Land Surface Temperature Dataset of Typical Stations in Middle Reaches of Heihe River Basin Based on UAV Remote Sensing(2019-07-09,V1)

Land surface temperature is a critical parameter in land surface energy balance. This dataset provides the monthly land surface temperature of UAV remote sensing for typical ground stations in the middle reaches of Heihe River basin from July to September in 2019. The land surface temperature retrieval algorithm is an improved single-channel algorithm, which was applied to the land surface brightness temperature data obtained by the UAV thermal infrared remote sensing sensor, and finally the land surface temperature data with a spatial resolution of 0.4m was obtained.

0 2020-07-31

NDVI Dataset of Typical Stations in Midstream of Heihe River Basin Based on UAV Remote Sensing (2019, V1)

NDVI is a very important vegetation index for the research of vegetation growth and land cover classification. This dataset provides a monthly land surface albedo of UAV remote sensing with a spatial resolution of 0.2 m. It measured in the midstream of Heihe River Basin during the vegetation growth season over typical stations in 2019. The pix4D mapper software was used for image mosaic and NDVI calculation.

0 2020-07-31

Meteorological, albedo and evapotranspiration data set of hulugou shrub experimental area in the upper reaches of Heihe River (2012-2014)

The data set is the meteorological and observational data of hulugou shrub experimental area in the upper reaches of Heihe River, including meteorological data, albedo data and evapotranspiration data under shrubs. 1. Meteorological data: Qilian station longitude: 99 ° 52 ′ E; latitude: 38 ° 15 ′ n; altitude: 3232.3m, scale meteorological data from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2013. Observation items include: temperature, humidity, vapor pressure, net radiation, four component radiation, etc. The data are daily scale data, and the calculation period is 0:00-24:00 2. Albedo: daily surface albedo data from January 1, 2012 to July 3, 2014, including snow and non snow periods. The measuring instrument is the radiation instrument on the 10m gradient tower in hulugou watershed. Among them, the data from August 4 to October 2, 2012 was missing due to instrument circuit problems, and the rest data quality was good 3. Evapotranspiration: surface evapotranspiration data of Four Typical Shrub Communities in hulugou watershed. The observation period is from July 18 to August 5, 2014, which is the daily scale data. The data include precipitation data, evaporation and infiltration data observed by lysimeter. The data set can be used to analyze the evapotranspiration data of alpine shrubs and forests. The evapotranspiration of grassland under canopy was measured by a small lysimeter with a diameter of 25 cm and a depth of 30 cm. Two lysimeters were set up in each shrub plot, and one lysimeter was set for each shrub in transplanting experiment. The undisturbed undisturbed soil column with the same height as the barrel is placed in the inner bucket, and the outer bucket is buried in the soil. During the embedding, the outer bucket shall be 0.5-1.0 cm higher than the ground, and the outer edge of the inner barrel shall be designed with a rainproof board about 2.0 cm wide to prevent surface runoff from entering the lysimeter. Lysimeter was set up in the nearby meteorological stations to measure grassland evapotranspiration, and a small lysimeter with an inner diameter of 25 cm and a depth of 30 cm was also set up in the sample plot of Picea crassifolia forest to measure the evaporation under the forest. All lysimeters are weighed at 20:00 every day (the electronic balance has a sensing capacity of 1.0 g, which is equivalent to 0.013 mm evaporation). Wind proof treatment should be taken to ensure the accuracy of measurement. Data processing method: evapotranspiration is mainly calculated by mass conservation in lysimeter method. According to the design principle of lysimeter lysimeter, evapotranspiration is mainly determined by the quality difference in two consecutive days. Since it is weighed every day, it is calculated by water balance.

0 2020-07-31

Moisture absorption and utilization dataset of desert plants in Heihe River Basin (2014-2015)

The data set of atmospheric water vapor absorption and utilization of desert plants, all of which are original data, including the liquid flow and environmental data of wild desert plants (Sitan village and Ejina Banner, Jingtai County), such as Tamarix, Bawang, Baici, Hongsha, etc., including the data of meteorology, photosynthesis, fluorescence and leaf surface humidity, as well as the data of gene transcriptome and expression regulation.

