This data set mainly includes the whole rock SR Nd isotopic data of 83 magmatic rocks from the Hoh Xil- basin to Lhasa block in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The samples are mainly distributed in Hoh Xil- lake, Guoganjianian in the South Qiangtang, Dugur, Nasongduo and Saga counties in the Gangdise. Rock samples include olivine leucite, quartz monzonite, diorite and granite. The data mainly come from published articles or articles in the acceptance stage. MC-ICP-MS was used to measure SR Nd isotopes in Guangzhou Institute of geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences and other key laboratories. The published articles of the data set have been included in high-level SCI or Ni journals, and the data results are true and reliable. In the future, it can be used to study the lithospheric evolution and magmatic genesis of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
TANG Gongjian DAN Wei QI Yue WANG Jun ZHOU Jinsheng
The EPMA data set of single mineral of magmatic rocks in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau is mainly based on the main data of single mineral in some areas of the Hoh Xil Lhasa plate, and the single mineral test points are more than 1000. The samples were distributed in Hoh Xil lake, Baohu Lake in South Qiangtang and Narusongduo area in Gangdise. Cameca sxlivefe electron microprobe was used for single mineral electron probe. The data comes from published articles or in the acceptance stage. The data were published in SCI or Ni journals, including American mineralogist and Journal of petroleum. The main testing units are Guangzhou Institute of geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Institute of mineral resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences. The data set can be used to study the petrogenesis of magmatic rocks in different areas of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
TANG Gongjian QI Yue WANG Jun ZHOU Jinsheng
Lithofacies analysis is an important research method to explore the source region, background, and nature of sedimentary basins. Through the systematic investigation of several late Cretaceous strata in Nepal, situated on the south flank of the Himalayas, the Tulsipur and Butwal sections conducted detailed lithology and sedimentary facies analysis. Continuous strata include the Taltang Fm. , Amile Fm. , Bhainskati Fm. and Dumri Fm. from bottom to top. The lithology contains terrigenous clastic rocks such as conglomerate, sandstone, siltstone and mudstone, chemical rocks such as limestone and siliceous rock, as well as special lithology such as coal seam, carbonaceous layer and oxidation crust. Both sections have various colors and sedimentary structures, which are good materials for the analysis of lithofacies evolution. According to the characteristics of lithofacies and sedimentary assemblage revealed that the Nepal sedimentary environment evolution during the late Cretaceous, which experienced the marine, fluvial, lacustrine, and delta evolution process.
Guided by the theory of plate tectonics, paleogeography, petroliferous basin analysis and sedimentary basin dynamics, we have collected a large number of data and achievements of geological research and petroleum geology in recent years, including strata, sedimentation, paleontology, paleogeography, paleoenvironment, paleoclimate, structure, oil and gas (potash) geology and other basic materials, especially paleomagnetism, Paleogene Based on the data of detrital zircon and geochemistry, combined with the results of typical measured stratigraphic sections, the lithofacies and climate paleogeographic pattern of Cretaceous were restored and reconstructed, and two lithofacies paleogeographic maps of early and late Cretaceous of Pan tertiary and two climate paleogeographic maps of early and late Cretaceous of Pan tertiary were obtained, aiming at discussing the influence of paleogeography, paleostructure and paleoclimate In order to reveal the geological conditions and resource distribution of oil and gas formation, and provide scientific basis and technical support for China's overseas and domestic oil and gas exploration deployment.
