The statistics of natural disasters in Qinghai (1950-2000)

The statistics of natural disasters in Qinghai (1950-2000)


This data set contains information on natural disasters in Qinghai over nearly 50 years, including the times, places and the consequences of natural disasters such as droughts, floods, hail, continuous rain, snow disasters, cold waves and strong temperature drops, low temperature freezing injuries, gales and sandstorms, pest plagues, rats, and geological disasters.

Qinghai Province is located in the northeastern part of the Tibetan Plateau and has a total area of 720,000 square kilometers. Numerous rivers, glaciers and lakes lie in the province. Because two mother rivers of the Chinese nation, the Yangtze River and the Yellow River, and the famous international river—the Lancang River—originated here, it is known as the "Chinese Water Tower"; there are 335,000 square meters of available grasslands in the province, and the natural pasture area ranks fourth in the country after those of Inner Mongolia, Tibet and Xinjiang. There are various types of grasslands, abundant grassland resources, and 113 families, 564 genera and 2100 species of vascular plants, which grow and develop under the unique climatic condition of the Tibetan Plateau and strongly represent the characteristics of the plateau ecological environment. As the main part of the Tibetan Plateau, Qinghai Province is one of the centers of the formation and evolution of biological species in China. It is also a sensitive area and fragile zone for the study of climate and ecological environment in the international field of sciences and technology. The terrain and land-forms in Qinghai are complex, with interlaced mountains, valleys and basins, widely distributed snow and glaciers, the Gobi and other deserts and grassland. Complex terrain conditions, high altitudes and harsh climatic conditions make Qinghai a province with frequent meteorological disasters. The main meteorological disasters include droughts, floods, hail, continuous rain, snow disasters, cold waves and strong temperature drops, low temperature freezing injuries, gales and sandstorms.

The data are extracted from the Qinghai Volume of Chinese Meteorological Disaster Dictionary, with manual entry, summarizing and proofreading.


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Qinghai Provincial Bureau of Statistics. (2019). The statistics of natural disasters in Qinghai (1950-2000). National Tibetan Plateau Data Center, (Download the reference: RIS | Bibtex )

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Keywords
Geographic coverage
East: 104.00 West: 89.00
South: 31.00 North: 40.00
Details
  • File size: 0.29 MB
  • Views: 7,068
  • Downloads: 437
  • Access: Open Access
  • Temporal coverage: 1950-07-30 To 2001-07-29
  • Updated time: 2022-06-21
Contacts
: Qinghai Provincial Bureau of Statistics  

Distributor: National Tibetan Plateau Data Center

Email: data@itpcas.ac.cn

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