Pan-third-polar environmental change and green silk road construction

Brief Introduction: Pan-third-polar environmental change and green silk road construction

Number of Datasets: 625

  • Daily 0.01 °× 0.01 ° surface temperature data (v1.0) based on myd21a1 temperature data in Qilian Mountain Area (2018)

    Daily 0.01 °× 0.01 ° surface temperature data (v1.0) based on myd21a1 temperature data in Qilian Mountain Area (2018)

    This dataset contains monthly and daily 0.01°×0.01° (2018) LST products in Qilian Mountain Area. The dataset was produced based on MYD21A1 LST products at a resolution of 0.01° along with some auxiliary datasets. The auxiliary datasets include Lat/Lon and the Julian Day information. MYD21A1 is the official LST product of MODIS, and the data is divided into day and night, using TES algorithm. Download URL: https://urs.earthdata.nasa.gov.

    2019-10-27 263 6 View Details

  • Vegetation Index (NDVI) data of Tibetan Plateau

    Vegetation Index (NDVI) data of Tibetan Plateau

    The data include NDVI data of Tibetan Plateau region, with spatial resolution 1000m, time resolution 16d, and time coverage in 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015.The data source is MOD13A2(C6).NDVI is a kind of vegetation index formed by combining visible light and near-infrared bands of satellites according to the spectral characteristics of vegetation.NDVI is a simple, effective and empirical measure of surface vegetation.The data is of great significance for analyzing the ecological environment of Tibetan Plateau.

    2019-10-27 298 21 View Details

  • Bird data along Zhamo Highway in Medog and Bome counties (2018)

    Bird data along Zhamo Highway in Medog and Bome counties (2018)

    The birds along the Zhamo Highway in Medog and Bome counties are investigated by mist net method and point count method. According to the 400-meter elevation span, elevation transects were set up in the survey area. Four elevation transects are set up in the north slope from Gangcun to Galong Temple in Bome County, from low to high, and nine elevation transects are set up in the south slope from Jiefang Bridge to Galongla in Medog County. So that we can make a breakthrough understanding the formation and maintenance mechanism of bird diversity in this region. The data of bird diversity and distribution will be used to further explore the key scientific issues such as the impact of climate change on bird diversity and adaptation strategies, and the response and protection strategies of bird species diversity under the global climate change.

    2019-10-27 177 1 View Details

  • The data of the index of land for construction in the countries along the Belt and Road in 2010 and 2015

    The data of the index of land for construction in the countries along the Belt and Road in 2010 and 2015

    The data are construction land index of countries along the "the Belt and Road" in 2010 and 2015, also known as the construction land rate. It refers to the proportion of land used for construction in the total land area, including land for urban and rural housing and public facilities, land for industrial and mining purposes, land for energy, transportation, water conservancy, communications and other infrastructure, land for tourism and land for military purposes. The data come from the international statistics website. The area of construction land and relevant land that it had provided, divide the result of total land area of the country to get. It reflects the degree of development of a country's land area and the intensity of infrastructure development. At the same time, its value is also closely related to the national and regional economic development level, population density, urban residential density, traffic network density and so on. In the coordinated development of "the Belt and Road", they can provide important reference for the planning and implementation of national policies and programs, so as to accelerate the economic development of all countries.

    2019-10-24 184 2 View Details

  • Data set of total mercury in leaves of common tree species in the East and south of Qinghai Tibet Plateau (2008)

    Data set of total mercury in leaves of common tree species in the East and south of Qinghai Tibet Plateau (2008)

    This dataset includes the concentrations and spatial pattern of mercury (Hg) in the foliage of the local tree species over the easteran and the southern Tibetan Plateau. Fifty-three leaf samples were collected, and cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrophotometry (CVAFS) was used to analyse the Hg contents. The limit of detection (LOD) for this method is 1.8 ng/g. The standard reference material, foliage GB GSW-11, which is supplied by National Institute of Metrology P.R.China, was also analyzed for assessing the accuracy of this method, and the recoveries of this method were 94.6%±9.7%. This dataset will provide the informations of foliage absoprtion to Hg over the Tibetan Plateau.

