Some economic data of Zhangye City from 2001 to 2012 include: per capita GDP, GDP, the proportion of fiscal revenue to GDP, per capita fiscal revenue, industrial contribution rate, the proportion of town population to total population, the proportion of added value of tertiary industry to GDP, the proportion of added value of secondary industry to GDP, industrial comprehensive benefit index, contribution rate of total assets, contribution rate of fixed assets, social labor productivity, G DP growth rate
This data provides the annual lake area of 582 lakes with an area greater than 1 km2 in the enorheic basin of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau from 1986 to 2019. First, based on JRC and SRTM DEM data, 582 lakes are identified in the area that are larger than 1 km2. All Landsat 5/7/8 remote sensing images covering a lake are used to make annual composite images. NDWI index and Ostu algorithm were used to dynamically segment lakes, and the size of each lake from 1986 to 2019 is then calculated. This study is based on the Landsat satellite remote sensing images, and using Google Earth Engine allowed us to process all Landsat images available to create the most complete annual lake area data set of more than 1 km2 in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau area; A set of lake area automatic extraction algorithms were developed to calculate of the area of a lake for many years; This data is of great significance for the analysis of lake area dynamics and water balance in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau region, as well as the study of the climate change of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau lake.
ZHU Liping PENG Ping
According to the genomic data obtained, most of the candidate genes are related to physiological development. In order to study the specific regulatory mechanism of the candidate genes, corresponding functional verification tests are carried out. Therefore, we obtained the corresponding transgenic mice and sequenced the corresponding tissues of homozygous and wild-type samples (22 tissue samples in total, including brain, bone marrow and muscle tissues). Then through the analysis of this batch of transcriptome data, we can improve the functional verification of candidate genes, in order to provide powerful data for understanding the adaptive genetic mechanism of species in different regions and physiological regulation in the process of growth and development.
The temporal resolution of temperature and radiation data in Central Asia is monthly scale, and the spatial resolution is 0.5 degree and 0.05 degree, respectively. The GCS_WGS_1984 projection coordinate system was used. Among them, the downward short wave radiation, air temperature and vapor pressure data of GLDAS, surface temperature / emissivity data of MOD11C3, surface albedo data of MCD43C3 and ASTER_GEDv4.1 are used for radiation data calculation; the temperature data was calculated by MOD06_ L2 cloud products and MOD07_ L2 atmospheric profile data was calculated. This data is based on the advanced remote sensing algorithm and makes full use of the current high-precision remote sensing data and products, which is different from the traditional climate model for the estimation of climate elements. The data can be used to analyze the spatial and temporal variation characteristics of water resources in Central Asia, analyze the supply-demand relationship of agricultural water resources and evaluate the development potential of water resources.
Jinxi SONG Xiaohui JIANG
The data defines LC classes using a set of classifiers. The system was designed as a hierarchical classification, which allows adjusting the thematic detail of the legend to the amount of information available to describe each LC class, whilst following a standardized classification approach. As the CCI-LC maps are designed to be globally consistent, their legend is determined by the level of information that is available and that makes sense at the scale of the entire world. The “level 1” legend – also called “global” legend – presented in Table 3-1 meets this requirement. This legend counts 22 classes and each class is associated with a ten values code (i.e. class codes of 10, 20, 30, etc.). The CCI-LC maps are also described by a more detailed legend, called “level 2” or “regional”. This level 2 legend makes use of more accurate and regional information – where available – to define more LCCS classifiers and so to reach a higher level of detail in the legend. This regional legend has therefore more classes which are listed in Appendix 1. The regional classes are associated with nonten values (i.e. class codes such as 11, 12, etc.). They are not present all over the world since they were not properly discriminated at the global scale.
