and mining land, residential land and unused land), and 31 second-class classifications. Ⅱ. Data processing description The data set is based on Landsat MSS, TM and ETM Remote sensing data as the base map, the data set projection is set as Alberts equal product projection, the scale is set at 1:24,000 for human-computer interactive visual interpretation, and the data set storage form is ESRI coverage format. Ⅲ. Data content description The data set adopts a hierarchical land cover classification system, which is divided into 6 first-class classifications (cultivated land, forest land, grassland, water area, urban and rural areas, industrial and mining land, residential land and unused land), and 31 second-class classifications. Ⅳ. Data use description The data can be mainly used in national land resources survey, climate change, hydrology and ecological research.