This dataset includes data recorded by the Heihe integrated observatory network obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Daman Superstation from January 1 to December 31, 2018. The site (100.372° E, 38.856° N) was located on a cropland (maize surface) in the Daman irrigation, which is near Zhangye city, Gansu Province. The elevation is 1556 m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (AV-14TH;3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, and 40 m, towards north), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, and 40 m, towards north), air pressure (CS100; 2 m), rain gauge (TE525M; 2.5 m, 8 m in west of tower), four-component radiometer (PIR&PSP; 12 m, towards south), two infrared temperature sensors (IRTC3; 12 m, towards south, vertically downward), photosynthetically active radiation (LI190SB; 12 m, towards south, vertically upward; another four photosynthetically active radiation, PQS-1; two above the plants (12 m) and two below the plants (0.3 m), towards south, each with one vertically downward and one vertically upward), soil heat flux (HFP01SC; 3 duplicates with G1 below the vegetation; G2 and G3 between plants, -0.06 m), a TCAV averaging soil thermocouple probe (TCAV; -0.02, -0.04 m), soil temperature profile (AV-10T; 0, -0.02, -0.04, -0.1, -0.2, -0.4, -0.8, -1.2, and -1.6 m), soil moisture profile (CS616; -0.02, -0.04, -0.1, -0.2, -0.4, -0.8, -1.2, and -1.6 m). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_3 m, Ta_5 m, Ta_10 m, Ta_15 m, Ta_20 m, Ta_30 m, and Ta_40 m; RH_3 m, RH_5 m, RH_10 m, RH_15 m, RH_20 m, RH_30 m, and RH_40 m) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (Ws_3 m, Ws_5 m, Ws_10 m, Ws_15 m, Ws_20 m, Ws_30 m, and Ws_40 m) (m/s), wind direction (WD_3 m, WD_5 m, WD_10 m, WD_15 m, WD_20 m, WD_30m, and WD_40 m) (°), air pressure (press) (hpa), precipitation (rain) (mm), four-component radiation (DR, incoming shortwave radiation; UR, outgoing shortwave radiation; DLR_Cor, incoming longwave radiation; ULR_Cor, outgoing longwave radiation; Rn, net radiation) (W/m^2), infrared temperature (IRT_1 and IRT_2) (℃), photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) (μmol/ (s m-2)), average soil temperature (TCAV, ℃), soil heat flux (Gs_1, below the vegetation; Gs_2, and Gs_3, between plants) (W/m^2), soil temperature (Ts_0 cm, Ts_2 cm, Ts_4 cm, Ts_10 cm, Ts_20 cm, Ts_40 cm, Ts_80 cm, Ts_120 cm, and Ts_160 cm) (℃), soil moisture (Ms_2 cm, Ms_4 cm, Ms_10 cm, Ms_20 cm, Ms_40 cm, Ms_80 cm, Ms_120 cm, and Ms_160 cm) (%, volumetric water content), above the plants photosynthetically active radiation of upward and downward (PAR_U_up and PAR_U_down) (μmol/ (s m-2)), and below the plants photosynthetically active radiation of upward and downward (PAR_D_up and PAR_D_down) (μmol/ (s m-2)). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day.The meterological data during September 17 and November 7 and TCAV data after November 7 were wrong because the malfunction of datalogger. The missing data were denoted by -6999. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2018-6-10 10:30. Moreover, suspicious data were marked in red. For more information, please refer to Liu et al. (2018) (for sites information), Liu et al. (2011) for data processing) in the Citation section.
LIU Shaomin, XU Ziwei, LI Xin, CHE Tao, XU Ziwei, REN Zhiguo, TAN Junlei
The observation data set of Central Asia field meteorological station includes the field observation data of temperature, precipitation, wind direction and speed, relative humidity, air pressure, radiation, soil heat flux, sunshine time and soil temperature of 10 Central Asia field meteorological stations. 10 field stations cover farmland, forest, grassland, desert, desert, wetland, plateau, mountain and other ecosystem types. The original meteorological data collected by the ground meteorological observation station is obtained after screening and review, and format conversion. Data quality is good. Central Asia has a variety of climate types, fragile ecological environment and frequent meteorological disasters. The establishment of this data set provides data support for long-term research in the fields of Central Asia ecological environment monitoring, disaster prevention and mitigation, climate change and ecological environment in Central Asia, and has been applied in the research of Central Asia ecological environment monitoring.
