This dataset is the spatial distribution map of the marshes in the source area of the Yellow River near the Zaling Lake-Eling Lake, covering an area of about 21,000 square kilometers. The data set is classified by the Landsat 8 image through an expert decision tree and corrected by manual visual interpretation. The spatial resolution of the image is 30m, using the WGS 1984 UTM projected coordinate system, and the data format is grid format. The image is divided into five types of land, the land type 1 is “water body”, the land type 2 is “high-cover vegetation”, the land type 3 is “naked land”, and the land type 4 is “low-cover vegetation”, and the land type 5 is For "marsh", low-coverage vegetation and high-coverage vegetation are distinguished by vegetation coverage. The threshold is 0.1 to 0.4 for low-cover vegetation and 0.4 to 1 for high-cover vegetation.
Based on the average NDVI (spatial resolution 250m) of MODIS during the growing season from 2000 to 2018, the trend of NDVI was calculated by using Mann-Kendall trend detection method. Three parks of Three River Source National Park are calculated (CJYQ: Yangtze River Park; HHYYQ: Yellow River Park; LCJYQ: Lancang River Park). CJYQ_NDVI_trend_2000_2018_ok.tif: Changjiang Source Park NDVI trend. CJYQ_NDVI_trend_2000_2018_ok_significant.tif: Changjiang Source Park NDVI change trend, excluding the area that is not significant (p > 0.05). CJYYQ_gs_avg_NDVI_2000.tif: The average NDVI of the Yangtze River Source Park in 2000 growing season. Unit NDVI changes every year.
This data set is the plant collection and distribution site information of Three-River-Source National Park investigated by Northwest Plateau Biology Institute of Chinese Academy of Sciences. The data set covers the period from 2008 to 2017, and the survey covers theThree-River-Source National Park. The survey contents include information such as collection date, number, family, genus, species, survey date, collection place, collector, longitude, latitude, altitude, habitat, appraiser, etc. Three parks of the national park were investigated respectively. 88 species of vegetation belonging to 56 genera and 24 families were investigated in the Yangtze River Source Park, with 116 records in total. Vegetation of 110 species in 64 genera and 26 families was investigated in the Yellow River Source Park, with 159 records in total. The vegetation of 30 species in 22 genera and 12 families was investigated in Lancang River Source Park, with a total of 33 records.
This data set contains statistical tables on the community situation of each county in Three-River-Source National Park. The specific contents include: Table 1 includes: number of administrative villages, number of natural villages, number of households, population, number of rural labor force, total value of primary and secondary industries, net income per capita, and number of livestock. Table 2 includes: the ethnic composition of the population (population of each ethnic group), education-related statistics (number of primary and secondary schools and number of students), health-related statistics (number of hospitals, health rooms and medical personnel), and statistics on the education level of the population (number of people with different education levels); Table 3 includes: the grassland (total grassland area, usable grassland area, moderately degraded area and grassland vegetation coverage), woodland (total area, arbor forest area, shrub forest area and sparse forest area), water area (total area, river area, lake area, glacier area, snowy mountain area and wetland area). A total of four counties were designed: Maduo, Qumalai, Zaduo and Zhiduo. This data comes from statistics of government departments.
