This data provides the annual lake area of 582 lakes with an area greater than 1 km2 in the enorheic basin of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau from 1986 to 2019. First, based on JRC and SRTM DEM data, 582 lakes are identified in the area that are larger than 1 km2. All Landsat 5/7/8 remote sensing images covering a lake are used to make annual composite images. NDWI index and Ostu algorithm were used to dynamically segment lakes, and the size of each lake from 1986 to 2019 is then calculated. This study is based on the Landsat satellite remote sensing images, and using Google Earth Engine allowed us to process all Landsat images available to create the most complete annual lake area data set of more than 1 km2 in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau area; A set of lake area automatic extraction algorithms were developed to calculate of the area of a lake for many years; This data is of great significance for the analysis of lake area dynamics and water balance in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau region, as well as the study of the climate change of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau lake.
Inland water system and river basin regional dataset are the key hydrological parameters in the study of global change. Waterr distribution is of great significance to the study of the characteristics, morphological characteristics, changes, time distribution of various types of water bodies at the nodes, and the law of regional differentiation. The basic data is downloaded from DIVA-GIS, and is subset and resampled by administrative boundary dataset of all 31 key nodes as the research areas. The data concludes the distribution of lakes and reservoirs (planar River system) and rivers (linear River basin) . Finally, the data of water system and river basin in 31 key node regions are stored and obtained. This data set serves as the research basis for all hydrological remote sensing data and provides hydrological base data for the project. This data set can be updated in real time according to the government information and the changing trend of water system where node is located.
This glacial lake inventory is supported by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and the United Nations Environment Programme/Regional Resource Centre, Asia and The Pacific (UNEP/RRC-AP). 1. The glacial lake inventory incorporates topographic map data and reflects the status of glacial lakes in the region in 2000. 2. The spatial coverage of the glacial lake inventory is as follows: Pa Chu Sub-basin, Mo Chu Sub-basin, Thim Chu Sub-basin, Pho Chu Sub-basin, Mangde Chu Sub-basin, Chamkhar Chu Sub-basin, Kuri Chu Sub-basin, Dangme Chu Sub-basin, Northern Basin, etc. 3. The glacial lake inventory includes the following data fields: glacial lake code, glacial lake types, glacial lake orientation, glacial lake width, glacial lake area, glacial lake depth, glacial lake length, etc. 4. Data projection: Projection: Polyconic Ellipsoid: Everest (India 1956) Datum: Indian (India, Nepal) False easting: 2,743,196.4 False northing: 914,398.80 Central meridian: 90°0'00'' E Central parallel: 26°0'00'' N Scale factor: 0.998786 For a detailed description of the data, please refer to the data file and report.
This data set includes the vertical profile water quality data from the observation point of Selincuo Lake. The data is observed on June 21, 2017 and June 22, 2017. The data is stored as an excel file.
This is the water quality data of the vertical profile of the observation point in Pusaiercuo Lake. The data is observed on July 2, 2017. The data is stored as an excel file.
This is the water quality data of the vertical profile of the observation point in Darucuo Lake. There are four observation points. The data is observed on June 27, June 28 and July 9, 2017. The data is stored as an excel file.
River and lake resources are important components for studying the Earth ecological environment, affecting global ecosystems, heat, material exchange and balance and serving as an important basis for studying changes in the global environmental mechanism. At present, the lack of global lake vector data with large-scale, high-precision, and large-range has hindered hydrological research on rivers and lakes. Taking the data collection of global rivers and lakes of Jun Chen as the source data and combining the domestic high-resolution image GF data of 2 to 3 years before and after 2010, a data set of global rivers and lakes was generated. This data set makes up for the shortcomings of low precision in some areas and is an editable lake and river vector data set with high accuracy.
The data set includes data on lakes with areas greater than 200 square kilometers in Tibet from 1988 to 2016. The data were derived from the Tibet Society and Economics Statistical Yearbook and the Tibet Statistical Yearbook. The accuracy of the data is consistent with that of the statistical yearbook. The table has 5 fields. Field 1: Year Field 2: Lake Name Field 3: Lake elevation Unit: meter Field 4: Lake area Unit: square kilometer Field 5: Lake Type
The dataset is clipped from the Chinese lake map by the vector boundary of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The lake database is obtained by on-the-spot investigation, remote-sensing interpretation, which consist the area over 10-square-kilometer lakes. The lake code is based on lake classification. The Chinese Lake Code currently uses 8 digits. The first and second digits indicate the province where the lake is located; The third, fourth and fifth digits represent the sequence of the lake in the province; The sixth digit is on behalf of the lake surface area; The seventh number means the amount of water in the lake, that is, the volume of the lake.
1) data content (including elements and significance): transparency data of 152 lakes greater than 50 km2 in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau in 2000-2019 (Saybolt disk value) 2) Data source and processing method: the data inversion is based on the high-precision transparency inversion model and modis-modocga product data. The remote sensing data is converted into the remote sensing reflectivity R ﹐ RS inversion transparency value, and the annual mean value is calculated. The average value of 3 × 3 pixels in the geometric center of the lake represents the lake. For the case where the geometric center is located outside the lake, the open water area of the lake is taken for calculation. 3) Data quality description: annual average value of lakes. 4) Results and prospects of data application: climate change may change Lake transparency, while the change of Lake transparency will play a feedback role in regional climate change. In this study, the inversion of Lake transparency in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau provides basic data for the energy exchange of the lake air interface.