The second glacier inventory dataset of Pamirs , China (Version 1.0) (2009)

The study uses Landsat TM/ETM+, Terra ASTER and other optical remote sensing data before and after 2009. After plane correction and orthorectification, the glacier analysis information of western China in 2009 was extracted by automatic extraction and expert intervention revision methods, and was verified by field glacier investigation team. This dataset is the second glacier inventory dataset of Pamirs in China. it contains the following attributes: glacier name, first-level watershed inventory, second-level watershed coding, third-level watershed coding, GLIMS name, glacier coordinates, glacier elevation, highest elevation, lowest elevation, glacier area, glacier perimeter, glacier height zone distribution, glacier uncertainty information, etc.

0 2020-04-06

The second glacier inventory dataset of Altai Mountains , China (Version 1.0) (2006)

The study uses Landsat TM/ETM+, Terra ASTER and other optical remote sensing data before and after 2006. After plane correction and orthorectification, the glacier analysis information of western China in 2006 was extracted by automatic extraction and expert intervention revision methods, and was verified by field glacier investigation team. This dataset is the second glacier inventory dataset of Altai Mountains in China (Version 1.0). it contains the following attributes: glacier name, first-level watershed inventory, second-level watershed coding, third-level watershed coding, GLIMS name, glacier coordinates, glacier elevation, highest altitude, lowest altitude, glacier area, glacier perimeter, glacier height zone distribution, glacier uncertainty information, etc.

0 2020-04-06

The second glacier Inventory dataset of Kunlun Mountains , China (Version 1.0) (2007)

The study uses Landsat TM/ETM+, Terra ASTER and other optical remote sensing data before and after 2007. After plane correction and orthorectification, the glacier analysis information of western China in 2007 was extracted by automatic extraction and expert intervention revision methods, and was verified by field glacier investigation team. This data set is the second glacier cataloguing data set (v1.0) for the Kunlun and Karakorum mountains in China (2007), and contains the following attributes: glacier name, first-level watershed cataloguing, second-level watershed coding, third-level watershed coding, GLIMS name, glacier coordinates, glacier elevation, highest elevation, lowest elevation, glacier area, glacier perimeter, glacier height zone distribution, glacier uncertainty information, etc.

0 2020-04-04

The data of project on the impact of climate and glacier evolution on resources and sustainable development in Lijiang Yulong Snow Mountain Region

Impact of Climate and Glacier Evolution in Southwest Monsoon Region on Resources and Sustainable Development in Lijiang-Yulong Snow Mountain Region Project is a major research program of "Environmental and Ecological Science in Western China" sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation. The person in charge is a researcher from He Yuanqing, Institute of Environment and Engineering in Cold and Arid Regions, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The project runs from January 2004 to December 2006. This project collects data: the data of Yulong Snow Mountain Glacier and Environment Observation and Research Station are compiled in word document, and the data content includes: 1. Material Balance of Baishui Glacier No.1 from September to December 2008 (Profile, Lever, Accumulation and Dissipation) 2.Changes of Baishui Glacier No.1 in Yulong Snow Mountain from 1997 to 2008 (date, end elevation, end advancing and retreating distance, south advancing and retreating distance) 3. Monthly Average Flow Statistics of Mujia Station from 1979 to 2003 (Annual Average Flow, Annual Maximum Flow, Annual Maximum Time, Annual Minimum Flow, and Annual Minimum Time) 4. Meteorological data of the test station of Yulong Snow Mountain Glacier Observation Room From 2000 to 2008, the daily average temperature (℃), daily precipitation (mm), daily average relative humidity, daily average sunshine hours, daily air pressure value and daily average wind speed of the base camp weather station. From 2006 to 2008, Ganhaizi Meteorological Station daily average temperature (℃), daily precipitation (mm), daily average relative humidity, daily average sunshine hours, daily air pressure value and daily average wind speed In 2008, the day-to-day average temperature table (℃), day-to-day precipitation (mm), day-to-day average relative humidity, day-to-day average sunshine hours, day-to-day air pressure value and day-to-day average wind speed in the Baishui No.1 glacier accumulation area of Yulong Snow Mountain. In 2008, the day-to-day average temperature table (℃), day-to-day precipitation (mm), day-to-day average relative humidity, day-to-day average sunshine hours, day-to-day air pressure, and day-to-day average wind speed at the end of glacier Baishui No.1 in Yulong Snow Mountain were recorded. Dew point temperature of Ganhaizi from 2006 to 2008 Daily average CO2 content (ppm) at Ganhaizi Meteorological Station from 2006 to 2007 Air Water Vapor Pressure (kPa) at Glacier Terminal Meteorological Station Air Water Vapor Pressure (kPa) of Meteorological Station in Glacier Accumulation Area 5. glacier ice Temperature Data of Baishui No.1, Yulong Snow Mountain Measured resistance values of ice temperature holes at measuring points 1, 2 and 3