    2019-10-24 172 0 View Details

  • Vegetation coverage of China Mongolia Russia economic corridor (1990, 2000, 2005) V1.0

    Vegetation coverage of China Mongolia Russia economic corridor (1990, 2000, 2005) V1.0

    The vegetation coverage data of theChina-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor is based on the Landsat TM data. The dataset includes three-year vegetation coverage data( 1990, 2000, and 2005). The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) is extracted first and then converted into vegetation coverage. Since the image is greatly affected by the cloud, this data is replaced by the same period image of the nearby year. The land cover of the corridor is mainly grassland (steppe). Seasonal and one-time precipitation have a great impact on grassland growth. Therefore, there are still different time splicing problems in this data. After that we will propose a solution to the problem and share the new version of the data. For example, based on a large amount of remote sensing data (multi-temporal phase), the maximum synthesis method is used to extract vegetation coverage.

    2019-10-24 132 0 View Details

  • Human activity data set of Qinghai Tibet province (2000-2017) (v1.0)

    Human activity data set of Qinghai Tibet province (2000-2017) (v1.0)

    The data includes 30 items of data in four categories: basic information, comprehensive economy, agriculture and industry, education, health and social security in Qinghai Province and Tibet Autonomous Region. It covers the basic data reflecting human activities, such as population, employees, industrial output value, agricultural machinery power, facility agriculture, etc. of the main county administrative units of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The data are sorted out according to the statistical yearbook data of China's counties from 2001 to 2018. For the convenience of application, the data of Qinghai and Tibet are independently tabulated and included in the data of each year. The data can be used to analyze human activities and social and economic development in the county, as well as agricultural and rural development and change process.

    2019-10-23 351 29 View Details

  • List and distribution database of Alpine Periglacial plants (2018)

    List and distribution database of Alpine Periglacial plants (2018)

    The checklist and distribution database of alpine subnival plants mainly includes the collection information and identification information of alpine subnival plants. Between them, the collection information document includes species name, genus name, family name, habitat, altitude, longitude and latitude, collector and collection time; while the identification information document includes species name, genus name, family name, determinavit and identification time. The collected information in the database comes from the first-hand data in the field, while the identification information comes from the identification results of famous botany experts in the world. The quality of data in database is high. It can not only be used in the study of flora and regionalization, but also lay a solid foundation for the study of plant diversity, ecosystem and global climate change response.

    2019-10-23 344 11 View Details

  • Land Surface Temperature (LST) Monthly/Day Dataset (V1.0) based on AVHRR brightness temperature (BT) (0.05°×0.05°) and MYD21A1 LST products (0.01°×0.01°) in Qilian Mountain Area

    Land Surface Temperature (LST) Monthly/Day Dataset (V1.0) based on AVHRR brightness temperature (BT) (0.05°×0.05°) and MYD21A1 LST products (0.01°×0.01°) in Qilian Mountain Area

    This dataset contains monthly 0.05°×0.05° (1982, 1985, 1990, 1995, and 2000), 0.01°×0.01° (2005, 2010, 2015, 2017 and 2018), and daily 0.01°×0.01° (2018) LST products in Qilian Mountain Area. The dataset was produced based on SW algorithm by AVHRR BT from thermal infrared channels (CH4: 10.5µm to 11.3µm; CH5: 11.5µm to 12.5µm) at a resolution of 0.05°, MYD21A1 LST products at a resolution of 0.01° along with some auxiliary datasets. The auxiliary datasets include IGBP land cover type, AVHRR NDVI products, Modern Era Retrospective-Analysis for Research and Applications-2 (MERRA-2) reanalysis data, ASTER GED, Lat/Lon and the Julian Day information.

