Brief Introduction: 泛第三极是从第三极向西、向北扩展，涵盖青藏高原、帕米尔、兴都库什、伊朗高原、高加索、喀尔巴阡等山脉的欧亚高地及其环境影响区，面积2000多万平方公里，和30多亿人的生存环境有关。泛第三极地区与“一带一路”核心区高度重合。深入研究泛第三极地区环境变化规律、机制与未来变化趋势，解决重点地区、重点国家和重点工程的资源环境问题，将为环境变化和人类活动最强烈的丝绸之路经济带可持续发展提供科学依据，为打造绿色、健康、智力、和平的“一带一路”提供决策支持。 中国科学院A类战略性先导科技专项“泛第三极环境变化与绿色丝绸之路建设”（以下简称“丝路环境专项”）于9月30日在北京。本专项将遵循习近平总书记对第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究的重要指示精神和新时代青藏高原生态文明建设理念的系列重要讲话指示精神，与第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究和三极环境与气候变化国际大科学计划有机结合，聚焦水、生态、人类活动，着力解决环境变化机理、资源环境承载力、灾害风险、绿色发展途径等方面的问题。围绕专项的两大统领科学问题，在科学贡献层面，预期在泛第三极环境变化与西风-季风相互作用和水资源变化及广域联动、泛第三极环境变化对关键物种和典型生态系统影响的预警体系与适应模式、人类文明发展与泛第三极环境相互作用及其适应策略等方面产出重大成果，推动从高极到三极的全球环境研究新前沿和三极环境与气候变化国际大科学计划的实施；在国家需求层面，预期在绿色丝绸之路建设的路线图、绿色丝绸之路建设的技术示范、优化青藏高原生态安全屏障体系的科学方案等方面产出重大成果，推动青藏高原可持续发展、推进国家生态文明建设、促进全球生态环境保护。
Number of Datasets: 536
This data set contains the oxygen isotope, dust, anion and accumulation data obtained from the deep ice core drilled in 1992 in the Guliya ice cap, which is located in the west Kunlun Mountains on the Tibetan Plateau. The length of the ice core was 308.6 m. The ice core was cut into samples, 12628 of which were used to measure the oxygen isotope values, 12480 of which were used to measure the dust concentrations, and 9681 of which were used to measure the anion concentrations. Data Resource: National Centers for Environmental Information（http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/data-access/paleoclimatology-data/datasets/ice-core）. Processing Method: Average. The data set contains 4 tables, namely: oxygen isotope, dust and anion data from different depths in the Guliya ice core, 10-year mean data of oxygen isotopes, dust, anions and net accumulation in the Guliya ice core, 400-year mean data of oxygen isotopes, dust and anions in the Guliya ice core, and chlorine-36 data from different depths. Table 1: Data on oxygen isotopes, dust and anion concentrations at different depths in the Guliya ice core. a. Name explanation Field 1: Depth Field 2: Oxygen isotope value Field 3: Dust concentration (diameter 0.63 to 20 µm) Field 4: Cl- Field 5: SO42- Field 6: NO3- b. Dimensions (unit of measure) Field 1: m Field 2: ‰ Field 3: particles/mL Field 4: ppb Field 5: ppb Field 6: ppb Table 2: 10-year mean oxygen isotope, dust, anion and net accumulation data for the Guliya ice core (0-1989) a. Name explanation Field 1: Start time Field 2: End time Field 3: Oxygen isotope value Field 4: Dust concentration (diameter 0.63 -20 µm) Field 5: Cl- Field 6: SO42- Field 7: NO3- Field 8: Net accumulation b. Dimensions (unit of measure) Field 1: Dimensionless Field 2: Dimensionless Field 3: ‰ Field 4: particles/mL Field 5: ppb Field 6: ppb Field 7: ppb Field 8: cm/year Table 3: 400-year mean oxygen isotope, dust and anion data for the Guliya ice core. a. Name explanation Field 1: Time Field 2: Oxygen isotope Field 3: Dust concentration (diameter 0.63-20 µm) Field 4: Cl- Field 5: SO42- Field 6: NO3- b. Dimensions (unit of measure) Field 1: Millennium Field 2: ‰ Field 3: particles/mL Field 4: ppb Field 5: ppb Field 6: ppb Table 4: Chlorine-36 data at different depths a. Name explanation Field 1: Depth Field 2: 36Cl Field 3: 36Cl error Field 4: Year b. Dimensions (unit of measure) Field 1: m Field 2: 104 atoms g-1 Field 3: % Field 4: Millennium
2019-09-15 0 9 View Details
The data set records the per capita electricity consumption of 1971-2014 countries along 65 countries along the belt and road. Data sources: IEA,http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp.Data on electric power production and consumption are collected from national energy agencies by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and adjusted by the IEA to meet international definitions. Data are reported as net consumption as opposed to gross consumption. Net consumption excludes the energy consumed by the generating units. For all countries except the United States, total electric power consumption is equal total net electricity generation plus electricity imports minus electricity exports minus electricity distribution losses.
