Based on Landsat data (kh-9 data in 1976 as auxiliary data), glacial lake data of nearly 40 years (1970s-2018) in the western Nyainqentanglha range were obtained by manual digitization and visual interpretation. The variation characteristics of glacial lake over 0.0036 square kilometers in terms of type, size, elevation and watershed were analyzed in detail. The results show that, between 1976 and 2018, the number of glacial lakes increased by 56% from 192 to 299 and their total area increased by 35% from 6.75 ± 0.13 square kilometers to 9.12 ± 0.13 square kilometers ; the type of glacial lake is changing obviously; the smaller glacial lake is changing faster; the expansion of glacial lake is developing to higher altitude.
LUO Wei ZHANG Guoqing
This dataset contains daily 0.05°×0.05° land surface soil moisture products in Qilian Mountain Area in 2018. The dataset was produced by utilizing the multivariate statistical regression model to downscale the “AMSR-E and AMSR2 TB-based SMAP Time-Expanded Daily 0.25°×0.25° Land Surface Soil Moisture Dataset in Qilian Mountain Area (SMsmapTE, V1)”. The auxiliary datasets participating in the multivariate statistical regression include GLASS Albedo/LAI/FVC, 1km all-weather surface temperature data in western China by Ji Zhou and Lat/Lon information.
CHAI Linna ZHU Zhongli LIU Shaomin
This dataset provides global monthly gross primary production (GPP) based on satellite NIRv (near-infrared reflectance) during 1982-2018 with a spatial resolution of 0.05 degree. This dataset was generated based on the satellite NIRv and hundreds of ground flux sites. Validation using ground flux sites indicates that the root-mean-square-error (RMSE) of this dataset is 1.95 gC m-2 d-1. This dataset could be beneficial for the estimation of global terrestrial carbon fluxes and for the projection of future climates.
WANG Songhan ZHANG Yongguang
This data set includes land cover classification products of 30 meters in Qilian mountain area from 1985 to 2019. Firstly, the product uses Landsat-8/OLI to construct the 2015 time series data. According to the different NDVI time series curves of various ground features, the knowledge of different features is summarized, the rules are set to extract different features, and the land cover classification map in 2015 is obtained. The classification system refers to IGBP classification system and from_ LC classification system can be divided into 10 categories: cultivated land, woodland, grassland, shrub, wetland, water body, impervious surface, bare land, glacier and snow. According to the accuracy evaluation of Google Earth HD images and field survey data, the overall accuracy of land cover classification products in 2015 was as high as 92.19%. Based on the land cover classification products in 2015, based on the Landsat series data and strong geodetic data processing ability of Google Earth engine platform, the land cover classification products from 1985 to 2019 are produced by using the idea and method of change detection. By comparing the classification products, it is concluded that the land cover classification products based on Google Earth engine platform have good consistency with the classification products based on time series method. In short, the land cover data set in the core area of Qilian Mountain has high overall accuracy, and the method based on Google Earth engine platform sample training can expand the existing classification products in time and space, and can reflect more land cover type change information in a long time series.
YANG Aixia ZHONG Bo JUE Kunsheng WU Junjun
This dataset contains daily 0.01°×0.01° land surface soil moisture products in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in 2005, 2010, 2015, 2017, and 2018. The dataset was produced by utilizing the multivariate statistical regression model to downscale the “SMAP Time-Expanded 0.25°×0.25° Land Surface Soil Moisture Dataset in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (SMsmapTE, V1)”. The auxiliary datasets participating in the multivariate statistical regression include GLASS Albedo/LAI/FVC, 1km all-weather surface temperature data in western China by Ji Zhou, and Lat/Lon information.
CHAI Linna ZHU Zhongli LIU Shaomin
This dataset contains land surface soil moisture products with SMAP time-expanded daily 0.25°×0.25°in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Area. The dataset was produced based on the Random Forest method by utilizing passive microwave brightness temperature along with some auxiliary datasets. The temporal resolution of the product in 1980,1985,1990,1995 and 2000 is monthly, by using SMMR, SSM/I, and SSMIS brightness temperature from 19 GHz V/H and 37 GHz V channels. The temporal resolution of the product between June 20, 2002 and Dec 30, 2018 is daily, by utilizing AMSR-E and AMSR2 brightness temperature from 6.925 GHz V/H, 10.65 GHz V/H, and 36.5 GHz V channels. The auxiliary datasets participating in the Random Forest training include the IGBP land cover type, GTOPO30 DEM, and Lat/Lon information.
CHAI Linna ZHU Zhongli LIU Shaomin
The land cover dataset of Pan third pole major cities contains 14 cities (Urumqi, Xining, Lanzhou, Dhaka, Kathmandu, Lucknow, Delhi, Lahore, Islamabad, Kabul, Dushanbe, Tashkent, Bishkek and Almaty) in 2000 / 2010 / 2017, the spatial resolution of this dataset is 30 m. It includes vegetation, cultivated land, artificial surface, water body and others. Based on globeland30, mcd12q1 and globcover2009, the consistent regions were identified and retained. The inconsistent regions were reclassified by deep learning method, and the final classification results were obtained by fusing the above regions. The data has been verified by visual interpretation. The data are applied to the study of construction land dynamics and anthropogenic influence in Pan-Third Pole cities. Data type: grid. Projection mode: UTM projection.
