As the roof of the world, the water tower of Asia and the third pole of the world, the Qinghai Tibet Plateau is an important ecological security barrier for China and even Asia. With the rapid development of social economy, human activities have increased significantly, and the impact on the ecological environment is growing. In this paper, eight factors including cultivated land, construction land, National Road, provincial road, railway, expressway, GDP and population density were selected as the threat factors, and the attributes of the threat factors were determined based on the expert scoring method to evaluate the habitat quality of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, so as to obtain six data sets of the habitat quality of the agricultural and pastoral areas of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau in 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015. The production of habitat quality data sets will help to explore the habitat quality of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and provide effective support for the government to formulate sustainable development policies of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
As the “third pole” of the world, the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) is extremely ecologically sensitive and fragile while facing increasing human activities and overgrazing. In this study, eight types of spatial data were firstly selected, including grazing intensity, Night-Time Light, population density, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) density, the ratio of cultivated land, the slope of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), distance to road, and distance to town. Then, the entropy weight method was applied to determine the weight of each factor. Finally, the five-year interval human activity intensity data in 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015 were made in the agricultural and pastoral areas of QTP through the spatial overlap method. By preparing the historical spatial datasets of human activity intensity, our study will help to explore the influence of human disturbance on the alpine ecosystems on the QTP and provide effective support for decision-making of government aiming at regional ecosystem management and sustainable development.