A combined Terra and Aqua MODIS land surface temperature and meteorological station data product for China (2003-2017)


Land surface temperature (LST) is a key variable for high temperature and drought monitoring and

climate and ecological environment research. Due to the sparse distribution of ground observation stations, thermal infrared remote sensing technology has become an important means of quickly obtaining ground temperature over large areas. However, there are many missing and low-quality values in satellite-based LST data because clouds cover more than 60% of the global surface every day. This article presents a unique LST dataset with a monthly temporal resolution for China from 2003 to 2017 that makes full use of the advantages of MODIS data and meteorological station data to overcome the defects of cloud influence via a reconstruction model. We specifically describe the reconstruction model, which uses a combination of MODIS daily data, monthly data and meteorological station data to reconstruct the LST in areas with cloud coverage and for grid cells with elevated LST error, and the data performance is then further improved by establishing a regression analysis model. The validation indicates that the new LST dataset is highly consistent with in situ observations. For the six natural subregions with different climatic conditions in China, verification using ground observation data shows that the root mean square error (RMSE) ranges from 1.24 to 1.58 K, the mean absolute error (MAE) varies from 1.23 to 1.37 K and the Pearson coefficient (R2) ranges from 0.93 to 0.99. The new dataset adequately captures the spatiotemporal variations in LST at annual, seasonal and monthly scales. From 2003 to 2017, the overall annual mean LST in China showed a weak increase. Moreover, the positive trend was remarkably unevenly distributed across China. The most significant warming occurred in the central and western areas of the Inner Mongolia Plateau in the Northwest Region, and the average annual temperature change is greater than 0.1K (R>0:71, P<0:05), and a strong negative trend was observed in some parts of the Northeast Region and South China Region. Seasonally, there was significant warming in western China in winter, which was most pronounced in December. The reconstructed dataset exhibits significant improvements and can be used for the spatiotemporal evaluation of LST in high-temperature and drought-monitoring studies.

More detail please refer to Zhao et al (2020). doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3528024


Data file naming and use method

File name: China's surface temperature data is stored in text format with the name of“ yyyymm.tif ”Where yyyy stands for year and mm stands for month, for example, 200301.tif represents this image file to describe the land surface temperature in China in the first month of 2003.
Data reading mode: the image files in the dataset can be opened by ArcGIS and NDVI. During the reading process, TFW files will be generated, and the displayed TFW files are the text files of TIFF image coordinate information.


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Cite as:

MAO Kebiao. A combined Terra and Aqua MODIS land surface temperature and meteorological station data product for China (2003-2017). National Tibetan Plateau Data Center, 2020. doi: doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3528024. (Download the reference: RIS | Bibtex )

Related Literatures:

1. Zhao, B., Mao, K.B., Cai, Y.L., Shi, J.C., Li, Z.L., Qin, Z.H., Meng, X.J., Shen, X.Y., and Guo, Z.H. (2020). A combined Terra and Aqua MODIS land surface temperature and meteorological station data product for China from 2003 to 2017,Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 2555–2577. https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-12-2555-2020( View Details | Download | Bibtex)

Using this data, the data citation is required to be referenced and the related literatures are suggested to be cited.


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Example of acknowledgement statement is included below: The data set is provided by National Tibetan Plateau Data Center (http://data.tpdc.ac.cn).


License: This work is licensed under an Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)


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Geographic coverage
East: 135.04 West: 73.40
South: 3.52 North: 53.33
Detail
  • Temporal resolution: Monthly
  • Spatial resolution: 1km - 10km
  • File size: 473 MB
  • Browse count: 1,089 Times
  • Apply count: 51 Times
  • Share mode: online
  • Temporal coverage: 2003-01-01 To 2017-12-31
  • Updated time: 2020-11-01
Contact Information
: 毛克彪  

Distributor: National Tibetan Plateau Data Center

Email: data@itpcas.ac.cn

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