0 2020-04-02

Map of snow, ice, and frozen ground in China (1988)

The map is "1:4 Million Ice, Snow and Frozen Soil Map of China" compiled by Mr. Shi Yafeng and Mr. Meadson. The working map compiled by the map is "Chinese Pinyin Edition of the People's Republic of China", which retains the water system and mountain annotation of the map and adds some mountain annotation. The compilation of frozen soil map is based on the actual data of frozen soil survey and exploration, interpretation of remote sensing data, temperature conditions and topographic characteristics that affect the formation and distribution of frozen soil. The height of glacier snow line is expressed by isolines. Seasonal snow accumulation and seasonal icing are based on the data of 1600 meteorological observation stations and the results of many years of investigation in China. They are expressed by isoline notation and symbols. The selection of cold (periglacial) phenomena is a representative and schematic representation observed on the spot. The boundary line between permafrost and non-permafrost is mapped by calculation based on the field data, and its comprehensive degree is relatively high (Tö pfer, 1982) "China Ice and Snow Frozen Soil Map" reflects the scale, types and characteristics of distribution of glaciers, snow cover, frozen soil and periglacial, as well as its value in scientific research and the prospect of utilization and prevention in production practice. It shows our achievements in glacier and frozen soil research in the past 30 years.

0 2020-04-02

China long-sequence surface freeze-thaw dataset——decision tree algorithm (1987-2009)

China long-sequence surface freeze-thaw dataset——decision tree algorithm (1987-2009), is derived from the decision tree classification using passive microwave remote sensing SSM / I brightness temperature data. This data set uses the EASE-Grid projection method (equal cut cylindrical projection, standard latitude is ± 30 °), with a spatial resolution of 25.067525km, and provides daily classification results of the surface freeze-thaw state of the main part of mainland China. The data set is stored by year and consists of 23 folders, from 1987 to 2009. Each folder contains the day-to-day surface freeze-thaw classification results for the current year. It is an ASCII file with the naming rule: SSMI-frozenYYYY ***. Txt, where YYYY represents the year and *** represents the Julian date (001 ~ 365 / 366). The freeze-thaw classification result txt file can be opened and viewed directly with a text program, and can also be opened with ArcView + Spatial Analyst extension module or Arcinfo's Asciigrid command. The original frozen and thawed surface data was derived from daily passive microwave data processed by the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) since 1987. This data set uses EASE-Grid (equivalent area expandable earth grid) as a standard format . China's surface freeze-thaw long-term sequence data set-The decision tree algorithm (1987-2009) attributes consist of the spatial-temporal resolution, projection information, and data format of the data set. Spatio-temporal resolution: the time resolution is day by day, the spatial resolution is 25.067525km, the longitude range is 60 ° ~ 140 ° E, and the latitude is 15 ° ~ 55 ° N. Projection information: Global equal-area cylindrical EASE-Grid projection. For more information about EASE-Grid projection, see the description of this projection in data preparation. Data format: The data set consists of 23 folders from 1987 to 2009. Each folder contains the results of the day-to-day surface freeze-thaw classification of the year, and is stored as a txt file on a daily basis. File naming rules: For example, SMI-frozen1994001.txt represents the surface freeze-thaw classification results on the first day of 1994. The ASCII file of the data set is composed of a header file and a body content. The header file consists of 6 lines of description information such as the number of rows, the number of columns, the coordinates of the lower left point of the x-axis, the coordinates of the lower left point of the y-axis, the grid size, and the value of the data-less area. Array, with columns as the priority. The values ​​are integers, from 1 to 4, 1 for frozen, 2 for melting, 3 for desert, and 4 for precipitation. Because the space described by all ASCII files in this data set is nationwide, the header files of these files are unchanged. The header files are extracted as follows (where xllcenter, yllcenter and cellsize are in m): ncols 308 nrows 166 xllcorner 5778060 yllcorner 1880060 cellsize 25067.525 nodata_value 0 All ASCII files in this data set can be opened directly with a text program such as Notepad. Except for the header file, the main content is a numerical representation of the surface freeze-thaw state: 1 for frozen, 2 for melting, 3 for desert, and 4 for precipitation. If you want to display it with an icon, we recommend using ArcView + 3D or Spatial Analyst extension module to read it. During the reading process, a grid format file will be generated. The displayed grid file is the graphic representation of the ASCII code file. Reading method:  [1] Add 3D or Spatial Analyst extension module in ArcView software, and then create a new View;  [2] Activate View, click the File menu, select the Import Data Source option, the Import Data Source selection box pops up, select ASCII Raster in Select import file type: in this box, and a dialog box for selecting the source ASCII file automatically pops up Find any ASCII file in the data set and press OK;  [3] Type the name of the Grid file in the Output Grid dialog box (a meaningful file name is recommended for later viewing), and click the path where the Grid file is stored, press Ok again, and then press Yes (to select an integer) Data), Yes (call the generated grid file into the current view). The generated file can be edited according to the Grid file standard. This completes the process of displaying the ASCII file as a Grid file.  [4] During batch processing, you can use ARCINFO's ASCIIGRID command to write an AML file, and then use the Run command to complete in the Grid module: Usage: ASCIIGRID <in_ascii_file> <out_grid> {INT | FLOAT}