The method of aboveground biomass of grassland is zonal classification model. The data years were 2000, 2010 and 2015, and the fresh vegetation weight was based on the first ten days of August. Above-ground biomass is defined as the total amount of organic matter of vegetation living above the ground in a unit area. Unit: g/m². This data set is calculated from a statistical model based on the MODIS vegetation index by the Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The spatial resolution is 250 m x 250 m. The data set is an important data source for vegetation monitoring in Three River Source National Park. Projection information: Albers isoconic projection Central meridian: 105 degrees First secant: 25 degrees First secant: 47 degrees West deviation of coordinates: 4000000 meters
The data set is remote sensing image of Resource 3 No. 02 (ZY3-02). ZY3-02 was successfully launched from Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center at 11:17 on May 30, 2016 by Long March 4 B carrier rocket. China-made satellite imagery will be further strengthened in the areas of land surveying and mapping, resource survey and monitoring, disaster prevention and mitigation, agriculture, forestry and water conservancy, ecological environment, urban planning and construction, transportation and other fields. List of files: ZY302_PMS_E98.8_N37.4_201707_L1A0000156704 ZY302_PMS_E100.4_N37.0_20171127_L1A0000217243 ZY302_TMS_E99.5_N37.0_20170717_L1A0000160059 ZY302_TMS_E100.3_N36.6_20171127_L1A0000217279 ZY302_TMS_E100.4_N37.0_20170529_L1A0000139947 Folder Naming Rules: Satellite Name Sensor Name Central Longitude Central Latitude Acquisition Time L1****
The major deserts in China include the Taklamakan Desert, Gurban Tunggut Desert, Qaidam Desert, Kumtag Desert, Badain Jaran Desert, Tengger Desert, Ulan Buh Desert, Hobq Desert, MU US Desert, Hunshandake Desert, Hulunbuir Sands, and Horqin Sands. All the desert boundaries were derived from Google Earth Pro® via manual interpretation. We delineated the desert boundaries using the Digital Global Feature Imagery and SpotImage (2011, 10 m resolution) collections of Google Earth Pro®, whose spatial resolution is finer than 30 m. The acquisition time of most images was in 2011.
Gf-2 satellite is the first civil optical remote sensing satellite independently developed by China with a spatial resolution better than 1 meter. It is equipped with two high-resolution 1-meter panchromatic and 4-meter multi-spectral cameras, and the spatial resolution of the sub-satellite can reach 0.8 meters. This data set is the remote sensing image data of 6 jing gaofen-2 satellite in 2017.The folder list is: GF2_PMS1_E100.5_N37.2_20171013_L1A0002678101 GF2_PMS1_E100.5_N37.4_20171013_L1A0002678097 GF2_PMS1_E100.6_N37.6_20171013_L1A0002678096 GF2_PMS2_E100.3_N37.4_20170810_L1A0002534662 File naming rules: satellite name _ sensor name _ center longitude _ center latitude _ imaging time _L****
This data set is the remote sensing data of gaofan-1 satellite, including the data of two scenes of PMS1 camera on 2017-8-13 and 2017-10-5, one scene of PMS2 camera on 2017-5-27, and one scene of WFV2 and WFV3 camera on September 23, 2018.File list: GF1_PMS1_E99.1_N37.2_20170813_L1A0002539236 GF1_PMS1_E101.2_N36.4_20171005_L1A0002653985 GF1_PMS2_E100.3_N37.7_20170527_L1A0002384098 GF1_WFV2_E98.4_N37.6_20180927_L1A0003481737 GF1_WFV3_E100.4_N37.3_20180927_L1A0003481706
The near surface atmospheric forcing and surface state dataset of the Tibetan Plateau was yielded by WRF model, time range: 2000-2010, space range: 25-40 °N, 75-105 °E, time resolution: hourly, space resolution: 10 km, grid number: 150 * 300. There are 33 variables in total, including 11 near surface atmospheric variables: temperature at 2m height on the ground, specific humidity at 2m height on the ground, surface pressure, latitudinal component of 10m wind field on the ground, longitudinal component of 10m wind field on the ground, proportion of solid precipitation, cumulative cumulus convective precipitation, cumulative grid precipitation, downward shortwave radiation flux at the surface, downward length at the surface Wave radiation flux, cumulative potential evaporation. There are 19 surface state variables: soil temperature in each layer, soil moisture in each layer, liquid water content in each layer, heat flux of snow phase change, soil bottom temperature, surface runoff, underground runoff, vegetation proportion, surface heat flux, snow water equivalent, actual snow thickness, snow density, water in the canopy, surface temperature, albedo, background albedo, lower boundary Soil temperature, upward heat flux (sensible heat flux) at the surface and upward water flux (sensible heat flux) at the surface. There are three other variables: longitude, latitude and planetary boundary layer height.