The 1km resolution wind energy resource data of Qinghai Tibet Plateau is developed by using the wind energy resource numerical simulation assessment system of China Meteorological Administration (weras / CMA), which includes typical terrain classification module, mesoscale model WRF and Calmet dynamic diagnosis model. Firstly, the typical days are randomly selected from the historical weather types for hourly wind speed simulation, and then the climate average distribution of wind energy resources is obtained according to the statistical analysis of the frequency of weather types. The data set includes wind speed and wind power density over the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The data accuracy of wind speed is 0.01m/s, the data accuracy of wind power density is 0.01w/m2, and the vertical height of data is 100m. The data have been checked and corrected by the observation data of meteorological stations, and are mainly used for detailed investigation of wind energy resources and macro site selection of wind farms. This data is the output data of the national wind energy resources detailed survey and evaluation project from 2008 to 2012 (the project cost is 290 million yuan), and then becomes the basic data of wind energy resources related research. The Ministry of finance has no plan to invest in extending this data set in the near future.
Qiangyong glacier: 90.23 °E, 28.88° N, 4898 m asl. The surface is bedrock. The record contains data of 1.5 m temperature, 1.5 m humidity, 2 m wind speed, 2 m wind orientation, surface temperature, etc. Data from the automated weather station was collected using USB equipment at 19:10 on August 6, 2019, with a recording interval of 10 minutes, and data was downloaded on December 20, 2020. There is no missing data but a problem with the wind speed data after 9:30 on July 14, 2020 (most likely due to damage to the wind vane). Jiagang glacier: 88.69°E, 30.82°N, 5362 m asl. The surface is rubble and weeds. The records include 1.5 meters of temperature, 1.5 meters of humidity, 2 meters of wind speed, 2 meters of wind direction, surface temperature, etc. The initial recording time is 15:00 on August 9, 2019, and the recording interval is 1 minute. The power supply is mainly maintained by batteries and solar panels. The automatic weather station has no internal storage. The data is uploaded to the Hobo website via GPRS every hour and downloaded regularly. At 23:34 on January 5, 2020, the 1.5 meter temperature and humidity sensor was abnormal, and the temperature and humidity data were lost. The data acquisition instrument will be retrieved on December 19, 2020 and downloaded to 19:43 on June 23, 2020 and 3:36 on September 25, 2020. Then the temperature and humidity sensors were replaced, and the observations resumed at 12:27 on December 21. The current data consists of three segments (2019.8.9-2020.6.30; 2020.6.23-2020.9.25; 2020.12.19-2020.12.29), Some data are missing after inspection. Some data are duplicated in time due to recording battery voltage, which needs to be checked. The meteorological observation data at the front end of Jiagang mountain glacier are collected by the automatic weather station Hobo rx3004-00-01 of onset company. The model of temperature and humidity probe is s-thb-m002, the model of wind speed and direction sensor is s-wset-b, and the model of ground temperature sensor is s-tmb-m006. The meteorological observation data at the front end of Jianyong glacier are collected by the US onset Hobo u21-usb automatic weather station. The temperature and humidity probe model is s-thb-m002, the wind speed and direction sensor model is s-wset-b, and the ground temperature sensor model is s-tmb-m006.
This data is conventional and satellite data of six hour resolution for the Great Lakes region of Central Asia. The conventional data include the observation of ground stations and sounding stations in the Great Lakes region of Central Asia and its surrounding areas (China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Russia, Iran, Pakistan, India, etc.), and the observation elements include temperature, pressure, wind speed and humidity, with the average number of stations in each time It is about 600, and the interval between stations is between 10-100km; the satellite data comes from the cloud guide wind retrieved by polar orbiting satellites (NOAA series and MetOp Series). All the data are from the global telecommunication system (GTS), and the observation data with poor quality are eliminated through quality control. The data can be applied to the data assimilation of the Great Lakes region in Central Asia, and also to the numerical simulation of the Great Lakes region in Central Asia.
This meteorological data is the basic meteorological data of air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, precipitation, air pressure, radiation, soil temperature and humidity observed in the observation site (86.56 ° e, 28.21 ° n, 4276m) of the comprehensive observation and research station of atmosphere and environment of Qomolangma, Chinese Academy of Sciences from 2019 to 2020. Precipitation is the daily cumulative value. All data are observed and collected in strict accordance with the instrument operation specifications, and some obvious error data are eliminated when processing and generating data The data can be used by students and scientific researchers engaged in meteorology, atmospheric environment or ecology (Note: when using, it must be indicated in the article that the data comes from Qomolangma station for atmospheric and environmental observation and research, Chinese Academy of Sciences (QOMS / CAS))
This data set records the meteorological data in the observation field of Ngari Station for Desert Environment Observation and Research (33 ° 23.42 ′ N, 79 ° 42.18 ′ E, 4270 m asl) from 2019 to 2020, with a time resolution of days. It includes the following basic parameters: air temperature (℃), relative humidity (%), wind speed (m/s), wind direction (°), air pressure (hPa), precipitation (mm), water vapor pressure (kPa), downward short wave radiation (W/m^2), Upward short wave radiation (W/m^2), Downward long wave radiation(W/m^2), Upward long wave radiation(W/m^2), Net radiation(W/m^2), Surface albedo (%), soil temperature (℃), soil water content (%). Sensor model of observation instrument: atmospheric temperature and humidity: HMP45C; Precipitation: t200-b; Wind speed and direction: Vaisala 05013; Net radiation: Kipp Zonen NR01; Air pressure: Vaisala PTB210; Soil temperature: 109 temperature probe; Soil moisture content: CS616. Data collector: CR1000. The time resolution of the original data is 30 min. The data can be used by scientific researchers engaged in meteorology, atmospheric environment or ecology.
