This data set comes from papers: Cui, A.N., Lu, H.Y., Liu, x.q., Shen, C.M., Xu, D.K., Xu, b.q., Wu, n.q., 2021. Tibetan Plateau precision modulated by the periodically coupled western and Asian Mongolia. Geophysical research letters, 48, Based on the advantage of accurate dating of the annual laminar sediments of the lake Kusai in the northern Tibetan Plateau, the authors analyzed the changes of plant sporopollen species in the area around the lake Kusai in the past 1656 years (350-2006) with high resolution (~ 5-year resolution), Based on 735 representative soil sporopollen assemblages and meteorological interpolation data within 800 km of Lake Kusai and its surrounding areas, a high-precision sporopollen annual precipitation conversion function was established to quantitatively reconstruct the precipitation and annual mean temperature changes in the past 1656 years. This data set provides a reference for studying the past climate change law and predicting the future climate change trend of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
We have completed the pollen analyses of 252 sedimentary samples from Dahonggou section in Qaidam Basin covering the Cenozoic. Palynomorph extraction followed the routine process with HCl and HF treatments during the extraction. Airborne pollen-charcoal traps and surface-sediment samples from soils were collected to evaluate the relationship between pollen-charcoal contents and vegetation structure, and effect of sedimentary environment conditions on the pollen dispersal and deposition. Combined with pollen-charcoal data from other sections, we are going to establish the fire history spanning the last 30 Ma years, and to discuss the responds and feedbacks of the vegetation and fire to the climate changes. Our work is beneficial to the knowledge of the processes of aridification in Inner Asia and its mechanism. The submitted pollen data set is according to the proposal, and in order to guarantee data accuracy, 20% of the data have been examined in our lab by random sampling method. Data collection and analysis are continued, we hope our work can contribute more to the project in the next few years.