Agricultural Water Resources Supply, Demand and Development Data Set in the Five Central Asia Countries from 1980 to 2015 are derived from the Global Land Surface Data Assimilation System, including precipitation, evapotranspiration and runoff data output based on Noah, Mosaic and VIC models, respectively. The data set has high temporal and spatial resolution and good longitude. It is widely used in global and regional scale research. The results of precipitation, evapotranspiration and runoff simulation of Noah, Mosaic and VIC models are consistent in spatial distribution. It can be used to analyze the spatial and temporal variation of water resources in Central Asia, to analyze the supply and demand relationship of agricultural water resources and to evaluate the potential of water resources development.
Through the bioinformatics analysis after Hi-C sequencing, most of the sequences in the preliminary assembled genome sketch can be located on the chromosome, and the sequence and direction of these sequences on the chromosome can be determined, which lays an important foundation for obtaining high-quality sequence map. Therefore, by using this technology, the research team can divide the sequence in the sketch of the genome sequence of Aralia racemosa into groups with the same chromosome number as the species, and determine the order and orientation of all sequences in each group. After that, we can combine the data of reference genome, EST sequence, related species and genetic map of Aralia racemosa The accuracy of grouping and the order and direction between sequences were evaluated.
The data set contains data from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2017 from the meteorological element gradient observation system of alu superstation, upstream of the heihe hydrometeorological observation network.The station is located in caoban village, aru township, qilian county, qinghai province.The longitude and latitude of the observation point are 100.4643e, 38.0473n and 3033m above sea level.The air temperature, relative humidity and wind speed sensors are located at 1m, 2m, 5m, 10m, 15m and 25m respectively, with a total of six layers facing due north.The wind direction sensor is located at 10m, facing due north;The barometer is installed at 2m;The tilting rain gauge is installed on the 28m observation tower of super aru station;The four-component radiometer is installed at 5m, facing due south;Two infrared thermometers are installed at 5m, facing due south, and the probe facing vertically downward.The photosynthetic effective radiometer is installed at 5m, facing due south, and the probe facing vertically upward.Part of the soil sensor is buried at 2m in the south direction of the tower body, and the soil heat flow plate (self-correcting formal) (3 pieces) are all buried at 6cm underground.The mean soil temperature sensor TCAV is buried 2cm and 4cm underground.The soil temperature probe is buried at the surface of 0cm and underground of 2cm, 4cm, 6cm, 10cm, 15cm, 20cm, 30cm, 40cm, 60cm, 80cm, 120cm, 160cm, 200cm, 240cm, 280cm and 320cm, among which the 4cm and 10cm layers have three repeats.The soil water sensor is buried underground 2cm, 4cm, 6cm, 10cm, 15cm, 20cm, 30cm, 40cm, 60cm, 80cm, 120cm, 160cm, 200cm, 240cm, 280cm and 320cm respectively, among which the 4cm and 10cm layers have three duplexes. The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_1 m, Ta_2 m, Ta_5 m, Ta_10 m, Ta_15 m and Ta_25 m; RH_1 m, RH_2 m, RH_5 m, RH_10 m, RH_15 m and RH_25 m) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (Ws_1 m, Ws_2 m, Ws_5 m, Ws_10 m, Ws_15 m and Ws_25 m) (m/s), wind direction (WD_2 m) (°), air pressure (press) (hpa), precipitation (rain) (mm), four-component radiation (DR, incoming shortwave radiation; UR, outgoing shortwave radiation; DLR_Cor, incoming longwave radiation; ULR_Cor, outgoing longwave radiation; Rn, net radiation) (W/m2), infrared temperature (IRT_1 and IRT_2) (℃), photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) (μmol/(s m-2)), average soil temperature (TCAV, ℃), soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2 and Gs_3) (W/m2), soil temperature (Ts_0 cm, Ts_2 cm, Ts_4 cm_1, Ts_4 cm_2, Ts_4 cm_3, Ts_6 cm, Ts_10 cm_1, Ts_10 cm_2, Ts_10 cm_3, Ts_15 cm, Ts_20 cm, Ts_30 cm, Ts_40 cm, Ts_60 cm, Ts_80 cm, Ts_120 cm, Ts_160 cm, Ts_200 cm, Ts_240 cm, Ts_280 cm and Ts_320 cm) (℃), and soil moisture (Ms_2 cm, Ms_4 cm_1, Ms_4 cm_2, Ms_4 cm_3, Ms_6 cm, Ms_10 cm_1, Ms_10 cm_2, Ms_10 cm_3, Ms_15 cm, Ms_20 cm, Ms_30 cm, Ms_40 cm, Ms_60 cm, Ms_80 cm, Ms_120 cm, Ms_160 cm, Ms_200 cm, Ms_240 cm, Ms_280 cm and Ms_320 cm) (%, volumetric water content). Processing and quality control of observed data :(1) ensure 144 pieces of data every day (every 10min), and mark by -6999 in case of data missing;The soil heat flux G1 was between 2017.1.1-2.28 and 2017.8.8-8.23, while the soil heat flux G3 was between 4.16-7.6. Due to sensor problems, data was missing.