1) Data content (including elements and significance): 19 stations of Alpine network (Southeast Tibet station, Namuco station, Everest station, mustage station, Ali station, Golmud station, Tianshan station, Qilian mountain station, Ruoergai station (2 points in total, Northwest Institute and Chengdu Institute of Biology), Yulong Snow Mountain station and Naqu station (including stations, Qinghai Tibet Institute, Northwest Institute and Geography Institute), Haibei Station, Sanjiangyuan station, Shenza station,, Lhasa station and Qinghai Lake Station) meteorological observation data set of Qinghai Tibet Plateau in 2020 (temperature, precipitation, wind direction and speed, relative humidity, air pressure, radiation and flux) 2) Data source and processing method: Excel format for field observation of 19 stations of Alpine network 3) Data quality description: Daily resolution of the station 4) Data application achievements and prospects: Based on the long-term observation data of field stations of the alpine network and overseas stations in the pan third pole region, a series of data sets of meteorological, hydrological and ecological elements in the pan third pole region are established; Complete the inversion of meteorological elements, lake water quantity and quality, aboveground vegetation biomass, glacier and frozen soil change and other data products through intensive observation in key areas and verification of sample plots and sample points; Based on the Internet of things technology, a multi station networked meteorological, hydrological and ecological data management platform is developed to realize real-time acquisition, remote control and sharing of networked data. In addition, the data set is an update of the meteorological data of the surface environment and observation network in China's high and cold regions (2019).
The data were collected from the sample plot of Haibei Alpine Meadow Ecosystem Research Station (101°19′E，37°36′N，3250m above sea level), which is located in the east section of Lenglongling, the North Branch of Qilian Mountain in the northeast corner of Qinghai Tibet Plateau. Alpine meadow is the main vegetation type in this area. The data recorded the light, air temperature and humidity, wind temperature and wind speed above the alpine plant canopy. The radiation intensity above the alpine plant canopy was recorded by LI-190R photosynthetic effective radiation sensor (LI-COR, Lincoln NE, USA) and LR8515 data collector (Hioki E. E. Co., Nagano, Japan), and the recording interval was once per second. S580-EX temperature and humidity recorder (Shenzhen Huatu) and universal anemometer are used (Beijing Tianjianhuayi) record the daily dynamics of air temperature and humidity, wind temperature and wind speed every three seconds. The recording time is from 10:00 on July 13 to 21:00 on August 17, Beijing time. Due to the need to use USB storage time and replace the battery every day, 3-5min of data is missing every day, and the missing time period is not fixed. At present, the data has not been published. Through research on the data The data can further explore the microenvironment of alpine plant leaves and its possible impact on leaf physiological response.
This dataset includes data recorded by the Qinghai Lake integrated observatory network obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient from Janurary 1 to December 31 in 2020. The site (100°14'8.99"E, 37°14'49.00"N) was located in Sanjiaocheng sheep breeding farm, Gangcha County, Qinghai Province. The elevation is 3210m.The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (HMP155; 3, 5, 10 m, towards north), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 3, 5, 10m, towards north), air pressure (PTB110; 3 m), rain gauge (TE525M; towards north), four-component radiometer (CNR4; 6m, towards south), two infrared temperature sensors (SI-111; 6 m, towards south, vertically downward), photosynthetically active radiation (PQS1; 6 m, towards south, each with one vertically downward and one vertically upward, soil heat flux (HFP01; 3 duplicates below the vegetation; -0.06 m), soil temperature profile (109; -0.05、-0.10、-0.20、-0.40、-0.80、-1.20、-2.00、-3.00 and -5.00m), soil moisture profile (CS616; -0.05、-0.10、-0.20、-0.40、-0.80、-1.20、-2.00、-3.00 and -5.00m). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_3 m, Ta_5 m, Ta_10 m; RH_3 m, RH_5 m, RH_10 m) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (Ws_3 m, Ws_5 m, Ws_10 m) (m/s), wind direction (WD_3 m, WD_5 m, WD_10 m) (°), precipitation (rain) (mm), air pressure (press) (hpa), infrared temperature (IRT_1 and IRT_2) (℃), photosynthetically active radiation of upward and downward (PAR_D_up and PAR_D_down) (μmol/ (s m-2)), four-component radiation (DR, incoming shortwave radiation; UR, outgoing shortwave radiation; DLR_Cor, incoming longwave radiation; ULR_Cor, outgoing longwave radiation; Rn, net radiation) (W/m^2), soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2, and Gs_3) (W/m^2), soil temperature (Ts_5cm、Ts_10cm、Ts_20cm、Ts_40cm、Ts_80cm、Ts_120cm、Ts_200cm、Ts_300cm、Ts_400cm) (℃), soil moisture (Ms_5cm、Ms_10cm、Ms_20cm、Ms_40cm、Ms_80cm、Ms_120cm、Ms_200cm、Ms_300cm、Ms_400cm) (%, volumetric water content). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. The missing data were denoted by -6999. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2018/8/31 10:30.