This data is the aridity index (AI) under the rcp4.5 scenario. AI data is the ratio of precipitation to potential evapotranspiration. This data is calculated by the average of 14 models. These 14 modes are canesm2; ccsm4; cnrm-cm5; csiro-mk3-6-0; giss-e2-r; hadgem2-cc; hadgem2-es; inmcm4; ipsl-cm5a-lr; miroc5; miroc-esm-chem; miroc-esm; mpi-esm-lr; mri-cgcm3. The spatial resolution is 2 * 2 degrees, and the temporal resolution is from January 2020 to December 2099. This data set can be used to analyze the future dry and wet change scenarios in the Great Lakes region of Central Asia, as well as the dry and wet past and pattern in other regions of the world under the future scenarios.
This data set includes the daily values of temperature, air pressure, relative humidity, wind speed, precipitation, total radiation, etc. observed at Namuco station from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2018.
WANG Junbo, WU Guangjian
The basic data set of water resources research of Southeast Asian countries and Lancang Mekong basin (1901-2010) collected and sorted out the main hydrometeorological data of Southeast Asian countries and Lancang Mekong basin, including precipitation, average temperature, maximum temperature, minimum temperature, water vapor pressure, etc. the data came from CRU TS v. 4.03 (clinical research unit time series version 4.03), which is widely used in the whole world The format is NC, the time resolution is month by month, and the time length is from January 1901 to December 2018. Hydrological data includes surface runoff and underground runoff simulated by the hydrological model. The data comes from GLDAS (Global Land Data Assimilation System). The data format is NC, the time resolution is month by month, and the time length is from January 1979 to February 2019.
Climatic Research Unit CRU, Global Land Data Assimilation System GLDAS
The dataset records the Ali Desert Environment Integrated Observation and Research Station, the meteorological dataset for 2017-2018, and the time resolution of the data is days. It includes the following basic meteorological parameters: temperature (1.5 meters from the ground, once every half hour, unit: Celsius), relative humidity (1.5 meters from the ground, half an hour, unit: %), wind speed (1.5 meters from the ground, half an hour) , unit: m / s), wind direction (1.5 meters from the ground, once every half hour, unit: degrees), air pressure (1.5 meters from the ground, once every half hour, unit: hPa), precipitation (24 hours, unit: mm ), water vapor pressure (unit: Kpa), evaporation (unit: mm), downward short-wave radiation (unit: W/m2), upward short-wave radiation (unit: W/m2), downward long-wave radiation (unit: W/m2) ), upward long-wave radiation (unit: W/m2), net radiation (unit: W/m2), surface albedo (unit: %). Data collection location: Observation Field of Ali Desert Environment Comprehensive Observation and Research Station, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Longitude: 79°42'5"; Latitude: 33°23'30"; Altitude: 4264 meters.
The data include daily precipitation (Precip) amount and daily mean near-surface air temperature (T2M) over the Pan Third Pole region. The data is downscaled by using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model (3.7.1). The boundary and initial condition come from the fifth-generation global reanalysis product by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), ERA5. The seasonal cycle and summer mean of precipitation over Tibet is well reproduced in comparison to the in situ observations.
Data description: This dataset includes the grid data of annual temperature and annual precipitation on the Tibetan Plateau from 1998 to 2017. It is the basic data for study of climate change and its impact on the ecological environment. Data source and processing: The meta data was aquired from the temperature and precipitation daily data of China's ground high-density stations (above 2,400 national meteorological stations) based on the latest compilation of the National Meteorological Information Center's basic data. After removing the missing stations, the software's thin plate spline method in ANUSPLIN was used to perform spatial interpolation, in order to generate grid data with spactial resolution of 1 km on the Tibetan Plateau . Data application: This data can be used to indentify the impact of climate change on the ecological environment.
The RCM employed is the International Center for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) Regional Climate Model version 4 (RegCM4, Giorgi et al., 2012). The domain used is the Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX) Phase II East Asia domain, covering whole of China and its surrounding East Asia areas. The model is run at 25 km gird spacing, with its standard configuration of 18 vertical sigma layers with a model top at 10 hPa. Configuration of the model follows Gao et al. (2016, 2017), with land cover data over China was updated as reported by Han et al. (2015) to better represent the realistic vegetation. The initial and lateral boundary conditions needed to drive RegCM4 are derived from the CMIP5 models of HadGEM2-ES (RCP4.5 pathways), and the data set include temperature and precipitation.
This data set is the data set of climate factors in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau from 1990 to 2015. It records the spatial distribution change of annual average temperature in the past 25 years. The data is in TIF grid format, with a spatial resolution of 1km and an annual average temperature unit of 0.1C. The data comes from the daily observation data of meteorological stations on the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, which is generated by time aggregation calculation and spatial interpolation processing. As an important climate factor, the data set can be used to study the annual average temperature change and climate change of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. As the climate background of the ecological environment change of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, it provides data support for the study of urbanization and ecological environment interaction stress Bracing.
