WATER: PROBA CHRIS dataset (2008-2009)

Proba (project for on board autonomy) is the smallest earth observation satellite launched by ESA in 2001. Chris (compact high resolution imaging Spectrometer) is the most important imaging spectrophotometer on the platform of proba. It has five imaging modes. With its excellent spectral spatial resolution and multi angle advantages, it can image land, ocean and inland water respectively for different research purposes. It is the only on-board sensor in the world that can obtain hyperspectral and multi angle data at the same time. It has high spatial resolution, wide spectral range, and can collect rich information in biophysics, biochemistry, etc. At present, there are 23 scenes of proba Chris data in Heihe River Basin. The coverage and acquisition time are as follows: 4 scenes in Arjun dense observation area, 2008-11-18, 2008-12-05, 2009-03-29, 2009-05-22; 1 scene in pingdukou dense observation area, 2009-07-13; 7 scenes in Binggou basin dense observation area, 2008-11-19, 2008-11-26, 2008-12-06, 2009-01-10, 2009-03-04, 2009-03-30, 2009-03-31; dayokou basin dense observation area, 2009-07-13 There are two views in the observation area, 2008-10-23, 2009-06-08; one in Linze area, 2008-06-23; one in Minle area, 2008-10-22; seven in Yingke oasis dense observation area, 2008-04-30, 2008-05-09, 2008-06-04, 2008-07-01, 2008-07-19, 2009-05-31, 2009-08-10. The product level is L1 without geometric correction. Except that there are only four angles for the images of 2009-03-29 and 2009-05-24 in the Arjun encrypted observation area, each image has five different angles. The remote sensing data set of the comprehensive remote sensing joint experiment of Heihe River, proba Chris, was obtained through the "dragon plan" project (Project No.: 5322) (see the data use statement for details).

0 2021-07-19

WATER: Dataset of airborne microwave radiometers (K&Ka bands) mission in the Binggou watershed flight zone on Mar. 29, 2008

This data set was acquired by K & Ka band airborne microwave radiometer on March 29, 2008, in the Binggou watershed flight zone. Among them, K-band frequency is 18.7ghz, zenith angle observation, no polarization information; Ka band frequency is 36.0ghz, scanning imaging, scanning range ± 12 °, vertical polarization observation. The plane took off from Zhangye airport at 8:49 (Beijing time, the same below) and landed at 12:54. 9: At 25-12:08, 18 routes were flown according to the scheduled design, with a flight altitude of about 5000m and a flight speed of about 220-250km / hr. The original data is divided into two parts: microwave radiometer data and GPS data. The K-band of microwave radiometer belongs to non imaging observation, and the digital value obtained from instantaneous observation is recorded in the text file. Ka band belongs to imaging observation, which is different from L band and K band data. The original record of Ka band is hexadecimal text file. In data processing, the hexadecimal file needs to be converted to decimal system first, and then 112 data (the angle difference of each two data points is 24 / 112 = 0.214 degrees) are collected uniformly within the scanning range of 24 degrees. GPS data record the latitude and longitude of the flight and the aircraft attitude parameters. When using microwave radiometer to observe data, it is necessary to convert the digital value recorded into the bright temperature value according to the calibration coefficient (the calibration coefficient file is filed with the original observation data). At the same time, through the clock records of microwave radiometer and GPS, microwave observation and GPS record can be linked to match the geographical coordinate information for microwave observation. When processing Ka band data, the angle scanning effect should also be considered, and 112 data in the scanning period should be given geographical coordinate information respectively. Due to the coarse observation resolution of microwave radiometer, the effects of aircraft yaw, roll and pitch are generally ignored in data processing. According to the target and flight relative altitude (H), after calibration and coordinate matching, the observation information can also be gridded. The resolution (x) of K-band is consistent with that of observation footprint. The reference resolution is: x = 0.24h; the resolution of Ka band is 39m. After the above steps, we can get the products that users can use directly.