0 2020-04-01

Map of 1:10000 000 permafrost types in China (2008)

This map was compiled by Li Xin and others in 2008 in order to re-count the permafrost area in China and based on the analysis of the existing permafrost map in China. It consists of three parts, of which the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau part uses the simulated permafrost map of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (Nanzhuo Copper, 2002), the northeast part comes from the "14 million map of China's Glacier, Frozen Soil and Desert" (Institute of Environment and Engineering in Cold and Arid Regions, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2006), and the other part uses the map of China's permafrost zoning and types (1: 10 million) (Zhou Youwu and others, 2000). More Information References (Institute of Environment and Engineering in Cold and Arid Regions, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2006; Nanzhuo Copper, 2002; Zhou Youwu et al., 2000; Li et al, 2008)。

0 2020-04-01

1:4 million map of the Glaciers, Frozen Ground and Deserts in China (2006)

The compilation basis of frozen soil map includes: (1) frozen soil field survey, exploration and measurement data; (2) aerial photo and satellite image interpretation; (3) topo300 1km resolution ground elevation data; (4) temperature and ground temperature data. Among them, the distribution of permafrost in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau adopts the research results of nanzhuo Tong et al. (2002). Using the measured annual average ground temperature data of 76 boreholes along the Qinghai Tibet highway, regression statistical analysis is carried out to obtain the relationship between the annual average ground temperature and latitude, elevation, and based on this relationship, combined with the gtopo30 elevation data (developed under the leadership of the center for earth resources observation and science and technology, USGS) Global 1 km DEM data) to simulate the annual mean ground temperature distribution over the whole Tibetan Plateau. Taking the annual average ground temperature of 0.5 ℃ as the boundary between permafrost and seasonal permafrost, the boundary between discontinuous Permafrost on the plateau and island Permafrost on the plateau is delimited by referring to the map of ice and snow permafrost in China (1:4 million) (Shi Yafeng et al., 1988); in addition, the division map of Permafrost on the big and small Xing'an Mountains in the Northeast (Guo Dongxin et al., 1981), the distribution map of permafrost and underground ice around the Arctic (b According to rown et al. 1997) and the latest field survey data, the Permafrost Boundary in Northeast China has been revised; the Permafrost Boundary in Northwest mountains mostly uses the boundary defined in the map of ice and snow permafrost in China (1:4 million) (Shi Yafeng et al., 1988). According to the data, the area of permafrost in China is about 1.75 × 106km2, accounting for about 18.25% of China's territory. Among them, alpine permafrost is 0.29 × 106km2, accounting for about 3.03% of China's territory. For more information, please refer to the specification of "1:4 million map of glacial and frozen deserts in China" (Institute of environment and Engineering in cold and dry areas, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2006)