DU Yunyan, YI Jiawei
This dataset includes the monthly mean temperature data with 0.0083333 arc degree (~1km) for China from Jan 1901 to Dec 2017. The data form belongs to NETCDF, namely .nc file. The unit of the data is 0.1 ℃. The dataset was spatially downscaled from CRU TS v4.02 with WorldClim datasets based on Delta downscaling method. The dataset was evaluated by 496 national weather stations across China, and the evaluation indicated that the downscaled dataset is reliable for the investigations related to climate change across China. The dataset covers the main land area of China, including Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan regions, and excluding islands and reefs in South China Sea.
This data is a 5km monthly hydrological data set, including grid runoff and evaporation (if evaporation is less than 0, it means condensation; if runoff is less than 0, it means precipitation is less than evaporation). This data is a 5km monthly hydrological data set, including grid runoff and evaporation (if evaporation is less than 0, it means condensation; if runoff is less than 0, it means precipitation is less than evaporation).
Based on the WRF model, using ERA5 reanalysis data as the initial and boundary fields, the high-resolution low-level atmospheric structure and the earth atmosphere exchange data set of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau are preliminarily obtained by the method of dynamic downscaling. The time range of this data set is from August 1 to August 31, 2014, with a time resolution of 1 hour, a horizontal range of 25 °N-40 °N, 70oE-105oE, and a horizontal resolution of 0.05 °. The data format is NetCDF, and one file is output every hour. The file is named after the date. The lower atmospheric structure data includes temperature, relative humidity, water vapor mixing ratio, potential height, meridional wind and latitudinal wind meteorological elements, with 34 isobaric surfaces in the vertical direction; the surface air exchange data set includes the upward / downward short wave radiation, upward / downward long wave radiation, surface sensible heat and flux, 2m air temperature and water vapor mixing ratio, 10m wind, etc. The data set can provide data support for the study of weather process and climate environment in the Tibetan Plateau.
1) Data content (including elements and meanings): Gridded multiyear-average monthly air temperature lapse rate data over the Tibetan Plateau at three kinds of resolutions (i.e. 0.25°, 0.75° and 2°) 2) Data source and processing method: Locally reliable temperature lapse rates are created from filtered MODIS LST-elevation samples by using the thresholds of standard error of elevation and correlation coefficient 3) Data quality description: For ERA-Interim, the validation accuracy (based on 1980-2014 daily mean aire temperature records from 113 stations across the Tibetan Plateau) decreases from ~4℃ to ~2℃ after using the 0.75° temperaturel lapse rate. 4) Data application results and prospects: This dataset can be used for downscaling air temperature from multiple reanalysis datasets.
ZHANG Fan, ZHANG Hongbo
The basic meteorological data set of the China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor meteorological station includes wind speed, wind direction, precipitation, temperature and snow depth. The time resolution is 3 hours. The site is scattered around the corridor and the number of sites is 29. The data set was extracted based on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Environmental Information Center (NCEI) hourly/sub-hour observation dataset. In addition to the data itself, each data includes information such as data quality assessment results and data acquisition methods. In addition, the precipitation data of each site is composed of 4 detection devices to ensure data stability. Snow depth data includes snow depth and equivalent water depth dimensions, ie the depth of water after the snow melts.
LI Shengyu, FAN Jinglong
An effective assessment of future climate change, especially future precipitation forecasting, is an important basis for the rational development of adaptive strategies for Northwest China, where the ecological environment is fragile and encompasses arid and semiarid regions. Based on RegCM 4.6 model and HadGEM2-ES scenarios with four different representative concentration pathways (RCP 2.6, RCP 4.5, RCP6.0 and RCP 8.5), the climate projections of 0.25 degree in the future (2007-2099) at 3 hours, daily and yearly time scales over Northwest China are presented respectively. These data indicate that the near-surface temperature in Northwest China will continue to warm in the future under RCP 8.5 scenario. By the end of the 21st century, the temperature will become more significant. Over 6 °C, precipitation will continue to increase in the future, and will increase by 100 mm by the end of the 21st century; The number of extreme climate index summer days (SU) will continue to increase, indicating that high temperatures will be more frequent over Northwest China in future, meanwhile, the number of consecutive dry days (CDD) will decrease,
PAN Xiaoduo, ZHANG Lei
This dataset is the spatial distribution map of the marshes in the source area of the Yellow River near the Zaling Lake-Eling Lake, covering an area of about 21,000 square kilometers. The data set is classified by the Landsat 8 image through an expert decision tree and corrected by manual visual interpretation. The spatial resolution of the image is 30m, using the WGS 1984 UTM projected coordinate system, and the data format is grid format. The image is divided into five types of land, the land type 1 is “water body”, the land type 2 is “high-cover vegetation”, the land type 3 is “naked land”, and the land type 4 is “low-cover vegetation”, and the land type 5 is For "marsh", low-coverage vegetation and high-coverage vegetation are distinguished by vegetation coverage. The threshold is 0.1 to 0.4 for low-cover vegetation and 0.4 to 1 for high-cover vegetation.
