Fractional Vegetation Coverage (FVC) is defined as the proportion of the vertical projection area of Vegetation canopy or leaf surface to the total Vegetation area, which is an important indicator to measure the status of Vegetation on the surface. In this dataset, vegetation coverage is an evaluation index reflecting vegetation coverage. 0% means that there is no vegetation in the surface pixel, that is, bare land. The higher the value, the greater the vegetation coverage in the region. This data set includes the monthly synthesis of 30m*30m surface vegetation index products in Qilian mountain area in 2021. Max value composition (MVC) method was used to synthesize monthly FVC products on the surface using the reflectivity data of Landsat 8 and sentinel 2 channels from Red and NIR channels.
Leaf Area Index (LAI) is defined as half of the total Leaf Area within the unit projected surface Area, and is one of the core parameters used to describe vegetation. LAI controls many biological and physical processes of vegetation, such as photosynthesis, respiration, transpiration, carbon cycle and precipitation interception, and meanwhile provides quantitative information for the initial energy exchange on the surface of vegetation canopy. LAI is a very important parameter to study the structure and function of vegetation ecosystem. This data set includes the monthly synthesis of 30m LAI products in Qilian mountain area in 2021. Max value composition (MVC) method was used to synthesize monthly LAI products on the surface using the reflectivity data of Landsat 8 and sentinel 2 channels from Red and NIR channels.
The dataset includes three high-resolution DSM data as well as Orthophoto Maps of Kuqionggangri Glacier, which were measured in September 2020, June 2021 and September 2021. The dataset is generated using the image data taken by Dajiang Phantom 4 RTK UAV, and the products are generated through tilt photogrammetry technology. The spatial resolution of the data reaches 0.15 m. This dataset is a supplement to the current low-resolution open-source topographic data, and can reflect the surface morphological changes of Kuoqionggangri Glacier from 2020 to 2021. The dataset helps to accurately study the melting process of Kuoqionggangri Glacier under climate change.
The considerable amount of solid clastic material in the Yarlung Tsangpo River Basin (YTRB)) is one of the important components in recording the uplift and denudation history of the Tibet Plateau. Different types of unconsolidated sediments directly reflect the differential transport of solid clastic material. Revealing its spatial distribution and total accumulation plays an important value in the uplift and denudation process of the Tibet Plateau. The dataset includes three subsets: the type and spatial distribution of unconsolidated sediments in theYTRB, the thickness spatial distribution, and the quantification of total deposition. Taking remote sensing interpretation and geological mapping as the main technical method, the classification and spatial distribution characteristics of unconsolidated sediments in the whole YTRB (16 composite sub-basins) were comprehensively clarified for the first time. Based on the field measurement of sediment thickness, the total accumulation was preliminarily estimated. A massive amount of sediment is an important material source of landslide, debris flow and flood disasters in the basin. Finding out its spatial distribution and total amount accumulation not only has theoretical significance for revealing the key information recorded in the process of sediment source to sink, such as surface environmental change, regional tectonic movement, climate change and biogeochemical cycle, but also has important application value for plateau ecological environment monitoring and protection, flooding disaster warning and prevention, major basic engineering construction, and soil and water conservation.
The Qinghai Tibet Plateau is a sensitive region of global climate change. Land surface temperature (LST), as the main parameter of land surface energy balance, characterizes the degree of energy and water exchange between land and atmosphere, and is widely used in the research of meteorology, climate, hydrology, ecology and other fields. In order to study the land atmosphere interaction over the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, it is urgent to develop an all-weather land surface temperature data set with long time series and high spatial-temporal resolution. However, due to the frequent cloud coverage in this region, the use of existing satellite thermal infrared remote sensing land surface temperature data sets is greatly limited. Compared with the previous version released in 2019, Western China Daily 1km spatial resolution all-weather land surface temperature data set (2003-2018) V1, this data set (V2) adopts a new preparation method, namely satellite thermal infrared remote sensing reanalysis data integration method based on new land surface temperature time decomposition model. The main input data of the method are Aqua MODIS LST products and GLDAS data, and the auxiliary data include vegetation index and surface albedo provided by satellite remote sensing. This method makes full use of the high frequency and low frequency components of land surface temperature and the spatial correlation of land surface temperature provided by satellite thermal infrared remote sensing and reanalysis data. The evaluation results show that this data set has good image quality and accuracy, which is not only seamless in space, but also highly consistent with the amplitude and spatial distribution of 1 km daily Aqua MODIS LST products widely used in current academic circles. When MODIS LST was used as the reference value, the mean deviation (MBE) of the data set in daytime and nighttime was -0.28 K and -0.29 K respectively, and the standard deviation (STD) of the deviation was 1.25 K and 1.36 K respectively. The test results based on the measured data of six stations in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and Heihe River Basin show that under clear sky conditions, the data set is highly consistent with the measured LST in daytime / night, and its MBE is -0.42-0.25 K / - 0.35-0.19 K; The root mean square error (RMSE) was 1.03 ~ 2.28 K / 1.05 ~ 2.05 K; Under the condition of non clear sky, the MBE of this data set in daytime / night is -0.55 ~ 1.42 K / - 0.46 ~ 1.27 K; The RMSE was 2.24-3.87 K / 2.03-3.62 K. Compared with the V1 version of the data, the two kinds of all-weather land surface temperature show the characteristics of seamless (i.e. no missing value) in the spatial dimension, and in most areas, the spatial distribution and amplitude of the two kinds of all-weather land surface temperature are highly consistent with MODIS land surface temperature. However, in the region where the brightness temperature of AMSR-E orbital gap is missing, the V1 version of land surface temperature has a significant systematic underestimation. The mass of trims land surface temperature is close to that of V1 version outside AMSR-E orbital gap, while the mass of trims is more reliable inside the orbital gap. Therefore, it is recommended that users use V2 version. The time span of this data set is from 2000 to 2021 and will be updated continuously; The time resolution is twice a day (corresponding to the two transit times of aqua MODIS in the daytime and at night); The spatial resolution is 1 km. In order to facilitate the majority of colleagues to carry out targeted research around the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and its adjacent areas, and reduce the workload of data download and processing, the coverage of this data set is limited to Western China and its surrounding areas (72 ° E-104 ° E，20 ° N-45 ° N）。 Therefore, this dataset is abbreviated as trims lst-tp (thermal and reality integrating modem resolution spatial seamless LST – Tibetan Plateau) for user's convenience.