0 2020-07-31

Field LAI dataset in the Heihe River basin (2011)

The dataset is Lai data of ground sample points in Heihe River Basin, collected by LAI-2000 canopy analyzer. The collection area is located in Zhangye rural demonstration base, Ejina Banner, Jiuquan Satellite Center (2011) and other areas. The main measured vegetation is corn. The Lai value of maize was obtained by using lai2000, and the observation was repeated twice in the mode of one up four down. Cd202 was used to obtain the leaf area of each leaf of maize plant, and three maize plants were collected.

0 2020-07-30

Dataset of shrub interception and transpiration in Tianlaochi watershed of Qilian Mountain (2012)

This data includes three parts of data, namely shrub water holding experiment, shrub interception experiment and shrub transpiration experiment data. Shrub water holding experiment: select the two shrub types of Caragana jubata and Potentilla fruticosa, respectively pick the branches and leaves of the two vegetation types, weigh their fresh weight, carry out water holding experiment, measure the saturated weight of branches and leaves, dry weight of branches and leaves, dry weight of branches and leaves after completion, and finally obtain the data of branches, leaves and total water holding capacity. Shrub interception experiment: two shrubs, Caragana jubata and Potentilla fruticosa, were also selected and investigated. 30 rain-bearing cups were respectively arranged under the two shrubs. after each rainfall, penetration rainfall was measured and observed from June 1, 2012 to September 10, 2012. Shrub Transpiration Experiment: Potentilla fruticosa on July 14, Caragana jubata on August 5, Salix gilashanica on August 15, 2012. The measurement is made every hour according to the daily weather conditions.

0 2020-07-30

Water vapor absorption and utilization data set of desert plants in Heihe River Basin (2012-2014)

All data in this data set are original data, including meteorological and soil moisture content, stem sap flow, water potential of plant tissue, isotope characteristics of atmospheric and humidified water vapor, fluorescence tracer image, plant photosynthetic fluorescence, and basic data of five desert plants, Tamarix chinensis, Haloxylon ammodendron, Bawang, Nitraria tangutorum and red sand, which are related to field and indoor control experiments Because of the data of expression regulation. 1. Isotopic data of Tamarix chinensis. After humidifying for 1 hour, 2 hours and 3 hours, the tissue samples of indoor and outdoor plants of plexiglass were collected at the same time. The samples were put forward and processed by low-temperature vacuum distillation glass water extraction system, and then used euro The isotopic data were measured by ea3000 element analyzer and isoprime gas stability mass spectrometer. Tamarix Tamarix samples were collected from Sitan village, Jingtai County, including humidification and control samples. The variation data of isotopic composition can be used to determine the way and amount of water vapor absorbed by plant leaves. 2. Fluorescence section photo data: all the data in this data set are original data, including the structural photos under high-power microscope of Tamarix, Haloxylon ammodendron, Nitraria, Bawang, Hongsha and other desert plant leaves in Sitan village of Jingtai County and Ejin Banner. The specific method is as follows: apply fluorescent dye to the surface of desert plant leaves before humidification, collect plant leaves and stems after humidification for 1 hour, 2 hours and 3 hours, put them in liquid nitrogen, take them back to the laboratory, observe and take photos with fluorescence microscope. It can be used to analyze the tissue and organs of water absorption by desert plant leaves and the direction and path of water migration in plants. 3: Gene transcription and expression data: transcription and expression data of Tamarix chinensis, data collection time: May 25, 2014, location: Sitan village, Jingtai County, Gansu Province, data analysis platform: lllumina hisep TM 2000 platform, obtained by transcriptome analysis of baimaike company. 4. Photosynthetic and fluorescence data: photosynthetic and fluorescence parameters measured by photosynthetic apparatus in the field (Sitan village and Ejin Banner, Jingtai County). 5. Sap flow and environmental data: all data are original data. Sap flow data of desert plants measured by stem flow meter, including Tamarix chinensis, Haloxylon ammodendron, Nitraria tangutorum, red sand and other desert plants (Sitan village, Jingtai County and Ejin Banner), and environmental data monitored by automatic weather station, including temperature and humidity.

