The basic principle of ancient recipe analysis based on carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analysis method is you are what you eat, that is, the chemical composition of animal tissues and organs is closely related to their diet. Through the detection of isotope ratio of relevant elements, the food structure of ancient people and animals can be directly revealed Then it discusses the research means of people's livelihood and livestock domestication. The collagen of human and animal bones from shilinggang site in Nujiang, Yunnan Province in the southwest of Qinghai Tibet Plateau was analyzed by carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes.
The alpine and anoxic environment of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau is a major challenge for human survival and life. When human beings boarded the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and adapted to the extreme environment of the plateau has always been a hot issue in the academic circles. At present, in the study of prehistoric culture of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, except the northeast, most areas of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau have not established archaeological cultural sequences. Yajiang river basin is one of the areas with dense distribution of human activity relics, but there are few archaeological excavations and studies, and the activity history of the ancients in this area is not clear. Based on the systematic dating of cultural archaeological sites in Linzhi Area, Southeast Tibet, 33 carbon fourteenth age data were obtained.
As the roof of the world, the water tower of Asia and the third pole of the world, the Qinghai Tibet Plateau is an important ecological security barrier for China and even Asia. With the rapid development of social economy, human activities have increased significantly, and the impact on the ecological environment is growing. In this paper, eight factors including cultivated land, construction land, National Road, provincial road, railway, expressway, GDP and population density were selected as the threat factors, and the attributes of the threat factors were determined based on the expert scoring method to evaluate the habitat quality of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, so as to obtain six data sets of the habitat quality of the agricultural and pastoral areas of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau in 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015. The production of habitat quality data sets will help to explore the habitat quality of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and provide effective support for the government to formulate sustainable development policies of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
The Tibetan Plateau in China covers six provinces including Tibet, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Gansu and Sichuan, including Tibet and Qinghai, as well as parts of Xinjiang, Yunnan, Gansu and Sichuan. The research on water and soil resources matching aims to reveal the equilibrium and abundance of water resources and land resources in a certain regional scale. The higher the level of consistency between regional water resources and the allocation of cultivated land resources, the higher the matching degree, and the superior the basic conditions of agricultural production. The general agricultural water resource measurement method based on the unit area of cultivated land is used to reflect the quantitative relationship between the water supply of agricultural production in the study area and the spatial suitability of cultivated land resources. The Excel file of the data set contains the generalized agricultural soil and water resource matching coefficient data of the Tibetan Plateau municipal administrative region in China from 2008 to 2015, the vector data is the boundary data of the Tibetan Plateau municipal administrative region in China in 2004, and the raster data pixel value is the generalized agricultural soil and water resource matching coefficient of the year in the region.
The data set is mainly included the population, arable land and animal husbandry data of Qinghai Province and Tibet Autonomous Region in the past 100 years. The data mainly comes from historical documents and modern statistics. The data quality is more reliable. It mainly provides arguments for the majority of researchers in the development of agriculture and animal husbandry on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.
The data of farmland distribution on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau were extracted on the basis of the land use dataset in China (2015). The dataset is mainly based on landsat 8 remote sensing images, which are generated by manual visual interpretation. The land use types mainly include the cultivated land, which is divided into two categories, including paddy land (1) and dry land (2). The spatial resolution of the data is 30m, and the time is 2015. The projection coordinate system is D_Krasovsky_1940_Albers. And the central meridian was 105°E and the two standard latitudes of the projection system were 25°N and 47°N, respectively. The data are stored in TIFF format, named “farmland distribution”, and the data volume is 4.39GB. The data were saved in compressed file format, named “30 m grid data of farmland distribution in agricultural and pastoral areas of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in 2015”. The data can be opened by ArcGIS, QGIS, ENVI, and ERDAS software, which can provide reference for farmland ecosystem management on the QTP.
Through the bioinformatics analysis after Hi-C sequencing, most of the sequences in the preliminary assembled genome sketch can be located on the chromosome, and the sequence and direction of these sequences on the chromosome can be determined, which lays an important foundation for obtaining high-quality sequence map. Therefore, by using this technology, the research team can divide the sequence in the sketch of the genome sequence of Aralia racemosa into groups with the same chromosome number as the species, and determine the order and orientation of all sequences in each group. After that, we can combine the data of reference genome, EST sequence, related species and genetic map of Aralia racemosa The accuracy of grouping and the order and direction between sequences were evaluated.
In order to study the relationship between the spread of cyanine and human activities, we will resequence the cyanine varieties from the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and its surrounding areas, as well as Pakistan, India, Nepal, Germany, Japan and other places. At the same time, we will cluster the gene families, and make statistics of unique, shared genes and gene families. In addition, we will also carry out the analysis of gene family expansion and contraction, and system development Tree construction, genome-wide replication events and other analysis. The aim is to analyze the molecular basis of adaptation of traditional species of cyanine to the plateau under the dual pressures of human activities and regional climate. Therefore, this study is helpful to reveal the adaptive mechanism of cyanine to adapt to the plateau ecological environment and the influence of artificial domestication and human selection on its genetic differentiation in the process of evolution.
The data include the data of cattle stock at the end of the year of Tibetan Plateau . The spatial area is divided by counties on the Tibetan Plateau. The time resolution is 5 years, and the time coverage is 2000, 2005, 2010.This data is obtained through statistics and collection of relevant literature, historical database records and other materials, and other data are acquired through purchase.The data can be used to analyze the agricultural production and meat price changes of each county on the Tibetan Plateau. In addition, the development differences of each county on the Tibetan Plateau can also be analyzed by comparing the data of the counties.