Reservoir refers to the artificial water area formed in valley, river or low-lying area by dam, dike, sluice, weir and other projects. It is the main measure used for runoff regulation to change the distribution process of natural water resources and plays an important role in social and economic development. Many reservoirs have been built in Heihe River Basin, which has an important impact on the utilization of water resources in this area. In order to facilitate the mapping needs of users, we use topographic map and remote sensing image to prepare the reservoir distribution map of the Heihe River Basin. The location and shape of the reservoir are mainly obtained by manual interpretation based on Google map image, which basically shows the current situation of the reservoir distribution in the Heihe River Basin around 2010.
"Hydrological ecological economic process coupling and evolution of Heihe River basin governance under the framework of water rights" (91125018) project data collection - economic and social data of Heihe River 2010 . 1. Data overview: Economic and social data of Heihe River 2010. 2. Data content: Economic and social data of Ganzhou District, Linze County and Gaotai County of Heihe River Basin 2010.
Data investigation method: investigation and collection of Heihe River Basin Authority. The data include: the water distribution plan of the main stream of Heihe River (including Liyuan River) prepared by the Yellow River Water Conservancy Commission of the Ministry of water resources in 1996; the brief report on the water conservancy planning of the main stream of Heihe River prepared by Lanzhou survey and Design Institute of the Ministry of water resources in 1992; the short term management plan of Heihe River Basin approved by the State Council in 2001; the compilation of historical documents of water regulation of Heihe River by the administration of Heihe River Basin in 2008 》In 2014, the research on the reasonable allocation scheme of water resources in Jiuquan Basin of the Taolai River Basin was compiled by the Taolai River Basin Authority.
Data source: survey data of Heihe River Basin Authority; Data introduction: in 2010, Sunan County, Ganzhou District, Minle County, Linze County, Gaotai County, Shandan County, Jinta County, Ejina, Suzhou District and Jiayuguan used water for living, industry, agriculture, urban and rural ecology.
The Landsat TM Mosaic Image of the Heihe River Basin can be effectively applied to monitoring land-use change of the basin, which reflects the current situation of the Heihe River Basin in 2010, and provides a reliable basis for ecological planning and restoration. This mosaic image collected the TM images released by the USGS for free in 2010 (data from July to September 2010, totally 21 scenes, the maximum cloud amount is less than 10%), and the preprocessed images were geometrically registered by topographic maps(polynomial geometry correction method), then a geometrically-corrected digital mosaic map was generated, which was of high quality after a certain accuracy evaluation. The images were stored in ERDAS IMG format, and the most abundant bands 5, 4 and 3 combination, with three colors: red, green, and blue were selected to generate a color composite image. The combined composite image not only is similar to natural color, which is more in accordance with people's visual habits, but also can fully display the differences in image features because of the rich amount of information.
This data mainly includes the distribution of city, county, township and village level residential areas in the Heihe River Basin, and the data base year is 2009. The data is based on the existing data of residential areas in Heihe River Basin, the latest Google electronic map and the atlas of Gansu Province. There are two main attributes of the data, i.e. residential area classification and total name. The residential area classification is classified according to level 1 - City, level 2 - County, level 3 - Township and level 4 - village.
The source data of this data set comes from the 1:1 million soil map of China (Shi et al., 2004) and 8595 soil sections in the second Soil Census. The polygonal connection method is used to connect the soil profile with the soil map to obtain the soil sand, silt and clay content map. The distance between the profile and the map spot, the number of soil profiles and the information of soil classification are taken into account. Please refer to related papers and web pages for specific instructions. Data characteristics Projection: GCS_Krasovsky_1940 Coverage: Heihe River Basin Resolution: 0.00833 degrees (about one kilometer) Data format: FLT, tiff Value range: 0% - 100% Document description Floating point grid files include: Sand1.flt, clay1.flt - content of sand and clay in the surface layer (0-30cm). Sand2.flt, clay2.flt - sand and clay content in the bottom layer (30-100cm). Psd.hdr – header file: Ncols - number of columns Nrows - number of rows Xllcorner - lower left latitude Yllcorner - lower left longitude Cellsize - cell size NoData_Value – null byteorder - LSBFIRST, Least Significant Bit First TIFF grid files include: Sand 1.tif, clay 1.tif - the content of sand and clay in the surface layer (0-30cm). Sand 2.tif, clay 2.tif - sand and clay content in the bottom layer (30-100cm). For data details, please refer to: http://globalchange.bnu.edu.cn/research/soil
Data overview: this set of data mainly includes the spatial distribution of major roads in the heihe river basin, the attributes include road classification and road coding, and the data base year is 2010. Data preparation process: this set of data is based on the topographic map, remote sensing image and the latest road traffic map updated by the transportation department of gansu province in 2009. Data description: there are two important attributes of the data, namely, road classification and road code. The road classification is divided into national road, provincial road, county road, township road and private road. The road code is defined in accordance with the highway grade code of the traffic department.
