China meteorological assimilation driving datasets for the SWAT model Version 1.1 (2008-2016)


CMADS V1.1(The China Meteorological Assimilation Driving Datasets for the SWAT model Version 1.1) Version of the data set introduced the STMAS assimilation algorithm. It was constructed using multiple technologies and scientific methods, including loop nesting of data, projection of resampling models, and bilinear interpolation. The CMADS series of datasets can be used to drive various hydrological models, such as SWAT, the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) model, and the Storm Water Management model (SWMM). It also allows users to conveniently extract a wide range of meteorological elements for detailed climatic analyses. Data sources for the CMADS series include nearly 40,000 regional automatic stations under China’s 2,421 national automatic and business assessment centres. This ensures that the CMADS datasets have wide applicability within the country, and that data accuracy was vastly improved.

The CMADS series of datasets has undergone finishing and correction to match the specific format of input and driving data of SWAT models. This reduces the volume of complex work that model builders have to deal with. An index table of the various elements encompassing all of East Asia was also established for SWAT models. This allows the models to utilize the datasets directly, thus eliminating the need for any format conversion or calculations using weather generators. Consequently, significant improvements to the modelling speed and output accuracy of SWAT models were achieved.

Most of the source data in the CMADS datasets are derived from CLDAS in China and other reanalysis data in the world. The integration of air temperature (2m), air pressure, humidity, and wind speed data (10m) was mainly achieved through the LAPS/STMAS system. Precipitation data were stitched using CMORPH’s global precipitation products and the National Meteorological Information Center’s data of China (which is based on CMORPH’s integrated precipitation products). The latter contains daily precipitation records observed at 2,400 national meteorological stations and the CMORPH satellite’s inversion precipitation products.The inversion algorithm for incoming solar radiation at the ground surface makes use of the discrete longitudinal method by Stamnes et al.(1988)to calculate radiation transmission. The resolutions for CMADS V1.0, V1.1, V1.2, and V1.3 were 1/3°, 1/4°, 1/8°, and 1/16°, respectively.

In CMADS V1.0 (at a spatial resolution of 1/3°), East Asia was spatially divided into 195 × 300 grid points containing 58,500 stations. Despite being at the same spatial resolution as CMADS V1.0, CMADS V1.1 contains more data, with 260 × 400 grid points containing 104,000 stations. For both versions, the stations’ daily data include average solar radiation, average temperature (2m), average pressure, maximum and minimum temperature (2m), specific humidity, cumulative precipitation, and average wind speed (10m).

The CMADS comprises other variables for any hydrological model(under 'For-other-model' folder): Daily Average Temperature (2m), Daily Maximum Temperature (2m), Daily Minimum Temperature (2m), Daily cumulative precipitation (20-20h), Daily average Relative Humidity, Daily average Specific Humidity, Daily average Solar Radiation, Daily average Wind (10m), and Daily average Atmospheric Pressure.

Introduction to metadata of CMADS

CMADS storage path description:(CMADS was divided into two datesets)

1.CMADS-V1.0\For-swat\ --specifically driving the SWAT model

2.CMADS-V1.0\For-other-model\ --specifically driving the other hydrological model(VIC,SWMM,etc.)

CMADS--\For-swat-2009\ folder contain:(Station\ and Fork\)

1).Station\

Relative-Humidity-58500\ Daily average relative humidity(fraction)

Precipitation-58500\ Daily accumulated 24-hour precipitation(mm)

Solar radiation-58500\ Daily average solar radiation(MJ/m2)

Tmperature-58500\ Daily maximum and minimum 2m temperature(℃)

Wind-58500\ Daily average 10m wind speed(m/s)

Where R, P, S, T, W+ dimensional grid number - the number of longitude grid is the station in the above five

folders respectively.(Where R,P,S,T,W respective Daily average relative humidity,Daily cumulative

precipitation(24h),Daily mean solar radiation(MJ/m2),Daily maximum and minimum temperature(℃) and Daily mean

wind speed (m/s)) respectively.Data format is (.dbf)

2).Fork\ (Station index table over East Asia)

PCPFORK.txt (Precipitation index table)

RHFORK.txt (Relative humidity index table)

SORFORK.txt (Solar radiation index table)

TMPFORK.txt (Temperature index table)

WINDFORK.txt (Wind speed index)

CMADS--\For-swat-2012\ folder contain:(Station\ and Fork\) Storage structure is consistency with \For-swat-

2009\.However, all the data in this directory are only available in TXT format and can be readed by SWAT2012.

3)\For-other-model\ (Includes all weather input data required by the any hydrologic model (daily).)

