This sub project (2019qzkk05010411) focuses on the population investigation and monitoring of wild yak, Tibetan antelope and brown bear, carries out systematic and continuous field investigation, finds out their geographical distribution, population number and population structure, and carries out appropriate habitat assessment. The distribution area and potential distribution area are selected and divided into multiple sub areas. Stratified random sampling is adopted according to habitat type, climate, altitude and other factors, and the population counting method, variable distance spline method or fixed width spline method are used for investigation respectively. At the same time, in view of the extremely low encounter rate of brown bears, combined with the interview method. The investigation area mainly includes the distribution areas and potential distribution areas of the three animals in Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Haixi Mongolian Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Haibei Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture and other prefectures and counties in Qinghai Province, in order to master the distribution and five-year population dynamics of wild yak, Tibetan antelope and brown bear in Qinghai Province. This data set contains photos of yaks, Tibetan antelopes and brown bears investigated in Qinghai in 2021.
In order to determine the distribution points and habitat types of plateau forest frog along the latitudinal gradient in Qinghai, in 2021, a total of 8 distribution points of plateau forest frog were collected in Minhe County of Haidong, Qinghai, Gonghe County of Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture and Maqin County of Golog Prefecture, covering an altitude of 2000-3800m. This dataset contains 1 coordinate information table and 57 habitat photos. The coordinate information table contains information such as number, recording date, time, weather, coordinate longitude and latitude, altitude sample, habitat type and photo number of representative habitat, which are stored in the form of Excel. Photos are stored in JPG format. In order to reveal the impact of climate change on the diversity of plateau forest frogs on the Qinghai Tibet Plateau in the future, the thermal safety margin of different geographical populations of plateau forest frogs was calculated through the data of thermophysiological indexes and environmental effective temperature, and the threat of climate warming of different geographical populations of plateau forest frogs was evaluated. This data set includes field activity body temperature, resting metabolic rate, ambient temperature and morphological data of four altitude populations of plateau forest frog, which supplements the selected body temperature, tolerance temperature and temperature correction data of 2000 m altitude populations. The data is stored in Excel format. In order to study the differences of genetic diversity of plateau forest frog at different altitudes, 100 samples of plateau forest frog collected from four altitudes (2000 m, 2600 m, 3200 m and 3800 m) of Qinghai Tibet Plateau were sequenced and analyzed based on the sequences of four mitochondrial genes (12S rRNA, 16S rRNA, coi and cytb), so as to provide scientific basis for the protection of this species. This data includes 12S rRNA, 16S rRNA The sequence data obtained from the sequencing of COI and cytb genes supplement the sequence data of four genes of the population at an altitude of 2000m. The data is stored in FASTA format
In order to analyze the phenotype and genetic adaptation of different populations of sand lizard in Tibet to environmental changes, this sub project (2019QZKK05010216) selects the vertical zone of altitude gradient in the plateau as the main line, collects samples throughout the distribution area of red tailed sand lizard, compares the differences of morphology, physiology and life history of different populations, and analyzes their phenotype and genetic adaptation to environmental changes, Combined with the species distribution model and mechanism model, the threatened degree of red tailed sand lizard in the future is predicted, and the Protection Countermeasures of plateau sand lizard under the background of climate warming are put forward, which provides a theoretical basis for the protection of Reptile Diversity on the Qinghai Tibet Plateau under the background of environmental change. In 2021, sand lizard sample resources were collected in Jiuquan, Gansu Province and Delingha, Qinghai Province. The sample information table contains basic sample information such as species, variety, detailed sampling place, sample type, collection time, collector and storage method, which is stored in the form of Excel. Photos, stored in JPG format.
This sub project (2019QZKK05010217) plans to select Qinghai sand lizard, an exothermic vertebrate that is very sensitive to environmental changes, as the representative. Through field investigation, we will compare the differences in morphology, physiology and life history of Qinghai sand lizard populations at different altitudes in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and adjacent areas, and analyze the response and adaptation characteristics of Qinghai sand lizard to environmental changes in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, Combined with species distribution model (SDM) and mechanism model, this paper predicts the threatened degree of Qinghai sand lizard in the future, and puts forward the Protection Countermeasures of Qinghai sand lizard diversity on the Qinghai Tibet Plateau under the background of climate warming, so as to provide a theoretical basis for the protection of Reptile Diversity on the Qinghai Tibet Plateau under the background of environmental change. This data includes ecological photos and habitat photos of Qinghai sand lizard in Gonghe County, Haiyan County and Maduo County of Qinghai Province.
