The data of greenhouse land is based on Google Earth image interpretation in Lhasa city, 2018, with a spatial resolution of 0.52 meters. Most of the greenhouses in Lhasa are regular rectangles with high reflectivity, which is easy to identify. In the process of interpretation, the open fields with an area of more than 0.10 hectares and roads with a width of more than 7 meters in the greenhouse area of protected agriculture, as well as the greenhouse covered with black textile were removed, while the small empty fields and ridges between the farmland of protected agriculture were not removed. The accuracy of interpretation is 98%. The data well reflects the spatial pattern characteristics of greenhouse land in Lhasa city.
WANG Zhaofeng, GONG Dianqing
This dataset contains land cover products in Qilian Mountain Area from 1985 to 2017 every 5 years. The dataset was produced by two steps. Firstly, land cover product in 2015 is produced using time series Landsat-8/OLI data. In view of the different NDVI time series curves of various land features with time variation, the knowledge of different land features is summarized, the extraction rules of different land features are set, and the land cover classification map in 2015 is obtained. The classification system refers to IGBP and FROM_LC classification system. It is divided into 10 categories: cultivated land, woodland, grassland, shrub, wetland, water body, impermeable surface, bare land, glacier and snow cover. According to the accuracy evaluation of Google Earth high-definition image and field survey data, the overall accuracy of land cover classification products in 2015 is as high as 92.19%. Secondly, taking the land cover classification products in 2015 as the base map, a large number of samples are selected according to the proportion of different types. Based on the Landsat series data and powerful data processing ability of Google Earth Engine platform, the random forest classifier is selected to train the band information and NDVI, MNDWI, NDBI and other indices by using the idea of in-depth learning. The land of each five-year period from 1985 to 2017 is produced. By comparing two classified products in 2015, it is concluded that the land cover classified products based on Google Earth Engine platform have good consistency with those based on time series method. In conclusion, the land cover data set in the core area of Qilian Mountains has high overall accuracy , and the method based on sample training of Google Earth Engine platform can expand the existing classification products in time and space, and the frequency of every five years can reflect more land cover type change information in long time series.
YANG Aixia, 吴俊君, ZHONG Bo, JUE Kunsheng
This data set is the land use data of the key areas of Qilian mountain in 2018, spatial resolution 2m. This data set is based on the data of climate, altitude, topography, and land cover type of the Qilian mountain. Through the high-resolution remote sensing images to interprets the surface cover types. For the land types that cannot be reflected by the images, collect relevant data in the field, check and correct the land use types. At the same time, the maps and attribute information are uniformly entered and edited to form land use data in the Qilian Mountain area in 2018.
WANG Hongwei, QI Yuan, ZHANG Jinlong, YAN Changzhen, DUAN Hanchen, JIA Yongjuan
The dataset is the land cover of Qing-Tibet Plateau in 2014. The data format is a TIFF file, spatial resolution is 300 meters, including crop land, grassland, forest land, urban land, and so on. The dataset offers a geographic fundation for studying the interaction between urbanization and ecological reservation of Qing-Tibet Plateau. This land cover data is a product of CCI-LC project conducted by European Space Agency. The coordinate reference system of the dataset is a geographic coordinate system based on the World Geodetic System 84 reference ellipsoid. There are 22 major classes of land covers. The data were generated using multiple satellite data sources, including MERIS FR/RR, AVHRR, SPOT-VGT, PROBA-V. Validation analysis shows the overall accuracy of the dataset is more than 70%, but it varies with locations and land cover types.
Based on 2015 ESA global land cover data (ESA GlobCover, 300 m grid), combined with the Tsinghua university global land cover data (FROM GLC, 30 m grid), NASA MODIS global land cover data (MCD12Q1, 300 m grid), the United States Geological Survey (USGS global land data (GFSAD30, 30 m), Japanese global forest data (PALSAR/PALSAR - 2, 25 m), we build the LUCC classification system in the Belt and Road's region and the rest of the data transformation rules of the classification system. We also build the land cover classification confidence function and the rules of fusing land classification to finish the integration and modification of land cover products and finally completed the land use data in the Belt and Road's region V1.0 (64 + 1 countries, 2015, 1 km x 1 km grid, the first level classification).
Land cover dataset of MODIS is a product that describes the types of land cover based on the data obtained from Terra and Aqua observations for one year. The land cover dataset contains 17 major land cover types, including 11 natural vegetation types, 3 land development and mosaic types and 3 non-vegetation land types according to the International Geosphere Biosphere Project (IGBP). MCD12Q1 adopts five different land cover classification schemes. The main technology of information extraction is supervised decision tree classification. Based on MCD12Q1 data from 2001 to 2016, MatLab was used to tailor the masks of 18 key nodes in Southeast Asia and middle East. Finally, the annual land cover dataset of 18 key nodes in Southeast Asia from 2001 to 2016 was obtained.
