Brief Introduction: 泛第三极是从第三极向西、向北扩展,涵盖青藏高原、帕米尔、兴都库什、伊朗高原、高加索、喀尔巴阡等山脉的欧亚高地及其环境影响区,面积2000多万平方公里,和30多亿人的生存环境有关。泛第三极地区与“一带一路”核心区高度重合。深入研究泛第三极地区环境变化规律、机制与未来变化趋势,解决重点地区、重点国家和重点工程的资源环境问题,将为环境变化和人类活动最强烈的丝绸之路经济带可持续发展提供科学依据,为打造绿色、健康、智力、和平的“一带一路”提供决策支持。 中国科学院A类战略性先导科技专项“泛第三极环境变化与绿色丝绸之路建设”(以下简称“丝路环境专项”)于9月30日在北京。本专项将遵循习近平总书记对第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究的重要指示精神和新时代青藏高原生态文明建设理念的系列重要讲话指示精神,与第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究和三极环境与气候变化国际大科学计划有机结合,聚焦水、生态、人类活动,着力解决环境变化机理、资源环境承载力、灾害风险、绿色发展途径等方面的问题。围绕专项的两大统领科学问题,在科学贡献层面,预期在泛第三极环境变化与西风-季风相互作用和水资源变化及广域联动、泛第三极环境变化对关键物种和典型生态系统影响的预警体系与适应模式、人类文明发展与泛第三极环境相互作用及其适应策略等方面产出重大成果,推动从高极到三极的全球环境研究新前沿和三极环境与气候变化国际大科学计划的实施;在国家需求层面,预期在绿色丝绸之路建设的路线图、绿色丝绸之路建设的技术示范、优化青藏高原生态安全屏障体系的科学方案等方面产出重大成果,推动青藏高原可持续发展、推进国家生态文明建设、促进全球生态环境保护。

Number of Datasets: 536

  • Administrative divisions of counties in Qinghai province (1992-2016)

    The data set contains the Chinese name, English name and the affiliation between the districts and counties in each administrative division of Qinghai. The data were derived from the Qinghai Society and Economics Statistical Yearbook and the Qinghai Statistical Yearbook. The accuracy of the data is consistent with that of the statistical yearbook. Table 1: The table of administrative divisions in Qinghai has 5 fields. Field 1: Regions Interpretation: Chinese names of the regions Field 2: English names of the regions Interpretation: English names of the regions Field 3: Districts and counties Interpretation: Chinese names of the districts and counties Field 4: English names of the districts and counties Interpretation: English names of the districts and counties Field 5: Land area Unit: square kilometers Table 2: The table of division changes of each county has 5 fields. Field 1: Districts and counties Field 2: Year Field 3: Area Unit: square kilometers Field 4: Number of townships Field 5: Number of Village Committees

    2019-09-12 0 4 View Details

  • Observation of water and heat flux in alpine meadow ecosystem--automatic weather station of Yakou station(2015-2017)