(2) excluding the time with duplicate records;(3) data that obviously exceeds the physical significance or the range of the instrument is deleted;(4) the part marked with red letter in the data is the data in question;(5) date and time have the same format, and date and time are in the same column.For example, the time is: 2017-6-10:10:30;(6) the naming rule is: AWS+ site name. For information of hydrometeorological network or station, please refer to Liu et al. (2018), and for observation data processing, please refer to Liu et al. (2011).
LIU Shaomin LI Xin CHE Tao XU Ziwei ZHANG Yang TAN Junlei
This data set includes the observation data of 25 water net sensor network nodes in Babao River Basin in the upper reaches of Heihe River from January 2015 to December 2015. 4cm and 20cm soil moisture / temperature is the basic observation of each node; some nodes also include 10cm soil moisture / temperature, surface infrared radiation temperature, snow depth and precipitation observation. The observation frequency is 5 minutes. The data set can be used for hydrological simulation, data assimilation and remote sensing verification. For details, please refer to "2015 data document 20160501. Docx of water net of Babao River in the upper reaches of Heihe River"
JIN Rui KANG Jian LI Xin MA Mingguo
The data set contains the flux observation data of large aperture scintillator from daman station in the middle reaches of heihe hydrometeorological observation network.Large aperture scintillators of BLS450 and BLS900 models were installed at daman station in the middle reaches of China. The north tower was the receiving end of BLS900 and the transmitting end of BLS450, and the south tower was the transmitting end and the receiving end of BLS900.The observation time is from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016.The station is located in dazman irrigation district, zhangye city, gansu province.The latitude and longitude of the north tower is 100.3785 E, 38.8607 N, and the latitude and longitude of the south tower is 100.3685 E, 38.8468 N, with an altitude of about 1556m.The effective height of the large aperture scintillator is 22.45m, the optical diameter length is 1854m, and the sampling frequency is 1min. Large aperture flicker meter raw observation data for 1 min, data released for after processing and quality control of data, including sensible heat flux is mainly combined with the automatic meteorological station observation data, based on similarity theory alonzo mourning - Mr. Hoff is obtained by iterative calculation, the quality control of the main steps include: (1) excluding Cn2 reach saturation data (Cn2 e-13 > 1.43);(2) data with weak demodulation signal strength (Average X Intensity<1000) were eliminated;(3) data at the time of precipitation were excluded;(4) data of weak turbulence under stable conditions were excluded (u* < 0.1m/s).In the iterative calculation process, the stability universal function of Thiermann and Grassl(1992) was selected. Please refer to Liu et al(2011, 2013) for detailed introduction. Some notes on the released data :(1) the middle LAS data is mainly BLS900, the missing time is supplemented by BLS450 observation, and the missing time of both is marked with -6999.(2) data table head: Date/Time: Date/Time (format: yyyy/m/d h:mm), Cn2: structural parameters of air refraction index (unit: m-2/3), H_LAS: sensible heat flux (unit: W/m2).The meaning of data time, such as 0:30 represents the average between 0:00 and 0:30;The data is stored in *.xls format. Please refer to Li et al. (2013) for hydrometeorological network or site information, and Liu et al. (2011) for observation data processing.