Zircon HF-O data sets of magmatic rocks in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau are mainly based on zircon HF-O isotopic data of local areas from the South Qiangtang to Lhasa plate. Zircon HF-O test points are mainly concentrated in guoganjianian mountain, baohu, Duguer of South Qiangtang and saga County of Lhasa plate. The rocks are mainly mafic dyke swarms, gneissic granite and diorite. Zircon HF-O was measured by MC-ICP-MS and Sims, respectively. The data comes from published articles or in the acceptance stage. The data were published in SCI or Ni journals, including geology, BSA bulletin and Journal of petroleum, and the data results were true and reliable. The main testing unit is Guangzhou Institute of geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The data set can be used to study the petrogenesis and lithospheric evolution of magmatic rocks in different areas of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
TANG Gongjian DAN Wei WANG Jun QI Yue
The single mineral dating data set of magmatic rocks in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau is mainly zircon dating in some areas of the Hoh Xil Lhasa plate, with 34 zircon dating samples. The samples are mainly from baohu, guoganjianianshan and Dugur areas of South Qiangtang, Saga county and narusongduo areas of Lhasa plate. The rocks are mainly quartz monzonite, granite and diorite. The zircon dating methods include Sims and LA-ICPMS. The data comes from published articles or in the acceptance stage. The data were published in SCI or Ni journals, including geology, BSA bulletin and Journal of petroleum, and the data results were true and reliable. The main testing unit is Guangzhou Institute of geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The data set can be used to study the age of magmatic rocks in different areas of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
TANG Gongjian DAN Wei ZHOU Jinsheng QI Yue WANG Jun
This data set mainly includes the non-traditional B-Mo isotopic data of Himalayan Leucogranites, which is mainly used to study the mechanism of B-Mo isotopic fractionation during the melting process, and is of great significance to the genetic study of Himalayan Leucogranites. The rocks are mainly from the granite in the Cuonadong area. Among them, there are 34 Mo samples and 48 B samples, including repeated samples. MC-ICP-MS was used for B-Mo isotopic analysis. ICP-AES and MC-ICP-MS were used for B and Mo contents in solution. The testing unit is Guangzhou Institute of geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The data are from accepted articles published in the Journal of geochimica et cosmochimica Acta, and the data are true and reliable. It can be applied to the study of unconventional isotope fractionation and the genesis of magmatic rocks.
The data content mainly includes the main and micro data of the whole rock of some magmatic rocks in the Hoh Xil Lhasa plate of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The samples were mainly distributed in Hoh Xil lake, South Qiangtang guoganjianian, Dugur, and Gangdise Nasongduo and Saga counties. There are more than 300 major and trace elements in the samples, including olivine leucite, quartz monzonite, diorite and granite, which are of great significance to the study of the lithospheric evolution of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. Data mainly come from published articles or being accepted. XRF spectroscopy was used to determine the major elements and ICP-MS was used to determine the trace elements. The data quality is highly reliable, and the testing units include the State Key Laboratory of Guangzhou Institute of geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, etc. The data are published in high-level journals, including geology, BSA bulletin and Journal of petroleum.
TANG Gongjian WANG Jun QI Yue ZHOU Jinsheng DAN Wei
This data set includes apatite and zircon (U-Th) / He ages, apatite fission-track (AFT) ages of the Yalong River thrust belt, which will be continuously updated in the future. The first part is the apatite and zircon He and apatite fission-track data from the Yunongxi fault, a branch fault in the hinterland of the Yalong River thrust belt. The second part of the data is from the Jinping Shan-Muli fault, a branch of the Yalong River thrust belt, including apatite and zircon He ages data. The data results are concentrated, which well constrain the evolution of the Yalong River thrust belt and provide a high-quality chronological basis for exploring its role in the process of plateau expansion.
The data include the Cenozoic plant fossils collected from Gansu, Qinghai and Yunnan by the Department of paleontology, School of Geological Sciences and mineral resources, Lanzhou University from 2019 to 2020. All the fossils were collected by the team members in the field and processed in the laboratory by conventional fossil restoration methods and cuticle experiment methods. The fossils are basically well preserved, some of which are horned The study of these plant fossils is helpful to understand the Cenozoic paleoenvironment, paleoclimate, paleogeographic changes and vegetation features of the eastern Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
The Yarlung Zangbo suture zone and its neighbouring areas are crucial for the research of the evolution of Neo-Tethys. The earliest evidence of the formation of Neo-Tethys remains to be discovered and the sequence of the basin evolution in many areas, such as the eastern and western Xizang, is far from well established. The limits in stratigraphy and sedimentology have greatly restricted the investigation of the evolution of Neo-Tethys as well as the collision between Indian-Eurasian plates. This exploration team conducted a joint investigation on the Mesozoic strata in some key areas in eastern, central, and southern Xizang, with emphasis on their stratigraphy, palaeontology, and sedimentology, to retrieve potential stratigraphic and sedimentary evidence of the opening, evolution, and retreat of the Neo-Tethys in the region. This dataset is a collection of the exploration, which includes diaries and photos of the strata, geological structure, profiles, and fossils that have been collected in the above-mentioned areas. It consists of three items. The explored strata include the Jurassic-Cretaceous in Luolong and Basu counties, eastern Xizang, in Renbu and Lang counties, central Xizang, and the radiolarite strata in Ngari.