    This data set contains the data of meteorological elements observed in the pass station upstream of heihewen meteorological observation network on January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2015.The site is located in da dong shu pass, qilian county, qinghai province.The longitude and latitude of the observation point are 100.2421E, 38.0142N, and the altitude is 4148m.Data including two observation points, all in pass observatory, located about 10 m, a set of continuous observation in 2015 (30 min output), another set for September 18, 2015 in 10 m high pass new stations (10 min), specific include: air temperature, relative humidity sensors at 5 m, toward the north (two sets of observation, 10 min and 30 min output);The barometer is installed in the skid-proof box on the ground (two groups of observation, 10min and 30min output respectively);The tipping bucket rain gauge is installed at 10m;The wind speed and direction sensor is mounted at 10m, facing due north (two groups, 10min and 30min output respectively).The four-component radiometer consists of two observation points, one is installed at the meteorological tower 6m, facing due south (10min output), and the other is installed on the support 1.5m above the ground (30min output).Two infrared thermometers are installed at 6m, facing south, with the probe facing vertically downward;The soil temperature probe was buried at 0cm on the surface and 4cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm underground (the two groups were observed for 10min and 30min respectively).The soil moisture probe was buried in the ground at 4cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm (the two groups were observed for 10min and 30min respectively).The soil heat flow plate was buried 6cm underground (observed in two groups, 10min (3 heat flow plates) and 30min (2 heat flow plates)). Observation projects are: air temperature and humidity (Ta_5m, RH_5m) (unit: c, percentage), pressure (Press) (unit: hundred mpa), precipitation (Rain) (unit: mm), wind speed (WS_10m) (unit: m/s), wind (WD_10m) (unit: degrees), the radiation of four component (DR, UR, DLR_Cor, ULR_Cor, Rn) (unit: watts per square meter), the surface radiation temperature (IRT_1, IRT_2) (unit:C), soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2, Gs_3) (unit: wattage/m2), soil temperature (Ts_0cm, Ts_4cm, Ts_10cm, Ts_20cm, Ts_40cm, Ts_80cm, Ts_120cm, Ts_160cm) (unit: water content by volume, percentage). Processing and quality control of observation data :(1) 144 or 48 data per day (every 10min or 30min) should be ensured.The four-component long-wave radiation output of 30min was between January 1, 2015 and January 1, 2015.The observation data was lost between 5.24 and 7.12 after 30min due to the collector problem.(2) eliminate the moments with duplicate records;(3) data that obviously exceeds the physical significance or the range of the instrument is deleted;(4) the part marked with red letters in the data is questionable data;(5) the format of date and time is uniform, and the date and time are in the same column.For example, the time is: 2015-9-10 10:30;(6) naming rules: AWS+ site name. For information of hydrometeorological network or site, please refer to Li et al. (2013), and for data processing, please refer to Liu et al. (2011).

    2019-03-22 0 10 View Details

  • Qilian Mountains integrated observatory network: Dataset of Heihe integrated observatory network (automatic weather station of Yakou station, 2018)

    This dataset includes data recorded by the Heihe integrated observatory network obtained from the automatic weather station (AWS) at the observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Yakou station from January 1 to December 31, 2018. The site (100.2421°E, 38.0142°N) was located on an alpine meadow surface, which is near west of Qilian county, Qinghai Province. The elevation is 4148 m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (HMP45C; 5 m, north), wind speed and direction profile (010C/020C; 10 m, north), air pressure (PTB110; in the tamper box on the ground), rain gauge (TE525M; 10 m), four-component radiometer (CNR1; 6 m, south), two infrared temperature sensors (SI-111; 6 m, south, vertically downward), soil heat flux (HFP01; 3 duplicates, -0.06 m), soil temperature profile (109ss-L; 0, -0.04, -0.1, -0.2, -0.4, -0.8, -1.2, and -1.6 m), and soil moisture profile (CS616; -0.04, -0.1, -0.2, -0.4, -0.8, -1.2, and -1.6 m). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_5 m; RH_5 m) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (Ws_10 m) (m/s), wind direction (WD_10 m) (°), air pressure (press) (hpa), precipitation (rain) (mm), four-component radiation (DR, incoming shortwave radiation; UR, outgoing shortwave radiation; DLR_Cor, incoming longwave radiation; ULR_Cor, outgoing longwave radiation; Rn, net radiation) (W/m^2), infrared temperature (IRT_1 and IRT_2) (℃), soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2 and Gs_3) (W/m^2), soil temperature (Ts_0 cm, Ts_4 cm, Ts_10 cm, Ts_20 cm, Ts_40 cm, Ts_80 cm, Ts_120 cm, and Ts_160 cm) (℃), and soil moisture (Ms_4 cm, Ms_10 cm, Ms_20 cm, Ms_40 cm, Ms_80 cm, Ms_120 cm, and Ms_160 cm) (%, volumetric water content). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. The missing data were denoted by -6999. Due to the sensor malfunction, the infrared temperature and wind direction were wrong during October 10 to November 17 and after August, respectively. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2018-9-10 10:30. (6) Finally, the naming convention was AWS+ site no. Moreover, suspicious data were marked in red. For more information, please refer to Liu et al. (2018) (for sites information), Liu et al. (2011) for data processing) in the Citation section.

    2019-07-31 0 10 View Details

  • The average wind speed of main areas in Qinghai Province (1988-2016)

    The data set includes the average wind speed data of main areas in Qinghai Province from 1988 to 2016 such as Xining, Haidong, Menyuan, Huangnan, Hainan, Guoluo, Yushu and Haixi. The data were derived from the Qinghai Society and Economics Statistical Yearbook and the Qinghai Statistical Yearbook. The accuracy of the data is consistent with that of the statistical yearbook. The data table records the monthly and annual average wind speed in eight regions of Qinghai. Unit: m / s The data set is mainly applied in geography and socioeconomic research.