2019-09-15 0 0 View Details
The data set contains time series data on imports and exports in the Tibetan Autonomous Region from 1953 to 2016, which are presented in both CNY and USD. The data were derived from the Tibet Society and Economics Statistical Yearbook and Tibet Statistical Yearbook. The accuracy of the data is consistent with that of the statistical yearbook. The table contains 7 fields. Field 1: Year Field 2: Gross import and export volume (CNY 10,000.00) Field 3: Gross export volume (CNY 10,000.00) Field 4: Gross import volume (CNY 10,000.00) Field 5: Gross import and export volume (USD 10,000.00) Field 6: Gross export volume (USD 10,000.00) Field 7: Gross import volume (USD 10,000.00)
2019-09-15 0 1 View Details
This data set is a digital elevation model of the Tibetan Plateau and can be used to assist in analysis and research of basic geographic information for the Tibetan Plateau. The raw data were the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) data, which were provided by Global Land Cover Network (GLCN), and the raw data were framing data , using the WGS84 coordinate system, including latitude and longitude, with a spatial resolution of 3″. After the mosaic processing, the Nodata (null data) generated in the mosaic process were interpolated and filled. After filling, the projection conversion process was performed to generate data as Albers equal area conical projection. After the conversion projection, the spatial resolution of the data was 90 m. Finally, the boundary of the Tibetan Plateau was used for cutting to obtain DEM data. This data table has two fields. Field 1: value Data type: long integer Interpretation: altitude elevation Unit: m Field 2: count Data type: long integer Interpretation: The number of map spots corresponding to the altitude elevation Data accuracy: spatial resolution: 90 m
2019-09-15 0 10 View Details
The data of Land Resources Productivity for “B&R” includes: 1. Areas of cultivated land resources in regions and countries along the “B&R”; 2. Data on grain planting area and total grain output in regions and countries along the “B&R”; 3. Major crops (rice, wheat, corn) in regions and countries along the route Planting area and production data; 4. Areas of grassland resources in the region and along the country; 5. Number of livestock (bovine, sheep) in the region and along the country. Source: Cultivated land and population data from the World Bank database; food, crop, grassland, and livestock data are from FAO. Data application: According to the data provided, the basic characteristics analysis of land resources and the analysis of land resource output can be carried out in the Belt and Road region and the countries along the route, so that the land resource productivity evaluation analysis can be carried out.
2019-09-15 0 0 View Details
The data set is the flux data of the Alizangbu lake inlet obtained using the HS-2 portable hydrological velocity and flow meter, which can be applied to the hydrological processes and other fields in the cold areas. The data were obtained on August 16, 2017, and the data include measurement time, location, water depth, velocity and flow rate. The data are stored as an excel file.
2019-09-15 0 0 View Details
This dataset is the spatial distribution map of the marshes in the source area of the Yellow River near the Zaling Lake-Eling Lake, covering an area of about 21,000 square kilometers. The data set is classified by the Landsat 8 image through an expert decision tree and corrected by manual visual interpretation. The spatial resolution of the image is 30m, using the WGS 1984 UTM projected coordinate system, and the data format is grid format. The image is divided into five types of land, the land type 1 is “water body”, the land type 2 is “high-cover vegetation”, the land type 3 is “naked land”, and the land type 4 is “low-cover vegetation”, and the land type 5 is For "marsh", low-coverage vegetation and high-coverage vegetation are distinguished by vegetation coverage. The threshold is 0.1 to 0.4 for low-cover vegetation and 0.4 to 1 for high-cover vegetation.
