Archaeological site plant and animal resource utilization in the Tibet Plateau and neighbouring areas during the Neolithic Age and the Bronze age (2021)

Archaeological site plant and animal resource utilization in the Tibet Plateau and neighbouring areas during the Neolithic Age and the Bronze age (2021)

By archaeological investigation and excavation in the Tibet Plateau and neighbouring areas, we discovered Xichengyi site, Jinchankou site, Shannashuzha site, Jiangxifen site, Zongri site, Bangga site and so on. In this dataset, there are some basic informations about these sites, such as location, longitude, latitude, altitude, material culture and so on. On this Basis, we identified and analysed stone artifacts, animal remains, plant fossil, sedimentary sample, and obtained a batch of dating data of radiocarbon dating; pollen data; identification and isotopic composition and quality indicators of animal remains and plant fossil. At the same time, the relevant animal and plant remains and isotopes in the Tibet Plateau and neighbouring areas are sorted out. Based on natural geographical factors and sites in different periods, the method of realizing cumulative connection between nodes under the control of the lowest cost uses GIS(R language) tool to carry out spatial numerical calculation, and the result is used as the communication route in prehistoric times (Neolithic-bronze age). The shape of the route developed from the northeast-east-southeast-southwest edge of Neolithic Age in crescent shape to the trend of network development from the edge to the hinterland of Bronze Age, which is a manifestation of the gradual evolution from the exchange of plateau edge to the exchange of edge-hinterland, which is constantly strengthened. A total of 49 dung samples of grazing livestock (30 yak dung samples, 11 horse dung samples and 8 sheep dung samples) were collected in the alpine meadow area of the eastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, and the pollen analysis of dung samples was carried out on the basis of regional vegetation investigation. This dataset provide important basic data for understanding when and how human lived in the Tibet Plateau and neighbouring areas during the Neolithic Age and the Bronze age.

File naming and required software

2021-XDA20040101--Neolithic and Bronze Age

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Dong, G., Hou, G., Yang, X. (2021). Archaeological site plant and animal resource utilization in the Tibet Plateau and neighbouring areas during the Neolithic Age and the Bronze age (2021). National Tibetan Plateau Data Center, DOI: 10.11888/HumanNat.tpdc.271856. CSTR: 18406.11.HumanNat.tpdc.271856. (Download the reference: RIS | Bibtex )

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References literature

1.Lu, M.X., Li, X.R., Wei, W.Y., Lu, Y.W., Ren, L.L., Ma, M.M. (2021). Environmental influences on human subsistence strategies in southwest China during the Bronze Age: a case study at the Jiangxifen site in Yunnan. Frontiers in Earth Science, 9, 366. (View Details )

2.Chen, X.Z., Zhang, Z.W., Tang, L., LEMOINE, X., WANGDUE, S., Chen, Z.J., Liu, X.Y., & FRACHETTI, M.D. (2021). Early agropastoral settlement and cultural change in central Tibet in the first millennium BC: excavations at Bangga, Antiquity, 95(382), 955-972, Retrieved from (View Details )

3.Liu, F.W., Ma, M.M., Li, G., Ren, L.L., Li, J.Y., Peng, W., Yang, Y.S., & Zhang, H.C. (2021). Prehistoric firewood gathering on the northeast Tibetan plateau: environmental and cultural determinism. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 1-11. (View Details )

4.Hou, G.L., Lancuo, Z.M., Zhu, Y., & Pang, L.H. (2021). Communication route and its evolution on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau during the prehistoric time. Acta Geographica Sinica, 76(05), 1294-1313. (View Details )

5.Ma, M.N., Ren, L.L., Li, Z.P., Wang, Q.Q., Zhao, X.Y., & Li, R. (2021). Early emergence and development of pastoralism in Gan-Qing region from the perspective of isotopes, Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 13(6), 93. (View Details )

6.Duan, R.L., Hou, G.L., Wei, H.C., Xu, Q.H., & Gao, J.Y. (2021). Characteristics and environmental implications of dung pollen assemblages of grazing livestock in alpine meadow in the eastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Arid Land Geography, 44(01), 229-239. (View Details )

Support Program

Pan-Third Pole Environment Study for a Green Silk Road-A CAS Strategic Priority A Program (No:XDA20000000)

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Geographic coverage
East: 111.50 West: 98.50
South: 27.00 North: 40.00
  • Temporal resolution: 10 year < x < 100 year
  • Spatial resolution: 0.5º - 1º
  • File size: 0.1 MB
  • Views: 1,025
  • Downloads: 172
  • Access: Open Access
  • Temporal coverage: 2021-01-01 To 2021-12-31
  • Updated time: 2022-10-24
: DONG Guanghui    马敏敏   HOU Guangliang   YANG Xiaoyan  

Distributor: National Tibetan Plateau Data Center


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