    2019-09-13 0 5 View Details

  • Administrative boundaries data at 1:1000 000 scale over the Tibetan Plateau (2017)

    This data is originated from the 1:100,000 national basic geographic database, which was open freely for public by the National Basic Geographic Information Center in November 2017. The boundary of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau was spliced and clipped as a whole, so as to facilitate the study on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau. This data set is the 1:100,000 administrative boundaries of the qinghai-tibet plateau, including National_Tibet_line、 Province_Tibet、City_Tibet、County_Tibet_poly and County_Tibet_line. Administrative boundary layer (County_Tibet_poly) property name and definition: Item Properties Describe Example PAC Administrative division code 513230 NAME The name of the County line name Administrative boundary layer (BOUL) attribute name and definition: Item Properties Describe Example GB classification code 630200 Administrative boundary layer (County_Tibet_line) attribute item meaning: Item Properties Describe Example GB 630200 Provincial boundary GB 640200 Prefectural, municipal and state administrative boundaries GB 650201 county administrative boundaries (determined)

    2019-07-04 0 39 View Details

  • Observation dataset of the hydrologic station on the Rongbu River glacier of mount everest (2010)

    This is the flow data set observed in 2010 by the glacier hydrological station in the upper reaches of the Rongbu River on Mount Everest, Tibet. The measured section position is 28º22'03''N, 86º56'53' 'E, with an altitude of 4290 meters. It is measured by an LS20B propeller-type current meter by the one-point method. All the data were observed and collected in strict accordance with the Equipment Operating Specifications.

    2019-09-14 0 6 View Details

  • A new map of permafrost distribution on the Tibetan Plateau (2017)

    The Tibetan Plateau (TP) has the largest areas of permafrost terrain in the mid- and low-latitude regions of the world. Some permafrost distribution maps have been compiled but, due to limited data sources, ambiguous criteria, inadequate validation, and deficiency of high-quality spatial data sets, there is high uncertainty in the mapping of the permafrost distribution on the TP. We generated a new permafrost map based on freezing and thawing indices from modified Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) land surface temperatures (LSTs)、The temperature at the top of permafrost (TTOP) model was applied to simulate the permafrost distribution , validated this map using various ground-based data sets. The properties of frozen soil include: Seasonally frozen ground、Permafrost、Unfrozen ground. The results provide more detailed information on the permafrost distribution and basic data for use in future research on the Tibetan Plateau permafrost.

    2019-09-15 0 35 View Details

  • Water quality dataset of Qixiangcuo Lake (2017)

    This is the water quality data of the vertical profile of the observation point in Qixiangcuo Lake. There are two observation points. It is observed on July 4, 2017. The data is stored as an excel file.

    2019-09-15 0 4 View Details

  • Monthly standard weather station dataset in Sanjiangyuan (1957-2015)