GE Yong, LING Feng, ZHANG Yihang
The MODIS Terra MOD09A1 Version 6 product provides an estimate of the surface spectral reflectance of Terra MODIS Bands 1 through 7 corrected for atmospheric conditions such as gasses, aerosols, and Rayleigh scattering. Along with the seven 500 m reflectance bands is a quality layer and four observation bands. For each pixel, a value is selected from all the acquisitions within the 8-day composite period. The criteria for the pixel choice include cloud and solar zenith. When several acquisitions meet the criteria the pixel with the minimum channel 3 (blue) value is used.Based on MCD12Q1 data from 2001 to 2016, MatLab was used to tailor the masks of 18 key nodes in Southeast Asia and middle East. Finally. This dataset is based on the data of MOD09A1 V6 synthesized in 8 days from 2001 to 2016 downloaded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The spatial resolution is 500 meters, and MatLab is used to mask cut the data in the research area, and Finally, the land cover data of 18 key nodes from 2001 to 2016 were obtained.. The 18 key regions covered by the data mainly include: Bangkok, Port of Myanmar, Chittagong, Colombo, Dhaka, Gwadar, Hambantot, Huangjing and Malacca, Kwantan, Maldives, Mandalay, Sihanouk, Vientiane, Yangon, etc.).
These data contain two data files: GLOBELAND30 TILES (raw data) and TIBET_ GLOBELAND30_MOSAIC (mosaic data). The raw data were downloaded from the Global Land Cover Data website (GlobalLand3) (http://www.globallandcover.com) and cover the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding areas. The raw data were stored in frames, and for the convenience of using the data, we use Erdas software to splice and mosaic the raw data. The Global Land Cover Data (GlobalLand30) is the result of the “Global Land Cover Remote Sensing Mapping and Key Technology Research”, which is a key project of the National 863 Program. Using the American Landsat images (TM5, ETM+) and Chinese Environmental Disaster Reduction Satellite images (HJ-1), the data were extracted by a comprehensive method based on pixel classification-object extraction-knowledge checks. The data include 10 primary land cover types—cultivated land, forest, grassland, shrub, wetland, water body, tundra, man-made cover, bare land, glacier and permanent snow—without extracting secondary types. In terms of accuracy assessment, nine types and more than 150,000 test samples were evaluated. The overall accuracy of the GlobeLand30-2010 data is 80.33%. The Kappa indicator is 0.75. The GlobeLand30 data use the WGS84 coordinate system, UTM projection, and 6-degree banding, and the reference ellipsoid is the WGS 84 ellipsoid. According to different latitudes, the data are organized into two types of framing. In the regions of 60° north and south latitudes, the framing is carried out according to a size of 5° (latitude) × 6° (longitude); in the regions of 60° to 80° north and south latitudes, the framing is carried out according to a size of 5° (latitude) × 12° (longitude). The framing is projected according to the central meridian of the odd 6° band. GLOBELAND30 TILES: The original, unprocessed raw data are retained. TIBET_ GLOBELAND30_MOSAIC: The Erdas software is used to mosaic the raw data. The parameter settings use the default value of the raw data to retain the original, and the accuracy is consistent with that of the downloading site.
The aim of the simultaneous observation of river surface temperature is obtaining the river surface temperature of different places, while the sensor of thermal infrared go into the experimental areas of artificial oases eco-hydrology on the middle stream. All the river surface temperature data will be used for validation of the retrieved river surface temperature from thermal infrared sensor and the analysis of the scale effect of the river surface temperature, and finally serve for the validation of the plausibility checks of the surface temperature product from remote sensing. 1. Observation sites and other details Ten river sections were chosen to observe surface temperature simultaneously in the midstream of Heihe River Basin on 3 July and 4 July, 2012, including Sunan Bridge, Binhe new area, Heihe Bridge, Railway Bridge, Wujiang Bridge, Gaoya Hydrologic Station, Banqiao, Pingchuan Bridge, Yi’s Village, Liu’s Bridge. Self-recording point thermometers (observed once every 6 seconds) were used in Railway Bridge and Gaoya Hydrologic Station while handheld infrared thermometers (observed once of the river section temperature for every 15 minutes) were used in other eight places. 2. Instrument parameters and calibration The field of view of the self-recording point thermometer and the handheld infrared thermometer are 10 and 1 degree, respectively. The emissivity of the latter was assumed to be 0.95. All instruments were calibrated on 6 July, 2012 using black body during observation. 3. Data storage All the observation data were stored in excel.
GENG Liying, He Xiaobo, Jia Shuzhen