Xin LI Wenfei LUAN
Vulnerability assessment dataset of hectometre level for 34 key nodes assessment the flood risk of key nodes in the Belt and Road under the extreme precipitation events, in order to provide basis for decision-making for the local government department, at the same time before flood disaster early warning, which may take the disaster prevention and mitigation measures for the precious time, reduce people's lives and property damage brought by the flood. Based on the data of GDP, population, land ues, road density and river density in the Belt and Road, this dataset combined with the methods of spatial analysis of ArcGIS, assigning different weights to each indicator and building assessment 34 key nodes under the condition of extreme precipitation in flood vulnerability level, which was divided into 5 levels by using natural break point method, representing no vulnerability, low vulnerability, middle vulnerability, high vulnerability, extreme high vulnerability, respectively.
GE Yong LI Qiangzi LI Yi
This data set includes the normalized vegetation index, vegetation coverage, vegetation net primary productivity, grassland biomass, forest stock vegetation parameter remote sensing products in the key area of Qilian mountain from May 2019 to October 2019, and the spatial resolution is 10m. In this data set, remote sensing data sources such as GF-1, GF-6, Sentinel-2, and ZY-3, combined with basic meteorological and ground monitoring data, are used to retrieve vegetation parameters such as band ratio method, mixed pixel decomposition model and CASA model to generate monthly vegetation index remote sensing products of Qilian Mountain in the growing season. This data set provides data support for the diagnosis of regional eco-environmental problems and the dynamic assessment of eco-environment by constructing a high spatial-temporal resolution eco-environmental monitoring data set based on high-resolution satellites.
QI Yuan, ZHANG Jinlong, CAO Yongpan, ZHOU Shengming, WANG Hongwei
The pan third pole historical extreme precipitation data set includes 2000-2018 extreme precipitation identification data. One belt, one road, was used to assess the rainfall in the important area along the GPM IMERG Final Run (GPM) daily rainfall. The extreme precipitation threshold of 34 important nodes was evaluated by percentile method. The daily precipitation period was identified by the calculated threshold, and the surface inundation area was produced on the basis of extreme precipitation. The data range mainly includes 34 key nodes of Pan third pole (Vientiane, Alexandria, Yangon, Calcutta, Warsaw, Karachi, yekajerinburg, Chittagong, Djibouti, etc.) The data set can provide the basis for local government decision-making, so as to correctly identify extreme precipitation and reduce the loss of life and property caused by extreme precipitation.
This data set is the human activity data of Qilian Mountain in 2019. Based on the data of mining, illegal house renovation, new roads, land leveling and ecological restoration in Qilian Mountains, the high-resolution remote sensing images to compare the changes before and after statistical analysis. In the Qilian Mountains area, the changes of land types are investigated and verified block by block; in the areas with suspicious maps, re-interpretation and verification; in the areas with unreflecting images, field verification is carried out to collect relevant data, check and correct the location. At the same time, it further checks the attribute information of mining, illegal house renovation, new roads, land leveling and ecological restoration in the Qilian Mountains in 2019, and unifies the input and editing of the patches and their attributes, forming the data set of human activities in the Qilian Mountains in 2018, realizing the current situation and timeliness of ecological management in the Qilian Mountains, and providing data support for the monitoring of human activities in Qilian Mountains in 2019.
QI Yuan ZHANG Jinlong ZHOU Shengming LI Na WANG Hongwei
Land surface temperature is a critical parameter in land surface energy balance. This dataset provides the monthly land surface temperature of UAV remote sensing for typical ground stations in the middle reaches of Heihe River basin from July to September in 2019. The land surface temperature retrieval algorithm is an improved single-channel algorithm, which was applied to the land surface brightness temperature data obtained by the UAV thermal infrared remote sensing sensor, and finally the land surface temperature data with a spatial resolution of 0.4m was obtained.
ZHOU Ji LIU Shaomin WANG Ziwei
This data set includes the normalized vegetation index, vegetation coverage, vegetation net primary productivity, grassland biomass, forest stock vegetation parameters of the Heihe River Basin from May 2019 to October 2019, and the spatial resolution is 10m. In this dataset, remote sensing data sources such as GF-1, GF-6, Sentinel-2, and ZY-3, combined with basic meteorological and ground monitoring data, are used to retrieve vegetation parameters such as band ratio method, mixed pixel decomposition model and CASA model to generate monthly vegetation index remote sensing products of Qilian Mountain in the growing season. This data set provides data support for the diagnosis of regional eco-environmental problems and the dynamic assessment of eco-environment by constructing a high spatial-temporal resolution eco-environmental monitoring data set based on high-resolution satellites.
