The experimental data of Yingke Daman in Heihe River Basin is supported by the key fund project of Heihe River plan, "eco hydrological effect of agricultural water saving in Heihe River Basin and multi-scale water use efficiency evaluation". Including: soil bulk density, soil water content, soil texture, corn sample biomass, cross-section flow, etc Data Description: 1. Sampling location of Lai and aboveground biomass: Yingke irrigation district; sampling time: May 2012 to September 2012; Lai and aboveground biomass of maize were measured by canopy analyzer (lp-80), and aboveground biomass was measured by sampling drying method; sample number: 16. 2. Soil texture: Sampling location: Yingke irrigation district and Shiqiao Wudou Er Nongqu farmland in Yingke irrigation district; soil sampling depth is 140 cm, sampling levels are 0-20 cm every 10 cm, 20-80 cm every 20 cm, 80-140 cm every 30 cm; sampling time: 2012; measurement method: laboratory laser particle size analyzer; sample number: 38. 3. Soil bulk density: Sampling location: Yingke irrigation district and Daman irrigation district; sampling depth of soil bulk density is 100 cm, sampling levels are 0-50 cm and 50-100 cm respectively; sampling time: 2012; measurement method: ring knife method; number of sample points: 34. 4. Soil moisture content: this data is part of the monitoring content of hydrological elements in Yingke irrigation district. The specific sampling location is: Shiqiao Wudou Er Nongqu farmland in Yingke Irrigation District, planting corn for seed production; soil moisture sampling depth is 140 cm, sampling levels are 0-20 cm every 10 cm, 20-80 cm every 20 cm, 80-140 cm every 30 cm Methods: soil drying method and TDR measurement; sample number: 17. 5. Cross section flow: Sampling location: the farmland of Wudou Er Nong canal in Shiqiao, Yingke irrigation district; measure the flow velocity, water level and water temperature of different canal system sections during each irrigation, record the time and calculated flow, monitor once every 3 hours until the end of irrigation; sampling time: 2012.5-2012.9; measurement method: Doppler ultrasonic flow velocity meter (hoh-l-01, Measurement times: Yingke irrigation data of four times.
Reservoir refers to the artificial water area formed in valley, river or low-lying area by dam, dike, sluice, weir and other projects. It is the main measure used for runoff regulation to change the distribution process of natural water resources and plays an important role in social and economic development. Many reservoirs have been built in Heihe River Basin, which has an important impact on the utilization of water resources in this area. In order to facilitate the mapping needs of users, we use topographic map and remote sensing image to prepare the reservoir distribution map of the Heihe River Basin. The location and shape of the reservoir are mainly obtained by manual interpretation based on Google map image, which basically shows the current situation of the reservoir distribution in the Heihe River Basin around 2010.
The data is clipped from "1: 1 million wetland data of China". "1: 1 million wetland data of China" mainly reflects the national marsh wetland information in the 2000s. It is expressed in geographic coordinates using the decimal degree. The main contents include: marsh wetland types, wetland water supply types, soil types, main vegetation types, geographical area, etc. Implemented the "Standard for Information Classification and Coding of Sustainable Development Information Sharing System of China". Data source of this database: 1:20 swamp map (internal version), Tibetan Plateau 1: 500,000 swamp map (internal version), swamp survey data 1: 1 million and national 1: 4 million swamp map; processing steps are: data source selection, preprocessing, digitization and encoding of marsh wetland elements, data editing processing, establishing topological relationships, edge processing, projection conversion, linking with attribute databases such as place names and obtaining attribute data.
The data was compiled from "China's 1:100 million wetlands data" to get a figure of 1 million wetlands in gansu province. "China 1:100,000 wetland data" mainly reflects the information of marshes and wetlands throughout the country in the 2000s, and is represented by geographical coordinates in decimal scale. The main contents include: types of marshes and wetlands, types of water supply, types of soil, types of main vegetation, and geographical regions.The information classification and coding standard of China sustainable development information sharing system was implemented.Data source of this database: 1:20 swamp map (internal version), 1:500 000 swamp map (internal version) of qinghai-tibet plateau, 1:100 000 swamp survey data and 1:400 000 swamp map of China;The processing steps are as follows: data source selection, preprocessing, marshland element digitization and coding, data editing and processing, establishment of topological relationship, edge-to-edge processing, projection transformation, connection with attribute database such as geographical name and acquisition of attribute data.
The data set includes data on lakes with an altitude over 5,000 meters in Tibet from 1988 to 2016. The data were derived from the Tibet Society and Economics Statistical Yearbook and the Tibet Statistical Yearbook. The accuracy of the data is consistent with that of the statistical yearbook. The table contains 5 fields. Field 1: Year Field 2: Lake Name Field 3: Lake altitude Unit: meter Field 4: Lake area Unit: square kilometers Field 5: Lake Type
The dataset includes vector map of the lakes larger than 1k㎡ on Tibetan Plateau in 1970s, 1990, 2000, 2010. The lake boundry data was extracted from remote sensing image like Landsat MSS, TM, ETM+, by means of visual interpretation. The data type is vector data, and it's attribute class includes Area (km²). The Projected Coordinate System is Albers Conical Equal Area. It is mainly used in the study of changes in lakes, hydrological and meteorological on the Tibetan Plateau.
The data set contains vector data of 32,840 lakes which can be recognized in the remote sensing image on the Tibetan plateau in 2000. The data was obstracted by visual interpretation from GeoCover Landsat Mosaic 2000 image data with a spatial resolution of 14.25 m. The data format is vector data, and the projection coordinate system is Albers Conical Equal Area. The data property fields are as follows: Area: lake Area (km); X: lake center longitude (°); Y: lake center latitude (°); Perimeter: the Perimeter of a lake (km).
Based on the data of Keyhole satellite in 1960s, using object-oriented supervised classification and manual visual interpretation and correction, water data products are produced. The total interpretation area is 645,000 km2, accounting for 96.28% of the study area, of which 18,844 km2 is missing in The Three River Headwater region, 4,220 km2 is missing in the Yukon River basin study area in Alaska, and 1,954 km2 is missing in the Pul River basin in West Siberia. The width of the minimum linear figure is more than 8 meters, the area of the minimum surface figure is more than 100 square meters, the trace accuracy is 2 pixels, and the first-class interpretation accuracy is more than 95%. The obtained high spatial resolution surface water data products provide effective data for the study of water changes in the 1960s and reliable basis for the study of frozen soil changes.
GLObal WAter BOdies database（GLOWABO）were obtained based on the GeoCoverTM Water bodies Extraction Method, Charles verpoorer et al， by Landsat 7 ETM + image in 2000 ± 3 years. The water extraction method combines the principal component analysis, threshold extraction, texture feature extraction and other methods, with a spatial resolution of 15 m and an overall accuracy of 91%. The data also includes water area, perimeter, shape index, elevation and other information. In this data set, The Three River Headwater region, Pul River Basin and Yukon River Basin, are selected to provide data support for polar hydrological research in the northern hemisphere.
The data of this study is mainly based on Google Earth Engine big data cloud processing platform. Sentinel-2 of The Three River Headwater region, Pul and Yukon River Basins in 2017 is selected as the basic data, STRM-DEM and Global Surface Water are used as auxiliary data. AWEIn，AWEIs，WI2015，MNDWI，NDWI and other index threshold extraction are selected to obtain seasonal water body and permanent water body according to annual water frequency(spatial resolution 10m). This water data product provides effective basic data for high spatial-temporal resolution water body change and permafrost hydrological analysis.