2019-09-15 0 12 View Details
This study takes the land resources in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau as the evaluation object, and clarifies the current situation in the region suitable for agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry production and the quantity, quality and distribution of the reserve land resources. Through field investigations, collect relevant data from the study area, and combine relevant literature and expert experience to determine the evaluation factors (altitude, slope, annual precipitation, accumulated temperature, sunshine hours, soil effective depth, texture, erosion, vegetation type, NDVI). The grading and standardization are carried out, and the weights of each evaluation factor are determined by principal component analysis. The weighted index and model are used to determine the total score of the evaluation unit. Finally, the ArcGis natural discontinuity classification method is used to obtain the Qingshang Plateau. And the grades of farmland, forestry and grassland suitability drawings of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau with a resolution of 90m were given. Finally, the results are verified and analyzed.
2019-09-15 0 2 View Details
Data source description: The data are generated by arranging the literature. Test method: zircon U-Pb isotope LA-(MC)-ICPMS test; Re-Os isotope dilution method TIMS test. Data processing method: The data are automatically acquired by the analytical instrument, and the dating data are calculated using ISOPLOT software. The accuracy of the raw data: The accuracy of the zircon age test is shown in the error analysis value in the table; the accuracy of the Re-Os isotope analysis is shown in the error analysis value in the table. Data generating process: The first author personally analyzes and obtains the data, strictly in accordance with the experimental specifications Applications: Geology Data accuracy after processing: The accuracy of the processed data table is basically consistent with the analysis accuracy. The data contains 2 tables: (1) Zircon U-Pb isotope age analysis results table and (2) Whole rock and spinel Re-Os isotope 7 U-Pb zircon age data and 5 Re-Os isotope data. Data Types: Table 1: Zircon U-Pb age Data type: digital Table 2: Whole rock and spinel Re-Os isotopes Data type: digital Dimensions (unit of measure): "Zircon U-Pb age" dimension: Ma, "Re-Os isotope" dimension: ratio
2019-09-15 0 4 View Details
Among the different regions in China, Tibet contains the largest number of natural ecosystem types. It is an ideal scientific research base and a natural laboratory for the geosciences, biology and other related disciplines. To better protect this precious natural heritage, to develop and utilize the natural resources rationally and to carry out scientific research, 13 national and autonomous regional nature reserves were established in the Tibetan Autonomous Region in 1984, covering an area of 326,000 square kilometres. These reserves account for 49.3% of the total area of nature reserves in China. By the end of 2012, Tibet had established 47 nature reserves of various types, including 9 national reserves, 14 provincial reserves, 3 municipal reserves, and 21 prefectural reserves, with a total area of 412,200 square kilometres. These reserves accounted for 34.35% of the land area of the Tibetan Autonomous Region and include 22 different types of ecological function reserves. The data were extracted from the Chinese Nature Reserve Specimen Information Sharing Infrastructure. Serial number: unified number of nature reserves Name of the nature reserves Administrative region: administrative region of the nature reserves Area (hectare) Primary protection objects Type: Type of nature reserves Class: Class of the nature reserves Established time: The date the nature reserves were established Responsible authority
2019-09-15 0 5 View Details
This dataset includes data recorded by the Cold and Arid Research Network of Lanzhou university obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Sidalong Station from October 24 to December 31, 2018. The site (38.430°E, 99.931°N) was located on a forest in the Kangle Sunan, which is near Zhangye city, Gansu Province. The elevation is 3059 m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (0.5, 3, 13, 24, and 48 m), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 0.5, 3, 13, 24, and 48 m), air pressure (1.5 m), rain gauge (24 m), infrared temperature sensors (4 m and 24m, vertically downward), photosynthetically active radiation (4 m and 24m), soil heat flux (-0.05 m and -0.1m), soil temperature/ moisture/ electrical conductivity profile -0.05, -0.1m, -0.2m, -0.4m and -0.6mr), four-component radiometer (24 m, towards south), sunshine duration sensor(24 m, towards south). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_0.5 m, Ta_3 m, Ta_13 m, Ta_24 m, and Ta_48 m; RH_0.5 m, RH_3 m, RH_13 m, RH_24 m, and RH_48 m) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (Ws_0.5 m, Ws_3 m, Ws_13 m, Ws_24 m, and Ws_48 m) (m/s), wind direction (WD_0.5 m, WD_3 m, WD_13 m, WD_24 m, and WD_48 m) (°), air pressure (press) (hpa), precipitation (rain) (mm), four-component radiation (DR, incoming shortwave radiation; UR, outgoing shortwave radiation; DLR_Cor, incoming longwave radiation; ULR_Cor, outgoing longwave radiation; Rn, net radiation) (W/m^2), infrared temperature (IRT_A, IRT_B) (℃), photosynthetically active radiation (PAR_A, PAR_B) (μmol/ (s m^2)), soil heat flux (Gs_0.05m, Gs_0.1m) (W/m^2), soil temperature (Ts_5 cm, Ts_10 cm, Ts_20 cm, Ts_40 cm, and Ts_60 cm) (℃), soil moisture (Ms_5 cm, Ms_10 cm, Ms_20 cm, Ms_40 cm, and Ms_60 cm) (%, volumetric water content),soil water potential (SWP_5cm, SWP_10cm, SWP_20cm, SWP_40cm, and SWP_60cm)(kpa), soil conductivity (Ec_5cm, Ec_10cm, Ec_20cm, Ec_40cm, and Ec_60cm)(μs/cm), sun time (h). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. The soil water potential in the area is so low that it has exceeded the sensor measurements. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2018-6-10 10:30.
2019-09-15 0 8 View Details
This data set comprises the plateau soil moisture and soil temperature observational data based on the Tibetan Plateau, and it is used to quantify the uncertainty of model products of coarse-resolution satellites, soil moisture and soil temperature. The observation data of soil temperature and moisture on the Tibetan Plateau (Tibet-Obs) are from in situ reference networks at three regional scales, which are the Nagqu network of cold and semiarid climate, the Maqu network of cold and humid climate, and the Ali network of cold and arid climate. These networks provided representative coverage of different climates and surface hydrometeorological conditions on the Tibetan Plateau. - Temporal resolution: 15 minutes - Spatial resolution: point measurement - Measurement accuracy: soil moisture, 0.00001; soil temperature, 0.1 °C; data set size: soil moisture and temperature measurements at nominal depths of 5, 10, 20, 40 and 80 cm - Unit: soil moisture, cm ^ 3 cm ^ -3; soil temperature, °C
2019-09-15 0 29 View Details
The daily lake level observation data of lake Namco obtained from the Integrated Observation and Research Station of Multisphere in Namco in summers during 2007 to 2016. Every winter, the water gauge is destroyed by the lake ice, and it is reinstalled every summer. Taking the observational data (beginning with 0 cm) of the beginning of every year as a reference, an observational sequence is generated every year. The data set was processed by forming a continuous time series after the raw data were quality-controlled to meet the needs of lake hydrology research. Water level, unit: cm.
2019-09-15 0 8 View Details
This dataset is the snow cover dataset based on the MODIS fractional snow cover mapping algorithm Coupled Regional Approach (CRA). The CRA algorithm mainly consists of three parts. (1) First, the N-FINDR (Volume Iterative Approach) and OSP (Orthogonal Subspace Projection) are used to automatically extract the endmember according to the settings (extracting 30 end endmembers). (2) On the basis of automatic extraction, combined with the IGBG land cover type map, six types of endmembers of snow, vegetation, cloud, soil, rock and water are selected by the manual screening method, and an annual spectrum database is established according to the 2009 image. There are 3 spectra in the early, middle and late months and 36 spectra a year. (3) The established spectral database is used as a priori knowledge, and based on prior knowledge, the fully constrained linear unmixing method (FCLS) for subpixel decomposition is used to obtain the fractional snow cover products. The NDSI ratio algorithm with improved topographic effect is used to obtain the snow cover area, the spatiotemporal data are then interpolated, and, finally, the multisource data fusion with the AMSR-E microwave snow depth product is undertaken. The dataset adopts a latitude and longitude (Geographic) projection method. The datum is WGS84, and the spatial resolution is 0.005°. It provides the daily cloudless snow cover area map of the Tibetan Plateau from 2008 to 2010. The data set is stored by year and consists of 3 folders from 2008 to 2010. Each folder contains the classification results of the daily snow cover of the current year. It is a tif file with the naming rule YYYY***.tif, in which YYYY represents the year (2008-2010), and *** represents the day (001~365/ 366). It can be opened directly with ARCGIS or ENVI.