    2019-10-23 326 3 View Details

  • Paleomagnetic data from the lunpola basin

    Paleomagnetic data from the lunpola basin

    The Lunpola Basin in the central Tibetan Plateau is situated along the southern margin of the east-west stretched Banggong-Nujiang suture belt between the Qiangtang Terrane and the Lhasa Terrane. The thick and continuous Cenozoic sediments in the basin can provide great potential for understanding the tectonic uplift, paleoaltimetry, erosion and depositional history of the Tibetan Plateau and climate environmental evolution. However, the study of geologic and climatic changes has been hindered by poor age constraints on the Cenozoic sedimentary sequence in the Lunpola Basin, especially its upper part with typical lacustrine oil shale sediments due to the discontinuous or unexposed outcrop caused by erosion or weathering. In this study, we investigated a 658 m-thick Cenozoic continuous lacustrine sedimentary section, Lunpori, from the upper sequence of the central basin. We found two layers of tuffs in this section and then carried out detailed paleomagnetic measurements. Constrained by tie points of U-Pb zircon ages, the observed magnetic zones are well correlated with chrons C5Bn.2n to C6AAn of the Geomagnetic Polarity Time Scale, yielding ages of ~21.2 to 15 Ma for the section. Lithofacies, pollen and fossil records suggest a relative temperate, humid climate prevailing in the Lunpola Basin during the period of Dingqinghu Formation, indicating that the Indian monsoon occurred before ~26 Ma.Through paleomagnetic analysis and testing of fluvial and lacustrine facies strata in Lumpola Basin since Miocene, 22Ma-15Ma magnetic stratigraphic chronology has been obtained.

    2019-10-21 490 1 View Details

  • Dataset of soil water erosion modulus with 5 m resolution in 18 watersheds of Thailand (2018)

    Dataset of soil water erosion modulus with 5 m resolution in 18 watersheds of Thailand (2018)

    1) The data includes the soil erosion modulus of 18 watersheds with a resolution of 5 m in the year of 2017 in Thailand. 2) Based on the surface layer of rainfall erosivity R, soil erodibility K, slope length factor LS, vegetation coverage FVC, and rotation sampling survey unit, the Chinese soil erosion model (CSLE) was used to calculate soil erosin modulus in 18 watersheds of Thailand respectively. Through spatial data processing (including chart linking and transformation, vector-grid conversion, and resampling), R, K, LS factors were calculated from the regional thematic map of rainfall erosivity, soil erodibility, and DEM. By half-month FVC, NPV, half-month rainfall erosivity data, we calculated the value of B factors in each sampling watershed. The value of E factor was calculated based on the remote sensing interpretation result and engineering measure factor table. The value of tillage factor T was obtained from tillage zoning map and tillage measure table. And then the soil erosion modulus in each sampling watershed was calculated by the equation: A=R•K•LS•B•E•T. The selection of 18 watersheds was based on the layout of sampling survey in pan-third polar region. 3) Compared with the data of soil erosion intensity in the same region in the same year, there is no significant difference and the data quality is good.4) the data of soil erosion intensity is of great significance for studying the present situation of soil erosion in Pan third polar region and better implementation of the development policy of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road.

    2019-10-18 201 0 View Details

  • Dataset of soil water erosion modulus with 5 m resolution in 11 watersheds of Tibet (2018)

    Dataset of soil water erosion modulus with 5 m resolution in 11 watersheds of Tibet (2018)