    Monthly meteorological data of Sanjiangyuan includes 32 national standard meteorological stations. There are 26 variables: average local pressure, extreme maximum local pressure, date of extreme maximum local pressure, extreme minimum local pressure, date of extreme minimum local pressure, average temperature, extreme maximum temperature, date of extreme maximum temperature, extreme minimum temperature and date of extreme minimum temperature, average temperature anomaly, average maximum temperature, average minimum temperature, sunshine hours, percentage of sunshine, average relative humidity, minimum relative humidity, date of occurrence of minimum relative humidity, precipitation, days of daily precipitation >=0.1mm, maximum daily precipitation, date of maximum daily precipitation, percentage of precipitation anomaly, average wind speed, maximum wind speed, date of maximum wind speed, maximum wind speed, wind direction of maximum wind speed, wind direction of maximum wind speed and occurrence date of maximum wind speed. The data format is txt, named by the site ID, and each file has 26 columns. The names and units of each column are explained in the SURF_CLI_CHN_MUL_MON_readme.txt file. site_id lat lon elv name_cn 52754 37.33 100.13 8301.50 Gangcha 52833 36.92 98.48 7950.00 Wulan 52836 36.30 98.10 3191.10 Dulan 52856 36.27 100.62 2835.00 Qiapuqia 52866 36.72 101.75 2295.20 Xining 52868 36.03 101.43 2237.10 Guizhou 52908 35.22 93.08 4612.20 Wudaoliang 52943 35.58 99.98 3323.20 Xinghai 52955 35.58 100.75 8120.00 Guinan 52974 35.52 102.02 2491.40 Tongren 56004 34.22 92.43 4533.10 Togton He 56018 32.90 95.30 4066.40 Zaduo 56021 34.13 95.78 4175.00 Qumalai 56029 33.02 97.02 3681.20 Yushu 56033 34.92 98.22 4272.30 Maduo 56034 33.80 97.13 4415.40 Qingshui River 56038 32.98 98.10 9200.00 Shiqu 56043 34.47 100.25 3719.00 Guoluo 56046 33.75 99.65 3967.50 Dari 56065 34.73 101.60 8500.00 Henan 56067 33.43 101.48 3628.50 Jiuzhi 56074 34.00 102.08 3471.40 Maqu 56080 35.00 102.90 2910.00 Hezuo 56106 31.88 93.78 4022.80 Suo County 56116 31.42 95.60 3873.10 Dingqing 56125 32.20 96.48 3643.70 Nangqian 56128 31.22 96.60 3810.00 Leiwuqi 56137 31.15 97.17 3306.00 Changdu 56151 32.93 100.75 8530.00 Banma 56152 32.28 100.33 8893.90 Seda

    2019-05-28 0 17 View Details

  • Time-lapse observation dataset of soil temperature and humidity on the Tibetan Plateau (2008-2016)

    This data set comprises the plateau soil moisture and soil temperature observational data based on the Tibetan Plateau, and it is used to quantify the uncertainty of model products of coarse-resolution satellites, soil moisture and soil temperature. The observation data of soil temperature and moisture on the Tibetan Plateau (Tibet-Obs) are from in situ reference networks at four regional scales, which are the Nagqu network of cold and semiarid climate, the Maqu network of cold and humid climate, and the Ali network of cold and arid climate,and Pali network. These networks provided representative coverage of different climates and surface hydrometeorological conditions on the Tibetan Plateau. - Temporal resolution: 1hour - Spatial resolution: point measurement - Measurement accuracy: soil moisture, 0.00001; soil temperature, 0.1 °C; data set size: soil moisture and temperature measurements at nominal depths of 5, 10, 20, 40 - Unit: soil moisture, cm ^ 3 cm ^ -3; soil temperature, °C

    2019-09-15 0 15 View Details

  • Qilian Mountains integrated observatory network: Dataset of Heihe integrated observatory network (automatic weather station of Zhangye wetland station, 2018)

    This dataset includes data recorded by the Heihe integrated observatory network obtained from the automatic weather station (AWS) at the observation system of Zhangye wetland station from January 1 to December 31, 2018. The site (100.4464° E, 38.9751° N) was located on a wetland (reed surface) in Zhangye National Wetland Park, Gansu Province. The elevation is 1460 m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (HMP45AC; 5 and 10 m, north), wind speed profile (03002; 5 and 10 m, north), wind direction profile (03002; 10 m, north), air pressure (CS100; 2 m), rain gauge (TE525M; 10 m), four-component radiometer (CNR1; 6 m, south), two infrared temperature sensors (SI-111; 6 m, south, vertically downward), soil heat flux (HFP01; 3 duplicates, -0.06 m), soil temperature profile (109ss-L; 0, -0.02, -0.04, -0.1, -0.2 and -0.4 m), and four photosynthetically active radiation (PQS-1; two above the plants, 6 m, south, one vertically downward and one vertically upward; two below the plants, 0.25 m, south, one vertically downward and one vertically upward). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_5 m and Ta_10 m; RH_5 m and RH_10 m) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (Ws_5 m and Ws_10 m) (m/s), wind direction (WD_10 m) (°), air pressure (press) (hpa), precipitation (rain) (mm), four-component radiation (DR, incoming shortwave radiation; UR, outgoing shortwave radiation; DLR_Cor, incoming longwave radiation; ULR_Cor, outgoing longwave radiation; Rn, net radiation) (W/m^2), infrared temperature (IRT_1 and IRT_2) (℃), soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2, and Gs_3) (W/m^2), soil temperature (Ts_0 cm, Ts_2 cm, Ts_4 cm, Ts_10 cm, Ts_20 cm and Ts_40 cm) (℃), on the plants photosynthetically active radiation of upward and downward (PAR_U_up and PAR_U_down) (μmol/ (s m^-2)), and below the plants photosynthetically active radiation of upward and downward (PAR_D_up and PAR_D_down) (μmol/ (s m^-2)). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. The missing data were denoted by -6999. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2018-6-10 10:30. (6) Finally, the naming convention was AWS+ site no. Moreover, suspicious data were marked in red. For more information, please refer to Liu et al. (2018) (for sites information), Liu et al. (2011) for data processing) in the Citation section.