LI Jianguo LUO Hui LI Xianghui
Previous works have been undertaking on the geochemistry of some basic rocks within the Yaelung Zangbo suture zone, and it was proposed that the Jurassic-Cretaceous seamount type basement basic rocks are preserved in Zhongba and Renbu area. In this work, we conducted analysis of trace element for seventeen basic rock samples underlain below limestone blocks in Lhaze area within the central Yarlung Zangbo suture zone, southern Tibet. Results show that the rocks are dominated by basalts and have a feature of EMORB type with NMORB and OIB types. Combined with the overlain carbonates, these rocks are proposed the basement of paleo-seamounts, the Permian vestige preserved within the Yarlung Zangbo suture zone. This recognition of paleo-seamount implies that the Neotethys Ocean could have been already opened at the time (before the Middle Permian epoch).
With a depositional history spanning the early Aptian to early Albian (~19 mys), the Lower Cretaceous Xinminpu Group in Jiuquan, NW China provides abundant animal and plant fossils. This area is the represented study area of the Lower Cretaceous in China. The absence of a comprehensive stratigraphical framework for this area however limits the degree to which the unit can be interpreted relative to coeval sections and the geological records in genera. This investigation from July 9 to July 11 focuses on the Lower Cretaceous in this area, and collected abundant fossil and rock samples for biostratigraphic and stratigraphic analysis. This dataset includes: stratigraphic column of the Chijinpu Formation in the East Xiagou outcrop, and photographs of outcrops and represented fossils; stratigraphic column of the Xiagou Formation in the Changma outcrop and a photo of bird-bearing outcrop.
The Sixth Zhabuye Section locates at the northern part of the Zhabuye salt lake in Zhongba County, Tibet. The Middle Permian carbonates of the Xiala Formation outcropped very well in the region. This section has a thickness of 200 meters and was divided into 6 units. The lower 50 meters of the section is composed of limestones and chert layers. The chert layers in the above 100 meters decreased significantly, but they reappear in the top 35 meters. This section has abundant fusulines and smaller foraminifers. The fusulines has two assemblages, respectively Neoschwagerina majulensis-Kahlerina pachytheca assemblage in the lower and Chusenella quasifera-Codonofusiella nana assemblage in the upper. The foraminifers are divided into three assemblages, respectively Glomomidiellopsis specialisaeformis-Pachyphloia multiseptata assemblage, Lysites biconcavus-Shanita amosi assemblage and Lasiodiscus tenuis-Neoendothyra reicheli assemblage.
The Xiadong section locates at the Xiadong village region in Tsochen County, Tibet. The Permian strata in this region includes Largar, Angjie and Xiala formations. The Xiadong Section locates at the north of the Xiadong Village. The section is composed of entirely carbonates with abundant fusulines, smaller foraminifers and corals. The column exhibit the occurrences of fusulines and smaller foraminifers and their biostratigraphy. According to the fusulines, the age of the Xiala Formation at this section is middle Permian age. The fusulines can be subdivided into two assemblages, respectively Chenella changanchiaoensis-Neoschwagerina cheni in the lower and Nankinella-Chusenella assemblage in the upper. The foraminifers are divided into four assemblages, respectively Lasiodiscus tenuis-Palaeotextularia angusta elongata assemblage, Agathammina pusilla-A.vachardi assemblage, Hemigordiopsis-Midiella assemblage and Pachyphloi-Nodosinelloides assemblage.
The Mujiucuo section locates at the west of the Mujiucuo salt lake in Xainza County, Tibet. The Permian sequences oupcropped very well at the section. The Permian sequence at the section was divided into five formations, respectively Yunzhub, Largar, Angjie, Xiala and Mujiucuo formations. The Yunzhub Formation is composed of sandstone. The upper part of this formation contains limestone interlayers with 8 species of brachiopods. The brachiopods are grouped into the Costatumulus-Bandoproductus assemblage. The Xiala Formation is composed of entirely carbonates. The purplish limestone in the base of Xiala Formation consists of 6 species of brachiopods. They are grouped into the Alispiriferella-Retimarginifera celeteria assemblage. The overlying bed only contains one species Permophricodothyris elegantula. The brachiopods from these beds overall show a Gondwanan type in palaeobiogeography. It suggests that the Lhasa Block located not far away from the Gondwana margin. According to the constraints by fusulines and conodonts, the ages of beds 83, 86 and 87 are Middle Permian whereas those of beds 88 and 89 are late Permian. Brachiopods are found in many beds in the Xiala Formation. They are divided into two separate assemblages, respectively Echinauris opuntia-Neoplicatifera in the lower and Spinomarginifera lopingensis-Chonetinella cymatilis in the upper. Compared with the brachiopods from the Yunzhub Formation and basal Xiala Formation below, both assemblages from the middle and upper part of the Xiala Formation exhibit a pronounced palaeobiogeographical changes.