    1) The data includes the soil erosion modulus of 11 watersheds with a resolution of 5 m in the year of 2017 in Tibet. 2)Based on the surface layer of rainfall erosivity R, soil erodibility K, slope length factor LS, vegetation coverage FVC, and rotation sampling survey unit, the Chinese soil erosion model (CSLE) was used to calculate soil erosin modulus in 11 watersheds respectively. Through spatial data processing (including chart linking and transformation, vector-grid conversion, and resampling), R, K, LS factors were calculated from the regional thematic map of rainfall erosivity, soil erodibility, and DEM. By half-month FVC, NPV, half-month rainfall erosivity data, we calculated the value of B factors in each sampling watershed. The value of E factor was calculated based on the remote sensing interpretation results and engineering measure factor table. The value of tillage factor T was obtained from tillage zoning map and tillage measure table. And then the soil erosion modulus in each sampling watershed was calculated by the equation: A=R•K•LS•B•E•T. The selection of 11 watersheds was based on the layout of sampling survey in pan-third polar region. 3) Compared with the data of soil erosion intensity in the same region in the same year, there is no significant difference and the data quality is good.4) the data of soil erosion modulus is of great significance for studying the present situation of soil erosion in Pan third polar region, and it is also crucial for the implementation of the development policy of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road.

    2019-10-18 205 0 View Details

  • Temperature and precipitation grid data of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and its surrounding areas in 1998-2017Grid data of annual temperature and annual precipitation on the Tibetan Plateau and its surrounding areas during 1998-2017

    Temperature and precipitation grid data of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and its surrounding areas in 1998-2017Grid data of annual temperature and annual precipitation on the Tibetan Plateau and its surrounding areas during 1998-2017

    Data description: This dataset includes the grid data of annual temperature and annual precipitation on the Tibetan Plateau from 1998 to 2017. It is the basic data for study of climate change and its impact on the ecological environment. Data source and processing: The meta data was aquired from the temperature and precipitation daily data of China's ground high-density stations (above 2,400 national meteorological stations) based on the latest compilation of the National Meteorological Information Center's basic data. After removing the missing stations, the software's thin plate spline method in ANUSPLIN was used to perform spatial interpolation, in order to generate grid data with spactial resolution of 1 km on the Tibetan Plateau . Data application: This data can be used to indentify the impact of climate change on the ecological environment.

    2019-10-16 648 63 View Details

  • Spectral characteristics of sample plots in typical countries along the belt (2015)

    Spectral characteristics of sample plots in typical countries along the belt (2015)

    Using the Landsat8 OLI images at the summerof 2015, the spectral characteristics of satellite sensors were extracted in the Belt and Road's region. The bands included the band (0.45 - 0.51μm)、band (0.53 - 0.59μm)、band (0.64 - 0.67μm)、band (0.85 - 0.88μm)、band (1.57 - 1.65μm)、band (2.11 - 2.29 μm)、band (10.60 - 11.19 μm)和band (11.50 - 12.51 μm). And the Land cover data of the Belt and Road's region (Version 1.0) (2015) was used to extract the land cover/use at each location. Data includes the format of excel and shp. The data of shp format includes the spatial distribuition and the spectral characteristics of each sampling point.

    2019-10-15 222 0 View Details

  • Revised dataset of temperature and precipitation in the Greater Naren River Basin (1951-2016)

    Revised dataset of temperature and precipitation in the Greater Naren River Basin (1951-2016)

    Precipitation and temperature are essential input variables for hydrological models. There are few meteorological stations in the big Naryn Basin of the Syr Darya, which cannot meet the needs of hydrological simulation. Precipitation data in the Syr Darya were collected through online resources and field research. The precipitation gradient in the study area is obtained. Based on the precipitation gradient, the precipitation and temperature grid products (PGMFD) (http://hydrology.princeton.edu/data.pgf.php)were then corrected to get this set of data sets. The year covered by this data is 1951-2016, the spatial precision is 10km, and the time resolution is daily. The more detail information about the correction method can be found in (Generation of High Mountain Precipitation and Temperature Data for a Quantitative Assessment of Flow Regime in the Upper Yarkant Basin in the Karakoram, Kan et al., 2018)

    2019-10-12 220 4 View Details

  • Seismic velocity reduction and accelerated recovery due to earthquakes on the Longmenshan fault (2000-2014)

    Seismic velocity reduction and accelerated recovery due to earthquakes on the Longmenshan fault (2000-2014)