    2019-09-13 0 10 View Details

  • Snow cover dataset based on multi-source remote sensing products blended with 1km spatial resolution on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (1995-2018)

    This dataset is blended by two other sets of data, snow cover dataset based on optical instrument remote sensing with 1km spatial resolution on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (1989-2018) produced by National Satellite Meteorological Center, and near-real-time SSM/I-SSMIS 25km EASE-grid daily global ice concentration and snow extent (NISE, 1995-2018) provided by National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC, U.S.A). It covers the time from 1995 to 2018 (two periods, from January to April and from October to December) and the region of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (17°N-41°N, 65°E-106°E) with daily product, which takes equal latitude and longitude projection with 0.01°×0.01° spatial resolution, and characterizes whether the ground is covered by snow. The input data sources include daily snow cover products generated by NOAA/AVHRR, MetOp/AVHRR, and alternative to AVHRR taken from TERRA/MODIS corresponding observation, and snow extent information of NISE derived from observation by SSM/I or SSMIS of DMSP satellites. The processing method of data collection is as following: first, taking 1km snow cover product from optical instruments as initial value, and fully trusting its snow and clear sky without snow information; then, under the aid of sea-land template with relatively high resolution, replacing the pixels or grids where is cloud coverage, no decision, or lack of satellite observation, by NISE's effective terrestrial identification results. For some water and land boundaries, there still may be a small amount of cloud coverage or no observation data area that can’t be replaced due to the low spatial resolution of NISE product. Blended daily snow cover product achieves about 91% average coincidence rate of snow and non-snow identification compared to ground-based snow depth observation in years. The dataset is stored in the standard HDF4 files each having two SDSs of snow cover and quality code with the dimensions of 4100-column and 2400-line. Complete attribute descriptions is written in them.

    2019-05-28 0 24 View Details

  • Prefecture-level adminstrative units boundary of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

    This dataset is the boundary vector data of the prefecture-level administrative units in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in 2015. The data is in the Shapefile format and includes provincial-level administrative units such as the Tibet Autonomous Region, Qinghai Province, Gansu Province, Yunnan Province, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The 38 prefecture-level administrative units can be used for the geographical background research of the urbanization and ecological environment interaction stress of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. It is the basic geographic data for the statistics of urbanization indicators such as social, economic and population levels of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The data is obtained by means of data capture and collected through the administrative interface data acquisition API interface provided by the high-tech map. The data set uses the geographic coordinate system of WGS84.

    2019-07-02 0 0 View Details

  • Landsat-based continuous monthly 30m×30m land surface FVC dataset in Qilian mountain area (2018)

    This data set includes the monthly synthesis of 30m*30m surface vegetation index products in Qilian mountain area in 2018. Max value composition (MVC) method was used to synthesize monthly FVC products on the surface using the reflectivity data of Landsat 8 and sentinel 2 channels from Red and NIR channels. The data are synthesized monthly through Google Earth Engine cloud platform, and the missing pixels are interpolated by calculating the index of the model. The quality of the data is good, and it can be used in environmental change monitoring and other fields.