QI Yuan, ZHANG Jinlong, CAO Yongpan, ZHOU Shengming, WANG Hongwei
Surface albedo is a critical parameter in land surface energy balance. This dataset provides the monthly land surface albedo of UAV remote sensing for typical ground stations in the middle reaches of Heihe river basin during the vegetation growth stage in 2019. The algorithm for calculating albedo is an empirical method, which was developed based on a comprehensive forward simulation dataset based on 6S model and typical spectrums. This method can effectively transform the surface reflectance to the broadband surface albedo. The method was then applied to the surface reflectance acquired by UAV multi-spectral sensor and the broadband surface albedo with a 0.2-m spatial resolution was eventually obtained.
ZHOU Ji LIU Shaomin DONG Weishen
NDVI is a very important vegetation index for the research of vegetation growth and land cover classification. This dataset provides a monthly land surface albedo of UAV remote sensing with a spatial resolution of 0.2 m. It measured in the midstream of Heihe River Basin during the vegetation growth season over typical stations in 2019. The pix4D mapper software was used for image mosaic and NDVI calculation.
ZHOU Ji LIU Shaomin JIN Zichun
Snow pits were observed daily at Altay base station（lon：88.07、lat: 44.73） from November 27, 2015 to March 26, 2016. Parameters include: snow stratification, stratification thickness, density, particle size, temperature. The frequency of observation was daily. The particle size was observed by a microscope with camera, the density was observed by snowfork, snow shovel and Snow Cone, and the temperature was automatically observed by temperature sensor. The observation time was 8:00-10:100 am local time. The snow particle size is observed according to the natural stratification of snow. The snow particles of each layer are collected, and at least 2 photos are taken. The long axis and short axis of at least 10 groups of particles are measured by corresponding software. Unit: mm. The density was observed at equal intervals, snowfork every 5 cm, snow shovel every 10 cm, snow cone to observe the density of the whole snow layer, and the density of each layer was observed three times. The unit is g / cm3. The height of temperature observation is 0cm, 5cm, 10cm, 15cm, 25cm, 35cm, 45cm, 55cm. The recording frequency was once every 1 minute. The unit is OC.
The vegetation index mainly reflects the differences between the visible light, near-infrared reflection and soil background. The vegetation index can be used to quantitatively describe the growth of vegetation under certain conditions. At present, normalized vegetation index (NDVI) is an important data source for detecting vegetation growth status, vegetation coverage and eliminating some radiation errors. NDVI can reflect the background influence of plant canopy, such as soil, wet ground, snow, dead leaves, roughness, etc., and it is related to vegetation coverage. Landsat satellite data product is an important data source for NDVI estimation. Taking 31 key nodes and 3 major projects in the third pole as the research area, based on the data of Landsat-5 and landsat-8 from 2000 to 2016, the NDVI of different areas was cut and estimated, and finally the 16 day time series ten meter (30M) high-resolution NDVI data of key node areas in the third pole from 2000 to 2016 was obtained.
GE Yong LING Feng ZHANG Yihang
High Asia is very sensitive to climate change, and is a hot area of global change research. The changes of temperature and precipitation will be reflected in the freezing and thawing time of ice and snow. Satellite microwave remote sensing can provide continuous monitoring ability of ice and snow surface state in time and space. When a small part of ice and snow begins to melt, micro liquid water will also be reflected in active and passive microwave remote sensing signals. In the microwave band, the dielectric constant of ice and liquid water is very different, so it provides a basic theory for the microwave remote sensing monitoring of ice and snow melting. In the case of passive microwave, when ice and snow begin to melt and liquid water appears, its absorption and emissivity increase rapidly, so its emissivity, brightness temperature and backscatter coefficient will also change rapidly. This data set is the initial time of ice and snow melting in the high Asia region retrieved by using the satellite microwave radiometer and scatterometer observations from 1979 to 2018. The passive microwave remote sensing data are SMMR on satellite (1979-1987) and SSM / i-ssmis radiometer on DMSP (1988 present). The active microwave remote sensing data is the QuikSCAT satellite scatterometer (2000-2009).
XIONG Chuan SHI Jiancheng YAO Ruzhen LEI Yonghui PAN Jinmei
This data set includes the monthly synthetic 30 m × 30 m surface Lai products in Qilian Mountain Area in 2019. The maximum value composition (MVC) method is used to synthesize the monthly NDVI products on the earth's surface and calculate the Lai by using the reflectance data of Landsat 8 and sentinel 2 red and near infrared channels. The data is monthly synthesized by Google Earth engine cloud platform, and the index is calculated by the model. The missing pixels are interpolated with good quality, which can be used in environmental change monitoring and other fields.
WU Jinhua ZHONG Bo WU Junjun
This data set includes the monthly synthesis of 30 m × 30 m surface NPP products in the Qilian Mountain Area in 2019. The maximum value composition (MVC) method is used to synthesize the monthly NDVI products on the earth's surface and calculate NPP by using the reflectance data of Landsat 8 and sentinel 2 red and near infrared channels. The data is monthly synthesized by Google Earth engine cloud platform, and the index is calculated by the model. The missing pixels are interpolated with good quality, which can be used in environmental change monitoring and other fields.
WU Jinhua ZHONG Bo WU Junjun