0 2020-04-01

Permafrost map of China and its neighbors based on Circum-Arctic Map of Permafrost and Ground Ice Conditions (2001)

Field description: Num_code (Frozen soil attribute code) Combo (Permafrost properties) extent (Extent of frozen ground) content (Ice content) Attributes comparison are as follows: (1) Comparison table of frozen soil properties: 0 (No information) 1 - chf (Continuous permafrost extent with high ground ice content and thick overburden) 2 - dhf (Discontinuous permafrost extent with high ground ice content and thick overburden) 3 - shf (Sporadic permafrost extent with high ground ice content and thick overburden) 4 - ihf (Isolated patches of permafrost extent with high ground ice content and thick overburden) 5 - cmf (Continuous permafrost extent with medium ground ice content and thick overburden) 6 - dmf (Discontinuous permafrost extent with medium ground ice content and thick overburden) 7 - smf (Sporadic permafrost extent with medium ground ice content and thick overburden) 8 - imf (Isolated patches of permafrost extent with medium ground ice content and thick overburden) 9 - clf (Continuous permafrost extent with low ground ice content and thick overburden) 10 - dlf (Discontinuous permafrost extent with low ground ice content and thick overburden) 11 - slf (Sporadic permafrost extent with low ground ice content and thick overburden) 12 - ilf (Isolated patches of permafrost extent with low ground ice content and thick overburden) 13 - chr (Continuous permafrost extent with high ground ice content and thin overburden and exposed bedrock) 14 - dhr (Discontinuous permafrost extent with high ground ice content and thin overburden and exposed bedrock) 15 - shr (Sporadic permafrost extent with high ground ice content and thin overburden and exposed bedrock) 16 - ihr (Isolated patches of permafrost extent with high ground ice content and thin overburden and exposed bedrock) 17 - clr (Continuous permafrost extent with low ground ice content and thin overburden and exposed bedrock) 18 - dlr (Discontinuous permafrost extent with low ground ice content and thin overburden and exposed bedrock) 19 - slr (Sporadic permafrost extent with low ground ice content and thin overburden and exposed bedrock) 20 - ilr (Isolated patches of permafrost extent with low ground ice content and thin overburden and exposed bedrock) 21 - g (Glaciers) 22 - r (Relict permafrost) 23 - l (Inland lakes) 24 - o (Ocean/inland seas) 25 - ld (Land) (2) Comparison table of frozen soil scope c = continuous (90-100%) d = discontinuous (50- 90%) s = sporadic (10- 50%) i = isolated patches (0 - 10%) (3) Ice content comparison table h = high (>20% for "f" landform codes) (>10% for "r" landform codes) m = medium (10-20%) l = low (0-10%)

0 2020-04-01

Exchange data of research project on glacier change trend and its impact on water resources change in Tarim River Basin (2003-2005)

The glacial change trend in the Tarim River Basin and its impact on water resources change belong to the National Natural Science Foundation of China's Western Environment and Ecological Science major research project. The time is 2003.1-2005.12. The project submitted data: Kochikarbachi Glacier Observation Data (excel): Including precipitation, wind direction, wind speed and temperature data 1.3300a_climate (2003.6.29-2004.6.22): 4 hours data during the day, including field date, time, wind speed, wind up, temperature. 2.4200b_climate (2004.1.29-2004.5.12): 6:00, 8:00, 9:00, 10:00, 12:00, 14:00, 16:00, 18:00, 20:00, 22: 00, 23:00 observation data, including field date, time, wind speed, wind up, temperature. 3.3700_Precipitation: 13 days daily precipitation from 2003.7 to 2005.9 4.4200_Precipitation: 18-day daily precipitation between 2003.7 and 2006. 6

0 2020-04-01