In order to describe the distribution of amphibians and reptiles and the harm caused by exotic animals in Qinghai Tibet Plateau, clarify their relevant genetic background, and establish the corresponding genetic resource bank. In 2021, this sub project (2019qzkk05010302) focused on Changdu area and its surrounding areas of Tibet Autonomous Region, and collected 30 germplasm resources of American bullfrog, Zelu frog and verrucous narrow mouth frog. This data set contains one specimen information table, one tissue sample information table, habitat photos and specimen photos. The sample information table contains basic sample information such as species, variety, detailed sampling place, sample type, collection time, collector and storage method, which is stored in the form of Excel.
In order to explore the species diversity, genetic diversity and distribution pattern of amphibians and reptiles in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and Hengduanshan area, clarify their classification and evolutionary status, as well as related genetic background, and establish the corresponding genetic resource bank. In 2021, 50 amphibian and reptile specimens and 100 tissue samples collected from 2020 to 2021 will be sorted out. This data set contains 1 sample information table, 1 specimen information table and 300 photos. The sample information table contains basic sample information such as species, detailed sampling place, longitude and latitude, altitude, collection time, collector and storage method, which is stored in the form of Excel table. Photos, stored in JPG format.
In order to understand the distribution and diversity of amphibians and fish in Namuco basin of Qinghai Tibet Plateau, and master the basic data of regional amphibians and fish resources. Based on the field survey of vertebrate diversity in naweizi (k05002) in recent decades, the impact of climate change on naweizi (k05002) has been analyzed. In 2021, a comprehensive survey was conducted in Namucuo basin of Tibet Autonomous Region. This data set contains 1 sample information table and 200 photos. The sample information table contains basic sample information such as species, variety, detailed sampling place, sample type, collection time and storage method, which is stored in the form of Excel. Photos, stored in JPG format.
In order to integrate the pan third pole domestic chicken data, build the "global domestic chicken genome database (chicken2k)", provide basic data for the international research on the origin, domestication and selection of domestic chickens, and provide scientific guidance for the breeding and improvement of new domestic chicken varieties. In 2022, this sub project cooperated with the Animal Branch of the Germplasm Bank of Wild Species, Chinese Academy of Sciences, to apply for the use of genetic samples of domestic animals in Southeast Asia collected and preserved in recent years, and select representative individuals to carry out genetic diversity assessment. This data set contains 224 blood and tissue samples of domestic chickens and Hongyuan chickens from Southeast Asian countries (Laos, Thailand, Myanmar and Vietnam) collected by the Animal Germplasm Resource Bank. This data set contains basic sample information such as sample species, variety, detailed sampling place, sample type, collection time, collector and storage method, which are stored in Excel form.
In order to systematically investigate insect species in and around Motuo, Tibet and analyze the distribution pattern of insect diversity, this sub project (2019qzkk05010606) collects representative insect groups such as Coleoptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, Diptera and Hemiptera by using trap method, net scanning method, lamp trap method and Malay's net method in and around Motuo, Tibet, and records the information of insect specimens, Take pictures and videos of insects. This data set contains the information of 11272 insect specimens collected in Motuo County, Bomi County, Chayu County, Nyingchi city and Milin County of Tibet from July 2019 to September 2020. It includes information such as collection place, collection time, longitude and latitude, altitude and taxonomic name. The solid specimens are kept in the National Animal Museum.
Tianshan Mountain is one of the seven mountain systems in the world. It is located in the hinterland of Eurasia, the largest land on the earth. Tianshan Mountain stretches 1700 kilometers from west to East in Xinjiang, China, covering an area of more than 570000 square kilometers. Scholars usually divide the Tianshan Mountains in Xinjiang into three parts: West Tianshan, Middle Tianshan and East Tianshan. The West Tianshan Mountain is represented by the West Tianshan Mountain National Nature Reserve, a world natural heritage site located in kurdning, Gongliu county. It has the richest wildlife resources in Tianshan Mountain and is a key area of Tianshan Mountain Biodiversity. This sub project (2019qzkk05010111) takes large and medium-sized mammals and amphibians and reptiles as the research object, finds out the spatial distribution of large and medium-sized mammals and amphibians and reptiles through investigation, collects representative species specimens and tissue samples, and takes photos. To provide basic data for studying the seasonal variation characteristics of species richness and species replacement altitude distribution pattern of large and medium-sized mammals, amphibians and reptiles in the Western Tianshan Mountains, as well as the main factors affecting the variation of the diversity pattern of the above two kinds of animals.