    This data set is collected from the supplementary information part of the paper: Pei, S.P., Niu, F.L., Ben-Zion, Y., Sun, Q., Liu, Y.B., Xue, X.T., Su,J.R., & Shao, Z.G. (2019). Seismic velocity reduction and accelerated recovery due to earthquakes on the Longmenshan fault. Nature Geoscience. 12. 387-392. doi:10.1038/s41561-019-0347-1. This paper studies the structural evolution process of The Longmenshan fault zone located at a pronounced topographic boundary between the eastern margin of the Tibetan plateau and the western Sichuan basin. With the observations on coseismic velocity reductions and the healing phases, it is found that the healing phase of Wenchuan earthquake fracture zone accelerated significantly in response to the Lushan earthquake. This data set contains 3 tables, table names and content are as follows: Data list: The data name list of the rest tables; t1: Data of the four periods (befor Wenchuan earthquake, after Wenchuan earthquake, before Lushan earthquake, after Lushan earthquake); t2: The average velocities with error in Figure 2 in the paper for Wenchuan earthquake (WCEQ) and Lushan earthquake (LSEQ) area. See attachments for data details: Supplementary information.pdf, Seismic velocity reduction and accelerated recovery due to earthquakes on the Longmenshan fault.pdf.

    2019-10-09 416 2 View Details

  • Different glacier status with atmospheric circulations in Tibetan Plateau and surroundings (1970s-2000s)

    Different glacier status with atmospheric circulations in Tibetan Plateau and surroundings (1970s-2000s)

    This data set is collected from the supplementary information part of the paper: Yao, T. , Thompson, L. , & Yang, W. . (2012). Different glacier status with atmospheric circulations in tibetan plateau and surroundings. Nature Climate Change, 1580, 1-5. This paper report on the glacier status over the past 30 years by investigating the glacial retreat of 82 glaciers, area reductionof 7,090 glaciers and mass-balance change of 15 glaciers. This data set contains 8 tables, the names and content are as follows: Data list: The data name list of the rest tables; t1: Distribution of Glaciers in the TP and surroundings; t2: Data and method for analyzing glacial area reduction in each basin; t3: Glacial area reduction during the past three decades from remote sensing images in the TP and surroundings; t4: Glacial length fluctuationin the TP and surroundings in the past three decades; t5: Detailed information on the glaciers for recent mass balance measurement in the TP and surroundings; t6: Recent annual mass balances in different regions in the TP; t7: Mass balance of Long-time series for the Qiyi, Xiaodongkemadi and Kangwure Glaciers in the TP. See attachments for data details: Supplementary information.pdf, Different glacier status with atmospheric circulations in Tibetan Plateau and surroundings.pdf.

    2019-10-09 834 37 View Details

  • A tree ring-based winter temperature reconstruction for the southeastern Tibetan Plateau (1340-2007)

    A tree ring-based winter temperature reconstruction for the southeastern Tibetan Plateau (1340-2007)

    This data set is provided by the author of the paper: Huang, R., Zhu, H.F., Liang, E.Y., Liu, B., Shi, J.F., Zhang, R.B., Yuan, Y.J., & Grießinger, J. (2019). A tree ring-based winter temperature reconstruction for the southeastern Tibetan Plateau since 1340 CE. Climate Dynamics, 53(5-6), 3221-3233. In this paper, in order to understand the past few hundred years of winter temperature change history and its driving factors, the researcher of Key Laboratory of Alpine Ecology, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences and CAS Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences. Prof. Eryuan Liang and his research team, reconstructed the minimum winter (November – February) temperature since 1340 A.D. on southeastern Tibetan Plateau based on the tree-ring samples taken from 2007-2016. The data set contains minimum winter temperature reconstruction data of Changdu on the southeastern TP during 1340-2007. See attachments for data details: A tree ring-based winter temperature reconstruction for the southeasternTibetan Plateau since 1340 CE.pdf

    2019-10-03 453 15 View Details

  • Spatial distribution map of ecological carrying capacity in One Belt And One Road area in 2015

    Spatial distribution map of ecological carrying capacity in One Belt And One Road area in 2015