0 2020-03-09

Integrated remote sensing joint experiment of Heihe River: alos PALSAR remote sensing data set (2008)

The phased array type l-land synthetic aperture radar (PALSAR) is a phased array L-band SAR sensor mounted on alos satellite. The sensor has three observation modes: high resolution, scanning synthetic aperture radar and polarization, which make it possible to obtain a wider ground width than the general SAR. At present, there are 13 scenes of ALOS pallsar data in Heihe River Basin. The coverage and acquisition time are as follows: 1 scene in the northeast of Zhangye City, HH / HV polarization, 2008-04-25; 2 scenes in Binggou basin + Arjun encrypted observation area, HH / HV polarization, 2008-05-122008-06-27; 2 scenes in Dayekou basin + Yingke oasis intensified observation area, HH / HV polarization, 2008-05-122008-06-27; observation station encrypted observation area Survey area + Linze station densified observation area + Linze grassland densified observation area 2 scenes, HH / HV polarization, time 2008-05-122008-06-27; Linze station densified observation area 1 scene, HH / HV polarization, time 2008-05-12; Binggou basin densified observation area 1 scene, HH / HV polarization, time 2008-07-14; bindukou densified observation area 4 scenes, 2008-04-25 2 scenes, HH / HV polarization, 2008-06-10 2 scenes, HH pole Change. The product level is L1 without geometric correction. The alos PALSAR remote sensing data set of Heihe comprehensive remote sensing joint experiment was obtained from JAXA by Dr. Takeo tadono, researcher Ye Qinghua and Professor Shi Jiancheng (the cooperation project between Qinghai Tibet Institute of Chinese Academy of Sciences and JAXA). (Note: "+" means to overwrite at the same time)

0 2020-03-09

WATER: Dataset of ground truth measurements for snow synchronizing with the airborne PHI mission in the Binggou watershed foci experimental area (Mar. 24, 2008)

The dataset of ground truth measurements for snow synchronizing with the airborne PHI mission was obtained in the Binggou watershed foci experimental area on Mar. 24, 2008. Observation items included: (1) Snow density, snow complex permittivity, snow volumetric moisture and snow gravimetric moisture by the Snowfork in BG-A. (2) Snow parameters as the snow surface temperature by the handheld infrared thermometer, the snow layer temperature by the probe thermometer, the snow grain size by the handheld microscope, and snow density by the aluminum case in BG-A1, BG-A2, BG-B, BG-D, BG-E and BG-F5 (three sampling units each) from 11:11-12:35 (BJT) with the airplane overpass. 64 points were selected by four groups. (3) Snow albedo by the total radiometer in BG-A. (4) The snow spectrum by ASD (Xinjiang Meteorological Administration) in BG-A11 Two files including raw data and preprocessed data were archived.

0 2019-09-14

WATER: Dataset of airborne microwave radiometers (K&Ka bands) mission in the Binggou watershed flight zone on Mar. 30, 2008

The dataset of airborne microwave radiometers (K&Ka) mission was obtained in the Binggou watershed flight zone on Mar. 30, 2008. The frequency of K bands was 18.7 GHz at the nadir view angle without polarization; and the frequency of Ka band was 36.0 GHz with the scanning angle range ±12°. The plane took off at Zhangye airport at 12:43 (BJT) and landed at 15:44, along the scheduled 11 lines at the altitude about 5000m and speed about 220-250km/hr. The raw data include microwave radiometer (L&K) data and GPS data; K band was instantaneous non-imaging observation recorded in text, which will be converted into brightness temperatures according to the calibration coefficients (filed with raw data together) and Ka band was recorded hex text, and the latter are aircraft longitude, latitude and attitude. Moreover, based on the respective real-time clock log, observations by the microwave radiometer and GPS can be integrated to offer coordinates matching for the former. Yaw, flip, and pitch motions of aircraft were ignored due to the low resolution of microwave radiometer observations. Observation information can also be rasterized, as required, after calibration and coordinates matching. K band resolution (x) and footprint can be approximately estimated as x=0.3H (H is relative flight height); for Ka the resolution was 39m.

0 2019-09-12

WATER: Dataset of ground truth measurements for snow synchronizing with the airborne microwave radiometers (K&Ka bands) mission in the Binggou watershed foci experimental area on March 30, 2008

The dataset of ground truth measurements for snow synchronizing with the airborne microwave radiometers (K&Ka bands) mission was obtained in the Binggou watershed foci experimental area on Mar. 30, 2008. Those provide reliable data for retrieval of snow parameters and properties, especially for dry and wet snow identification. Observation items included: (1) Snow density, snow complex permittivity, snow volumetric moisture and snow gravimetric moisture by the snowfork in BG-A; (2) Snow parameters including snow depth, the snow surface temperature synchronizing with the airborne microwave radiometers (K&Ka bands), the snow layer temperature, the snow grain size and snow density in BG-A (10 points), BG-B (6 points), BG-F (12 points), BG-H (21 points) and BG-I (20 points); For each snow pit, the snowpack was divided into several layers with 10-cm intervals of snow depth. The layer depth (by the ruler), the snow grain size (by the handheld microscope), snow density (by the cutting ring) and the snow temperature (by the probe thermometer) were obtained at each snow pit. Two files including raw data and the preprocessed data were archived.