0 2020-07-30

Soil observation and leaf area index and aboveground biomass of maize sampling points in Yingke Daman area of Heihe River Basin (2012)

The experimental data of Yingke Daman in Heihe River Basin is supported by the key fund project of Heihe River plan, "eco hydrological effect of agricultural water saving in Heihe River Basin and multi-scale water use efficiency evaluation". Including: soil bulk density, soil water content, soil texture, corn sample biomass, cross-section flow, etc Data Description: 1. Sampling location of Lai and aboveground biomass: Yingke irrigation district; sampling time: May 2012 to September 2012; Lai and aboveground biomass of maize were measured by canopy analyzer (lp-80), and aboveground biomass was measured by sampling drying method; sample number: 16. 2. Soil texture: Sampling location: Yingke irrigation district and Shiqiao Wudou Er Nongqu farmland in Yingke irrigation district; soil sampling depth is 140 cm, sampling levels are 0-20 cm every 10 cm, 20-80 cm every 20 cm, 80-140 cm every 30 cm; sampling time: 2012; measurement method: laboratory laser particle size analyzer; sample number: 38. 3. Soil bulk density: Sampling location: Yingke irrigation district and Daman irrigation district; sampling depth of soil bulk density is 100 cm, sampling levels are 0-50 cm and 50-100 cm respectively; sampling time: 2012; measurement method: ring knife method; number of sample points: 34. 4. Soil moisture content: this data is part of the monitoring content of hydrological elements in Yingke irrigation district. The specific sampling location is: Shiqiao Wudou Er Nongqu farmland in Yingke Irrigation District, planting corn for seed production; soil moisture sampling depth is 140 cm, sampling levels are 0-20 cm every 10 cm, 20-80 cm every 20 cm, 80-140 cm every 30 cm Methods: soil drying method and TDR measurement; sample number: 17. 5. Cross section flow: Sampling location: the farmland of Wudou Er Nong canal in Shiqiao, Yingke irrigation district; measure the flow velocity, water level and water temperature of different canal system sections during each irrigation, record the time and calculated flow, monitor once every 3 hours until the end of irrigation; sampling time: 2012.5-2012.9; measurement method: Doppler ultrasonic flow velocity meter (hoh-l-01, Measurement times: Yingke irrigation data of four times.

0 2020-07-30

Cross-section characteristics of plant leaf in the arid areas of middle-lower reaches of Heihe River

The leaf cross-sectional structure of constructive species in arid area of the middle and lower reaches of Heihe River Basin. The material number is consistent with the sampling table. Refer to the sampling table number to determine the material and its distribution position. A semi thin section of 65 dominant plants. The mesophyll structure of C3 and C4 plants, the characteristics of palisade tissue and sponge tissue, as well as the special structure including crystalloid cells can be reflected.

0 2020-07-30

1:100000 vegetation map of Heihe River Basin(2015) (version 3.0)

1:100000 vegetation map of Heihe River Basin, the regional scope is subject to the Heihe river boundary of Huangwei Committee, the area is about 14.29 × 104km2, the data format is GIS vector format, this version is version 3.0. The data is mainly based on ground observation data, integrated with all kinds of remote sensing data, 1:1 million vegetation map, climate, terrain, landform, soil data mapping, and compiled by cross validation. The classification standard, legend unit and system of vegetation map of the people's Republic of China (1:1000000), 2007 are adopted, including vegetation type group, vegetation type, formation and sub formation. The new version mainly unifies the codes of the new formation (74 codes in total, distinguishing the formation and the sub formation). 9 vegetation type groups, 22 vegetation types and 74 formations (sub formations) in version 2.0 were changed into 9 vegetation type groups, 22 vegetation types and 67 formations (7 sub formations). The data includes versions 2.0 and 3.0

0 2020-07-30