The monthly mean wind speed grid data of 3 km resolution over the Qinghai Tibet Plateau is based on the meteorological element database developed by the National Climate Center for Mesoscale Numerical Simulation of long-term time series, with a horizontal resolution of 3 km × 3 km, time resolution 1 hour, time length 1995 ⁓ 2016. The establishment of the database adopts the double nested numerical simulation method of WRF mesoscale model, with the outer grid distance of 9 km, covering most of Eurasia; There are four internal weight grids with a grid distance of 3 km, covering the land and sea areas of China, and the fourth calculation area covers the Qinghai Tibet Plateau (Fig. 1). The top height of WRF model is 10 HPA, with 36 layers in the vertical direction, and 9 layers from the ground to the height of 200 m. The physical process parameterization schemes include Thompson (outer heavy grid) and wsm6 (inner heavy grid) microphysical parameterization schemes; The k-f cumulus parameterization scheme is set in the outer grid, and the cumulus convection parameterization scheme is not set in the second grid; Rrtm (rapid radiative transfer model) long wave radiation parameterization scheme; Dudhia shortwave radiation parameterization scheme; Acm2 boundary layer parameterization scheme; Noah land surface parameterization scheme. The four-dimensional data assimilation technology is used in the numerical simulation, which integrates the grid reanalysis data of global atmospheric circulation model (cfsv2), oisst sea surface temperature data, and the time observation data of more than 2400 surface weather stations and 160 radiosonde weather stations in China. In 2009, China Meteorological Administration established a national wind energy resources professional observation network including 400 wind towers, including 329 70 m wind towers, 68 100 m wind towers and 3 120 m wind towers, which were gradually completed from 2008 to 2009, and mainly distributed in regions rich in wind energy resources in China. Based on the hourly wind direction and wind speed observation data of a complete year from January 2009 to December 2010 at the height of 70 m of the wind tower, the wind speed simulation results of the mesoscale WRF model (horizontal resolution 3 km) output in the same period were analyzed × 3 km), excluding the observation data integrity rate of less than 90% and the annual average wind speed of less than 3.8 m / s, there are 354 wind measuring towers actually used for error test, and the sample number of each tower is about 8700 hours. The results show that the relative error between the measured wind speed and the numerical simulation wind speed is less than 5% in 49% of the tower tests; The relative error is 5-10% for 28% of the wind towers; The relative error of 14.4% wind tower is 10-15%; The relative error of 5.6% wind tower is 15-20%; The relative error of 3% wind tower is more than 20%. The anemometer towers with large relative errors are mainly distributed in mountainous areas with complex inland terrain and coastal mountainous areas. In addition, the correlation coefficient of hourly wind speed comparison across the country is 0.6, and the correlation coefficient of average wind speed in 16 directions is 0.8, which is more than 99.9% of the statistical significance test. It shows that the temporal and spatial variation characteristics of numerical simulation wind speed are consistent with the variation of measured wind speed. There are no anemometer towers in Tibet. There are 13 anemometer towers in Qinghai Province. The relative errors of 6 towers are less than 5%, 3 towers are 5-10%, 3 towers are 10-15%, and 1 tower is 15-20%.
The wind speed data in the lower boundary layer of Namco, Mt. Qomolangma and sun earth in Tibet Autonomous Region were obtained by using the acoustic radar instrument aq510. Aq510 acoustic radar is based on Doppler effect. There are three loudspeakers in aq510 acoustic radar, which emit sound waves into the air one after another, about once every five seconds. The sound waves emitted into the air will be reflected when encountering small temperature changes in the atmosphere, and the reflected sound waves will be received by the loudspeaker. Due to the Doppler effect, the frequency of reflected sound wave will change during the relative motion of sound wave and wind. The velocity and direction of wind can be calculated simultaneously by using the difference between the frequency of received (reflected) and transmitted sound wave. The data includes wind speed and direction with an interval of 5m between 40-200m, and the time resolution is 10 minutes. It is mainly used for the study of wind resource characteristics.