The temperature humidity index (THI) was proposed by J.E. Oliver in 1973. Its physical meaning is the temperature after humidity correction. It considers the comprehensive impact of temperature and relative humidity on human comfort. It is an important index to measure regional climate comfort. On the basis of referring to the existing classification standards of physiological and climatic evaluation indexes, combined with the natural and geographical characteristics of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and facing the needs of human settlements suitability evaluation in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, the temperature and humidity index and its suitability zoning results of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau (more than 3000 meters) are developed (including unsuitable, critical suitable, general suitable, relatively suitable and highly suitable).
The Tibetan Plateau has a harsh conditions for human to inhabit. When human beings went into the Tibetan Plateau and how they adapt to the extreme environment have attract broad attention. At present, extensive studies on this issue have been conducted in the northeastern Tibetan Plateau with few work in other regions. There are a lot of archaeological sites in the Yarlung Zangbo River Basin while most of them are lack of cultural layers. Systematic archaeological investigations had been done to 25 cultural layers and 3 tombs in Lhasa and Nyignchi
The data set includes county-level demographic data of 252 areas in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in 1982, 1990, 2000, 2010 and 2018, and GDP data in 1988, 1995, 2000, 2010 and 2015. The demographic data includes registered population, resident population, urban population, rural population, male population, female population and non-agricultural population. GDP data includes total GDP output value and GDP output value of primary, secondary and tertiary industries. The data are helpful to study the impact of human activities on the ecological climate of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, and to explore the urbanization development, urban and rural population mobility, resident population change, local birth rate and agricultural population change in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The data were obtained by contacting the local statistics bureau, relevant statistical yearbooks and annual statistical bulletins of various places during the second scientific investigation of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.
The natural resources dataset of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau covers 215 counties in this area. The observation intervals are 5 years from 2000-2015. The indicators are rainfall, temperature, humidity, population, and land area. The data sources are meteorological station data, regional statistical yearbook, etc., which are expressed by Excel. This data provides a reference for understanding the natural background conditions on the county scale in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
This data set contains statistical tables on the community situation of each county in Three-River-Source National Park. The specific contents include: Table 1 includes: number of administrative villages, number of natural villages, number of households, population, number of rural labor force, total value of primary and secondary industries, net income per capita, and number of livestock. Table 2 includes: the ethnic composition of the population (population of each ethnic group), education-related statistics (number of primary and secondary schools and number of students), health-related statistics (number of hospitals, health rooms and medical personnel), and statistics on the education level of the population (number of people with different education levels); Table 3 includes: the grassland (total grassland area, usable grassland area, moderately degraded area and grassland vegetation coverage), woodland (total area, arbor forest area, shrub forest area and sparse forest area), water area (total area, river area, lake area, glacier area, snowy mountain area and wetland area). A total of four counties were designed: Maduo, Qumalai, Zaduo and Zhiduo. This data comes from statistics of government departments.
According to the characteristics of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and the principles of scientificity, systematization, integrity, operability, measurability, conciseness and independence, the human activity intensity evaluation index system suitable for the Qinghai Tibet Plateau has been constructed, which mainly includes the main human activities such as agricultural and animal husbandry activities, industrial and mining development, urbanization development, tourism activities, major ecological engineering construction, pollutant discharge, etc, On the basis of remote sensing data, ground observation data, meteorological data and social statistical yearbook data, the positive and negative effects of human activities are quantitatively evaluated by AHP, and the intensity and change characteristics of human activities are comprehensively evaluated. The data can not only help to enhance the understanding of the role of human activities in the vegetation change in the sensitive areas of global change, but also provide theoretical basis for the sustainable development of social economy in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, and provide scientific basis for protecting the ecological environment of the plateau and building a national ecological security barrier.
The data includes the gender, age, social security, education level, labor force and employment status of household members in 1280 families at domestic and abroad, which is used to support the analysis of human capital and livelihood Strategy in sustainable livelihoods. The field survey data is collected by the research group. Before collecting the data, the research group and the invited experts conducted a pretest to improve the questionnaire; before the formal survey, the members participating in the data collection were strictly trained; during the formal survey, each questionnaire could be filed after three times of inspection. The data is of great value to understand the human capital, livelihood strategies and demographic characteristics of farmers in the vulnerable areas of environment and economy, and is an important supplement to the national and macro data in this area.
The data set is mainly included the population, arable land and animal husbandry data of Qinghai Province and Tibet Autonomous Region in the past 100 years. The data mainly comes from historical documents and modern statistics. The data quality is more reliable. It mainly provides arguments for the majority of researchers in the development of agriculture and animal husbandry on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.
As the “third pole” of the world, the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) is extremely ecologically sensitive and fragile while facing increasing human activities and overgrazing. In this study, eight types of spatial data were firstly selected, including grazing intensity, Night-Time Light, population density, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) density, the ratio of cultivated land, the slope of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), distance to road, and distance to town. Then, the entropy weight method was applied to determine the weight of each factor. Finally, the five-year interval human activity intensity data in 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015 were made in the agricultural and pastoral areas of QTP through the spatial overlap method. By preparing the historical spatial datasets of human activity intensity, our study will help to explore the influence of human disturbance on the alpine ecosystems on the QTP and provide effective support for decision-making of government aiming at regional ecosystem management and sustainable development.