The dataset is the normalized difference water index (NDWI) products from 1970s to 2020 over the Tibetan Plateau。The dataset is producted based on Landsat surface reflectance dataset. It is calculated by the NDWI equation which use the difference ratio between the green band and NIR band to enhance the water information, and then to weaken the information of vegetation, soil, buildings and other targets.And the corresponding production of quality identification documents (QA) is also generated to identify the cloud, ice and snow.NDWI is usually used to extract surface water information effectively, therefore it is widely used in water resoureces, hydrology, forestry and agriculture.
Funded by the National Key R&D Program "Observation and Inversion of Key Parameters of Cryosphere and Polar Environmental Changes", "Multi-scale Observation and Data Product Development of Key Cryosphere Parameters", Changes and impacts of glaciers, snow cover and permafrost and how to deal with them (Grant NO.2019QZKK0201), and Pan-tertiary environmental change and the construction of green silk road (Grant NO.XDA20000000), the research group of Zhang Yinsheng, Institute of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Chinese Academy of Sciences developed downscaled snow water equivalent products in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The sub-pixel space-time decomposition algorithm was used to downscale the 0.05° daily snow depth data set (2000-2018) over the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. And the snow depth depletion model was used to supplement the estimation of the snow depth value in the shallow snow area that cannot be detected by passive microwave remote sensing. Finally, based on the snow density grid data, the snow depth data is converted into snow water equivalent data.
Under the funding of the first project (Development of Multi-scale Observation and Data Products of Key Cryosphere Parameters) of the National Key Research and Development Program of China-"The Observation and Inversion of Key Parameters of Cryosphere and Polar Environmental Changes", the research group of Zhang, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, developed the snow depth downscaling product in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The snow depth downscaling data set for the Tibetan Plateau is derived from the fusion of snow cover probability dataset and Long-term snow depth dataset in China. The sub-pixel spatio-temporal downscaling algorithm is developed to downscale the original 0.25° snow depth dataset, and the 0.05° daily snow depth product is obtained. By comparing the accuracy evaluation of the snow depth product before and after downscaling, it is found that the root mean square error of the snow depth downscaling product is 0.61 cm less than the original product. The details of the product information of the Downscaling of Snow Depth Dataset for the Tibetan Plateau (2000-2018) are as follows. The projection is longitude and latitude, the spatial resolution is 0.05° (about 5km), and the time is from September 1, 2000 to September 1, 2018. It is a TIF format file. The naming rule is SD_yyyyddd.tif, where yyyy represents year and DDD represents Julian day (001-365). Snow depth (SD), unit: centimeter (cm). The spatial resolution is 0.05°. The time resolution is day by day.
This data is the land cover data at 30m resolution of Southeast Asia in 2015. The data format of the data is NetCDF, and the variable name is "land cover type". The data was obtained by mosaicing and extracting the From-GLC data. Several land cover types, such as snow and ice that do not exist in Southeast Asia were eliminated.The legend were reintegrated to match the new data. The data provide information of 8 land cover types: cropland, forest, grassland, shrub, wetland, water, city and bare land. The overall accuracy of the data is 71% (Gong et al., 2019). The data can provide the land cover information of Southeast Asia for hydrological models and regional climate models.
Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FPAR) is a key physiological variable in the study of carbon cycling and is one of the basic variables to describe vegetation ecosystems. The classification results of surface vegetation types in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau region are obtained based on the Landsat reflectance data(30m spatial resolution). According to NDVI of different vegetation types, the remote sensing inversion model is constructed to produce the growing season FPAR products for each vegetation type. This product can be used as one of the parameters to calculate vegetation carbon sequestration and evaluate vegetation ecosystem status.