0 2019-09-10

WATER: Dataset of ground truth measurements for snow synchronizing with MODIS in the Binggou watershed foci experimental area on Mar. 14, 2008

The dataset of ground truth measurements for snow synchronizing with MODIS was obtained in the Binggou watershed foci experimental area on Mar. 14, 2008. Those provide reliable data for snow-cover extent mapping and the retrieval of the snow surface temperature from MODIS remote sensing approaches. Observation items included: (1) Snow parameters including the snow surface temperature, the snow-soil interface temperature, the land surface (ground surface) temperature by the handheld infrared thermometer, the snow layer temperature by the probe thermometer, snow depth by the ruler, snow density by the snow shovel, the snow grain size by the handheld microscope and the snow surface temperature synchronizing with MODIS. (2) Snow albedo by the total radiometer in BG-A from 11:10-13:24 on Mar. 14, 2008. (3) The snow spectrum by the portable ASD (Xinjiang Meteorological Administration) synchronizing with MODIS in BG-A and BG-I. Two files including raw data and the preprocessed data were archived.

0 2019-05-23

WATER: Dataset of fresh snow properties observations at the temporary sampling plot in Qilian, in the Binggou watershed foci experimental area on Mar. 20, 2008

The dataset of fresh snow properties observations was obtained at the temporary sampling plot in the Qilian county on Mar. 20, 2008. Those provide reliable data for retrieval of snow parameters from remote sensing approaches. Observation items included: (1) Snow parameters such as snow depth, snow grain size by the handheld microscope, and snow density by the snow shovel (2) Fresh snow albedo by the total radiometer (3) Fresh snow spectrum by ASD Two files including raw data and preprocessed data were archived.

0 2019-05-23

WATER: Dataset of intensive snow parameter measurements in the Binggou watershed foci experimental area on Mar. 11, 2008

The dataset of intensive snow parameter measurements was obtained in the Binggou watershed foci experimental area on Mar. 11, 2008. Those provide reliable data for retrieval of snow parameters from remote sensing approaches. Observation items included the snow layer temperature by the probe thermometer, the snow grain size by the handheld microscope, snow density by the aluminum case, the snow surface temperature by the handheld infrared thermometer, and the snow-soil interface temperature by the handheld infrared thermometer in three plots in BG-Z. 4 points were selected and measured 4 times in each plot. Two files including raw data and preprocessed data (3 subfolders enclosed) on snow properties were archived; besides, profile pictures of each point were also included.

0 2019-05-23

WATER: Dataset of ground truth measurements for snow synchronizing with EO-1 Hyperion in the Binggou watershed foci experimental area on Mar. 22, 2008

The dataset of ground truth measurements for snow synchronizing with EO-1 Hyperion was obtained in the Binggou watershed foci experimental area on Mar. 22, 2008. Those provide reliable data for retrieval of snow parameters from remote sensing approaches. Observation items included: (1) snow surface emissivity by the portable emissivity determinator near the Binggou cold region hydrometerological station; (2) snow density, snow complex permittivity, snow volumetric moisture and snow gravimetric moisture by the snowfork in BG-A from 11:20-13:53 (BJT) on Mar. 2, 2008; (3) snow parameters in BG-A, BG-B, BG-C, BG-D, BG-E and BG-F, and variables including the snow layer temperature by the probe thermometer, the snow grain size by the handheld microscope, snow density by the aluminum case and the snow surface temperature and the snow-soil interface temperature by the handheld infrared thermometer simultaneous with the satellite; (4) the land surface infrared temperature in BG-D, BG-E, BG-B and BG-F during the airborne mission; (5) fresh snow albedo by the total radiometer east to A2; (6) snow spectrum by the portable ASD from Xinjiang Meteorological Administration and Nanjing University, GPS recordings enclosed. Two files including raw data and preprocessed data were archived.

0 2019-05-23