Geochemical data set of typical rare earth deposits in China (2017-2021)

Geochemical data set of typical rare earth deposits in China (2017-2021)

The data set mainly includes typical rare earth deposits in China, such as Maoniuping and Lizhuang rare earth deposits in Mianning, Western Sichuan, and Gansha OBO rare earth deposits in Gansu Province. These rare earth deposits are genetically related to carbonate alkaline rock complex. In situ U-Pb dating, whole rock major and trace elements, Sr nd Pb radioisotopes, C-O-B-Ca stable isotopes and mineral in situ major and trace elements contents of rocks or ores in these complexes were analyzed. The major elements were measured by X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (XRF), the trace elements were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), and the isotopes were mainly measured by mc-icp-ms. The main conclusions are as follows: (1) it is revealed that the magma source area of alkaline carbonate type REE deposit experienced the addition of strong subduction material, and its formation depth may be deeper than previously thought(2) It is revealed that the aegirization may be related to carbonatite and alkaline magmatism, and there may be differences in the aegirization between the two types of magma(3) The later reformation of the rare earth deposits with younger age may be relatively weak, while the rare earth deposits with older age are easy to be influenced by the later geological process and difficult to distinguish.

File naming and required software

File naming: all data are stored in xlsx, and the naming rule of the file is "serial number"_ Name of deposit_ Type of sample to be analyzed_ Analysis content. Xlsx "
Data reading mode: Excel

Data Citations Data citation guideline What's data citation?
Cite as:

Weng, Q., Li, N., Li, A. (2021). Geochemical data set of typical rare earth deposits in China (2017-2021). National Tibetan Plateau Data Center, DOI: 10.11888/Geo.tpdc.271557. CSTR: 18406.11.Geo.tpdc.271557. (Download the reference: RIS | Bibtex )

Related Literatures:

1. Weng, Q., Yang, W.B., Niu, H.C., Li, N.B., Qu, P., Shan, Q., Fan, G.-Q., Jiang, Z.Y., Zhang, Z.Y., Li, A., Zhao, X.C. (2021). B–Sr–Nd–Pb isotopic constraints on the origin of the Maoniuping alkaline syenite–carbonatite complex, SW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 135, 104193( View Details | Bibtex)

2. Li, A., Yang, W.B., Niu, H.C., Shan, Q. (2021). Mineralogy and U-Pb geochronology of carbonate minerals from the Gansha Obo REE deposit, NW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 136, 104266.( View Details | Bibtex)

3. Weng, Q., Yang, W.B., Niu, H. C., Li, N.B., Shan, Q., Fan, G.Q., Jiang, Z.Y.(2021). Two discrete stages of fenitization in the Lizhuang REE deposit, SW China: Implications for REE mineralization. Ore Geology Reviews, 133, 104090.( View Details | Bibtex)

Using this data, the data citation is required to be referenced and the related literatures are suggested to be cited.

References literature

1.Hou, Z.Q., Tian, S.H., Yuan, Z.X., Xie, Y.L., Yin, S.P., Yi, L.S., Fei, H.C., Yang, Z.M. (2006). The Himalayan collision zone carbonatites in western Sichuan, SW China: petrogenesis, mantle source and tectonic implication. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 244, 234–250. (View Details )

2.Liu, Y., Hou, Z.Q. (2017). A synthesis of mineralization styles with an integrated genetic model of carbonatite-syenite-hosted REE deposits in the Cenozoic Mianning-Dechang REE metallogenic belt, the eastern Tibetan Plateau, southwestern China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 137, 35–79. (View Details )

3.Hou, Z.Q., Liu, Y., Tian, S.H., Yang, Z.M., Xie, Y.L. (2015). Formation of carbonatite-related giant rare-earth-element deposits by the recycling of marine sediments. Scientific Reports, 5, 1–10. (View Details )

4.Hou, Z.Q., Tian, S.H., Xie, Y.L., Yang, Z.S., Yuan, Z.X., Yin, S.P., Yi, L.S., Fei, H.C., Zou, T.R., Bai, G., Li, X.Y. (2009). The Himalayan Mianning–Dechang REE belt associated with carbonatite–alkaline complexes, eastern Indo-Asian collision zone, SW China. Ore Geology Reviews, 36, 65–89. (View Details )

Support Program

Deep exploration of rare earth element metallogenic system and resource base (No:2017YFC0602300)

Copyright & License

To respect the intellectual property rights, protect the rights of data authors,expand servglacials of the data center, and evaluate the application potential of data, data users should clearly indicate the source of the data and the author of the data in the research results generated by using the data (including published papers, articles, data products, and unpublished research reports, data products and other results). For re-posting (second or multiple releases) data, the author must also indicate the source of the original data.

Example of acknowledgement statement is included below: The data set is provided by National Tibetan Plateau Data Center (

License: This work is licensed under an Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

Related Resources

Current page automatically show English comments Show comments in all languages

Geographic coverage
East: 101.66 West: 101.66
South: 28.87 North: 28.87
  • Temporal resolution: 1000 year < x
  • Spatial resolution: 1º-10º
  • File size: 0.5 MB
  • Views: 298
  • Downloads: 0
  • Access: Protection period
  • Temporal coverage: 2017-07-31 To 2021-06-30
  • Updated time: 2021-06-28

download later

: WENG Qiang   LI Ningbo   LI Ao  

Distributor: National Tibetan Plateau Data Center


Export metadata