    2019-09-15 0 9 View Details

  • Dataset of major domestic animal epidemiology in Tibetan Plateau (2018)

    Cryptosporidium spp. and E. bieneusi were tested by nested PCR on domestic animals (405 fecal samples from yaks, Tibetan sheep, camels and horses, etc.) in the areas covered by the qinghai-tibet plateau mainly in Tibet and qinghai.1. The overall infection rate of cryptosporidium was 2.96% (12/405), and the detection rate of camels, Tibetan sheep and yaks in qinghai was divided into 15%, 9.8% and 3.1%.The detection rate of yaks in yunnan was 3.1%.No other domestic animals were found in Tibet or yunnan.Two cryptosporidium subspecies were detected in qinghai camels, among which c. ovis subtype was the first detected in camels.C.ryanae subtype was first detected in yaks in yunnan.The overall detection rate of E. bieneusi in domestic animals in qinghai-tibet plateau was 19.75% (80/405), and a total of 9 known subtypes and a new subtype (YN) were detected.The highest detection rate was for camels (45%) in qinghai, followed by Mongolian sheep (42.1%), yak (37.5%), horse (15.62%) and Tibetan sheep (7.3%).The detection rate of Tibetan sheep in Tibet was 10.8%.The detection rates of goats and cattle in yunnan were 36% and 25.7% respectively.CAM2 subtype was first detected in qinghai horses and CAM1 subtype was first detected in yaks.A new subtype YN was detected in yunnan cattle.

    2019-09-12 0 0 View Details

  • Basic indicators of Socio-economic development of five Central Asian Countries (2012-2017)

    The contents include five Central Asian countries, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The basic socio-economic indicators from 2012 to 2017 are divided into 12 categories: GDP, price, industry, agriculture, animal husbandry, construction, capital investment, transportation, foreign trade, labor market, wages, living standards and the exchange rate of the US dollar. Developments and changes. The data comes from ww. cisstat. com. The original index name is Russian, which is translated and edited. The accurate official data can provide basic data basis for the study of social and economic development in Central Asian countries.

    2019-09-15 0 0 View Details

  • Qilian Mountains integrated observatory network: Dataset of Heihe integrated observatory network (large aperture scintillometer of Daman Superstation, 2018)

    This dataset contains the flux measurements from the large aperture scintillometer (LAS) at Daman Superstation in the Heihe integrated observatory network from January 1 to December 31 in 2018. There were two types of LASs at Daman Superstation: BLS450 and BLS900, produced by Germany. The north tower was set up with the BLS450 receiver and the BLS900 transmitter, and the south tower was equipped with the BLS450 transmitter and the BLS900 receiver. The site (north: 100.379° E, 38.861° N; south: 100.369° E, 38.847° N) was located in Daman irrigation district, which is near Zhangye, Gansu Province. The underlying surfaces between the two towers were corn, orchard, and greenhouse. The elevation is 1556 m. The effective height of the LASs was 22.45 m, and the path length was 1854 m. The data were sampled 1 minute at both BLS450 and BLS900. The raw data acquired at 1 min intervals were processed and quality controlled. The data were subsequently averaged over 30 min periods, in which sensible heat flux was iteratively calculated by combining Cn2 with meteorological data according to the Monin-Obukhov similarity theory. The main quality control steps were as follows: (1) The data were rejected when Cn2 exceeded the saturated criterion (Cn2>1.43E-13). (2) The data were rejected when the demodulation signal was small (Average X Intensity<1000). (3) The data were rejected when collected during precipitation. (4) The data were rejected if collected at night when weak turbulence occurred (u* was less than 0.1 m/s). In the iteration process, the universal functions of Thiermann and Grassl, 1992 was selected. Detailed can refer to Liu et al. (2011, 2013). Several instructions were included with the released data. (1) The data were primarily obtained from BLS900 measurements, and missing flux measurements from the BLS900 instrument were substituted with measurements from the BLS450 instrument. The missing data were denoted by -6999. (2) The dataset contained the following variables: Date/time (yyyy/m/d h:mm), the structural parameter of the air refractive index (Cn2, m-2/3), and the sensible heat flux (H_LAS, W/m^2). In this dataset, a time of 0:30 corresponds to the average data for the period between 0:00 and 0:30, and the data were stored in *.xlsx format. Moreover, suspicious data were marked in red. For more information, please refer to Liu et al. (2018) (for sites information), Liu et al. (2011) (for data processing) in the Citation section.

