A dataset of human footprint over the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau during 1990–2017

A dataset of human footprint over the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau during 1990–2017


Since the first Industrial Revolution, human activity has profoundly affected all spheres of the earth, and this influence will continue to expand and intensify. As an ecosystem unit with global significance, the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) is also an important ecological security barrier in China, playing a crucial role in soil and water conservation, biodiversity conservation, water conservation and carbon balance. However, in the past 30 years, with the expansion of the scope and rapid growth of the intensity of human activities on the QTP, a series of ecological and environmental issues caused by human activities have become increasingly prominent and seriously affected the ecological functions of the QTP. The comprehensive spatial dataset that records human activity intensity will contribute to a deeper understanding of the intensity and scope of human activities in the region, reveal the law of change of human activities in the context of climate warming, and have important significance for further quantitative identification of the impact of human activities and climate change on the ecosystem, as well as promoting the sustainable development of the region.

In this study, the human footprint index method was adopted to evaluate the intensity of human activity on the QTP, which used six types of spatial data as indicators of human activities, including population density, land use, grazing density, night lighting, railway and road. The dataset records indicators of human activity intensity in the seven phases, namely, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015 and 2017. The optimization and adjustment of the human footprint method in this dataset mainly include: (1) Six kinds of data including population density, land use, night lighting, grazing density, road and railway were selected to calculate the intensity of human activities; (2) Adjust the assignment of different land use types; (3) The maximum intensity threshold of population density was set at 50 people/km2, and the logarithmic method was used to assign the value. (4) The cattle and sheep density data were used to characterize the grazing density, and the maximum intensity threshold was set as 1000 sheep units/km2, and the logarithmic method was used to assign the value. (5) The corrected DMSP/OLS night lighting data were used for assigning values; (6) Divide the road into five grades, namely expressway, national road, provincial road, county road and other roads, and assign values respectively; (7) The maximum influence range of railway is set as 3.5km; (8) Using glacier and lake spatial data for quality control .

The dataset contains the data from "Duan, Q., & Luo, L. (2020). A dataset of human footprint over the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau during 1990–2015. China Scientific Data, 5(3). https://doi.org/10.11922/csdata.2019.0082.zh", and the newly produced data of 2017.

This dataset can provide spatial data for exploring the characteristics and rules of spatial changes of human activities in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, and can also provide support for exploring the interaction between human activities and ecological environment in the region. it can play a guiding role in promoting the ecological environment protection and sustainable development of the entire Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.


File naming and required software

This dataset includes human footprints data products for six time periods in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, stored as a compressed file named “A dataset of human footprint over the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau during 1990–2017.zip”. It consists of seven GeoTIFF files named after the respective years, and the data projection is Krasovsky_1940_Albers. the data can be read and edited by common GIS and remote sensing software such as ArcGIS, QGIS, ENVI and ERDAS.


Data Citations Data citation guideline What's data citation?
Cite as:

Duan, Q., Luo, L. (2021). A dataset of human footprint over the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau during 1990–2017. National Tibetan Plateau Data Center, DOI: 10.11922/sciencedb.933. (Download the reference: RIS | Bibtex )

Related Literatures:

1. Duan, Q., & Luo, L. (2020). A dataset of human footprint over the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau during 1990–2015. China Scientific Data, 5(3). https://doi.org/10.11922/csdata.2019.0082.zh( View Details | Bibtex)

2. Luo, L., Duan, Q., Wang, L., Zhao, W., & Zhuang, Y. (2020). Increased human pressures on the alpine ecosystem along the Qinghai-Tibet Railway. Regional Environmental Change, 20(1). DOI:10.1007/s10113-020-01616-7( View Details | Bibtex)

3. Luo, L., Ma, W., Zhuang, Y., Zhang, Y., Yi, S., Xu, J., Long, Y., Ma, D., & Zhang, Z. (2018). The impacts of climate change and human activities on alpine vegetation and permafrost in the Qinghai-Tibet Engineering Corridor. Ecological Indicators, 93, 24-35. DOI:10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.04.067( View Details | Bibtex)

Using this data, the data citation is required to be referenced and the related literatures are suggested to be cited.


Support Program

The Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDA23060303)

National Natural Science Foundation of China (41871065)

National Key Research and Development Program of China (2019YFC0507405, 2018YFB1502800)

Copyright & License

To respect the intellectual property rights, protect the rights of data authors,expand servglacials of the data center, and evaluate the application potential of data, data users should clearly indicate the source of the data and the author of the data in the research results generated by using the data (including published papers, articles, data products, and unpublished research reports, data products and other results). For re-posting (second or multiple releases) data, the author must also indicate the source of the original data.

Example of acknowledgement statement is included below: The data set is provided by National Tibetan Plateau Data Center (http://data.tpdc.ac.cn).


License: This work is licensed under an Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)


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Keywords
Geographic coverage
East: 104.48 West: 73.28
South: 23.05 North: 43.53
Details
  • Temporal resolution: 1 year < x < 10 year
  • Spatial resolution: 100m - 1km
  • File size: 164 MB
  • Views: 537
  • Downloads: 100
  • Access: Open Access
  • Temporal coverage: 1990-01-01 To 2017-12-31
  • Updated time: 2021-11-26
Contacts
: DUAN Quntao   LUO Lihui  

Distributor: National Tibetan Plateau Data Center

Email: data@itpcas.ac.cn

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