LIU Shaomin LI Xin CHE Tao XU Ziwei REN Zhiguo TAN Junlei
This data set includes the 2014 observation data of 9 water net nodes in the 5.5km × 5.5km observation matrix (red box in the thumbnail) of Yingke / Daman irrigation area in the middle reaches of Heihe River. The nine nodes contain 4cm and 10cm two-layer hydro probe II probes to observe the main variables such as soil moisture, soil temperature, conductivity and complex permittivity; the si-111 infrared temperature probe is set up at 4m height to observe the surface radiation infrared temperature of the underlying surface. The observation time frequency is 5 minutes. This data set can provide spatiotemporal continuous observation data set for remote sensing estimation of key water and heat variables of heterogeneous surface, remote sensing authenticity test, ecological hydrology research, irrigation optimization management and other research. Please refer to "2014 middle reaches of Heihe River waternet data document 20141231. Docx" for details
JIN Rui KANG Jian LI Xin MA Mingguo
The measurement data of the sun spectrophotometer can be directly used to perform inversion on the optical thickness of the non-water vapor channel, Rayleigh scattering, aerosol optical thickness, and moisture content of the atmospheric air column (using the measurement data at 936 nm of the water vapor channel). The aerosol optical property data set of the Tibetan Plateau by ground-based observations was obtained by adopting the Cimel 318 sun photometer, and both the Mt. Qomolangma and Namco stations were involved. The temporal coverage of the data is from 2009 to 2016, and the temporal resolution is one day. The sun photometer has eight observation channels from visible light to near infrared. The center wavelengths are 340, 380, 440, 500, 670, 870, 940 and 1120 nm. The field angle of the instrument is 1.2°, and the sun tracking accuracy is 0.1°. According to the direct solar radiation, the aerosol optical thickness of 6 bands can be obtained, and the estimated accuracy is 0.01 to 0.02. Finally, the AERONET unified inversion algorithm was used to obtain aerosol optical thickness, Angstrom index, particle size spectrum, single scattering albedo, phase function, birefringence index, asymmetry factor, etc.
Water scarcity，food crises and ecological deterioration caused by drought disasters are a direct threat to food security and socio-economic development. Improvement of drought disaster risk assessment and emergency management is now urgently required. This article describes major scientific and technological progress in the field of drought disaster risk assessment. Drought is a worldwide natural disaster that has long affected agricultural production as well as social and economic activities. Frequent droughts have been observed in the Belt and Road area, in which much of the agricultural land is concentrated in fragile ecological environment. Soil relative moisture index is one of the indicators that characterize soil drought. It is the ratio of soil relative humidity to field water holding capacity, which can directly reflect the availability of water for crops.The soil moisture data is obtained from the SMAP remote sensing soil moisture data product through the downscaling method, and the field water holding capacity data comes from the Hamonized World Soil Database (HWSD). For detailed calculation formulas and methods, please refer to: "National Standard for Agricultural Drought Grades of China" No.: GB/T 32136-2015. The data covers 34 key node areas along the Belt and Road.
Data description: This dataset includes the grid data of annual temperature and annual precipitation on the Tibetan Plateau from 1998 to 2017. It is the basic data for study of climate change and its impact on the ecological environment. Data source and processing: The meta data was aquired from the temperature and precipitation daily data of China's ground high-density stations (above 2,400 national meteorological stations) based on the latest compilation of the National Meteorological Information Center's basic data. After removing the missing stations, the software's thin plate spline method in ANUSPLIN was used to perform spatial interpolation, in order to generate grid data with spactial resolution of 1 km on the Tibetan Plateau . Data application: This data can be used to indentify the impact of climate change on the ecological environment.