2019-09-15 0 4 View Details
This dataset contains monthly land surface evapotranspiration products in Qilian Mountain area every 5 years from 1985 to 2015. It has 0.05 degree spatial resolution from 1985 to 1995 and 0.01 degree spatial resolution from 2000 to 2015. The dataset was produced based on Gaussian Process Regression (GPR) method by fusing six satellite-derived evapotranspiration products including RS-PM (Mu et al., 2011), SW (Shuttleworth and Wallace., 1985), PT-JPL (Fisher et al., 2008), MS-PT (Yao et al., 2013), SEMI-PM (Wang et al., 2010a) and SIM (Wang et al.2008). The input variables for the evapotranspiration products include MODIS products, GIMMS AVHRR NDVI and China Meteorological Forcing Dataset (He Jie, Yang Kun. China Meteorological Forcing Dataset. Cold and Arid Regions Science Data Center at Lanzhou, 2011. doi:10.3972/westdc.002.2014.db).
2019-09-15 0 9 View Details
This is the flow discharge observation data of Zhaqu Bridge, which is in the upper Selincuo Lake’s inflow river Zhajiazangbu. It is measured by HS-2 portable hydrological flow rate meter. It can be used in Hydrologic Process in Cold Regions and other disciplinary areas. The data is acquired on August 14, 2017. The data includes time, location, depth of water, water flow rate, and water flow discharge. The data is stored as an excel file.
2019-09-15 0 0 View Details
The data set contains time series data on the local fiscal revenue, state financial subsidy revenue, local fiscal expenditure, and general budget expenditure in the Tibetan Autonomous Region from 1959 to 2016. The data were derived from the Tibet Society and Economics Statistical Yearbook and Tibet Statistical Yearbook. The accuracy of the data is consistent with that of the statistical yearbooks. Table 1: The table of total fiscal revenue, expenditure and related indexes contains 9 fields. Field 1: Year of the data Field 2: Total revenue, unit: 10,000 yuan Field 3: Local fiscal revenue of Tibet, unit: 10,000 yuan Field 4: General budget revenue, unit: 10,000 yuan Field 5: State financial subsidy revenue, unit: 10,000 yuan Field 6: Total fiscal expenditure, unit: 10,000 yuan Field 7: General budget expenditure, unit: 10,000 yuan Field 8: Total revenue index, unit: % Field 9: Total expenditure index, unit: % Table 2: The table of fiscal revenue and expenditure for each county contains 5 fields. Field 1: Districts and counties Field 2: Year Field 3: Local fiscal revenue, unit: 10,000 yuan Field 4: Local general budget fiscal revenue, unit: 10,000 yuan Field 5: Year-end balance of various loans of financial institutions
2019-09-15 0 1 View Details
Taking 2005 as the base year, the future population scenario was predicted by adopting the Logistic model of population. It not only can better describe the change pattern of population and biomass but is also widely applied in the economic field. The urbanization rate was predicted by using the urbanization Logistic model. Based on the existing urbanization horizontal sequence value, the prediction model was established by acquiring the parameters in the parametric equation by nonlinear regression. The urban population was calculated by multiplying the predicted population by the urbanization rate. The data adopted the non-agricultural population. The Logistic model was used to predict the future gross national product of each county (or city), and then, according to the economic development level of each county (or city) in each period (in terms of GDP per capita),the corresponding industrial structure scenarios in each period were set, and the output value of each industry was predicted. The trend of changes in industrial structure in China and the research area lagged behind the growth of GDP and was therefore adjusted according to the need of the future industrial structure scenarios of the research area.
2019-09-15 0 3 View Details