    2019-09-13 0 3 View Details

  • Precipitation observation data of Jaggang Snow Mountain (2016-2017)

    This is the precipitation observation data of the observation point in Jaggang Snow Mountain. It can be used in Glaciology, Climatology, Environmental Change, Hydrologic Process in Cold Regions and other disciplinary areas. The data is observed from September 14, 2016 to June 19, 2017. It is measured by automatic rain gauge and a piece of data is recorded every 60 minutes. The original data forms a continuous time series after quality control, and the daily mean index data is obtained through calculation. The original data meets the accuracy requirements of China Meteorological Administration (CMA) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) for meteorological observation. Quality control includes eliminating the systematic error caused by the missing point data and sensor failure. The data is stored as an excel file.

    2019-09-15 0 2 View Details

  • The NPP spatio-temporal dataset of the Tibetan Plateau (1982-2006)

    This data set contains the results of the calculation of Net Primary Productivity (NPP) on the Tibetan Plateau based on ecological models and remote sensing data from 1982 to 2006. Ecosystem NPP of the Tibetan Plateau was generated based on the remote sensing Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) data and the Carnegie-Ames-Stanford Approach (CASA) model(1982-2006), the soil carbon content was generated based on the second soil census data, and the biomass carbon data were generated based on the High Resolution Biosphere Model (HRBM) model. Forest ecosystem NPP of the Tibetan Plateau (1982-2006): npp_forest82.e00,npp_forest83.e00,npp_forest84.e00,npp_forest85.e00,npp_forest86.e00, npp_forest87.e00,npp_forest88.e00,npp_forest89.e00,npp_forest90.e00,npp_forest91.e00, npp_forest92.e00,npp_forest93.e00,npp_forest94.e00,npp_forest95.e00,npp_forest96.e00, npp_forest97.e00,npp_forest98.e00,npp_forest99.e00,npp_forest00.e00,npp_forest01.e00, npp_forest02.e00,npp_forest03.e00,npp_forest04.e00,npp_forest05.e00,npp_forest06.e00 Grassland ecosystem NPP of the Tibetan Plateau(1982-2006): npp_grass82.e00,npp_grass83.e00,npp_grass84.e00,npp_grass85.e00,npp_grass86.e00, npp_grass87.e00,npp_grass88.e00,npp_grass89.e00,npp_grass90.e00,npp_grass91.e00, npp_grass92.e00,npp_grass93.e00,npp_grass94.e00,npp_grass95.e00,npp_grass96.e00, npp_grass97.e00,npp_grass98.e00,npp_grass99.e00,npp_grass00.e00,npp_grass01.e00,npp_grass02.e00,npp_grass03.e00,npp_grass04.e00,npp_grass05.e00,npp_grass06.e00. Biomass carbon and soil carbon of the Tibetan Plateau: Biomass.e00,Socd.e00. The soil carbon content data (Socd) are generated based on data of the second soil census of China and Soil Map of China (1:1,000,000) by soil subclass interpolation. The NPP data are generated from the CASA model and AVHRR data simulation: Potter CS, Randerson JT, Field CB et al. Terrestrial ecosystem production: a process model based on global satellite and surface data. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 1993, 7: 811–841. The biomass carbon data are generated via HRBM model simulation: McGuire AD, Sitch S, et al. Carbon balance of the terrestrial biosphere in the twentieth century: Analyses of CO2, climate and land use effects with four process-based ecosystem models. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 2001, 15 (1), 183-206. The raw data are mainly remote sensing data and field observation data with high accuracy; the verification and adjustment of the measured data in the field during the production were undertaken to maintain the error of the simulation results and the field measured data within the acceptable range as much as possible; the verification results of the NPP data and the field measured data show that the error remains within 15%. The spatial resolution is 0.05°×0.05° (longitude×latitude).

    2019-09-12 0 12 View Details

  • Meteorological observation data from Qomolangma station for atmospheric and environmental observation and research (2005-2016)

    This data set includes the daily averages of the temperature, pressure, relative humidity, wind speed, precipitation, global radiation, P2.5 concentration and other meteorological elements observed by the Qomolangma Station for Atmospheric and Environmental Observation and Research from 2005 to 2016. The data are aimed to provide service for students and researchers engaged in meteorological research on the Tibetan Plateau. The precipitation data are observed by artificial rainfall barrel, the evaporation data are observed by Φ20 mm evaporating pan, and all the others are daily averages and ten-day means obtained after half hour observational data are processed. All the data are observed and collected in strict accordance with the Equipment Operating Specifications, and some obvious error data are eliminated when processing the generated data.

    2019-09-14 0 22 View Details