The matching data of water and soil resources in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, the potential evapotranspiration data calculated by Penman formula from the site meteorological data (2008-2016, national meteorological data sharing network), the evapotranspiration under the existing land use according to the influence coefficient of underlying surface, and the rainfall data obtained by interpolation from the site rainfall data in the meteorological data, are used to calculate the evapotranspiration under the existing land use according to the different land types of land use According to the difference, the matching coefficient of water and soil resources is obtained. The difference between the actual rainfall and the water demand under the existing land use conditions reflects the matching of water and soil resources. The larger the value is, the better the matching is. The spatial distribution of the matching of soil and water resources can pave the way for further understanding of the agricultural and animal husbandry resources in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
Taking the villages or towns as the basic division unit, taking into account the forest topography (elevation, slope), vegetation type and coverage, land use status and agricultural utilization type, distribution of natural reserves, key points of ecological protection and agricultural development direction, the preliminary scheme of the agricultural and animal husbandry regulation and Control Division of the ecological protection on the Qinghai Tibet Plateau is proposed, which divides the Qinghai Tibet Plateau into 8 regions (3 regions With ecological protection as the key agricultural and animal husbandry limited control area, 5 agricultural moderate development areas) and 23 residential areas, the way of protection + agricultural and animal husbandry development direction is adopted in the naming of zones. Based on the effective protection of ecology and the moderate development of agriculture and animal husbandry in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, the map can provide reference information for the protection of ecological security barrier function and sustainable management.
LV Changhe LIU Yaqun
This data set includes the concentration and distribution data of main persistent organic pollutants in the environmental media of Sanjiangyuan area. The samples were collected in May 2018, covering Sanjiangyuan Nature Reserve and its surrounding areas. The sample was prepared by Soxhlet extraction purification concentration and other pretreatment steps, and then determined by gas chromatography ion trap mass spectrometry. The target compounds include organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, etc. During sample pretreatment, mirex and pcb-30 were added as recovery markers. The internal standards for sample testing are PCNB and PCB-209. After calculation, the recovery of samples is generally between 60% - 101%.
GONG Ping WANG Xiaoping
This dataset includes the concentrations and spatial pattern of organic carbon (OC) and Elemental carbon (EC) in the carbonaceous aerosol (CA) of the Tibetan Plateau and surroundings. OC and EC were measured by Desert Research Institute Model 2001 Thermal/Optical Carbon Analyzer. The limit of detection (LOD) for OC and EC were 0.43 and 0.12 ug/cm2, respectively. In addition, MAC was also calculated for assessing the effect of EC. This dataset will provide the informations of CA contamination and background values over the Tibetan Plateau and surroundings.
This dataset is the boundary vector data of the prefecture-level administrative units in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in 2015. The data is in the Shapefile format and includes provincial-level administrative units such as the Tibet Autonomous Region, Qinghai Province, Gansu Province, Yunnan Province, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The 38 prefecture-level administrative units can be used for the geographical background research of the urbanization and ecological environment interaction stress of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. It is the basic geographic data for the statistics of urbanization indicators such as social, economic and population levels of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The data is obtained by means of data capture and collected through the administrative interface data acquisition API interface provided by the high-tech map. The data set uses the geographic coordinate system of WGS84.
This data contains part of the economic indicators of Qinghai province and Tibet Autonomous Region. The data statistics based on provinces can be used to construct the evaluation index system for the coupling coordination relationship between urbanization and eco-environment on the Tibetan Plateau. The data of the Tibet Autonomous Region contains seven indicators, including the gross domestic product (GDP), the primary, secondary and tertiary industries, industry, construction industry, and the per capita GDP, the time span is 1951-2016. The time span of the data set of Qinghai province is from 1952 to 2015, besides the above seven indicators, there is one more indicator of Qinghai province called agriculture forwdtry animal husbandry and fishery. All data are derived from the statistical yearbook, which is calculated at current prices. The gross domestic product (GDP) for 2005-2008 has been revised based on data from the second economic census.