Land surface temperature is a critical parameter in land surface energy balance. This dataset provides the monthly land surface temperature of UAV remote sensing for typical ground stations in the middle reaches of Heihe River basin from July to September in 2019. The land surface temperature retrieval algorithm is an improved single-channel algorithm, which was applied to the land surface brightness temperature data obtained by the UAV thermal infrared remote sensing sensor, and finally the land surface temperature data with a spatial resolution of 0.4m was obtained.
From June to September 2012, the thermal infrared image data of corn field and hot pepper field of No. 15 super station in the middle reaches of Heihe River were taken about 7 times a day, every two hours. The thermal image is processed by the SmartView software of the thermal imager, the vegetation temperature is distinguished, and the transpiration is calculated by the three temperature model.