Atmospheric-Pressure-txt\ Daily average atmospheric pressure(hPa)

Average-Temperature-txt\ Daily average 2m temperature(℃)

Maximum-Temperature-txt\ Daily maximum 2m temperature(℃)

Minimum-Temperature-txt\ Daily minimum 2m temperature(℃)

Precipitation-txt\ Daily accumulated 24-hour precipitation (mm)

Relative-Humidity-txt\ Daily average relative humidity(fraction)

Solar-Radiation-txt\ Daily average solar radiation(MJ/m2)

Specific-Humidity-txt\ Daily average Specific Humidity(g/kg)

Wind-txt\ Daily average 10m wind speed(m/s)

Data storage information: data set storage format is .dbf and .txt

Other data information:

Total data:45GB

Occupied space: 50GB

Time: From year 2008 to year 2014

Time resolution: Daily

Geographical scope description: East Asia

Longitude: 60° E

The most east longitude: 160°E

North latitude: 65°N

Most southern latitude: 0°N

Number of stations: 58500 stations

Spatial resolution: 1/3 * 1/3 * grid points

Vertical range: None


Data file naming and use method

The Swat sub data drive set of cmads v1.1 (in the for other model folder), including all weather input data required by the regular model (day by day). The above input data are located in the following directories:
Atmospheric pressure TXT \ daily average atmospheric pressure (HPA)
Average temperature TXT \ daily average temperature of 2 meters (℃)
Maximum temperature-txt \ daily maximum temperature of 2m (℃)
Minimum-Temperature-txt daily minimum temperature of 2 meters (℃)
Precision-txt \ daily accumulated precipitation (mm)
Relative humidity TXT \ daily average relative humidity (fraction)
Solar radiation-txt \ daily average solar radiation (MJ / m2)
Specific humidity TXT \ daily average specific humidity (g / kg)
Wind TXT \ daily average wind speed of 10m (M / s)
Data storage information
Storage format and read: the data set storage format is divided into SWAT subset file (DBF file) and other schema data set (txt file).


Required Data Citation View Data Cite Help About Data Citation
Citations

1. Meng, X.Y., Shi, C.X., Liu, S.Y., Wang, H., Lei, X.H., Liu, Z.H., Ji, X.N., Cai, S.Y., Zhao, Q.D. (2016). CMADS Datasets and Its Application in Watershed Hydrological Simulation: A Case Study of the Heihe River Basin. Pearl River, 37(7), 1-19.( View Details | Bibtex)

2. Meng, X.Y., Ji, X.N., Liu, Z.H., et al. (2014). Research on Improvement and Application of Snowmelt Module in SWAT[J]. Journal of Natural Resources, 29(3), 528-539.( View Details | Bibtex)

3. Meng, X.Y., Wang, H., Liu, Z.H., Shi, C.X., Liu, S.Y., Chen, X., Gong, W.W. (2017). Simulation and verification ofland surface soil temperatures in the Xinjiang Region by the CLM3.5 model forced by CLDAS. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 37(3), 979-995.( View Details | Bibtex)

Cite the data

Meng Xianyong, Wang Hao. China meteorological assimilation driving datasets for the SWAT model Version 1.1 (2008-2016). National Tibetan Plateau Data Center, 2018. doi: 10.3972/westdc.002.2016.db. (Download the reference: RIS | Bibtex )

Using this data, you must reference one or more article references listed in the Required Data Citation and reference data


References literature

1.Ren, Z.H., Xiong, A.Y. (2007). Operational system development on three-step quality control of observations from AWS, Meteorological monthly, (01), 19-24. (View Details )

2.Shi, C.X., Xie, Z.H. (2008). A Time Downscaling Scheme of Precipitation by Using Geostationary Meteorological Satellite Data, Progress in Geography, 27(4), 15-22. (View Details )

3.Zhang, T. (2013). Multi-source data fusion and application research base on LAPS/STMAS, Master Thesis, Nanjing: Nanjing university of information science and technology. (View Details )


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Keywords
Geographic coverage
Spatial coverage

East: 160.00

South: 0.00

West: 60.00

North: 65.00

Detail
  • Temporal resolution: Daily
  • Spatial resolution: 0.05 º - 0.1º
  • File size: 50,000 MB
  • Browse count: 30,031 Times
  • Apply count: 44 Times
  • Share mode: online
  • Temporal coverage: 2008-01-01 To 2016-12-31
  • Updated time:
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Contact Information
: Meng Xianyong   Wang Hao  

Distributor: National Tibetan Plateau Data Center

Email: data@itpcas.ac.cn

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