    Ecological carrying capacity refers to the maximum population scale with a certain level of social and economic development that can be sustainably carried by the ecosystem without damaging the production capacity and functional integrity of the ecosystem, per person/square kilometer. Spatial distribution data of ecological carrying capacity were calculated based on NPP data simulated by VPM model and FAO production and trade data of agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry. Based on NPP data and combined with the land use data of cci-ci and biomass ratio parameters of various ecosystems, ANPP data was obtained to serve as ecological supply quantity. Based on agricultural, forestry and animal husbandry production and trade data and combined with population data, per capita ecological consumption standards of countries along the One Belt And One Road line were obtained, and then national scale data space was rasterized. The spatial rasterized ecological bearing data are obtained by dividing the ecological supply data with the per capita ecological consumption standard.

    2019-09-30 490 20 View Details

  • Plant functional types map in China (1 km)

    Plant functional types map in China (1 km)

    Vegetation functional type (PFT) is a combination of large plant species according to the ecosystem function and resource utilization mode of plant species. Each planting functional type shares similar plant attributes, which simplifies the diversity of plant species into the diversity of plant function and structure.The concept of vegetation-functional has been advocated by ecologists especially ecosystem modelers.The basic assumption is that globally important ecosystem dynamics can be expressed and simulated through limited vegetative functional types.At present, vegetation-functional model has been widely used in biogeographic model, biogeochemical model, land surface process model and global dynamic vegetation model. For example, the land surface process model of the national center for atmospheric research (NCAR) in the United States has changed the original land cover information into the applied vegetation-functional map (Bonan et al., 2002).Functional vegetation has been used in the dynamic global vegetation model (DGVM) to predict the changes of ecosystem structure and function under the global change scenario. 1. Functional classification system of vegetation 1 Needleleaf evergreen tree, temperate 2 Needleleaf evergreen tree, boreal 3 Needleleaf deciduous tree 4 Broadleaf evergreen tree, tropical 5 Broadleaf evergreen tree, temperate 6 Broadleaf deciduous tree, tropical 7 Broadleaf deciduous tree, temperate 8 Broadleaf deciduous tree, boreal 9 Broadleaf evergreen shrub, temperate 10 Broadleaf deciduous shrub, temperate 11 Broadleaf deciduous shrub, boreal 12 C3 grass, arctic 13 C3 grass 14 C4 grass 15 Crop 16 Permanent wetlands 17 Urban and built-up lands 18 Snow and ice 19 Barren or sparsely vegetated lands 20 Bodies of water 2. Drawing method China's 1km vegetation function map is based on the climate rules of land cover and vegetation function conversion proposed by Bonan et al. (Bonan et al., 2002).Ran et al., 2012).MICLCover land cover map is a blend of 1:100000 data of land use in China in 2000, the Chinese atlas (1:10 00000) the type of vegetation, China 1:100000 glacier map, China 1:10 00000 marshes and MODIS land cover 2001 products (MOD12Q1) released the latest land cover data, using IGBP land cover classification system.The evaluation shows that it may be the most accurate land cover map on the scale of 1km in China.Climate data is China's atmospheric driven data with spatial resolution of 0.1 and temporal resolution of 3 hours from 1981 to 2008 developed by he jie et al. (2010).The data incorporates Princeton land-surface model driven data (Sheffield et al., 2006), gewex-srb radiation data (Pinker et al., 2003), TRMM 3B42 and APHRODITE precipitation data, and observations from 740 meteorological stations and stations under the China meteorological administration.According to the evaluation results of RanYouhua et al. (2010), GLC2000 has a relatively high accuracy in the current global land cover data set, and there is no mixed forest in its classification system. Therefore, the mixed forest in the MICLCover land cover diagram USES GLC2000 (Bartholome and Belward, 2005).The information in xu wenting et al., 2005) was replaced.The data can be used in land surface process model and other related researches.

    2019-09-16 910 66 View Details