Integration dataset of Tibet Plateau boundary

Integration dataset of Tibet Plateau boundary

This dataset contains five types of boundaries.

1. TPBoundary_ 2500m: Based on ETOPO5 Global Surface Relief, ENVI+IDL was used to extract data at an elevation of 2500m within the longitude (65~105E) and latitude (20~45N) range in the Tibetan Plateau.

2. TPBoundary_ 3000m: Based on ETOPO5 Global Surface Relief, ENVI+IDL was used to extract data at an elevation of 3000m within the longitude (65~105E) and latitude (20~45N) range in the Tibetan Plateau.

3. TPBoundary_ HF (high_frequency): This boundary is defined according to 2 previous studies. Bingyuan Li (1987) had a systematic discussion on the principles for determining the extent of the Tibetan Plateau and the specific boundaries. From the perspective of the formation and basic characteristics of the Tibetan Plateau, he proposed the basic principles for determining the extent of the Tibetan Plateau based on the geomorphological features, the plateau surface and its altitude, while considering the integrity of the mountain. Yili Zhang (2002) determined the extent and boundaries of the Tibetan Plateau based on the new results of research in related fields and years of field practice. He combined information technology methods to precisely locate and quantitatively analyze the extent and boundary location of the Tibetan Plateau, and concluded that the Tibetan Plateau in China extends from the Pamir Plateau in the west to the Hengduan Mountains in the east, from the southern edge of the Himalayas in the south to the northern side of the Kunlun-Qilian Mountains in the north. On April 14, 2017, the Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of China issued the Announcement on Adding Geographical Names for Public Use in the Southern Tibetan Region (First Batch), adding six geographical names in the southern Tibetan region, including Wo’gyainling, Mila Ri, Qoidêngarbo Ri, Mainquka, Bümo La, and Namkapub Ri.

4. TPBoundary_ New (2021): Along with the in-depth research on the Tibetan Plateau, the improvement of multidisciplinary research and understanding inside and outside the plateau, and the progress of geographic big data and Earth observation science and technology, the development of the 2021 version of the Tibetan Plateau boundary data by Yili Zhang and et al. was completed based on the comprehensive analysis of ASTER GDEM and Google Earth remote sensing images. The range boundary starts from the northern foot of the West Kunlun Mountain-Qilian Mountain Range in the north and reaches the southern foot of the Himalayas and other mountain ranges in the south, with a maximum width of 1,560 km from north to south; from the western edge of the Hindu Kush Mountains and the Pamir Plateau in the west to the eastern edge of the Hengduan Mountains and other mountain ranges in the east, with a maximum length of about 3,360 km from east to west; the latitude and longitude range is 25°59′30″N~40°1′0″N, 67°40′37″E~104°40′57″E, with a total area of 3,083,400km2 and an average altitude of about 4,320m. Administratively, the Tibetan Plateau is distributed in nine countries, including China, India, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Kyrgyzstan.

5. TPBoundary_ Rectangle: The rectangle was drawn according to the range of Lon (63~105E) and Lat (20~45N). The data are in latitude and longitude projection WGS84.

As the basic data, the boundary of the Tibetan Plateau can be used as a reference basis for various geological data and scientific research on the Tibetan Plateau.

File naming and required software

TPBoundary_ 2500m、TPBoundary_ 3000m、TPBoundary_ HF、TPBoundary_ new (2021)、TPBoundary_ rectangle
It can be opened with remote sensing software such as ArcGIS and QGIS

Data Citations Data citation guideline What's data citation?
Cite as:

Zhang, Y., Ren, H., Pan, X. (2019). Integration dataset of Tibet Plateau boundary. National Tibetan Plateau Data Center, DOI: 10.11888/Geogra.tpdc.270099. CSTR: 18406.11.Geogra.tpdc.270099. (Download the reference: RIS | Bibtex )

Related Literatures:

1. Zhang, Y.L., Li, B.Y., Zheng, D. (2002). A discussion on the boundary and area of the tibetan plateau in china. Geographical Research.( View Details | Download | Bibtex)

2. Zhang, Y.L., Li, B.Y., Liu, L.S., Zheng, D. (2021). Redetermine the region and boundaries of Tibetan Plateau. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 40(6), 1543-1553.( View Details | Bibtex)

Using this data, the data citation is required to be referenced and the related literatures are suggested to be cited.

Support Program

Pan-Third Pole Environment Study for a Green Silk Road-A CAS Strategic Priority A Program (No:XDA20000000)

Copyright & License

To respect the intellectual property rights, protect the rights of data authors,expand servglacials of the data center, and evaluate the application potential of data, data users should clearly indicate the source of the data and the author of the data in the research results generated by using the data (including published papers, articles, data products, and unpublished research reports, data products and other results). For re-posting (second or multiple releases) data, the author must also indicate the source of the original data.

Example of acknowledgement statement is included below: The data set is provided by National Tibetan Plateau Data Center (

License: This work is licensed under an Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

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FTP Download Info

Ftp server:

Ftp username: download_140052

Ftp password: 72366600

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Geographic coverage
East: 105.00 West: 65.00
South: 20.00 North: 45.00
  • Spatial resolution: m
  • File size: 0.146 MB
  • Views: 11,321
  • Downloads: 951
  • Access: Open Access
  • Updated time: 2021-10-15
: ZHANG Yili   REN Huixia   PAN Xiaoduo  

Distributor: National Tibetan Plateau Data Center


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