（1）This data set provides atmospheric temperature (2 meters above land surface), vapor content, precipitation, press, wind velocity and solar radiation (since 2015). （2）All data were generated using AWS (auto weather station), and been calculated their daily average. （3）All data are presented here are raw data, after being evaluated regarding their quality. （4）This data set could be used in background description for related studies.
WEI Da, WANG Xiaodan
This dataset includes data recorded by the Qinghai Lake integrated observatory network obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of the Alpine meadow and grassland ecosystem Superstation from August 31 to December 24, 2018. The site (98°35′41.62″E, 37°42′11.47″N) was located in the alpine meadow and alpine grassland ecosystem, near the SuGe Road in Tianjun County, Qinghai Province. The elevation is 3718m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (HMP155; 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, and 40 m, towards north), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, and 40 m, towards north), air pressure (PTB110; 3 m), rain gauge (TE525M; 10m of the platform in west by north of tower), four-component radiometer (CNR4; 6m, towards south), two infrared temperature sensors (SI-111; 6 m, towards south, vertically downward), photosynthetically active radiation (PQS1; 6 m, towards south, each with one vertically downward and one vertically upward, soil heat flux (HFP01; 3 duplicates below the vegetation; -0.06 m), soil temperature profile (109; -0.05、-0.10、-0.20、-0.40、-0.80、-1.20、-2.00、-3.00 and -4.00m), soil moisture profile (CS616; -0.05、-0.10、-0.20、-0.40、-0.80、-1.20、-2.00、-3.00 and -4.00m). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_3 m, Ta_5 m, Ta_10 m, Ta_15 m, Ta_20 m, Ta_30 m, and Ta_40 m; RH_3 m, RH_5 m, RH_10 m, RH_15 m, RH_20 m, RH_30 m, and RH_40 m) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (Ws_3 m, Ws_5 m, Ws_10 m, Ws_15 m, Ws_20 m, Ws_30 m, and Ws_40 m) (m/s), wind direction (WD_3 m, WD_5 m, WD_10 m, WD_15 m, WD_20 m, WD_30m, and WD_40 m) (°), air pressure (press) (hpa), precipitation (rain) (mm), four-component radiation (DR, incoming shortwave radiation; UR, outgoing shortwave radiation; DLR_Cor, incoming longwave radiation; ULR_Cor, outgoing longwave radiation; Rn, net radiation) (W/m^2), infrared temperature (IRT_1 and IRT_2) (℃), soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2, and Gs_3) (W/m^2), soil temperature (Ts_5cm、Ts_10cm、Ts_20cm、Ts_40cm、Ts_80cm、Ts_120cm、Ts_200cm、Ts_300cm、Ts_400cm) (℃), soil moisture (Ms_5cm、Ms_10cm、Ms_20cm、Ms_40cm、Ms_80cm、Ms_120cm、Ms_200cm、Ms_300cm、Ms_400cm) (%, volumetric water content), photosynthetically active radiation of upward and downward (PAR_D_up and PAR_D_down) (μmol/ (s m-2)). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. The missing data were denoted by -6999. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2018/8/31 10:30. Moreover, suspicious data were marked in red.
This dataset is provided by the author of the paper: Huang, R., Zhu, H.F., Liang, E.Y., Liu, B., Shi, J.F., Zhang, R.B., Yuan, Y.J., & Grießinger, J. (2019). A tree ring-based winter temperature reconstruction for the southeastern Tibetan Plateau since 1340 CE. Climate Dynamics, 53(5-6), 3221-3233. In this paper, in order to understand the past few hundred years of winter temperature change history and its driving factors, the researcher of Key Laboratory of Alpine Ecology, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences and CAS Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences. Prof. Eryuan Liang and his research team, reconstructed the minimum winter (November – February) temperature since 1340 A.D. on southeastern Tibetan Plateau based on the tree-ring samples taken from 2007-2016. The dataset contains minimum winter temperature reconstruction data of Changdu on the southeastern TP during 1340-2007. The data contains fileds as follows: year Tmin.recon (℃) See attachments for data details: A tree ring-based winter temperature reconstruction for the southeasternTibetan Plateau since 1340 CE.pdf
HUANG Ru, ZHU Haifeng, LIANG Eryuan