The ecological resource consumption data set of Tibet includes the ecological resource consumption data of 2000-2019 at the provincial, city and county levels. According to the actual situation of Tibet, ecological resource consumption mainly refers to the amount of ecological resources consumed in agricultural and animal husbandry production activities. The calculation of ecological resource consumption is based on grain production data, livestock stock data and livestock product production data, combined with the evaluation method of human appropriation the net primary productivity (HANPP), convert biomass data into carbon content data, and then calculate the ecological resource consumption. Ecological resource consumption data is the basic data for the study of ecological pressure and ecological carrying capacity, which can directly reveal the pressure of human agricultural and animal husbandry production activities on the ecosystem.
Based on the combined morphological, osteological characters and molecular phylogeny, we describe a new species of the genus Elaphe that was discovered from the south slope of the Qinling Mountains, Shaanxi, China, namely Elaphe xiphodonta sp. nov. It is distinguished from the other congeners by a combination of the following characters: dorsal scales in 21-21-17 rows, the medial 11 rows keeled; 202–204 ventral scales, 67–68 subcaudals; two preoculars (including one subpreocular); two postoculars; two anterior temporals, three posterior temporals; reduced maxillary teeth and dentary teeth number (maxillary teeth 9+2, dentary teeth 12; sharp cutting edges on the posterior or posterolateral surface of the rear maxillary teeth and dentary teeth; dorsa head yellow, three distinct markings on head and neck; a distinct black labial spot present in supralabials; dorsum yellow, 46–49 complete (or incomplete) large black-edged reddish brown blotches on body and 12–19 on tail, two rows of smaller blotches on each ventrolateral side; ventral scales yellow with mottled irregular black blotches, a few irregular small red spots dispersed on middle of ventral. Based on molecular phylogenetic analyses, the new species forms the sister taxon to E. zoigeensis. The discovery of this new species increases the number of the recognized species of the genus Elaphe to 20.
The data includes: zooplankton species list; zooplankton density; microscopy; high-throughput sequencing; complete data; constructing an original data set for lakes on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Zooplankton is an indispensable link in lake water ecological investigation, and it is a link between the system The location of the food web is an important carrier for the material circulation and energy flow of the food web. The systematic investigation and study of the composition and biodiversity of the zooplankton in the lakes on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is particularly important for understanding the stability and resilience of the lake ecosystem on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. In addition, Zooplankton are very sensitive to environmental changes, and changes in their structure and functional groups can indicate the intensity and magnitude of environmental pressure.
This data includes the benthos data of 21 lakes around Selinco and Namco in 2019. The sampling mainly uses bottom trawl in the littoral zone and Ekman collector in the deep-water area. After integrating the materials obtained by the two ways, the relative abundance of benthos data of each lake is given. The main benthos species are Gammarus, water beetles, and chironomid larvae. However, the frequency of Gastropoda and Ostracoda is low, which may be related to the sampling sites. The data further divided different types of benthos into 21 taxa, which improved the recognition accuracy and cognitive range and would provide a reference for the assessment of aquatic animal diversity and fishery resources in plateau lakes.
Dataset of biodiversity survey in the urbanized area of Tibetan Plateau mainly includes the survey datasets of waterbird diversity and vegetation diversity in the Qinghai Lake Basin. From July to August in 2020, 24 waterbird observation sites were set up around Qinghai Lake, such as sites located in Ganzi River wetland and Buha River estuary, etc., and the species and population of waterbirds were recorded by telescope observations and drones. Besides, 28 plots (1m×1m) were selected based on the local vegetation types, and elements of vegetation types, frequency and biomass were recorded. Our dataset will support the study of optimizing the ecological security barrier system in the key urbanized areas of the Tibetan Plateau.
As a rare and endangered animal in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, the study of its population genetic diversity, population structure, population dynamics and key influencing factors is of great value to climate change and human disturbance in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. In order to clarify the population dynamics and the key influencing factors of two kinds of snow chickens (Tibetan snow chicken and Himalayan snow chicken), based on the 3S (GPS, GIS and RS) theory of line survey technology, this sub project recorded and collected the distribution information of two kinds of snow chickens in the Qilian Mountains in July 2020, and used the maximum entropy, random forest and other statistical models to infer the species distribution. Complete the collection of genetic resources, population survey and habitat assessment of two kinds of Snowcock in Qilian Altun mountain area. This data set contains species, scientific name, longitude and latitude, survey area, investigator and survey date information.
We used satellite tracking technology to track some wintering populations of black necked Crane. After catching the black necked Crane with the foot buckle method, we fixed the tracker with backpack method. The total weight of the tracker is 45g, accounting for less than 1% of the weight of the black necked Crane. After flying, we get the tracking data of the black necked Crane by sampling comments of one activity point per hour, and draw these data on the map, so as to obtain the activity track of the black necked Crane during the winter. The results showed that the selection of wintering sites for black necked cranes was highly stable. Preliminary analysis showed that there was a strong link between wintering sites and breeding sites. Strong migration connectivity indicates that black necked cranes are more vulnerable to environmental changes. These results suggest that it is important to strengthen the protection of overwintering habitat. At the same time, we need to take a variety of methods to monitor the population health and dynamics of black necked Crane. This data set contains species name, location, time, longitude and latitude, altitude, speed, temperature and other information.
Plateau Zokor (Eospalax) Baileyi is an animal of mole family and zokor genus. It lives in underground dark closed caves for a long time and does not hibernate. It mainly feeds on the underground roots of plants. It reproduces once a year and produces 1-6 pups per litter. It mainly inhabits in humid river terraces, mountain basins, beaches and Foothills such as alpine meadow, meadow grassland, alpine shrub, plateau farmland and barren slope Slope, only distributed in Western and Northwest China, 2800-4500m above sea level. The plateau zokor distributed in high altitude area not only faces the hypoxia stress of underground cave, but also faces the dual pressure of plateau hypoxia. Long term hypoxic life not only accumulates adaptive mutations in genome sequence, but also reflects adaptive regulation changes in genome structure and gene expression regulation. By analyzing DNA methylation and transcriptome data of Plateau Zokor at different altitudes, we can try to analyze the adaptive evolution and regulation mechanism of Plateau Zokor at the level of apparent regulation and gene expression.
The data set contains the rare animal survey data for the Sanjiangyuan area from 2016 to 2017, including the latitude and longitude of the survey site, the length of the sample line, animal discovery time, animal names, quantity, location of the occurrence, type of habitat, affiliated families, etc.
Alpine vulture is a unique species of falciformes raptors in China. Its distribution area is not wide, and its population is small and shows a downward trend. The population, distribution, habitat and protection of Alpine vultures in China have not been systematically and comprehensively investigated, and the resource status is unclear. In order to find out the population, habitat and protection status of this species, and to study the behavioral adaptation characteristics of this species to the unique habitat of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, so as to provide scientific support for the effective protection of this species. In Tibet Autonomous Region, the undergraduate team used the method of motor vehicle transect survey to count the number of individuals in a certain time and distance, combined with the method of walking survey to observe the distance from the road into various representative habitats. This dataset contains 15 field observation routes in Tibet in 2019 and 25 in 2020. At the same time, the animals such as Tibetan fox, rock sheep, wolf, Tibetan antelope, Tibetan wild donkey and Tibetan gazelle were recorded. The data includes sample line number, date, start time, end time, start point, end point, weather, and the information of animal name, quantity, distance, behavior and habitat.