XU Haipeng ZHANG Yichun
The Mujiucuo section locates at the west of the Mujiucuo salt lake in Xainza County, Tibet. The Permian sequences oupcropped very well at the section. The beds from 83 to 89 consists mainly of bioclastic limestone with abundant fusulines and foraminifers. After careful examination, 13 species of fusulines and 37 species of smaller foraminifers are identified at the section. In terms of the occurrences of those fusulines and smaller foraminifers, the fusulines are subdivided into the lower Nankinella-Chusenella assemblage of Middle Permian and upper Codonofusiella schubertelloides zone of Late Permian. Similarly, the smaller foraminifers are also divided into lower Agathammina vachardi-Hemigordiopsis subglobosa assemblage and upper Glomomidiellopsis xainzaensis-Midiella reicheli assemblage. The dominance of Miliolinids in the section suggests an overall warm-water depositional settings.
25 members consisting of researchers from Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, CAS and Nanjing University, reporters from Beijing News, technicians from China Unicom, drivers and kitchener undertook the investigation on the Palaeozoic strata and faunas from various regions in northern Tibet from 30 August to 3 October. The expedition areas include areas in northern Selingco, Rejuechaka and Rongma region in northern Nyima County, Wenbu area in southern Nyima County. The objective of the expedition includes: (1) the origin of the Permian limestone blocks within the Bangong-Nujiang suture zones; (2) the Permian-Triassic strata, faunas and floras in the Rejuechaka region, northern Tibet; (3) the Ordovician cephalopods in the Rongma area, Nyima County; (4) the Permian sequence and faunas in the Wenbu area, southern Nyima County. This album contains the full record of the investigation and geological phenomenon. The links in the album can directly link to the video in internet.
25 members consisting of researchers from Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, CAS and Nanjing University, reporters from Beijing News, technicians from China Unicom, drivers and kitchener undertook the investigation on the Palaeozoic strata and faunas from various regions in northern Tibet from 5 September to 2 October. The expedition areas include areas in northern Selingco, Rejuechaka and Rongma region in northern Nyima County, Wenbu area in southern Nyima County. In northern Selingco region, the expedition focused on the faunas from the exotic limestone blocks within the Bangong-Nujiang suture zone. In the Rejuechaka region, the expedition attention was paid on the Permian-Triassic successions, sea-level changes, and Permian and Triassic faunas and floras. In the Rongma area, the Ordovician cephalopod and Permian microfossils within the Longmu Co-Shuanghu suture zone was investigated. In the Wenbu area, the research attention was paid on the stratigraphic transition from the ice-houce to green-house conditions during the early Permian time. This document record the full information about the field investigation.
The dataset contains the identification lists of fusulines, smaller foraminifers, brachiopods and conodonts from three sections at the Mujiucuo area, Xainza County, Tibet. The Permian strata has very good outcrops at the Mujiucuo region. The Permian strata is composed of the Yunzhub, Largar, Angjie, Xiala and Mujiucuo formations in ascending order. The Yunzhub Formation contains only abundant brachiopods, they show a typical Gondwanan cool-water type. The middle part of the Xiala Formation is composed of medium-bedded limestone with abundant foraminifers, fusulines and brachiopods. The upper part of the Xiala Formation contains abundant conodonts, smaller foraminifers and fusulines. According to the ages of the fossils, the limestone from the northwest Mujiucuo section corresponds to the bed 86 of the Mujiucuo section. The limestones from the short western Mujiucuo section corresponds to bed 89 of the Mujiucuo section. The limestone and dolomites from the No. 2 short section comes from the lower part of the Mujiucuo Formation.