Heihe river basin is the second largest inland river basin in China. In the past 30 years, a relatively perfect drainage observation system has been established in heihe river basin, which has become an important inland river research base in China.River basin is an important natural research unit, but the boundary of heihe river basin is not unified. In order to facilitate the use of data by users, we collected and sorted out 5 kinds of heihe river basin boundaries commonly seen in the literature: 1) from 1985 to 1986, China began to conduct systematic research on the heihe river basin as a whole. On the basis of basic investigation and a large number of data mastered, the early heihe river basin map was drawn with an area of 138,900 km ^ 2.The whole basin is divided into three hydrologic balance zones, which are: the balance zone of heihe main stream system, the balance zone of beida river main stream system and the balance zone of ma ying - feng leshan front water system. 2) sub project national key scientific research project of the ninth five-year plan "in heihe river basin water resources reasonable use and the economic society and ecological environment coordinated development research", considering the integrity of the county-level administrative units, on the basis of the first basin boundary using the administrative boundary of basin boundary was revised, formed the "digital heihe" published information system (http://heihe.westgis.ac.cn) of the heihe river basin boundary, watershed area of 128700 km ^ 2.The division of hydrological unit inherits the original idea and is divided into three river systems, namely the eastern river system, the central river system and the western river system. 3) in the comprehensive control plan of heihe river basin of the ministry of water resources, the area of heihe river basin is determined as 142,900 km ^ 2, and the hydrologic unit is divided into two independent water systems in the central and western regions and the east, with an area of 27,000 km2 and 116,000 km ^ 2 respectively. 4) in 2002-2006 in the national integrated water resources planning, "the Yellow River" (piece of) integrated water resources planning working group in 2005, the establishment "the northwest rivers and water resources and its exploitation and utilization of investigation evaluation report, briefly, to the secondary and tertiary area as the unit of water resources, to complete a series of natural geography and social economy statistical tables, maps and other data.In this comprehensive plan, the area of heihe river basin is about 151,700 km ^ 2, and the plan does not give a more detailed sub-watershed division plan. 5) based on the high-precision digital elevation model (SRTM and ASTER GDEM), the boundary of heihe river basin was determined by using the GIS hydrologic analysis method.The boundary has been verified by remote sensing and field investigation, and the present situation of modern water resources utilization is considered in the process of basin boundary determination and sub-basin division.
These data contain two data files: GLOBELAND30 TILES (raw data) and TIBET_ GLOBELAND30_MOSAIC (mosaic data). The raw data were downloaded from the Global Land Cover Data website (GlobalLand3) (http://www.globallandcover.com) and cover the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding areas. The raw data were stored in frames, and for the convenience of using the data, we use Erdas software to splice and mosaic the raw data. The Global Land Cover Data (GlobalLand30) is the result of the “Global Land Cover Remote Sensing Mapping and Key Technology Research”, which is a key project of the National 863 Program. Using the American Landsat images (TM5, ETM+) and Chinese Environmental Disaster Reduction Satellite images (HJ-1), the data were extracted by a comprehensive method based on pixel classification-object extraction-knowledge checks. The data include 10 primary land cover types—cultivated land, forest, grassland, shrub, wetland, water body, tundra, man-made cover, bare land, glacier and permanent snow—without extracting secondary types. In terms of accuracy assessment, nine types and more than 150,000 test samples were evaluated. The overall accuracy of the GlobeLand30-2010 data is 80.33%. The Kappa indicator is 0.75. The GlobeLand30 data use the WGS84 coordinate system, UTM projection, and 6-degree banding, and the reference ellipsoid is the WGS 84 ellipsoid. According to different latitudes, the data are organized into two types of framing. In the regions of 60° north and south latitudes, the framing is carried out according to a size of 5° (latitude) × 6° (longitude); in the regions of 60° to 80° north and south latitudes, the framing is carried out according to a size of 5° (latitude) × 12° (longitude). The framing is projected according to the central meridian of the odd 6° band. GLOBELAND30 TILES: The original, unprocessed raw data are retained. TIBET_ GLOBELAND30_MOSAIC: The Erdas software is used to mosaic the raw data. The parameter settings use the default value of the raw data to retain the original, and the accuracy is consistent with that of the downloading site.